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1101 Living Poets of Great Britain---Coleridge. 1102 show of his intellectual powers for a common school, but that of good precarious subsistence. Had he con- sense, confirmed by the long-establishtrived any thing in the nature of a ed models of the best times of Greece, phantasmagoric spectacle, to deceive Rome, Italy, and England; and stili the eye, he might have profited by more groundless the notion that Mr. the ingenuity of his invention; but Southey, (for as to myself, I had publectures which required the exercise lished so little, and that little of so of thought on the part of his audience, little importance, as to make it almost were not likely to succeed in a capital ludicrous to mention my name at all,) where people go to exhibitions only for could have been concerned in the foramusement.

mation of a poetic sect with Mr. Nor were the literary exertions of Wordsworth, when so many of his Mr. Coleridge, as an author, much works had been published, not only more advantageous to him than his previously to any acquaintance belectures. He began a paper called tween them, but before Mr. WordsThe Friend,” which had the fate of worth himself had written any thing his “Watchman;" he produced also but in a diction ornate, and uniformly what he called “Lay Sermons," with sustained; when, too, the slightest exno better success; and his tragedy, amination will make it evident, that entitled “ Remorse,” though possess- between those and the after writings ing many poetic beauties, was not of Mr. Southey, there exists no other adapted to the stage. He next pub- difference than that of a progressive lished two poetic tales, one bearing degree of excellence, from progresthe title of Christabel,” and the sive development of power, and proother “Kulla Khan;" both wild and gressive facility from habit and inimprobable fictions, displaying a glar- crease of experience. Yet, among ing mixture of beauties and deformi- the first articles which this man wrote ties. The “Biographia Literaria," in after his return from Keswick, we two volumes, printed in 1817, would were characterized as “The school of have been an entertaining and instruc- whining and hypochondriacal poets, tive work, had the author given more that haunt the lakes.” narrative and less disquisition. The In reply to a letter from the same few anecdotes contained in this lite- gentleman, in which he had asked me rary life of Mr. Coleridge, are so whether I was in earnest in preferring amusing, that the reader is vexed at the style of Hooker to that of Dr.. finding no more entertainment of the Johnson; and Jeremy Taylor to Burke; same sort. One of these shall be here I stated, somewhat at large, the comselected, because it is characteristic, parative excellencies and defects and throws light upon one branch of which characterized our best prose modern criticism.

writers, from the Reformation to the “Some years ago,” says Mr. Cole- first half of Charles II. and that of ridge, “a gentleman, the chief writer those who had flourished during the and conductor of a celebrated Review, present reign and the preceding one. [he might as well have said the Edin- About twelve months afterwards, a burgh,] distinguished by its hostility review appeared on the same subject, to Mr. Southey, spent a day or two at in the concluding paragraph of which, Keswick. That he was, without di- the reviewer asserts, that his chief minution on this account, treated with motive for entering into the discusevery hospitable attention by Mr. sion was to separate a rational and Southey and myself, I need not say. qualified admiration of our elder poets, But one thing I may venture to notice, from the indiscriminate enthusiasm of that at no period of my life do I re- a recent school, who praised what they member to have received so many, did not understand, and caricatured and such high-coloured compliments, what they were unable to imitate. in so short a space of time. He was And that no doubt might be left conlikewise circumstantially informed by cerning the persons alluded to, the what series of accidents it had hap- writer annexes the names of Miss pened that Mr. Wordsworth, Mr. Baillie, Southey, Wordsworth, and Southey, and I, had become neigh- Coleridge. For that which follows, I bours ; and how utterly unfounded have only hearsày evidence, but yet was the supposition, that we consi- such as demands my belief, viz. that dered ourselves as belonging to any on being questioned concerning this.

66

apparently wanton attack, more espe- A gentleman, who was, at the time cially with reference to Miss Baillie, to which I allude, under a violent the writer had stated as his motives, paroxysm of mania, and confined to that this lady when at Edinburgh bad his room, was called upon by an old declined a proposal of introducing him acquaintance, who had not seen him to her; that Mr. Southey had written for several years. Upon going into against him; and Mr. Wordsworth his apartment, the gentleman said to had talked contemptuously of him; the person wbo conducted him, “Will and that, as to Coleridge, he had he know me, Sir?”—“O dear, yes, noticed him, merely because the he knows every body," was the reply. names of Southey, and Wordsworth, This the gentleman overheard, and and Coleridge, always went toge- laughed. “ What do you laugh at, ther.

Sir?” said the attendant. Why, About the same time that he pub- said he, “I don't know every body, lished the farrago of facts and opini- but I know all those that I used to ons which he styled his Literary Life, know," putting out his band at the Mr. Coleridge favoured the world with same time to the stranger, and calling a work, bearing the truly ominous him by his name. title of “ Sibylline Leaves ;” being a I once knew a patient, who was so collection of his scattered poetry, in-violent and vindictive, that the securtroduced by a very splenetic preface, ing of his arms and legs, so that he complaining of the public taste, and could neither strike nor kick, was taking a last farewell of Parnassus. absolutely necessary. In this state But there is a fatality attending those he continued raving, and abusing all who have once enlisted in the service about him. Among other things, he of the muses; and though our author observed respecting bimself, “ What had not found that service in any de- a shame for a man of my consequence gree profitable, be could not so easily to be kept as a prisoner! what is the shake it off as he imagined. The fit reason of it? what has brought me to soon returned upon him, and within a this ?" I replied in a whisper, “Your few months after his abjuration, he pride, Sir.” Never shall I forget produced one of his best pieces, enti- that look of rationality and placidity, tled “Zapolia, a Christmas Tale, in which his countenance immediately two parts." This dramatic poem is a assumed. “ Give me your hand, Sir, palpable imitation of Shakspeare's give me your hand,” said he: “ I had Winter's Tale, and the scene, which thought you must be mad for treating is completely tragic, is laid in Illyria; me as you have done ; but I ask your but it would be difficult to render the pardon ; you are a wise and underplot interesting on the stage. As a standing man, for admitting pride to poem, it possesses many striking be my complaint, you have taken a beauties, which would be more pleas- most excellent way to cure me. Your ing if the author had not disfigured physic, and your authority, and these them by uncouth language, and a me- shackles, will cure pride, I'll warrant taphysical jargon, drawn from the them.” dreams of Kant and other German Walking out with a patient on one visionaries. This was the last public occasion, we met a gentleman of our appearance of Mr. Coleridge as a acquaintance; to whom, after the first poet, but he has been, as we under- salutations were over, the patient stand, employed in some literary con- said, Well, Sir, I don't eat the cerns with others; particularly in the bread of idleness at Spring Vale. unfortunate “Encyclopædia Metropo- What with eating and drinking, taklitana,” the prospectus to which is too ing medicine, and walking over these characteristic of his style, and manner hills, &c. our time is pretty well of thinking, to be mistaken. Z. taken up. Besides, I am busy com

posing a book. I am writing a sort of REMARKS ON MENTAL AFFECTIONS.

epitome of the history of man, from

his cradle to his grave.”- Very (Continued from col. 2005.)

well,” said the gentleman," when you

publish your book, I shall take care The following anecdotes of Insanity to be a purchaser.' What!” said are taken from the recollections of my the patient, “publish a book,-a madown practice :

man publish a book,--why, was such 1105

Remarks on Mental Affections.

1106

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a thing ever heard of?"-"O, but,” | me. "No," I said, “I will not shake said the gentleman, you don't call hands with any such person as you yourself a madman."-"No, no," he are; a pretty expense we have been replied, “I don't call myself a mad- at! What do you think of yourself? man, but master here does.” And did you not promise upon your word truly I did, for a more confirmed and of honour that you would never run inveterate case of insanity I never away? With a most sly look, ho

replied, “ Sir, I did not run away, I At another time I was walking out walked every step.” with him, and we were accosted by a Once, at breakfast, the morningo bar beggar. Art thou in real distress?'' ing fine, I said, Well, now, ladies, for said my patient. “I am, indeed,” re- a long walk ! nothing like exertion in plied the beggar. “Dost thou want these cases; nothing is got by sitting food ?" said the other, “I do, Sir, I still."-" True," said one of them, assure you,” was the reply. “Well, “how should the mind regain its raó then, said the patient, silver and tional powers, if it is not rationally gold bave I none, but such as I have exercised ?” These words should be I will give unto thee.' I will give thee written in letters of gold, and placed advice: go into the next village, and in every house where the cure of insafeign thyself mad; the people will nity is attempted ; and yet they were then take thee up, and carry thee to spoken by one really insane. that house above there, and they'll An unfortunate lady, who from give thee plenty of food.- I want to gross ill treatment for full seven years fast, and they will not let me. The before, being put under my care, had scripture says, "fast and pray ;' now become fatuous. She would sit mutI only want to fast and pray, but as tering to herself, and it was but selthey will not let me fast, I cannot dom possible to make her speak. In pray.” I must observe here, that this state she was sitting one day previous to his being put under my with some other ladies, who were not care, he had fasted six days at one so bad as herself, but were capable time; but, upon seeing me, he said of conversing; and they were telling it was all over, and he began to eat: the causes which brought them to and yet in a little time he was as ob- Spring Vale: One came to be cured stinate with me, till he found that I of the rheumatism, another of a concould force food into him with little sumption, but all concealed the real trouble. He then said, he might as

At last one of them said, well take it quietly. At one time, "Well, Miss S. and what was it that observing that we were annoyed with brought you to Spring Vale?”. With some sheep breaking into our premi- a quick manner, as being suddenly ses from the adjoining waste, he called roused from a stupor, and with that out to me, "Master, I'll tell you how keen sarcastic look for which she had to keep those sheep away:-you have been noticed in her happier days, she only to catch the leader, and drench said, "Oh, I came to be cured of my him with some of your physic, and megrims :" as much as to say, I'll tell hang me if either he or any of the the truth; and you, I know, have been flock will ever come again.”

telling falsehoods. A gentleman who had made his If any mental attack can be made escape from the asylum, after being upon the hallucinations of insanity, taken, on finding himself closely with a prospect of success, it must be watched, came to me and said, “I by the shafts of ridicule. I have often confess that I have been wrong in been bigbly pleased with the adroitescaping; but to put you at ease on ness of my patients in ridiculing the my account, I promise, upon my bo-folly of other patients, though they pour, that from this time I will never were affected in a similar way themrun away,--and you well know that I selves. And even in those low deam too tenacious of my bonour ever sponding cases, which require every to violate it.” Soon after this, how- possible consolation, I have freever, he again made his escape, and quently observed, with great delight, I was put to much trouble and ex- the sympathies of friendship exerted pense in having him brought back. by those afflicted with the same disOn his return, he came with a great ease, with most happy effect; so that, deal of confidence to shaķe hands with hunder constant and judicious regulas

cause.

STRICTURES ON PRIDE.

more

tions, the insane may be the best soci- | educated because he has not had so ety for each other. But it is not in many opportunities of improvement wit or repartee, or in the occasional | as himself; and pride, joined with expression of the social feelings, that weakness and insolence, spreads itself the nature of insanity can be deter- on every side of us. mined. Those afflicted with this ma- Flattery so coincides with the paslady may, generally, under proper sions and propensities of man, that management, be rendered agreeable when he cannot get the praise and and intelligent companions, capable adulation of his fellow-creatures, he of eommunicating any knowledge they bills himself up with his own, and, previously possessed; and while those intoxicated with self-esteem, becomes of a lower rank in life shall be capable proud, haughty, and consequently of useful employment, those of a worthless. Now, the conduct of such higher shall be able to exhibit their a person as this, evidently shews him superior education to the best ad- to possess a shallow mind, as it proves vantage.

him to be destitute of self-knowledge, Thos. Bakewell. which is indispensably necessary to Spring-Vale, near Stone,

the proper regulation of our actions ; Sept. 20, 1822.

and it finally draws upon him the cen(To be continued.)

sure and opprobrium of the world. I have attempted to shew the evil and folly of pride, when brought into action; and I will now exhibit it as it

exists in the mind, in the state of « Pride was not made for man."

inordinate self-esteem. In order to ECCLESIASTICUS. do this effectually, I will put the

thoughts of such a person as I have Of all the objects which excite satire just been describing, into the form of and contempt, there is none a soliloquy :-“I am wise, great, and ridiculous than pride; for, arising from good; nay, I am wiser, greater, and an opinion of self-superiority, it bears better, than all I see around me. upon itself the stamp of egotism. It With my accomplishments and educais the custom of some people, when tion, I am worthy to command the they want to know the worth or im- admiration and esteem of all the portance of an individual, to examine world; for superiority is my distinchis descent, and trace bis genealogy: tion, and to enjoy the praise of manif he chance to be equally high-born kind must be my lot. They talk of with themselves, he is judged to be Shakspeare's greatness; but his father worthy of friendship and esteem; but was a woolcomber, while I am nobly if the contrary happen to be the case, descended. We hear of the victories he is immediately discarded as a of Alexander; but his neck was awkmean and beggarly plebeian. Now, ward and awry, while mine is straight were ridicule out of the case, and did and handsome: and, in short, comnot such conduct, even at the first pared with most of my fellow-creaglance, expose itself to laughter, every tures, I am entitled to superior rank reflecting being would pronounce it and honours. Now that I begin to despicable in the extreme, because it see my own worth, I will despise all derogates from the wisdom of God. the plebeians who may be in any way He has appointed every man a sphere, inferior to me, for I certainly am bein which he may act both honvurably fore all in the endowments of both and usefully; nay, the talents given mind and body.” If this specimen be to each individual by his Maker, are correct, and I have no doubt that capable of raising him to notice and many a proud man, if his thoughts esteem; and he must be despised, for- were inspected, would be found insooth, because he happens to want a dulging in far more extravagant ideas particular favour, which has been than these,) how foolishly ridiculous, given to another! It is the same as extravagantly weak, and unaccountcontemning the ox for being unac-ably depraved, a proud heart must be! quainted with the classics. But how A person indulging in these thoughts, frequently is this conduct pursued !- very nearly resembles the donkey, the rich man despises the poor for his having long ears, to listen with delight poverty; the learned slights the. un..to his own praises, even when dic

1109 Experiments on Vinės.

1110 tated by his own heart, -bat, like that y pride will be laid low in the house hardy animal, possessing at the same appointed for all living ;" for, “the time a mind unparalleled in stupi- small and great are there." dity.

In conclusion, I have to observe, À proud man, when exercising his that although the poor puny inhabitpride, does it under the idea, that he ants of this lower sphere may triumph is superior to the person whom he de- over their fellow-creatures without spises ; whereas, on the contrary, by punishment, and I may almost say, the very exercise of pride, he proves with honour; yet, at that all-righteous himself to be a fallen creature. Were tribunal, before which we must one mankind in their pristine state of vir- day stand, they will be slighted, humtue, no one could possibly esteem bled, and disgraced: for “a proud bimself above his fellow-creatures, look does the Lord bate.", because that virtue, when equally dis

JOHN. seminated through the earth, would Dudley, September 26, 1822. have levelled to its standard all its subjects. Hence, by priding ourselves above the rest of our species, CURIOUS EXPERIMENTS ON Vines. we only afford proof of human depravity. This conduct, then, is like that Respected FRIEND, of a man, who, to prove his superior Having constantly an opportunity of honesty, should go out and rob the seeing thy truly interesting work, and first traveller he meets.

therein finding some valuable pieces If we take a general view of the on gardening, &c. &c. I now send way in which nature treats the chil- thee what I think very many of thy dren of men, we shall find that pride, scientific readers will be pleased with. and every thing savouring of it, is It is transcribed from a valuable mecontrary to all her established regula- dical work, the title of which is as tions; but let it be kept in mind, that by follows, viz. “ Elements of Thenature I do not mean the evil propen- rapeutics; or, a Guide to Health, sities of man's heart, but that stated, being Cautions and Directions in the fixed, and settled way of divine go- Treatment of Diseases,” designed vernance, to which every human being chiefly for the use of Students. By is subject. And here we see no dis- Joseph Townsend, M. A. Rector of tinction, no pride, no superiority :- Pewsey. 1799. here disease or health, weakness or In speaking of nervous diseases, on strength, is fixed to no particular the order Spasmi, section 1. page class or condition of men ;-but the 232, he proceeds as follows: young, the old, the rich, the poor, the Of Irritability.-Motion, as far as learned and unlearned, the wise, the we are acquainted with the laws of the fool, the beggar, and the king, are all creation, appears to be produced by subject to the same evils, cheered by four several causes; Attraction, Rethe same comforts, and partake of pulsion, Irritation, and Volition. Lifethe same common diversities. But less inorganized matter is governed if piety and happiness are to be the in all its motions by the laws of attracstandard of superiority, (as they tion or repulsion. Vegetables are should,) I may say, that in the cottages subject chiefly to the laws of irritation. of the poor, viewing the subject in a Animals are equally with vegetables general point of light, there is more subject to the laws of irritation ; but real piety, and untarnished happiness, rising above the vegetable tribes, we than in the palaces of the rich, the see them endued with a superior noble, or the great.

power, that of voluntary motion. It Let the proud man consider the is of motion, as caused by irritation, state of all the human race when life I am now to treat ; and, in the proseshall be over;—let him go to the grave, cution of this subject, let us begin where nature ends her operations ;- with the motion of the sap in plants. there will be see that all the offspring “If the student will consult that of Adam lie together; that all dis- incomparable work, “The Vegetable tinctions of rank and title, fame and Statics' of the Rev. Dr. Stephen honour, are buried in the dust :—then Hales, chap. 3. he will be convinced, let him reflect but for a moment on that the rising of the sap in plants is his own case, and he will find that his not produced either by the rarefaction

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