페이지 이미지

whose attentions most probably saved ments of his wealth. Their common bis life. His feet and legs were so allowance of food is about a quart swelled, from the exposure to heat of corn per day! Depredation with and cold, that it was necessary to cut all its severity of punishment-tyranny off his pantaloons: his hands and feet on the one hand, and revolt on the were affected by the most violent other—are continually ravaging the cramps. After a short respite, he re- territories of Louisiana. Added to traced his steps to Belle Point fort, which, the fear of inundation, and the where he learnt the unhappy tidings fatal terrors of the climate, induce the of Dr. Russel's death, as well as of proprietors to wring as much as possitwo missionaries, about to proceed to ble from the devoted African in the the Osages.

shortest possible time, for the chance A variety of amusing details ac- of enjoying it in security elsewhere. company the narrative of Mr. Nut- The epidemic which raged in New tall's return to Osark, or Arkansa, at Orleans during the summer of 1819, which place, he found, to his surprise, carried off 6000 individuals, chiefly that during the twelve months which emigrants. The hospital is described bad elapsed since his first visit, there as being badly regulated, and totally had been a great influx of lawyers, inadequate to such a crisis. Medical doctors, and mechanics, and that a assistance is scarce and expensive, weekly newspaper had been establish and the selfish and fearful supineness ed.--A process was then going on in which seizes upon all classes when the criminal court, against a wretch the contagion appears, leaves little who had committed a rape upon the chance of escaping from it. Though daughter of his late wife. His punish- the commerce of New Orleans is so ment was as brutal as his offence. extensive, and its population so great, Mr. Nuttall recommends the peniten- every thing like intellectual improvetiary law of Pennsylvania and New ment is at a stand, and three or four York, in preference to the sanguinary bibliopoles have the exclusive patronretribution of some of the provincial | age of the place. A museum which laws; concluding with the following was begun to be formed a few years remark, in which we perfectly coin- since, is now converted into a gamcide:

bling-house! With his arrival at New “ To sacrifice all that portion of the com

Orleans, Mr. Nuttall's narrative termunity to infamy, who happen to fall beneath minates; and having deposited him the lash of the law, is incompatible with the safely at an ion, with a comely negro true principles of justice. Maim a man, or to pour out his coffee, we proceed to turn him out with the stigma of infamy into the bosom of society, and he will inevitably be- remark upon some points of his narcome a still greater scourge to the world, in rative connected with the present which he now only lives to seek revenge, by state of the Indian tribes. the commission of greater but better conceal- With the exception of the Osage ed crimes.”-p. 225.

Indians, forming a remote settlement In a few days Mr. Nuttall again to the westward, the various tribes to arrived in the Mississippi, finding it, which our author refers appear to be at this season, one of the “most mag- gradually assimilating to civilized benificent of rivers, which appeared in ings. Their idolatry is of a less gross an unbroken and meandering sheet, kind than prevails in many countries stretching over an extended view of much further advanced in improvemore than 12 miles," and skirted by ment, though each family has its one impenetrable forest. In his pro- penates or guardian spirit from among gress to New Orleans, be mentions those various objects of creation that the extensive settlements of the plant- are remarkable for sagacity. They ers along the coast. Upon one of have a firm belief in a future state. these estates, General Wade Hamp- Among some of them, however, a ton's, there were then four hundred barbarous custom prevails at seedslaves. It had produced, the preced- time, of seizing a lean dog as a sacriing year, 500 hogsheads of sugar, and fice to the Indian Ceres, and with 1000 bales of cotton; or, in twelve horrid yells devouring it alive. The months, the sum of 150,000 dollars! Arkansas particularly are very gentle Yet this monopolizer of human liberty and very brave: it is related of them, scarcely allows the common neces- that in a contest with an hostile tribe saries of life to these wretched instru- a few years since, the latter were retreating for want of ammunition, leav- The Osages, from whom Mr. Nuttall ing the contest undecided. The Ar- experienced such ill usage in the rekansas made signs for a parley, mote districts through which he peneemptied the whole of their powder trated, are treacherous, cruel, and into a blanket, shared it with their rapacious. From their wandering enemies, and conquered them. Their habits, and exposure to the elements, country is exceedingly fertile, and he found them acquainted with the comparatively salubrious; as a proof positions and configurations of many of which, Mr. Nuttall mentions the of the heavenly bodies; the polar star, healthy looks of the inhabitants, and the Pleiades, and the three stars in the absence of doctors.

Orion's belt. Their minor periods of He alludes with pleasure to the time are regulated by the waxing and comfortable cabins and farms of the waning of the moon, and their years Cherokees, who are no longer strangers by the number of moons and the to the distinctions of wealth, and, when change of seasons. Polygamy of a our author visited them, were busily curious species is practised among employed in felling trees and prepar- them; the man who first marries into ing for seed-time. The great work of a family, possessing the control of all civilization has been not a little ac- the wife's sisters, whom he may either celerated among them, by the exer- espouse, or bestow upon others. These tions of one “Nancy Ward,” com- Indians carefully extract the marks monly called “ The Beloved.” She of pubescence from every part of the introduced the domesticated cow, and body, plucking out their eye-brows her influence extends even to matters and shaving their heads. Mr. Nuttall of life and death. Mr. Nuttall, how- conjectures, that, from their jealousy ever, laments, that with the blessings of the Whites, they, who, like the of civilized life, they should likewise Quakers and Moravians, say the least have acquired that selfish attachment about religion, and preach rather by to property, that love of riches, to benevolent example and the introducwhich he traces (not very intelligibly tion of useful arts, will make the most we confess) an “ accumulation of durable and favourable impression. laws and punishments from which the He corroborates this opinion by an patriarcbal state was happily exempt." anecdote which is worth extracting: But, when he afterwards speaks of

“ Mr. Bougie informed me, that last winpolygamy, in its grossest shape, being ter, wbile accidentally engaged in reading the practised by these half-enlightened be- New

Testament, two or three young men, of ings of the diabolical use of abortion, the Osages, coming into his store, inquired of which prevails to an unlimited extent that it informed him of the descent of God

him what was said in that book. He answered, among them of their insatiate and

upon the earth, who was seen by men, conversindiscriminating pursuit of revenge, ed with them, and wrought miracles. If that which makes no distinction between was true, they asked, why did he not come murder and manslaughter, and is down now among

men as he did then? To which

Mr. B. replied, Because the world was now wreaked upon the brother or nearest relative of the culprit that happens to their hands to their months, as they always do

so wicked. They looked at one another, held fall in their way,--we cannot but wish in token of surprise, and, smiling, said, The them much further removed from a book may tell you so, but we don't believe state of patriarchal simplicity, and the it.'”-pp. 195–196. blessings of religious knowledge, ever An amusing instance is given(p. 192) concomitant on civilization, diffused of their skill and effrontery in thieving; more extensively among them. In and a melancholy one (p. 187) of their fact, Mr. Nuttall, a little further on in barbarous conduct to Mr. MʻFarlane, his Journal, exclaims" But the a white hunter, found within their want of legal restraint, and of an territory, whom they murdered in the efficient government, in spite of all most inhuman manner; so jealous are our admiration of the patriarchal rule, they of strangers travelling without have proved the ever baneful means of an express protection from the goaboriginal depopulation.” It is worth vernment. It was with good reason, mentioning, that a short time since, this therefore, that Mr. Nuttall was under particular tribe bad a place or city the greatest apprehensions for his perof refuge,” to which from time imme- sonal safety, whilst within the range morial every delinquent fleeing was of these semi-barbarians. Nor is the sure of a sanctuary.

spirit of their females less sayage; for

P• 47.

one of them, seeing her husband in passionately enamoured of this fair contention with a stranger, and pro- daughter of Prospero; nor is Celatis, ceeding to a scuffle, seized a hatchet, a sea-nymph, or mermaid, less in love and would have dispatched the latter with Ferdinand. The latter sings her in a moment, bad she not been pre- enchanting strains beneath the prow vented. Upon the whole, as the face of the Neapolitan vessel, at the moof these extensive regions seems en- ment when the mariners, supposing dowed with every thing that can con- they have made the desired haven, are tribute to the wealth, the comfort, and about to lower their anchor: the grandeur of cultivated life-as empires are gradually rising into im- You that float i'the shallow bay : portance around it--as the tide of Let not the iron anchor fall; population and improvement is rapid. For to wreck you shall be thrall : ly encroaching on its forests and Coral rocks beneath your bow, wilds—another century will probably And waves of peril, threat you now! have witnessed the extinction of these Take heed, or else your wives will weep.” rude tenants, or their quiet amalgamation with the peaceful settlers from the

With a superstitious obedience, east. Bat, in the mean time, wbat ample scope is there for the exertions they follow the advice of her song,

and steer 66 a mile a-head upon the of the philanthropist, and of those religious institutions which this coun

western bow." Here, however, the

treacherous syren try especially upholds for the culture

had prepared a and illumination of the heathen!

comfortable sand-bank, upon which From the extended sketch which the ill-fated vessel strikes : her crew we have given of Mr. Nuttall's work,

are on the brink of destruction--the the public will be enabled to form a

mermaid has already in imagination pretty accurate estimate of its value. transported the prince to her coral The materials we have extracted will cave, whilst the shrieks of his Angeshew that it is not deficient in general lica, whom the sea-god Proteus is interest; whilst to the botanist and dragging to his ocean bed, transport geologist it presents a magazine of him with horror; when Neptune and rarities, which none but themselves Amphitrite appear, and a general are capable of appreciating. Publish- blow-up ensues : ed in the hasty form of a journal, it Blow, Tritons, blow! contains many inaccuracies and flip- And let this traitor god my presence know: pancies, which a little caution would Bind him in secular chains :

And with the wolf and bear have removed ; but, as a manual for the multitude of emigrants or tour-Where night beneath my throne eternal reigns:

Let him in sorrow pair, ists, who are destined to follow Mr.

Blow, Tritons, blow !" Nuttall's track, it presents a valuable

Amphitrite appears. compendium of accurate and essential information. To the spirit, per

“ Ye nymphs of wreathed shell,

Who do my pleasure well, severance, and intelligence, with which

From morn to the amber eve;
he performed his hazardous under- Take false Celatis here,
taking, every one, we imagine, must Bind her in prison drear,
readily bear tribute.

That she with penance grieve:
Ye nymphs of wreathed shell.”

The catastrophe is evident: FerdiReview.-Angelica, or the Rape of nand and Angelica are united; and

Proteus : a Poem. By Edward Ariel, having returned from the depths Hovel Thurlow, Lord Thurlow. 8vo. of the ocean, (no one knows “how pp. 58. London: Booth, 1821. deep, how deep," p. 57,) with the

emerald stone of Thetis as a nuptial The Rape of Proteus is intended as a gift to the bride, is freed from her supplement to Shakspeare's beautiful servitude and dismissed. Old Prosplay of the Tempest. Angelica is sub- pero, we should have mentioned, is stituted for Miranda, whom Prince quietly asleep in his cave, whilst his Ferdinand of Naples, having obtain- darling child is thrown into this immi. ed the consent of the states, is return- nent peril: an avocation which ill ing in a gallant vessel to marry, and accords either with his parental ancarry thither. Proteus, however, is | xiety and foresight, at such a critical

p. 53.

p. 47.

juncture, or with the preternatural Not Caliban, 'though he be vile, ministrations to which' Shakspeare Hath work'd against thee with this guile. gave him access. Neptune does not And comb'd my hair in Corinth bay, often turn guardian whilst fathers are Singing in my coral bower, napping

And mark'd young Cupid squeeze a flower, The Mermaid seems to be the most Born of Helen's lively blood, pleasing person in the whole group: With Ida's shepherd she at play

Which blushes sanguine by the flood : Her songs, if not so singular as Ariel's On the beach of Sparta lay; in the Tempest, are yet very poetical A prickly thistle made a wound, and very appropriate. The best is Which ting'd the shore with nectar round, that commencing :

And of that crimson milk the flow'r

Was nurtar'd in that charmed hour.
“ I am she who smooth the seas,

With this he dipp'd bis sharpest dart,
And calm the stormy Cyclades.' And quench'd it's fire in Proteus' beart.

Thou know'st it well; and this has made Of her morality we say nothing; for What dost thou since, bat lie and groan,

The herdsman-god forsake his trade: quis modus adsit amori?". She thus And make the rocks repeat thy

moan, tempts Angelica to comply with the And all the

winds of th ocean play wishes of Proteus :

In praise of sweet Angelica ?

The very sea-galls know thy song" I ask thee, then,

Why love bas done thee this great wrong, Are there not golden pleasures, which in na

And love must cure the wound be made, tare Are to be priz’d, and lov'd for their own sake; Now, Proteas, to thy eyes I lift

By rape of this hard-hearted maid. Jove being the author, by whose gift we ase

The mirrour, which is Neptane's gift, them?

And shew thee, wreck'd upon the strand, And most so, when revenge doth add ber The barque of royal Ferdinand : sting

His large big-bellied sails are fall, To sbarpen the free will, already apt:

And swelling waves wash on his hall, 0, 'tis a banquet for a god, to charm

To th' island of old Prospero,
Thy longing soul, and do so good requital
To him, who first bad wrong’d thee: think But I'will sing him to decay,

To do, what thou too well dost know. on't, Angelica,

And wreck his wishes in the bay,
And be both wise and bappy."

If thou wilt give the boy to me,

To hold bim in the hoary sea,
“ I know thee, now,

And make stern Neptune grant the same, And scorn thee with the knowledge; thou art

And she, his amber-crowned dame.” vile, And a most false dissembler ; get thee hence, Upon the whole, we consider the Or I will call my father, to avenge Th’ illusion of thy shallow eloquence,

work more interesting than clever, And heap thy honied evils on thy liead.

and more fanciful than poetical. Like What, wouldst thou tempt my virtue, and other modest gentlemen, very much in abuse

love, Proteus seems occasionally at a My yet untasted youth?—hence, bideous loss for words to express himself, and fiend!

gives vent to his passion in such patheGo, take thy fawning tales to other ears,

tics as these : Which may accept them : for myself, I scorn thee!”

0!-0!_accursed fair, and fairest curse.” Mermaid. “ Alas, and wilt thou lose th' imperial rule Of all the seas, and Neptune's em'rald sceptre,

O thon good maiden! whelm him in the

flood !" All for few words of pale philosophy? Who is't, Angelica, whose lessons blind

“ But I will go to Neptune.”-ib. The yet ansated youth? why, men, who, dull With old and crabbed age, envy the joy

“ I will awaken all the deity.”—ib. Which the ripe maid is heir to: thoa art

“O winds ! young,

Blow up the moantain billows to dread heaAnd Neptune courts thee to partake his bed, No less a god than Neptune.”

“The sea-nymphs shall whip you—they shall

whip you." The following extract from her col

“ Well, she shall whip you, loquy with Proteus, will give a favourable specimen of the imaginative

And worse than that." powers displayed in the poem. She - She who forsakes her subject, cannot blame tells him that,

Her sabject for forsaking.” “ Love, who skims the seas,

Proteus having advised Celatis to And on the sands does what he please,

shipwreck Ferdinand,

pp. 10-12

[ocr errors]

P. 13.


p. 25.

p. 22.

p. 26.

P. 27.

p. 28.

[ocr errors]
« 이전계속 »