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Review-A Parental Portraiture of T. H. Treffry.

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which he happily yielded, and which My muse is but slow, and the numbers never left him, but accompanied him which flow, are grov'ling and low, whilst you to the grave, and ministered to him in your car, travel swiftly and far, and triumin the solemn article of dissolution, a

phantly ride, on Parnassus's side, where the

muses reside, and its summit behold, so fa“peace wbich passeth all understand- mous of old: from hence may you rise, to ing,” and a “joy unspeakable and dwell in the skies, for your muse shall descry, full of glory.

with her bright piercing eye, and point you When about sixteen years of age, and God. A speedy reply, will much gratify,

the road, to the blissful abode, of your Father having made up his mind to devote Thomas Hawkey Treffry." Page 38. himself to the instruction of youth, that he might be the better qualified

The correspondence between the for such a profession, he was sent “ to father and the son is highly honorable Bath, to be under the care of Mr. to both. In the former we behold the Horner, whose scientific knowledge union of affection, and wisdom, and and classic attainments are very con- prudence, and a serious and anxious siderable.” Under his tuition he ap

solicitude for Thomas's welfare in both pears to have made considerable

worlds; and in the latter, deep filial

progress, though frequently the subject of piety, manifesting itself on all occabodily indisposition, and of a melan- sions ; in soliciting advice in difficulcholy temperament; which forcibly ties, and in promptly adopting it, and reminded us of the amiable Gray, making it the rule of his conduct. and the not less amiable Cowper, Nor was he less affectionate as a broof each of whom it might be said, ther than obedient as a child. His that

solicitude for the reputation, comfort,

and salvation, of his brother, appear “Melancholy mark’d him for ber own.”

in" words which burn,” in a letter In many of his letters he is a suc- beginning on page 85, of which the cessful imitator of the manner of the following is an extract. last mentioned poet, in his humorous poetical epistle to the Rev.John New

Falmouth, March 16, 1821. ton. The following is an example

“MY DEAR BROTHER, selected from many. It is an answer

I find from your last letter sent home that

you have desisted from meeting in class : and to a letter which he had received from here I must say a few words.- To serve God, his father by the preceding post. to love his people, to support his cause, to

advance his kingdom, I have ever considered My very dear father, whose voice I had my most indispensable duty.—But the business rather, at any time hear, than partake of such is, between you and me, on the subject of your

cheer, as victuals and beer;' and whose let- renouncing Methodism. Why have you done ters excite, such a flow of delight, as the it? Do you consider it disgraceful? Then name of my sire, must always inspire, which farewell ! Do you suppose, by excluding sickness nor age, shall ever assuage, and yourself from the society, to escape the impuwhich death shall withstand, when his cold | tation of being a Methodist ? If you do, you iron hand, shall bid me depart, and strike are grievously deceived. Are you ashamed with his dart, transfixing the heart. Your to have it taunted upon you, that you are a advices so kind, shall be stor'd in my mind, Methodist ? Then I pity you. Do you supand my conduct direct, in ev'ry respect; for pose that your leaving the society will make folly and youth, shall listen to truth, while you at all more respected ? I can assure you mem'ry shall rest, and act in my breast. But it will not; on the contrary, your abjuration the counsels you've given, to lead me to hea- will be a much severer scoff upon your want ven, so useful and true, you need not renew, of resolution, and your cowardice, than ever they long have been known, and can ne'er be your profession of religion could have been. o'erthrown, though sophists agree, that reli- Is your conduct to be accounted for on rational gion must be, such fanciful stuff, as no one principles? I am rather disposed to appreenough, of the learned and wise, can ever hend, that carelessness, negligence, or a dedespise. And though in a word, your letters cay of genuine piety, has been the origin of afford, an agreeable treat, yet bitter and your conduct. sweet, may frequently meet; and we often “When religion has left you; it is indeed of have found, that the samc spot of ground, can little consequence, whether or not you reyield what is good, to be eaten as food, and nounce your connection entirely with a body likewise produce, what is unfit for use. Then of professing Christians : and when once the let me inquire, why you always desire, some outworks are demolished, farewell to every causes to name, by which you may blame, that hope, either of internal peace, or external sesilence of mine, which without a design, may curity. () consider, to what fatal lengths the have griev'd or offended, though by no means indulgence and increasing intluence of that reintended, and from whence you could find, a ligious indifference and insensibility will conconclusion unkind, by way of retort, my feel- duct you.-Rouse yourself from this dream of ings to hurt, whene'er your intent, is to make inaction, this delusion of sin ;-reason, duty, me repent.

character, piety, and prudence, all call upon No. 37.-Vol. IV.

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you to recollect yourself; and above all, there self for his lukewarmness, he deplored his is one who cries, " Awake to righteousness, and mental backslidings; his sufferings were all sin not. If you value my friendship, if you forgotten; and his soul seemed totally absorblove my person, if you would promote my ed in seeking to secure the salvation of God; peace, live as seeing him who is invisible' whilst his mother and I kneeled beside his Oh! Richard, shall I ever have to hesitate in bed, and mingled our prayers and tears with subscribing myself your affectionate Brother, his. I could not doubt that the Lord Jesus

THOMAS TREFFRY ?would receive his spirit, but I felt reluctant to When he left Mr. Horner, he re

let him go, until he himself could witness a turned to his father, then in Cornwall, good confession; and leave the world with a

sare and certain hope of a blissful immortality. where he devoted his attention chiefly He had, indeed, a hope of heaven, but he to literary pursuits, having no taste looked so much at himself, and had such a for company, and much less for the deep sense of his great unworthiness, that fashionable follies of the age. During sometimes his fears predominated, and lis this time he wrote several essays hensions from a conviction that faith in the

mind appeared oppressed with gloomy appreunder the title of the Moralizer, eight Son of God is essential to salvation, and that of which have already adorned our while our attention is turned wholly on ourpages ;-essays which, when it is re- selves, we shall be more inclined to despair membered that they were written by a

than to believe; I endeavoured to direct his youth under 18, discover a degree of mind to the Saviour of sinners, and to bring learning, and genius, and talent, sweat, the cross and passion,' of our Lord which are never to be met with in or- Jesus Christ, who bore our sins in his own dinary minds.

body opon the tree.” I told him of the intiIn the month of January, 1821, he nite compassion, displayed by the Saviour in opened a school in Falmouth, where his murderers ; and that as his nature is un

the days of his flesh--that he prayed even for his prospects appear to have been flat- changeable, he could not be unwilling to retering. But in little time his liealth ceive him into the arms of his mercy; that began to fail, and on April the 19th even those gracious desires, and ardent breathhe departed this life, in the joyful ings of soul, which he felt for the presence hope of a blissful immortality. The and love of God, were indubitable evidences account of his latter end is one of the God.” These truthis seemed like balm to his

that he was not “far from the kingdom of most affecting and interesting we ever wounded mind. He then said, “Lord, I will remember to have read : and though dare to believe in thee, I will trust in thy merit is long, we cannot deprive ourselves cy; I know thou canst save such a poor sinner of the gratification of laying it before

as I am, and I believe thou art willing to our readers.

0! save me now, reveal thyself in

my heart; I will not let thee go, unless thou “ Thursday, April 19th. The day now

bless me-thou wilt not cast me out. O bless dawned which was to terminate his earthly me, and bless me now.? About four o'clock it course.- No hope, I found, now remained-1 pleased God to answer his prayers, and to regave vent to my feelings by a gush of tears

veal his love in his heart: his fears totally What could I do? to impart to him the awsui subsided, and a cloudless prospect of endless secret would be to agitate his sinking frame, blessedness beamed brightly before his eyes. and increase the virulence of the disorder: The change was visible in his countenance, but to keep him in ignorance of his state, and and he repeatedly said, “He hath loved me, see him hurried into eternity, unconscious of and given himself for me.” Soon after, he bis immediate danger, I could not bear. I repeated hesitated for a moment—the sentiments of the

'Tis love, tis love, thou died'st for me, poet had long been familiar to me:

I hear thy whisper in my heart; “Truth is deposited with man's last hour, The morning breaks, the shadows flee, An honest hour, and faithful to her trust.'

Pure, universal love thou art ; “I felt their force, and made up my mind,

To me, to all, thy bowels move, I returned to his room, and with palpitating

Thy nature, and thy name, is Love.' heart, and a flood of tears, I tremblingly told “ His countenance beamed with tranquil. him we must part, that the doctors could do lity, and was often brightened by a smile ;no more for him, that his death was inevitable, be now conversed with great freedom of his and in a few hours he would be in eternity.-- last change; but death was disarmed of his For a moment he gazed at me with a fixed sting, and the grave of its terrors. When I astonishment; it was a look I shall never for- told him that he had the start of us, and get, it seemed to speak unutterable things, and would soon reach the goal: but you,' said in effect to say, 'God is now my only refuge, he, will soon follow me.'---'Your poor mobut I must not, cannot die, withiout a sense of ther, especially,' said she. Yes, said he, bis favour”-and to him his soul instantly with a smile of approbation, and turned ; and rousing all his dormant energies, he cried mightily to God for a knowledge of O what a happy meeting there, salvation by the remission of sins.--Never did In robes of white array'd; I witness such a scene. He wept, he pray- Palms in our hands, we all shall bear, ed, he pleaded with God, he reproached binn- And crowns upon our heads.'

save me

189
Gleanings from Literature, Science, &c.

190 In this heavenly frame he continued GLEANINGS FROM LITERATURE, “till about half-past nine o'clock,

SCIENCE, &c. &c. when he was suddenly seized with a convulsive struggle, and in a moment Fire Shield.-Mr. Ralph Buckley, ceased to breathe." (From pages of New York, has invented and ob101 to 110.)

tained a patent for a fire shield. It Such was the closing scene of this is intended to protect firemen whilst lovely youth, whose talents promised employed in extinguishing fires, but to be a blessing and an ornament to particularly designed to prevent fire society, but who, by the Supreme from spreading. It is made of a meGovernor of the universe, as the tallic substance, thin, light, and immind began to unfold its treasures, pervious to heat; it is of a length and was summoned to quit this world of breadth sufficient to cover the whole darkness, sorrow, and death, and to person, and it may be used in several ascend to those “climes of bliss," different positions. where every mystery shall be unravel- Meteor. A most beautiful meteoled, and where bis inquiring spirit rological phenomenon was witnessed shall “know even as it is known.” lately at Brighton. It was a swift

The Appendix contains two ser- shooting luminous ball, which conmons, thirty-two sketches of sermons, tinued perfect a few seconds, and fifteen essays, a translation of a Latin then assuming the appearance of a ode, a poetical epistle, and an unfi- fine large sky-rocket, became grapished tale, entitled Atlantica, wbich dually dissolved amidst a wideappears to be an imitation of Dr. spreading shower of splendid sparkJohnson's Prince of Abyssinia. These ling fire. will all be read with interest; and, ex- Spade and Plough Husbandry.--In cept by the fastidious critic, who will the neighbourhood of Hamilton, an make no allowance for the immaturity experiment was made last year, to of youth, with pleasure too; and ma try the difference between the spade ny of them, especially by our juvenile and the plough. A field was taken, readers, with considerable profit. We which was in beans in 1820, and oats do not affirm that they are perfect the year before ; two ridges were dug, models of composition,-this were too and two ploughed, alternately, and much to expect from any youth, how the whole was sown on the same day; ever extraordinary,-but we hesitate a part both on the ploughed and dug not to recommend them as the produc- being drilled with the garden hoe : the tions of a superior and cultivated whole was reaped in the same day ; mind, and as containing sentiments and being thrashed out, the result which tend to purify and elevate the was, that the dug sown broadcast was soul, and these generally expressed to the ploughed sown broadcast as 55 in language both chaste and manly, to 42. The dug and drilled was as and at an equal distance from the gro-204 to 12}, upon the ploughed and velling and the false sublime.

drilled. The additional grain is not We are happy to find that the first the only beneficial result gained by edition of this interesting volume was digging, as in this instance there was sold in about three months from its also a great deal more straw. The publication, and we doubt not that land is free of weeds, and will be more the present will also soon be disposed easily fallowed this year. of. We most cordially recommend it Magnetism. --- The Prussian State to all those parents who feel interested Gazette mentions a highly important in the intellectual and religious im- discovery, which Dr. Seebeck had provement of their children; and to communicated to the Academy of all young people who carnestly desire Sciences, at Berlin, in three different the cultivation of their minds and sittings.

It was

on the magnetic hearts, as a work eminently calculated properties inherent in all metals, and to facilitate both. It will form a many carths (and not in iron only, as valuable addition to the lives of was supposed) according to the diffeJames Hay Beattie, Gilpin, and rence of the degrees of heat. This Spencer, and ought to occupy a place discovery, it is added, opens an enon the biographical shelf of every tirely new field in this department of young person of genuine taste and natural pbilosophy, which may lead to sterling piety.

interesting results with respect to hot

springs, connected with the observa- greater. This fact ought to lead to tions made by the inspector of mines the practice of tinging paper intended (M. Von Trebra,) and others, rela- to be printed upon with a slight shade tive to the progressive increase of of colouring, which would at once warmth in mines, in proportion to render it more pleasing to the reader, their depths.

and less subject to be discoloured by Ventilation of Rooms.-Mr. Perkins age or use. has suggested an improved mode of Danish Literature.—Among the liteventilating and warming rooms. It rary novelties of Denmark, one of the consists in introducing a column of most important is a new Journal, encold air immediately at the back of titled Hermoder, which contains both the stove, and by this means, a large original essays and translations of the portion of the heat, usually wasted or most classical and esteemed foreign misapplied, is equally diffused over productions. Another periodical, enthe room. The greater the quantity of titled Blandinger, has been lately air which is made to strike against established, and contains several vaand pass by the stove, the greater is luable articles. In Norway, also, a the quantity of heat given out by it. new Journal has been started; it is It will not, however, work to good published twice a week, and contains advantage when the room is air tight; not only criticisms on new works, but and to remedy this evil, it is advis- | interesting intelligence respecting the able to pierce an aperture in the ceil- literature of other countries, and bioing, or by opening a door in an adjoin- graphical sketches of men of learning, ing apartment produce the necessary and eminent writers. current.

Picture Cleaning.The French cheVegetation.—A fig-tree, seven and a mist, Thenard, has rendered an imporhalf feet high, with a stem five and a tant service to the art of painting, half inches in circun ference, is grow- having employed his oxygenated waing luxuriantly in the hot-house of the ter, with great success, in cleaning old botanic garden of Edinburgh, com- pictures, where the white prepared pletely suspended from the ground, from lead had become spotted with and without a particle of earth to brown. It is not, perhaps, too much nourish it. Water is thrown over it to expect, that the advancement of every day.

chemical knowledge will ultimately New Hydraulic Machine.-M. Henry, contribute much to this beautiful art, an engineer of the French royal corps by furnishing it with more durable of roads and bridges, has presented materials. to the Academy of Sciences a plan

Red Snow.-Snow of a reddish tint for a new hydraulic machine ; the ob- has been found in New South Shetject of which is to weigh loaded boats, land. It appears to owe its colour to in the same manner as carriages are some cryptogamic vegetable. weighed, by means of loaded scales. Manufacture of Glass.-M. WestThe machine, it is said, will operate rumb is said to have found, that the under water, without preventing the salts of potash and soda, deprived of boats from continuing to float.

their water of crystallization, answer Education.—The Lancasterian sys- as well as the pure alkali for the matem has been introduced into many of nufacture of glass. In order to make the principal towns and cities of Italy, an excellent glass, 24 parts of sulphate as in Naples, Milan, Brescia, Valen- of soda are thoroughly dried, and za, on the Po, Rivoli, &c. and schools mixed with 8 parts of powdered cbaron this plan are establishing in Genoa coal, and 16 of good white sand. The and Rome.

mixture must be calcined in the drying Printing on Coloured Paper.-Writ- oven, until the sulphate is dissipated, ing or printing of the same strength and is then put into the pots for and body, on a fair white sheet of fusion. paper, is less legible, and the eye New Optical Machine.--Signor Amisooner fatigued in reading it, than on ci, professor of Mathematics at the a sheet grown brown by age. A University of Modena, has invented greater quantity of light being reflected an instrument which he calls a catadifrom the white paper, the pupil of the optrical microscope. It is contrived eye contracts so much, as to render for the purpose of viewing objects of vision less distinct, and the effort every description, diaphanous

or

193
Gleanings from Literature, Science, &c.

194 opake, solid or fluid, without the ne- | these, he has also rescued some parts cessity of dividing them into parts; of the unknown writings of Eunapius, and consists of a tube placed horizon- Menander of Byzantium, Priscus, and tally, as a telescope, and not verti- Peter the Protector. Of these valucally, as the common microscope. At able literary acquisitions, the most one extremity of this tube are several copious and important are the fragmetallic mirrors, which reflect the ob- ments of Diodorus Siculus, and Dion, ject through a small hole beneath, cor- which contain a succinct recital of responding perpendicularly to the many of the wars of Rome, and a narglass wbich carries the object. The rative of the Punic, Social, and Malatter is moved up and down by a cedonian wars ; likewise of those of screw, under which a mirror is placed Epirus, Syria, Gaul, Spain, Portugal, as in other microscopes; and it is and Persia. He has also discovered easily and instantly magnified or dimi- several writings of the Greek and Lanished by changing the eye-glasses tin fathers, prior to St. Jerome, and only. One great advantage attending other interesting fragments, all which this improved instrument, is, that any it is his intention to publish. object may be distinctly viewed, al- The Spurs of the Ornithorynchus.though immersed in a liquid, half an Dr. Traill, of Liverpool, has lately inch beneath the surface; which has had an opportunity of examining the hitherto been impracticable. A scale skins of a male and female ornithohas also been contrived, by which rynchus, from New South Wales. the objects are accurately mea- The spurs of the male were remarkably sured.

strong and sharp, and the perforation Sculpture.—The Immhoffs, (father in them so extremely minute, that it and son,) of Cologne, have recently is not surprising that they escaped the finished a piece of sculpture of extra- notice of the first naturalists who exordinary magnitude; it is a colossal amined them. The tubes were so fie figure, representing the Angel of that they would not receive a horse Death, and is intended to decorate hair, though they admitted a human the burial vault of a family of distinc-one. tion in that city. The same artists Preservation of Cauliflowers.- These executed the well-known bust of M. vegetables have been preserved two Stein, the minister, and they are or three months by digging a trench now employed upon a bas-relief, under a wall, eighteen inches wide intended as a monument to his and deep, laying in the cauliflowers Lady.

with the stems inclined upwards, and Heat produced in the Skin by Chlo- covering the whole in with earth, rine.—Dr. Hare, of Philadelphia, has heaping up the surface in an inclined found, that when the temperature of form, so that the rain should run the air is about 60°, the hand, when off. immersed in chlorine, experiences a Preservative against Scarlet Fever.sensation of heat equal to 90° or 100°, It is announced in the Journal de Meeven though the common thermometer dicina Pratique, of Berlin, that the should not be affected when immersed. Belladonna is a preservative against Dr. Hare conjectures, “that a sort of this fever. The fact was first discochemical action may take place be- vered at Leipsig, but it has lately tween the gas and the insensible per- been confirmed by several experispiration of the skin, as the power of ments. chlorine in dissolving animal effluvia is well known.”

Classical Literature.-M. Maio, the LONDON ORPHAN ASYLUM, indefatigable philologist, whose labours and researches after the lost The design of this godlike charity, writings of the ancient have been which was instituted in the year 1813, duly appreciated, has made some under the immediate patronage of his farther discoveries. Among these are Majesty, several branches of the Royal several of the mutilated and lost books Family, many among the nobility, and of Polybius, Diodorus, Dion Cassius, dignitaries of the church, is, the supsome fragments of Aristotle, Ephorus port of orphans, whose parents had the historian, Timæus, Hyperides, been in respectable circumstances, Demetrius Phalereus, &c. Besides but whose fathers have been snatched

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