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tice, that it will ultimately triumph weight of his body more on his limbs, over narrow-minded prejudice, which and in the next instant, without any too frequently accompanies the first inquiries being made, he observed, appearance of a novelty, however that be felt his limbs stronger, from useful, beneficial, or important, the the “pain having left his hips." He discovery may prove to the community next plainly indicated that the disease at large.

was lessened, by raising his body, from Having thus introduced the subject which he only desisted, by being deto your notice, I will now state some sired to remain at rest, through fear observations, which the treatise an- of the needle being broken. The innounces, to have come under the no- strument having remained in the place tice, and in the immediate practice, of about six minutes, the patient deboth Mr. J. M. Churchill (the author) clared he felt no pain, and could, if and two of his professional associ- he were permitted, raise himself upates.

right: it was then withdrawn; the The cases, as before stated, where man arose, adjusted his dress, exthe operation seems to have produced pressed his astonishment and delight an immediate relief, are those of acute at the sudden removal of his disease, rheumatism; and, as the author ob- and having made the most grateful serves, “ in those injuries of the acknowledgments, left the house with fibrous structures of the body, which a facility as though he had never been are often observed to arise (particu- afflicted. The relief was, no doubt, larly in labouring persons) from vio- permanent, as he did not return, lent exertion."*

which he would most probably have The first case is that of a labourer, done, had he suffered a relapse.” who applied to Mr. C. for advice, and The other case is that of a female, who is stated to have come to his 25 years of age, who became the subhouse, supporting himself by a stick ject of Rheumatalgia, which shall be in one hand, and resting the other briefly related: “The shoulders, arms, against the wall as he proceeded ; the back, and hips, were the parts selectbody was bent at nearly right angles ed by the disease (observes Mr. C.) with the thighs, and his countenance for its wandering peregrinations.” indicated acute suffering. He had Every thing that professional skill been attacked, he said, three days could suggest, appears to have been before, with darting excruciating used, without the desired effect. “At pains in his loins and hips: every mo

the end of three months I was hastily tion of the body produced an acute called to her,” observes Mr. C.; spasmodic pain, resembling an electric “she had fainted, and when recovered shock ; and the attempt to raise the from the syncope, complained of body to an upright position was attend- violent pain about the region of the ed with such insupportable agony, as heart, which, she informed me, bad obliged him to continue in this state of troubled her more or less for several flexion, rather than encounter it by hours. Copious bleeding, blistering, altering his position. There was no and cupping, were had recourse to more constitutional disturbance than this time, which had the desired, was to be expected from three days though temporary, effect. An expoand nights of constant pain. The sure to wet brought on another attack pulse was a little quickened, and the of Rheumatalgia; which, after varitongue white; but I attributed this ously shifting its seat for several days, derangement to the irritation set up fixed itself on the left side. The forby the pain, and to loss of rest. I di- mer remedies were now useless, and rected him to place himself across a the pain had acquired such a degree chair, for support, during the opera- of violence, that the slightest motion tion; and I immediately introduced a of the body gave the most exquisite needle of one inch and half in length agony,

And so intense (observes into the lumber mass on the right side the author) was this state of suffering, of the spine : in two minutes' time I that the patient could not be urged to observed that he seemed to rest the speak in a tone loud enough to be

conveniently heard, through the fear * When the disease has assumed an inflam- of exciting an exacerbation of pain, matory nature, Acupunctaration would be highly which even such slight motions occaimproper.

sioned. I now had recourse to Acu

177 Review-- 1 Description of modern Birmingham. 178 puncturation: having introduced the tained the needle in its place for five needle through the integuments of minutes, and then made a second eight and nine ribs, at the parts corre- puncture, and successively a third, sponding to the junction with their in the place where the disease had cartilaginous epiphises, I continued taken refuge. The third puncture to press it genily forward. When it made the pain totally disappear, and had penetrated to about two-thirds of the patient cried out that I had reits whole depth, (an inch,) I inquired stored her to life. Sleep of eight if she experienced either pain from hours' duration, and a state of perthe puncture, or relief from the dis- fect calmness, succeeded this operaease ? She replied," she scarcely felt tion." the instrument, but that her rheuma- Several other cases of eminent phytism had suddenly abated of its vio-sicians are mentioned, which are only lence ;” and, to my surprise, this re- a repetition of what I have already ply was expressed in her natural tone stated, therefore shall not farther inof voice. She added, that she could trude upon your pages. In conclusion, “now speak and breathe freely," so I shall only state what M. Berlion, that I found her former taciturnity, another eminent French physician, in which I had attributed to moroseness, speaking of the disease to which this bad vanished. After two or three remedy is applicable, says, operations, the patient was free from "Vague and wandering rheumatism uneasiness, and could make a deep sometimes attacks the external mus. inspiration without pain. The opera- cles-subservient to respiration, the tion was completely successful, for, patient is obliged to remain motionexcepting a slight darting pain, which less ; every motion of the trunk comoccasionally troubled her for a few pels him to cry out; a deep inspiradays afterwards, no symptoms of the tion is very difficult; and laughing disorder remained, and she continues occasions such cruel pains that expecat this time perfectly well.”

toration is impossible: AcupuncturaThe last I shall intrude upon you, tion dissipates instantly this state of is related by Dr. Haim, a French distress, and renders to the muscles physician of eminence, who, it ap- their full liberty of action. In the pears, was called upon to attend a space of one or two minutes, a pafemale, suffering under a severe at- tient, whose sufferings drew from him tack of rheumatism. “Antoinette Bou- tears, exclaims he is quite well.” lard, 38 years of age, had experienced I have been thus anxious to lay bea severe attack of rheumatism, which fore your numerous readers a few parfixed on the inïerior part of the left side ticulars of this extraordinary mode of of the chest. At first it gave way to cure, in all cases of fixed pain, which the usual treatment in such cases : / is more or less attendant on that torafter six weeks I was called up again menting malady, rheumatism; the more to see this woman: I found her in a so as our variable and ungenial clime state of great suffering, and her plain- induces the complaint in almost every tive tone of voice indicated the vio- family within its influence. lence of the pain, which drew from

W. H. her cries on the least motion. Three

Bermondsey-Square, Jan. 9, 1821. days were passed in this state, and Antoinette obtained no relief. I de. termined, therefore, to practise Acu- Review.-A Description of modern puncturation. I introduced the nee- Birmingham; whereunto are annexed dle at the inferior margin of the carti- observations made during an excursion lages of the false ribs. The instru- round the town, in the summer of ment had hardly passed to the depth 1818, including Warwick and Leamof a few lines, when the patient said ington. By Charles Pye. Richardthe pain bad changed its seat, and son, Cornhill, London. 8vo. pp. 106. descended into the abdomen ; at the same time, that it had lost much of its This work is entertaining, but not violence. I continued the introduc- profound. It touches on most subtion to the depth of an inch; by this jects connected with the trade, public means the pain was driven from the buildings, and benevolent instituabdomen, and permitted the patient tions, in this large and mercantile to breathe freely. However, I main- | town, without descending to those


minute delineations which would prove / greatest benefits that can attend huhighly interesting to all classes of man existence ; air more pure than in readers. Of this fact the author seems many other places; water of an excelfully sensible ; and in his advertise- lent quality; the genial influence of ment prefixed to the volume, he ac- the sun; and a situation not in the counts for these deficiencies by stat- least subject to damps.". Against this ing, that in several instances the description, as delineating its natural sources of information were shut advantages, we have nothing to obagainst his inquiries. This statement ject; but we conceive that some deimplies a severe reflection on the indi-duction must be made on account of viduals to whom the remarks apply, the smoke which frequently pollutes and we cannot but think that they the atmosphere, and occasionally merit that exposure which they have hides the luminary of day. obtained.

The trade and various manufactoInto the ancient history of this ries of Birmingham hold a conspicutown the author does not enter ; and ous rank in this volume. The whole, consequently, we are furnished with however, or nearly so, is comprised no data for marking those distinct in a brief history, accompanied only eras in its manufacturing prosperity, with such remarks as would naturally which would enable us to trace its pro- occur to a resident, who had purposely gressive advancement from diminutive turned his attention towards them, beginnings, to its present command- and had made his arrangements with ing attitude among the manufacturing a design of giving them to the towns of Europe.

world. Birmingham presents no monuments But although we cannot compliment of antiquity, no venerable ruins to the the author with having displayed any antiquarian eye; yet, according to profound research, we readily acknowHutton, Alfred found it a town; and ledge that his volume contains much one of the principal evidences of its general information; and while it is great antiquity is, that it is contigu- calculated to furnish both entertainous to two Roman roads, the Ikenild ment and instruction, we think that it and Shirley streets. The etymology will serve as a valuable directory to of the name is involved in much ob- such persons as visit Birmingham scurity. It has been variously writ- with a design to survey its various ten Brumwycheham, Bromycham, &c. curiosities, and to mark the effects of and in common conversation it is now human ingenuity, in giving existence frequently pronounced Bromidgham. and perfection to invention, and the A family named Birmingham held this application of the arts. manor until the year 1537, when the To the genius and enterprising spiDuke of Northumberland having at- rit of Mr. Boulton, the author pays tempted in vain to purchase it, perfi- the following justly merited complidiously implicated the proprietor as ment. an accomplice in a highway robbery, “ The writer of these pages was and then offered to save his life, on born in the year 1749, and having condition that he would sell the ma- been an attentive observer more than

The manor house, which is now fifty years, he is convinced that the called the Mote, still remains, though extensive trade now carried on in this the site has been converted into a town, is principally to be attributed manufactory; and an apartment is to the enterprising spirit of the late shewn where the ancient lords held Matthew Boulton, Esq. who, by his their court-leets.

active and unremitting exertions, the “ The town is situated nearly in the indefatigable perseverance of himself centre of the kingdom, in the north- and agents, together with the liberal west extremity of the county of War- manner in which he patronized gewick. The foundation of the houses,” nius, laid the foundation.” Mr. Pye states, “ with few exceptions, is a dry mass of sandy rock, from The latter part of this volume, exwhence no noxious vapours arise, and tending to the adjacent country, and on which account the cellars may be embracing its towns, its villages, its inhabited with safety, though this is mansions, and its manufactories, denot customary here. In this favoured scribes the surrounding scenery. On spot, the inhabitants enjoy four of the I these diversified articles, the history is


pp. 4.

181 Review: Cathedral AntiquitiesThomas Treffry. 182 concise, and the description is limited amateurs, they are pronounced to be to the most striking features in the quite unique of their kind. Their picture. The information, however, architectural accuracy has also been is of much importance, and cannot much praised. The work, as already fail to excite a general interest in published, comprehends histories and every reader, who wishes to obtain an illustrations of Salisbury, Winchester, acquaintance with the topography of Norwich, Oxford, York, and Lichthis district.

field cathedrals.-Canterbury is now The volume on the whole is pleasing publishing, and will, we are told, be and instructive; and the plan on followed by Wells, &c. We need not which it is laid out being ample, is add, that we wish the author success; calculated to support a lofty super- and we anticipate as much pleasure structure. The author, by unremit- from the perusal of his forthcoming ting diligence and application, will, volumes, as we have derived from no doubt, in time, supply all deficien-those now on our table. cies, and merit for his work an honourable rank among the topographical publications of his country. Review.-A Parental Portraiture of

Thomas H. Treffry; with an Appen

dix, containing Sketches of Sermons, Review.-The Cathedral Antiquities Moral Essays, Fragments, fc. By

of England ; or an Historical and R. Treffry. Second Edition. LonGraphical Illustration of the Cathedral don, published by T. Blanshard, 14, Churches of this country. By John City-Road, and 66, PaternosterBritton, F.S.A. dc. 4to. London. Row; and B. J. Holdsworth, 18, St.

Paul's Church-Yard. Price 4s. 6d. We do not know a more delightful, more improving, and, happily we BIOGRAPHY, when the subject is may add, a more fashionable accom- good, and the delineation correct, paniment of history, than topographical generally furnishes a rich repast of antiquities ; nor do we know a more entertainment and instruction. Such pleasing and elegant study than com- instruction as is derived not from the paring the classical researches, and plausible speculations of the philosothe splendid engravings, of Mr. Brit- phic theorist, but from actual experiton, with the passages which they ence; between which there is a diffeillustrate, in the standard histories of rence, as great as between the ancient England. In the Cathedral Antiqui- maps of geographers, in which unexties, which Mr. Britton is now pub- plored regions were filled with cities, lishing, his first care is to exhibit the and towns, and mountains and rivers, history of the seteral sees, and the the mere creations of their own fancy, influence which they successively ac- and those of modern times, which are quired; next, to trace the history of the result of an actual survey, and a the architecture of each cathedral, minute examination of those formerly with an account of its present state ; unknown portions of our globe. and, in fine, to sketch the biography The chief subjects of biography of distinguished prelates, with the have generally been princes and most characteristic anecdotes of their statesmen, warriors, and men distinlives. The whole series abounds with guished for learning, and science,critical discrimination-lively discus- men who had occupied elevated stasion--and curious research-given in tions in society whilst living, whose a spirited and classical manner, and influence had been extensive, who not in the usual dry, dull, heavy style, had been the benefactors or the of former antiquarian works.

plagues of mankind, and had diffused Of the numerous engravings, we happiness or spread a moral pestilence can give no idea by verbal descrip- among them. Faithful biography tion; for to say, they are splendid, posthumously delineates their characbeautiful, and picturesque, would ter, traces their actions to those princonvey nothing but a vague notion of ciples which gave them birth, removes excellence. To form any idea of their the veil with which their good actions superiority as works of British art, were concealed by their enemies and they must be seen. We know that, their bad ones by their friends, and by the unanimous opinion of the first honestly transmits their real character


to the admiration or execration of with his tears, and whose soul was posterity. Thus men who in life were wrung with anguish at the sudden loss a public curse, in the hands of the up- of a youth of so much promise, conright and intelligent biographer, be- tains internal evidence of fidelity in come a public blessing, and furnish delineation, which, though always to many instructive lessons to their suc- be desired, is but seldom to be found

in biographical works.--Diographers, It is important to the interests of in general, resembling the painter, society, that the lives of those persons who, who have been intimately connected with the temporal destinies of empires

" What would ofiend the eye in a good pic

ture, and of kingdoms, and those by whom

Casts discreetly into shades." science and the comforts of this life have been eminently promoted, should Mr. Treffry, however, bas, much to be faithfully recorded. Such a record his honour, avoided tbis common evil, greatly increases our stock of useful and has faithfully recorded those deknowledge; it not only shews us, as fects which he saw, or thought he saw, in an orrery, the heavenly bodies in his beloved son. revolving upon the canvass, but it “ Thomas Hawkey Treffry was born introduces us behind the scene, to an at Truro, in Cornwall, Nov. 2, 1802.” acquaintance with that mechanism The precocity of his talents have selwhich directs the whole, and disco- dom been exceeded. “ Before he was vers those hidden principles from two years of age, he could not only whence emanated those actions which, speak distinctly, but bad learned all when the actors lived, were consider his letters, could spell most words of ed the offspring of the highest wisdom, one syllable, and repeat many verses or the most egregious folly; of virtue of poetry. page 1, He had read the most transcendent, or vice the through the greater part of the bible most execrable or diabolic. But no before he was four years of age, and biography pleases us so much as that was able to give a succinct account of which is at once both intellectual and the principal characters, and the most pious,—which shews the develop- remarkable events recorded in the sament of the powers of mind, and cred volume. page 3. When he was marks its progress in spite of the nu- about five years of age, he began to merous obstacles which oppose its learn the French language, and before march; combined with an equal ex- he had attained his sixth year, transpansion of the religious principle in lated a sermon from the French of exercises of piety towards God, and Ostervald, on Job xxi. 14; besides benevolence towards men. When translations of many of Fenelon's these are united, as in the lives of Spiritual Letters,” and other French Baxter, and Watts, and Doddridge, works, far more difficult to render and Wesley, and Fletcher, and Coke, into English. page 9. Before he had and Pearse, and Fuller, and others, completed his eighth year, he maniwhose names will be had in everlast- fested a taste for poetry, and wrote, ing remembrance, we not only con- in verse, a prayer and a hymn, which, template them with feelings of delight though some of the sentiments and and admiration, but their virtues be- phrases are, in a few instances, evicome assimilating in their operation. dently copied from hymns which we We catch a portion of their spirit, think it probable he had often heard, and, though despairing of ever attain- yet discover a soundness of judgment, ing to eminence like theirs, our ener- and an ear for harmony, which are raregies are roused to follow their intel- ly to be met with at that early age. In lectual march, and humbly to copy the same year he began to learn Latin, their “work of faith, their labour soon after which he was sent to a pubof love, and their patience of hope.” lic school at Kingswood, near Bristol,

Among those who have benefited where he remained five years, and by the biography and works of others, where his good conduct procured him and whose biography will also prove a the esteem of the governor and masblessing to posterity, we are to rank ters of that seminary. During his rethe amiable subject of the “Parental sidence at school, he was, in common Portraiture,” which, though written with several of his schoolfellows, the by a father, who wet every page of it subject of religious impressions, to

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