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of suffering humanity, the unwearied Mr. Dale himself. The town contains two advocate.

thousand inhabitants, mostly Highlanders; all In his religions principles, he was ployed by Mr. Dale, either in working at the

of whom, that are capable of labour, are emwarmly attached to a particular sect, cotton manufactory, or in repairing and keepbut his zeal never betrayed him into ing the mills in order. Five bundred children enthusiasm, nor caused bigotry to are entirely fed, clothed, and instructed, at take possession of his mind. His the expense of this venerable philanthropist.

The rest of the children live with tbeir parents charity extended to those of other per- in comfortable and neat habitations in the suasions, nor did he suffer friendship town, and receive weekly wages for their to be interrupted by a variation in labour. theological creeds.

In his general “ The health and happiness depicted in the character were happily combined com

countenances of these children, shew that the mercial enterprise, unimpeached in proprietor of the Lanark Mills has remembered

mercy in the midst of his gain; the regulations tegrity, personal piety, active benevo- adopted here for the preservation of health, lence, and public spirit. Hence, both of body and mind, are such as do honour within the sphere of his active opera- to the goodness and discernment of Mr. Dale, tions, he was universally beloved, and and present a striking contrast to the geneviewed as a character whose virtues rality of large manufactories in this kingdom,

which are the schools of vice and of profligacy, deserved imitation. In the higher the very hot beds of disease and of contagion. walks of life, men of eminence sought It is a trath which ought to be engraven in letand esteemed his acquaintance, and ters of gold, to the eternal honour of the founvied with each other in giving publi- der of New-Lanark, that, out of nearly three city to bis fame; and among the lower thousand children, working in three mills, orders, “when the ear heard him then 1797, only fourteen bave died, and not one

during a period of twelve years, from 1785 to it blessed him, and when the eye saw hath suffered criminal punishment. him it gave witness to him, because “ Pure and fresh air, without which life canhe delivered the poor that cried, and not exist, is administered in abundance in this the fatherless, and him that had none

manufactory, by frequently opening the winto help him. The blessing of him that window, which are left open during the sum

dows, and by air holes ander every other was ready to perish came upon him, mer months. The children are all washed and he caused the widow's heart to before they go to work, and after they have sing for joy.”

finished their labour, previous to their appearThis amiable man died at Glasgow, chinery of the mills are washed once a week

ance in the schools. The floors and the maon the 17th of March, 1806. Io life in hot water; and the walls and ceilings twice he was admired and beloved for that a year are white-washed with unslacked lime. noble spirit of philanthropy by which The children are lodged in large airy rooms. he was distinguished ; and in death The boys and girls are kept separate from he was regretted as the rich man's each other during rest, meal-times, and workexample, and the poor man's friend. ing hours. Hence, one most material source At the time of his departure, many in almost all other large manufactories, is here 1073

of the corruption and profligacy which prevail tributes of respect were paid to his prevented from existing: memory, not so much to eulogize his “ They are fed plentifully with plain and virtues, as to discharge a debt due to wholesome food, which consists chiefly of departed worth. From one of these fresh beef and barley broth, cheese, potatoes, the following paragraphs are selected, fresh herrings, as a variety. Their breakfast

and barley bread, with now and then some because they give a pleasing account and supper is, principally, oatmeal porridge, of his domestic establishment, and of with milk in the summer, and in winter a the manner in which it advanced sauce made of beer and molasses. At seven under his prudent management:

o'clock the children sup; after this there is no

night-work, a pernicious and infamous prac“ Mr. Dale, owner of the Cotton Mills at tice, in ase at some other manufactories, whereLanark in Scotland, deserves well of his country; by immorality and debauchery are dissemiby dispensing happiness and comfort to so pated among the poor, ignorant, and unfortumany of his fellow-creatures, by his attention nate. After supper, the rooms open, and connot only to their health but their morals, by tinue so till nine o'clock. The lesser children, training them op to usefal habits of industry, that are not yet old enough to work, are instructing them in the necessary branches of instracted in the day-time; the elder children education, and instilling into their minds a learn in the evening, when the daily labour is knowledge of the important truths of Chris. concluded. Proper masters and mistresses tianity. His little kingdom consists of neat are employed to teach both the boys and the well-built bouses, forming broad, regular, and girls : ibe boys learn to read and write, and cleanly streets. Near the middle of the town cast accounts; the girls, in addition to these stand the mills, and opposite to them the chief inestimable acquisitions, are taught to work mansion of the place, the residence of the su- at the needle. Some of the children are taught perintendant of the works, and oucasionally of church-music; and on Sunday they all, under but equal to that of steam. This machine is Specific Gravity-Mr. Creighton, in the described as having neither gasometer nor air Journal of the Royal Institution, recommenda pumps, yet the strength of a boy is ascertained a very useful and ingenious instrument for to be capable of compressing into any vessel determining the specific gravities of solid from thirty to forty atmospheres of gas, in a bodies. It consists of two cages of wire, few minutes ; while to effect the same with a which are suspended, the one under the other, forcing pump would occupy the strength of

Gleanings from Literature, Science, 8c.

1074

the immediate guidance of the masters, attend to a sensitive spiral spring. The lower cage a place of divine worsbip, and the rest of the being immersed in water, the weight of the day is occupied chiefly in receiving moral body in air will first be indicated by the tenand religious instruction from these masters. sion of the spring when it is placed in the

“The example afforded by this distinguish- upper cage; by then removing it to the lower ed manufacturer,—of philanthropy in unison one, its weight, in water, will be pointed out with patriotism,-confirms an axiom in ethics, on the graduated scale. Mr. C. gives a forthat virtue begets industry, and industry mula for ascertaining the specific gravity from wealth. To promote good morals in the poor, these two observations, without recurring to is the most certain means of insuring wealth to the usual tedious calculations. the employer; and while sympathy and huma- Poisonous Dose of Opium.--At a late meetnity are rewarded on one hand, gratitude and ing of the London Medical Society, Mr. Wray, thankfulness are excited on the other; and thus an eminent surgeon of London, related some a moral reciprocity is maintained between the instances of individuals, whom he had roused poor and the affluent, which contributes to from a state of stupor (occasioned by swalmental happiness, and constitutes the most lowing large doses of tincture of opium), by durable bond of social order in the various dashing, suddenly and repeated over their classes of the community.”—Bristed's Tour heads, basons-full of cold water. The effects, through part of the Highlands of Scotland. in all the cases, were very remarkable: the Since the death of Mr. Dale, the patients were able to swallow emetic draughts,

stupor was so completely removed, that the works at Lanark have been carried which sacceeded in emptying the stomach, on by his successor and son-in-law, and in obviating any bad consequences. Robert Owen, Esq. who had married Improvements in Þedal Harps.--Mr. Dodd, of Mr. Dale's daughter. In conducting St. Martin's-!ane, has lately made some very the business at these cotton mills, the of these elegant instraments.

considerable improvements in the construction

It is well same principles are retained, on known, that owing to the crooked form of the which they were primarily founded; neck, where it joins the body of the harp, it is and this individuals of the community quite impossible to procure wood with its grain exhibit, on the whole, an, aspect running in that direction which its shape rewhich no part of this kingdom can grained; and, accordingly, harps very frequent

quires; the consequence is, that it is crossrival. Their manner of living has ly break in that part. Mr. Dodd bas completely already attracted much of public remedied this evil

, by forming the necks of his attention, and it will probably lead improved barps of a number of layers of wood to some important changes in the con- firmly combined, and bent into the required

shape. dition of the poor. But whatever the

Corrosive Sublimate.Dr. Taddei has disevent may be, the founders of these covered, that gelatine mixed with corrosive works have already immortalized their sublimate renders it innoxious. He gave 12 names, and, what is more pleasing, grains of it to two rabbits, and they did not they are deserving of the fame they it in the least degree ; whereas a single grain bave acquired.

of the sublimate, administered in its pure form, was sufficient to kill them. . The inju

rious effects of a grain of sublimate are neuGLEANINGS FROM LITERATURE, tralized by 25 grains of fresh, or by 13 grains Science, &c.

of dry, gelatine.

Preservation of Grain in Granaries of Cast

Iron. In order to preserve grain for any length Application of Machinery to the Calculating of of time, from those insects which habitually Mathematical Tables.—A very eminent Mathe- devour it, and which cannot exist in air bygromatician, C. Babbage, Esq. F.R.S. Lond. and metrically dry, M. Clement suggests the proEdin., &c. in a letter addressed to Sir Humphry priety of constructing granaries of cast-iron, Davy, President of the Royal Society of Lon into which no air should enter till it has passed don, has announced to the world that he has through a body of uuslaked lime. He proinvented various machines, by which some of poses also some contrivances for allowing the the more complicated processes of arithmeti- expanded air to escape, and for inspecting the cal calculation may be performed with cer- grain when necessary. The saving of manual tainty and dispatch. Hence, if the sanguine labour in turning over the grain is one of the expectations of the ingenious inventor be com- advantages of the plan. pletely realized, the mathematician may, in New Power.-An apparatus has been inmany cases, be relieved from the dull drudgery vented at Glasgow, for the manufactory of any of computation, and tables of almost every kind mineral water requiring to be charged with may be constructed with a facility and accu- carbonic acid gas, which amounts, in fact, to racy, hitherto unknown, by a process purely the development of a power hitherto unknown, mechanical

senses.

several men as many hours. A machine equal channel, has exempted it from the in force to an engine of forty-horse power, and charge of imposition. requiring neither fire nor water, would not

Some few individuals, however, occupy a space of more than four-foot square. For many purposes it may be more applicable affecting to have more penetration than than steam.

their neighbours, have not hesitated to avow their opinion that the mermaid is an artificial composition, manufactured with much ingenuity, to deceive a credulous age. Among these, is the editor of a weekly journal, whose scepticism is in direct opposition to the evidence of his

He has examined it with much minuteness, but thinks it to be a well-contrived deception, formed by the extraordinary efforts of Chinese and Japanese ingenuity, containing nothing beyond the admirably put together members of various animals.

Since reading the above description, we have seen and examined this Mermaid for ourselves; and feel no hesitation in declaring, that we were unable to discover the slightest evidence of imposition; and without this, we have no right to sanction insinuations either of its being an artificial composition, or an unnatural combination of animal substances, cariously united together. These remarks, however, do not imply that we think an imposition of this kind to be absolutely impossible. But so far as the Mermaid is involved in this charge, it is a point which nothing but its dissection can fully determine. Nevertheless, from the strong resemblance which it bears in every visible part to animal existence, the probabilities

are, that it was once endued with In our Number of the Imperial Maga- life. zine for August last, col. 783, we The description wbich we gave in inserted a letter from the Cape of col. 783, is on the whole tolerably corGood Hope, in which the writer an- rect; but in the figure which accomnounced that he had seen a Mermaid. panies these observations, the artist of this natural phenomenon be gave has availed himself of the privilege of a general description, which we co- his profession, and given a flattering pied, concluding his statement with likeness. As the creature actually apan intimation, that this singular crea- pears, the features of the human counture would probably be exhibited in tenance are exhibited in frightful disLondon. Since the above account tortion. The head is disproportionwas published, the Mermaid has ar- ably large ; and, from its union with rived, and, as might naturally be the neck, is projected considerably expected, has excited a considerable forward. The face is much elevated; share of public attention.

the lips have nearly disappeared ; and Among those who have visited this the cheek-bones are extended almost wonderful creature, there have been equal with the point of the nose. many scientific men, possessing abi- From the extremity of the cbin to the lity to detect a fraud, and sufficient throat, the distance is very great, integrity to avow it, who have decided bearing in this part a stronger likeness in its favour; and the general current to the feline or canine, than to the of popular opinion flowing in the same l'human species. At the commence

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MERMAID IN LONDON.

1077

Literary Notices.-- Prices of Stocks.

1078

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ment of the vertebre, just behind the which they are incompatible; whereby the art head, there is a singular projection, of Prescribing Scientifically may be facilitated, exhibiting such a mark of deformity often frustrate the views of the Practitioner in as a dislocation might be supposed to their medical effects. produce.

Analecta, or Pocket Anecdotes, with ReflecOn the shoulders, on the arms, and tions, designed as an Agreeable Companion on most of the upper parts of the for the Social Circle, by the Rev. James body of this creature, a few scat- Churchill, Author of An Essay on Unbelief. tered hairs are to be seen. The skin is of a dirty brown colour, deepest Average Price of Grain per Quarter, for the 12 towards the nether extremity, turning

Districts, from the Gazette. into a dirty gray, as the eye wanders

Wheat. Barley. Oats. Rye. Beans.Peas. towards the head. In every part that Sep. 21.40 6 25 11 17 718 11 23 6 25 8

d. s. d. s. d. s. d. may be presumed to coincide with

28.40 5 26 10 18 319 4 24 4 26 10 what is human, the skin is much Octr. 5.40 5 27 0 18 0 20 0 24 11 27 11 shrivelled, and every feature and limb 12. 39 5 26 1 18 720 425 0 28 1 exhibits signs of advanced age. One

19. 38 4 25 5 19 420 825 0 128 5 of the ears is concealed by the hand Average Prices of Sugar Number of Bankrupts. that is elevated, and the other seems to form a continuation of the wrinkles Sept.25, 29s. 11d.cwt. Sept. 28,

Octr. 2, 29 101 Ootr. 1, 5, - 13 leading from the cheek, but its aper

9, 29 111

8, 12, ture we had no means of minutely

16, 32 3

15, 19, 20 examining. The teeth are sufficiently

32 4

22, 26, 17 open to expose the cavity of the

Total

65 mouth, which could be traced to a considerable extent; but no tongue

Price of Stocks, London, October 26. could be noticed as distinctly visible.

3 per Ct. Rd. 827 Ex. Bills, 2d. £1000, per

Ct. Cons. 82 } Its whole length is nearly three feet; 34 per Cent. 93 Ex. Bills, 2d. £500, and its strange appearance excites 4 per Cent. 991 i interest, wonder, and disgust. New 4 per Ct. 103 4 11 Do, small, 7 9 pm. On the whole, if this be an imposi- Long An. 20 13-16ths Lottery Tickets, £22.

15s. tion, it is one that will perhaps stand India Stock 256 7 Bank for Acct. 2574 unrivalled in the arcanum of fraud; India Bonds, 49 51 Cons. for Do. 82% 31 and the spectator, though convinced

pm. of the fact, will half forgive the author

Price of Irish Stocks, October 22. of the deception in his admiration of

Bank Stock, 2515 the excellence of its execution.

Gov. Deb. 3} per Cent. 95,
Gov. Stock, 3) per Cent. 92}

Do. Stock, 4 per Cent. 14
Literary Notices.

Do. Stock, New 4 per Cent. 31
Royal Loan, 6 per

Cent. 70%
Just Published, Charles Lorraine, or the Do.

Do. 4 per Cent. 465 Young Soldier, by Mrs. Sherwood, Author of Little Henry and his Bearer, with neat en- Prices of Foreign Stock in London, October 26. gravings, 18mo. boards.

French 94f. Ex. 25f. 40c. A new series of Tracts, by the same Author, Russian 6 per Cent. 82; Ex. 124 and the Author of Margaret Wbyte, Village Ditto (Metallic) 83 84 Nurse, &c. No. 1 to 20, ld. each, are alrea- Ditto of 1822, 894 to dy published, to be continued monthly. Ditto Scrip, 895

Eliza, or Traits of Character in Humble Neapolitan 814 to } Life, with a neat engraving, 18mo. boards. Ditto Scrip, 83 to 1

Providence and Grace, an interesting Nar- | Austrian 83. rative, plate, 12mo.

Spanish of 1820, 86 %
Veteran Soldier, by the same Author, plate. Ditto of 1821, 733)

Gleanings and Recollections, (Moral and Ditto Scrip, of 1822, 5} I
Religious,) to Assist the Memory of Youth. Prussian of 1818, 891
By à Parent, dedicated to his own Son,

of 1822, 89, 18mo.

Scrip, 8923
In 12mo. and containing 152 pages of Danish in £ sterling 92
closely printed letter press, A Treatise on Ditto in Marcs Banco 991
the atility of Leech Bleeding, in the Treat- | Columbian 6 per Cent. 902 89 91
ment of a great variety of Diseases, by Rees Chilian 6 per cent. 85%
Price, M.D. Surgeon.

Peruvian Scrip, 8617
Also, by the same Author, An Epitome of American 6 per cent. 92 84
Pharmaceutical Chemistry; exhibiting the Ditto 5 per Cent 96}
Names of the various Articles of the London Ditto 3 per Cent 69
Pharmacopoeia, in contrast with those with | Ditto Bank Shares £21. 10s.

COMMERCIAL REPORT, LIVERPOOL, 26th OCTOBER, 1822.

8

7

416

60

SINCE our last, there has been a gradual, and, to all appearance, a solid improvement in the demand for foreign produce ; the market seems to be relieved from the undae depression so long prevalent, and there appears little probability of any re-action taking place.

The demand for Cotion does not abate, for the sales of the last week reached 11,742 packages, against an import of 7824; this week the sales are more extensive, amounting altogether to 20,037, against a supply received of 7855 bags and bales. The sales ared. d.

d. d. 8071 Bags of Bowed, from 6% to 9 26 Bags of Bahamas,

from 91
1151
New Orleans,

to 12 141
Barbadoes,

8 1400 Tennessee & Alabama 64 to 8

30
West-Indies,

8 to 81 1464 Sea Islands, 11f to 24 40

Cartbagenas, ditto stained, 71 to 104 25

Caracoas,

84 1254 Pernambucco, 10to 12 26

Smyroas,

7 1428 Bahias, 94 to 10

Laguira,

6& 91 2967 Maranbams, 94 to 10,

Ditto by auction, at 7 to 91 85 Paras, 9f to 9 70

Surats,

7
179
Demeraras,

84 to 12
230 Bengal,

6 to 6 From such an extent of business, it was reasonable to look for improvement; early in the week, rather higher prices were obtained for Uplands, New Orleans, and Alabamas, but the market closed without any actual advance on the prices realized at the end of the preceding week. On Sea Islands, however, an improvement of d. per Ib. is willingly paid; and on Brazil descriptions, which have been purchased with avidity, an advance of . to id. per Ib. has been given. The onsettled state of affairs in the Brazils, has mainly contributed to this improvement. American Cottons are cheaper in proportion to quality.

British Plantation Sugars have rather gone off heavily this week, at a depression of Is. per cwt.

Coffee has undergone no alteration.

of Carolina Rice, suitable for the home trade, the market is cleared; the early arrivals of the new crop are likely to sell at high prices.

Pot and Pearl Åshes are still looking up. Montreal Pots, from 39s. 6d. to 40s. per cwt. Pearls, 44s. to 45s. Boston Pearls, 48s.' Of States Pots, there are very few here at the above quotations; holders are very firm, and are anticipating a further advance.

Logwood is butdull, as considerable arrivals are expected. Jamaica may be quoted at £7. 10s.; Honduras £8. 2s. 6d. Fustic commands better prices, Cuba £11. 11s. to £12.; Spanish £9.10s.

Solid Nicaragua Wood, £58. per ton. Quercitron Bark is advancing, Philadelphia, of fair quality, sold by auction, lls. 9d. to 13s. per cwt. Saltpetre is likewise commanding an advance. A large parcel of Bengal Indigo, amounting to 680 chests, and containing a great variety of all the different qualities, was brought forward on the 24th instant, and went off very spiritedly. The fine violet and parple, and extra fine violet, of which there were only 9 chests, brought Ils. to 11s. 2d. per Ib. being barely the carrent prices at the Company's sale. On the good purple and violet, and violet, amounting to 100 chests, an advance on the Company's prices, of 2d. to 3d. per lb. was established, and on the middling and good middling violet, making up 200 chests more, in some instances as much as 4d. to 6d. per lb. the current prices thereof being 10s. to 10s. 10d. per lb. The advance on the violet and copper, and copper, was fully 4d. to 6d. per lb. on the good and fine, and more on the middling qualities; there were about 150 chests of these descriptions, and they brought from 9s. 9d. to 10s. 10d. per lb. Of the low Coromandel, and the RB jan. there was a large proportion, not less than 160 chests, and they went off heavily at some decline on the prices of the Company's sale, 5s. 6d. to 7s. were the prices obtained for the most inferior, and 78. to 8s. 3d. per lb. for the best description; a few extremely lean, and quite without body, went at 4s. 4d. to 58. 6d. per Ib. Good Grabs were eagerly bought at 6d. to 8d. per lb. advance on the London Prices, and brought 9s. 10d. to 10s. 6d. per Ib. Lac Dye has also sold with great animation at a considerable advance on former prices :

32 chests of Good Dark Chocolate, brought 3s. to 3s. 4. per lb.
17 Ditto Ditto a littly foxy, 3s. to 3s. 2d.
15 Ditto Ditto Ditto

2s. 10d. to 3s
100

Ditto DT not of the first quality, 3s. 9d. to 3s. 10d. The advance is about 3d.

per

lb. Considerable arrivals of Turpentine have brought down prices about ls. per cwt, and fine quality has sold at 14s. per cwt.

There have been many inquiries for Tallow, but more from speculators than consumers. 43s. per cwt. is the current price.

Our Corn Market, on the whole, continues to look up, and appearances favoar an amendment. Dealers and specalators are freely buying Irish Wheat from 4s. 9d. to 5s. 6d. per 701b. Several parcels of Dantzie Wheat, in bond, have been sold from 3s. to 3s. 9d. per 70lb. The crop of English Clover Seed proves good; prices are likely to range from 55s. to 65s. for Red Seed.

per ton.

LONDON : PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY H. FISHER.

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