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particular study, are requested to on a visit to R- -e, to see a relation. give their opinion on this subject, and on the Monday after his arrival, he if any of them should wish to examine walked down to the bridge. That this remarkable vestige of the univer- morning, some disturbance happening sal delage, by giving their address, I in the town, the volunteers having will send them specimens.

been ordered out, were drawn up on If this remarkable fact, among many the bridge, and, as C was shaking thousands more, should be deemed hands with an old acquaintance, who confirmatory of the Mosaic account of bad been present in the former fray, the universal deluge, your insertion of when the man was killed, they receivthis communication will oblige your ed orders to fire. C- and his old most obedient servant,

acquaintance both fell; C- to rise

J. P. no more; the other survived a short Eastwood Vale, near Hanley, Stafford

time: and these were the only men shire Potteries, Oct. 30th, 1822.

who lost their lives.

The circumstances connected with this incident are striking : 50 years

had elapsed, and the murder was forREMUNERATIVE JUSTICE, -AN INCI

gotten by man,—but not by God : his going to the bridge; meeting his

acquaintance; and both falling as Ir is the decree of the Divine Being, near the spot as possible, where the that “whoso sheddeth man's blood, man fell whom C- killed ; and only by man shall bis blood be shed;” and, these two being hurt by the fire of bowever the criminal may escape the the soldiers. These are coincidences penalty of human laws, through vari- that force the most careless to say, ous means, yet the retribution of Pro

Verily there is a God that judgvidence is often seen in the many eth in the earth.” judgments inflicted upon offenders; judgments, often remarkable in the striking coincidence between the crime

REMARKS ON PULPIT QUALIFICATIONS. and the punishment, thus proving, that the voice of blood crying from the ground, cannot be unheeded by the MR. EDITOR. Almighty; and though the offender Sir,-In an essay on the “ Abilities may forsake the error of his way, and required in the Pulpit-the Senatebecome, through faith in Christ, a or at the Bar,” which was inserted in sincere Christian, yet even then God the June number of the Imperial Maoften visibly punishes him in this life gazine, col. 501, your correspondent, for his crime. These remarks are “ T. W. -m,

;" has informed your strikingly exemplified in the following readers, that the divine ought to posaccount:

sess the “ profoundest erudition," and In the town of R-e, in Lanca- that “an acquaintance with the origishire, a practice formerly prevailed of nal tongues,” and “ critical study of playing at foot-ball, by the men of the the scriptures,” are necessary qua town and the men of the neighbouring lifications” for the due performance of country places. This amusement sel- his sacred duties.—That the Christian dom concluded without quarrels. In minister has many and important duone of these disputes, about the year ties to perform, is a truth too evident 1745, a man pamed C from to admit of controversy. But that he M- -d, 4 miles from R- -e, killed a cannot occupy his situation in the man belonging to R- -e; but as no church in a manner creditable to himproper evidence could be obtained of self, and advantageous to the cause of the fact, he escaped without prosecu- godliness, without “profound erudition.

tion,"-"a knowledge of the original Some considerable time fter, he tongues,” and “ a critical study of the left R- -e, and went to reside at scriptures," is a proposition so monC-n, in Cheshire; there he heard strously absurd, and so decidedly the gospel; it reached his heart, he opposed to matter of fact, that it is became truly converted to God, and impossible to acquiesce in its reasonadorned the gospel by an holy life. ableness, until we have discarded

After a lapse of 50 years, he went every sense of the body, and every


faculty of the mind. If the assumed tion of the essayist from“ Blackfriars' hypothesis of “ T. W-m," be Road.” founded on truth and reason, we need When "T.

Wm” enumerates the not look for an ambassador of Christ qualifications of a Christian minister, more than once in a century. He I know not by what fatality he has must possess the zeal of the apostolic been impelled to omit the one which is Wesley the erudition of Adam of greatest importance, and that is Clarke-and the eloquence of Thomas absolutely essential,--an experimental Chalmers.

acquaintance with the truths and proI have passed my time in the moun- mises of righteousness. Without this, tainous district of the West Riding of be may possess that “ eloquence which Yorkshire, and have had favourable is nature's proudest jewel," a treaopportunities for observing the effect sury of argument,” and “ biblical unproduced on my contemporary rustics, derstanding, with the ordinary talent by the preaching of men, possessed of to expound it,” but he will never be neither"

profound erudition,”_"a a truly useful shepherd of souls ;knowledge of the original tongues," whereas, were he in possession of a nor" a critical acquaintance with the sound understanding, and religious sacred writings." And from several experience, (the only essential requiyears of observation and experience, sites for the fulfilment of his calling,) I am perfectly satisfied that these un- he might expect the work of the Lord lettered preachers have been agents in to prosper in his hands.

“Profound the hands of the infinitely wise dispo- erudition," and critical acumen, are ser of events, for the effecting of his serviceable to an apostle of righteousgracious purposes. I have seen the ness, but the privation of them will ignorant blasphemer become a well- not destroy his usefulness. informed member of society, and an

E. TATHAM. exemplary Christian, without ever Gargrave, June 8th, 1822. listening to the teachings of a man of profound erudition.”-I have seen the profligate libertine forget his vicious practices, and become a useful member of a Christian community,

MR. EDITOR. without attendance on any other mi- Sir-If you think the following curinistry than one which possessed not ous anecdote worthy a place in the any acquaintance with the " original Imperial Magazine, it is at your sertongues.”

.—I have known the liar, the vice. I have taken it from a book, sabbath-breaker, and the drunkard, bearing the date of 1710, which conbrought to a knowledge of the doc- tains some very interesting accounts. trines and practice of piety, through

L. I. C. E. C. the instructions of one, who never addressed him with that “ force of “LEOPOLD, Duke of Lorrain, had a argument, bold and energetic lan- bear, called Marco, of the sagacity guage, historical and descriptive illus- and sensibility of which, we have the tration, and eloquence of arrange- following example :-During the winment,” which “T. Wm” thinks ter of 1709, a poor Savoyard boy, necessary for the gaining of admission nearly perishing with cold, in a barn, to the bearts of an audience.

into which he had been put by a good “ T. W-m," if he thinks proper, woman with some more of his compamay denominate such a teacher of nions, thought proper to enter Marco's righteousness “ the presumptuous hut, without reflecting on the danger scribe of ignorance,” or “the ardent he ran, in exposing himself to the devotee of fanaticism;" and he may, mercy of the animal which occupied with his wonted ardour and temerity, it. Marco, however, instead of doing denounce bis disciples, as the dupes any injury to the child, took him beof pious quackery; but, Mr. Editor, tween his paws and warmed him, by though I am not yet “seated on the pressing him to his breast, until the snow-white throne” of Truth, “the next morning, when he suffered him unsullied goddess of the intellectual to depart, to ramble about the city. world," I am induced to place more The poor Savoyard, on returning at reliance on the evidence of apposite night to the hat, was received with facts, than on the elaborate declama- the same affection, and for some following days he had no other retreat. But positions we commit to writing : and what added much to his joy was, to perhaps the human faculties can perceive that the bear had reserved scarcely partake of a higher treat, part of his food for him. Several days than that of being present at the passed in this manner, without the exertions of great abilities, meeting servants noticing any thing of the cir- together in opposition on some imporcumstance. One evening, however, tant question; and observing the when one of them came to bring Marco strength and agility of the combatants, his supper rather later than ordinary, the arts and subterfuges of the vanhe was astonished to see the animal quished, the skill and dexterity of roll his eyes in a furious manner, and him that pursues bis conquest, the appear as if he wished him to make as sudden reverse occasioned by a single little noise as possible,-for fear of new idea, or a happy illustration; waking the child, whom he clasped to insomuch, that the unconscious audihis breast. In addition to this, the tor, lost and absorbed in the subject animal, though naturally ravenous, before him, frequently bursts out in did not seem in the least moved with involuntary exclamations of sympathy the food which was placed before or applause. him.

That the intercourse between mind “ The report of this extraordinary and mind is much more intimate, and circumstance being spread at court, consequently more interesting, when soon reached the ears of Leopold, it takes place by this immediate comwho, with part of his courtiers, was munication, than when it is derived desirous of being satisfied of the truth through the more indirect channel of Marco's generosity. Several of of writing, cannot be doubted; even them, accordingly, passed the night independent of the strength and vivanear the hut, and beheld, with asto- city of expression generally occasionnishment, that the bear never stirred, ed by an opposition of opinion, the so long as the child shewed any incli- ideas of the speaker are impressed nation to sleep. At break of day the upon his hearers by every auxiliary lad awoke, and was very much asham- advantage of cadence, countenance, ed to find himself discovered ; and and action; the powers of which are fearing some punishment for his rash- sometimes so happily combined, that ness, begged 'for pardon. The bear, they give importance to mediocrits of however, caressed him, and endea- sentiment, and when employed in the voured to prevail on him to eat part of service of truth and good sepse, carry what had been brought for him on the with them irresistible conviction. preceding evening ; which he did at I have heard of a gentleman, who the request of the spectators, who con- possessed to such a degree the power ducted him to thc Prince.-Having of rendering things in themselves in. learned the whole bistory of this sin different, very interesting to bis heargular alliance, and the time it bad con- ers, that by pronouncing repeatedly tinued, the Prince ordered the little two or three words, though without Savoyard to be taken care of; and he, meaning, in a serious and affecting without doubt, would soon have made tone, he could melt them into tears. his fortune, had he not died a short What then must be the effect of such time after."

talents, exerted upon a subject previously calculated to draw forth the strongest impulses of feeling, and operate upon the affections and passions

of an audience? If the viva voce comAMONG the variety of innocent and munication of sentiment be more interational gratifications that an improv- resting than that by writing, it has ed state of society affords, there are also superior advantages in attaining none perhaps of a higher relish, than the great end of all rational investigathose we derive from a free and reci- tion—the discovery and development procal communication of our senti- of truth. The solitary reasoner, purments and opinions. There is a suing his own train of ideas, can only warmth, an energy, an originality, in impress upon his reader certain prethe freedom and familiarity of conver- conceived opinions; but in conversasation, which is sought after in vain tion, those opinions are generally put in the more correct and studied com- to the test as they are advanced, and


it happens 'not unfrequently, that the improving himself by the observations groundwork on which it was intended and reflections of others, but merely a weighty superstructure should be to inculcate, at all times and on all erected, is found weak and insufficient occasions, his own pecaliar opinions. for the purpose, and the illustration Now, though it be possible these of a few minutes prevents the misem- opinions may be well founded, a perployment of many months. The shock tinacious adherence to them is no of argument is almost always neces- additional recommendation, and no sary to the production of truth, which proof of their rectitude. But, hownot unfrequently starts out, as appa-ever incorrect, it is not improbable rent as the spark from the collision of that by a free and fair discussion some flint and steel.

of them might be changed, and others My intention, however, in the pa- modified or improved, were it not for per now before me, is not so much to this spirit of dogmatizing, which is dwell on the pleasures or advantages perhaps of all others the most fatal to to be derived from conversation; in- conversation. If, indeed, facts be forming mankind that they are already ascertained, and the judgment formed in possession of these benefits would respecting them, all further inquiry be rather a useless labour; but to becomes useless ; while, on the conconsider how they may be turned to trary, scepticism, however culpable it the readiest and most pleasant ac- may be thought on some points, is count. I mean, therefore, in the short here an indispensable ingredient; and space I bave allotted myself, not where it exists not in fact, may someonly to point out how these social times be reasonably assumed, in order benefits may be improved, but to the better to try the validity of an trace the causes whence originate the opinion already formed-an experigeneral excellencies or defects in con- ment frequently not without its use. versation, of which indeed our inter- It is amusing to observe the oppocourse with mankind affords us so site defect to this peremptory and many instances.

assuming temper, in that compliable of the usual defects observable in servility which prevents a man from common discourse, I think some asserting an opinion of his own, and may be assigned to particular ble- leads him perpetually to `assent to mishes of character and disposition, those of others, whether he conceives and others, of a more obvious kind, them to be well founded or not. This, to mere inpropriety of manner. I it may be said, may sometimes arise shall at present endeavour to point from an indolence of disposition, that out the ill consequences that result shrinks from the labour of examining from the first of these causes, leaving the truth of a proposition; at other the second to some future opportu- times from a mistaken notion of politenity.

ness, and a paltry unwillingness to That much more depends on the dissent from that which another pertemper and disposition we bring with son has advanced. Were I called us into society, than on the mode in upon to exemplify these defects in which we advance our opinions, is, the instances of individuals, I should, I believe, sufficiently evident ;-an in the first place, point out a friend of irritable, imperious, or sullen turn of mine, W- who, with abilities to mind, is far more destructive to the comprehend and judge of the most pleasures of social converse, and important subjects, will frequently strong intellectual argument, than any sit by whilst they are discussed, with peculiarity of manner, however unplea- the utmost placidity of indifference, sant or inconvenient. Amongst every excepting at due intervals, when he variety of character which an acquaint- testifies, by a significant nod, his alterance with the world exhibits, there is nate concurrence with each of the disperhaps none more unfavourable to all putants. free and candid disquisition, than that An example of the second character of a man attached and riveted to cer- | may be found in S. who, though tain opinions, which he allows not to lively and communicative, scarcely be called in question. A person of ever ventures to oppose an opinion adthis turn enters into company, not for verse to his own ; and, with a little art, the purpose of contributing his part he may be led to give himself the lie towards the general amusement, or of in the most amusing manner, politely No. 48.-VOL. IV.

4 H

assenting to the assertion of his neigh- | able companions; to constitute which bour, however doubtful or contradic- characters, candour and sincerity are tory it may be. This conduct has, indispensable ingredients. But, to however, led bim into difficulties and the man who has been so unfortunate embarrassments, which, I must own, as to contract a reserved and silent I have enjoyed:-when some opi- habit, a word of advice may perhaps nion big with absurdity has been ad- be useful. Let him run into dissipavanced, s-has immediately given tion as fast as ever he can, and get a it his sanction; but a direct and unmo- little army of duns and bailiffs about dified attack from another part of the him, and I promise him he will soon table, has as suddenly placed it in its learn the art of talking, both long true, or rather false light; and poor and loud enough for his guests. Let S- with ten times the understand- him associate with the merry and the ing of the person who advanced it, has young, and with persons of his own been obliged to share with him in the age and humour, where he may at ridicule attending the confutation of times feel his own importance, and an opinion grossly erroneous and un- try his own strength. He will there founded.

find no difficulty in breaking through There is another character often met the magic chains of silence, which sit with, which I am doubtful whether so awkwardly upon bim,--and after a I should refer to the present class, little training in this way, let him or should merely ascribe to manner or boldly mingle in the conversation of to an ill habit ; I mean the silent those, whom he will soon be too vain man, who sits patiently by whilst the to conceive his superiors. Thus let discourse is carried on, without con- him gradually accustom himself to tributing any thing towards it. Were give his opinion only on such occaI to suppose that this conduct arises sions as he thinks calculated to disfrom sullenness, pride, or an affecta- play, while he feels satisfied that the tion of superior knowledge, I should subject is within the grasp and scope then certainly regard it as a proof of of his talents. But, above all, let him that most incurable of all blemishes, strive to reach a firm and manly tone the offspring of an ill formed charac- of mind; to know the value of his own ter; and the wind, not the manner, abilities, and scorn to sit a silent should here be submitted to correc- hearer, whilst ignorance and presumption. But I am inclined to think tion are gratifying themselves, and this taciturn behaviour is more fre- lording it over the sacred but silent quently to be attributed to habit, and cause of sense, of reason, and of that it often originates with our being truth.

R. T. much accustomed, when young, to the company of our superiors in knowledge and learning. Such a person acts as a dead weight upon conversation; and whenever the subject begins Every one remarks the extraordinary to lose its interest, the example of the changes in the seasons of the year. silent man makes the scale prepon- When we observe, as it has recently derate, and the whole company sud- happened, that in the depth of winter, denly relaxes into listlessness and trees bear a second crop of fruit, and insipidity, until the great mother of nosegays are gathered of summer dulness herself seenis to take her seat flowers, we cannot but think “this is amongst them.

wondrous strange.” Laplace, in his To those who enter society with the Syteme du Monde, and others, have moral dispositions I have been de- said something on this subject, which scribing, arguing and dogmatizing for at this moment may be worth repeatthe sake of triumph, I shall only ing. “We find from the testimony of observe, that they ought to be put ancient writers, that Britain, Germaupon a low diet, to drink no spirituous ny, and France, were much colder liquors, and to apply for further remedy than at present, and that their great from another quarter than the pen of rivers were annually frozen over. Astroan idler like myself. Till some nomy teaches us, that since this reformation commence within, there period, the obliquity of the earth's is little probability of their becom- position has been considerably dimiing either kind friends or agree- nished. Astronomy teaches us also,


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