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der this he continued to languish for the smell, will presently come down some time, until the removal of the from the woods, and prowl about. Rev. Mr. Ringeltaube from the Mis- They live on carrion of all kinds, and sion Church, left a vacancy that he was are generally inoffensive. called to fill, which, with the perform- “The air is frequently thronged ance of divine service in his own with kites, hawks, and crows, who house as often as he could obtain an are looking for snakes and other noxaudience, furnished him with pleasing ious creatures; and they are so sucemployment.
cessful in their search, that we are The scenes with which he was en- seldom annoyed by these animals. So circled on his arrival, could not but attentive is Providence to the comfort make some strange and singular im- of man ! pressions on his mind. These he “A woman burnt herself with her delineates and describes in the follow- dead husband about three days ago, ing letter.
a few miles up the river. This hapShall I give you a picture of the pens very frequently. scene around me? I am situated on My servants bring me a glass of the banks of the Ganges. The coun- wine and water. Two are concerned, try is champaign, but covered within this operation; one of them will trees: the most numerous are cocoa- not touch the glass, though he will nut, plantain, mango, and banian pour the wine into it! So strange are trees. (Pray learn all about them.) the superstitions of these people. The river is covered with boats, pass- | Another will wipe my shoes, but he ing and repassing. There are two will not wash my feet. A third will elephants amusing themselves at the bathe me, but he will not fan me. water side.
One of them is eating You see, Miss E., what strange things plantain leaves, which are his ordi- we travellers behold. nary food; he takes hold of the leaves “ Have I told you all? or shall I with his trunk, and puts them into mention a north-wester ? This is a his mouth. The other is washing violent tornado from north-west, which himself: he fills his trunk with water, makes a regular and magnificent proand then throws it around him, so gress through the heavens. Violent that he is covered with the
spray. A wind, thunder, and lightning, roll on little boy is now going to mount one of in a kind of collected body. This them in order to lead them home; as short-lived tempest is very awful, and he is not very heavy, he sits upon the very grand. It is always a welcome point of the trunk, and thus the ele- visitor ; for it cools the heated air, and phant lifts him on his back. An ele- refreshes all nature around. phant has no bridle. How then is he “I am now so familiarized to viodirected? The boy has a rod of iron, lent thunder, that I scarcely ever nosharp at one end, and with this he tice it, except when I go out purpricks his head when he goes wrong. posely to contemplate the grandeur of
“When the elephant wishes to set a north-wester.” down the ladies, who frequently ride Scarcely had Mr. Buchanan obtainupon him, he falls upon his knees; ed a settlement at Barrackpore, before and when they have dismounted, he he turned his attention to the languarises. He is altogether a wonderful ges spoken in the East by those naanimal.
tives, with whom, in all probability, “ On the other side of the river, I it would be essentially necessary for see a flock of vultures; they are hover-bim to become conversant. With this ing over a dead body which is floating view he took 'a Moonshe into his down the stream. Many of the Hin- house, to instruct him in the Hindosdoos cast their dead into the Ganges, tanee and Persian tongues; and bis that they may be conveyed to Para- subsequent improvement shows, that dise! About a mile up the river, a his time and exertions were not emfuneral pile is just lighted. It is now ployed in vain. near evening, when this rite is usually On the 3d of April, 1799, Mr. Buperformed. The relatives accompany chanan's solitude, of which, in nearly the corpse to the water side, where a all his letters from India, he had pile of dry wood is raised about the seriously complained, was alleviated body, and the nearest relative applies by his marriage with Miss Mary the torch. The jackals, allured by Whish, third daughter of the Rev. Richard Whish, then rector of North-year 1800, Lord Mornington, who in wold, in the county of Norfolk. This consequence of the splendid successes lady and her elder sister, afterwards of his policy in the Mysore, had been married to Major Prole, had come out created Marquis Wellesley, had form. to India about five months before, with ed a plan of a collegiate institution, their aunt, Mrs. Sandys, wife of for promoting the literary improveCaptain Sandys, then Commissary of ment of the younger civil servants of Stores, at Calcutta, but now a Lieu- the company. In the arrangement tenant Colonel, and residing at La- and conduct of this important college, narth, in the county of Cornwall of which he became Vice Provost, Mrs. Buchanan, on her arrival in Mr. Buchanan was essentially conIndia, was so much disgusted at the cerned. This college was formally profligacy of manners which prevail-established by a minute in council, on ed, that she would gladly bave return- August 18th, 1800, in which the Goed to her native land; but providen- vernor General detailed at length his tially finding in Mr. Buchanan a reasons for such an institution. Lecfriend to whom she could look up for tures in the Arabic, Hindostanee, protection, in whose bosom her affec- and Persian languages, commenced tions could find a home, and in whose in the month of November following, piety she could discover an example but the first regular term opened on worthy of imitation, she, at the age of the 6th of February, 1801. seventeen, abandoned all thoughts of There is, however, no condition in returning, and became his wife. Of life that can wholly exempt us from its the talents, piety, and amiable dispo- calamities. Scarcely had Mr. Bu. sition of this lady, all who had the chanan entered on the important funchappiness of an acquaintance with tions of his office, as Vice Provost her, have spoken in terms of the most and Professor of Classics in the coldecided approbation. Among these, lege of Fort William, before he had the testimony of Colonel Sandys, un- to anticipate the loss of his beloved der whose hospitable roof she resided wife, through a consumption, which on her arrival in India, and whose for some time appeared to have made praise is in the churches, is worthy of inroads on her constitution. In the the bighest regard.
hope of recovering her health, she had Towards the close of the year 1799, removed from the place of their perMr. Buchanan was appointed third wanent residence, and the change chaplain to the Presidency, at Cal- seemed to flatter their mutual wishes; cutta : and in the month of February, but on her return, the symptoms of 1800, he was called upon to preach her malady again revived ; and as the before Lord Mornington, and the only probable means of regaining her principal officers of the Government. health, she was advised to try the The occasion was “a general thanks- effect of her native air. Mrs. B. at giving for the signal successes obtain this time had two daughters, Chared by his Majesty and bis allies, and lotte the eldest, which she intended for the ultimate and happy establish- taking with her to England, and Aument of the tranquillity and security of gusta the youngest, not quite six the British possessions in India." months old, of whom her husband was This discourse gave so much satisfac- to take the charge. She sailed from tion, that the author received the India on the 25th of July, 1801, and, thanks of the Governor General in after a stormy, perilous, and painful council, with a direction that it should voyage, reached England on the 18th be printed for general distribution of February, 1802. His text was Psalm xxi. 11. - For During Mrs. Buchanan's absence, they intended mischief against Thee, Mr. B. was busily employed in proand imagined such a device as they moting the interests of the college, are not able to perform.” This dis well knowing that this was the most course contained a luminous and im- likely instrument that could be devispressive view of the principles, pro- ed, for the general diffusion of Eugress, and effects, of the new French ropean knowledge and science throughphilosophy, to which be attributed the out our vast territories in India, and awful struggle in which his country for the acquirement of oriental literawas then engaged.
ture. Nor was the cause of ChristiDuring the first six months in the anity neglected by him, amidst his
numerous avocations. On all suitable pensable. With this view, preparaoccasions, he appeared as the avowed tions were accordingly made, and on advocate of the Christian system; and the 25th of January she sailed from from the pulpit, in private correspon- Madras, taking the youngest daughdence, and in personal conversations, ter, and leaving her disconsolate hushe took every opportunity to silence band in doubt whether they should gainsayers, by repelling their objec-ever again meet on this side of etertions, and by giving publicity to the nity. evidences on which Christianity rests. On her departure, Mr. B. employed His life also was a comment on the a portion of his leisure time in drawcause he had espoused, and on the ing up a “Memoir of the Expediency doctrines which he taught. It was a of an Ecclesiastical Establishment for living epistle, seen and read of all British India.” Prizes also were men, and no doubt it shone with more proposed by him for various literary conspicuous brilliancy, from the dis- compositions on different subjects. sipation and moral darkness with And in his ministerial capacity, he which he was almost every where sur- was engaged in delivering a series of rounded.
discourses on the leading doctrines of On his arrival in India, infidelity the gospel. had assumed a formidable appear- Anxious to promote the interests of ance, having gained an ascendency Britain in India, in the month of among those, who, in their native June, 1805, Mr. Buchanan addressed land, had been educated in the princi- to the Vice-Chancellors of the univerples of Christianity. But his bold and sities of Oxford and Cambridge, a decided opposition arrested its pro- proposal of the following prize comgress; and, by securing the example positions in English prose. 1. The and influence of the most exalted au- probable design of the Divine Provithority, he once more caused the dence in subjecting so large a portion standard of the Cross to wave in tri- of Asia to the British dominion. umph over the heads of many, who 2. The duty, the means, and the conhad proudly and contemptuously trod- sequences, of translating the Scripden it in the dust. On Christmas-day, tures into the Oriental tongues. 3. 1803, Mr. Buchanan delivered a ser- A brief historic view of the progress of mon, avowedly on the evidences of the gospel in different nations, since Christianity, in which they were its first promulgation; illustrated by placed by him in a commanding light. maps, shewing its luminous tract From this discourse much good re- throughout the world ; with chronosulted;
and perhaps no man, on the logical notices of its duration in partiwhole, was ever made more instru- cular places. mental than Mr. Buchanan, in turning The time allotted for the preparathe tide of infidelity, and preventing tion of these dissertations, was, until it from inundating our Oriental pos- the spring of 1807, and the 4th of sessions.
June, being his Majesty's birth-day, It was early in the year 1803, that was fixed for the decision of their reMr. Buchanan received letters from spective merits. The prize to each his wife, stating, that as her health university amounted to £500. was considerably restored, she in- It was not long after the preceding tended embarking for India in the propositions were addressed to the month of January of that year. She, universities, that Mr. Buchanan aphowever, did not sail until February, plied to the Marquis Wellesley, who when, after an agreeable passage on was about to leave Bengal, for leave board the Carmarthen, she safely to retire from Calcutta during four reached India, on the 24th of August, months, on account of his health, following. But although their meet- which was rather precarious. This ing was attended with felicity which was instantly granted ; especially, as required not a spirit of prophecy to he intended visiting the coast of Malapredict, another cloud soon obscured bar, to obtain information relative to this gleam of sunshine. Her con- various religious objects that appeared sumptive symptoms again returned, to be connected with his professional with more alarming prognostics than duties. A serious illness, however, on the former occasion; and another almost immediately followed, which voyage to Europe was deemed indis- / brought him to the borders of the
grave. During this illness, his Chris- and her pious purposes ; (for she too tian graces shone with a peculiar lus- had undertakings in view ;) believing tre, and even in the near approach of that she would be much more useful death he seemed prepared for his so- than I could. My first care on my lemn change, and, in calmness and convalescence was to write to her an resignation, was anxious to take his account of that event. In a few days fligbt to glory.
afterwards the Calcutta Indiaman While confined with this severe fe- arrived from St. Helena, and brought ver, Mr. B. invariably thought that it me the news of my dear Mary's dewould terminate in death ; and under cease! Before she went away, I perthis persuasion he made various ar- ceived that her affections were nearly rangements respecting his publica- weaned from this world ; and she tions, his interment, the college, and often said, that she thought God was frequently alluded to his wife and preparing her for his presence in glochildren, for whose sake alone he ex- ry. She was greatly favoured in her pressed his only wish to live. But near access to God in prayer; and alas! his wife, though he knew it not, she delighted in retirement and sacred
The disorder, meditation. She was jealous of herhowever, taking a favourable turn, he self latterly, when she anticipated the was so far recovered on the 4th of happiness of our all meeting in EngSeptember, as to be able to remove, land; and endeavoured to chastise the first to Barrackpore, and then to thought. Sooksagur, about forty miles from “ Her sufferings were great, but Calcutta, for the change of air. she accounted her consolations great
Mr. B. during his temporary retreat er; and she used to admire the goodat Sooksagur, for the re-establishment ness of God to her, in bringing her to of his health, was diligently employed a knowledge of the truth at so early in Hebrew, Syriac, and Chaldee an age. It was her intention, had studies, with various accompany- she lived to reach England, to have ments of Rabbinical and other com- gone down with her two little girls to mentators. But in the midst of these visit you; saying, "We shall behold pursuits he was interrupted by the each other as two new creatures.' afflicting intelligence of Mrs. Bucha- You had been accused to her of being nan's death. This distressing, though too peculiar, and she wished to see in some measure expected event, had what was amiss. taken place on the 18th of June, off “ When she found her dissolution the island of St. Helena, on board of drawing near, she solemnly devoted the East-India ship in which she was her two little girls to God; and prayreturning to England. On this melan- ed that he would be their Father, and choly occasion he wrote the following bring them up in his holy fear, and letter to Colonel Sandys.
preserve them from the vanities of this Sooksagur, near Calcutta, evil world. She said she could
22d Oct. 1805. willingly die for the souls of her “ My dear Sandys,
children; and she did die, in the con“I have been at this place for some fident hope of seeing them both in time past, in the hope of getting a glory. little strength. I was visited by a · Having had it in contemplation fever about two months ago, and was to have followed my dear Mary to despaired of for a day or two. But England next year, I had let my the prayers of the righteous were house at Garden Reach to Sir John offered up, and my days have been D'Oyly. I had also sold my furniture, prolonged. It was with a kind of re- horses, &c. previously to my proluctance I felt myself carried back by ceeding to Malabar. But in the mean the refluent waves to encounter again time I fell sick ; and now that I have the storms of this life : for I had hoped recovered, I mean to defer my journey the fight was done. Although uopro- to the coast till the new government fitable has been my life, and feeble be settled. Sir George Barlow is at my exertions, yet I was more afraid present up the country; Mr. Udny is of the trials to come, if I should sur- Deputy Governor. Both of them are vive, than of departing to my rest, if warm supporters of religious improveit was the will of God. I had made a ment in India, and I trust they will disposition of my fortune to Mary, I do good. They know nothing of my
"Memoir,' nor any one else but Mr. honourable distinctions have been Brown.
more deservingly bestowed. “ The B.'s here are affectionately
(To be concluded in our next.) concerned in my recovery, and pay me every attention in their power. I do not know whether I shall go to
AMERICAN ALLEGORY. England next year or not; I am now a desolate old man, though young in years. But my path will, I doubt When Jupiter formed the world and not, be made clear as the noon mankind to inhabit it, he sent from day.'
heaven to preside over human life, "By your late letters, I see that you two beings, the Understanding and are flourishing like a palm tree. How the Heart; united to each other by often have you passed the palm tree the tenderest attachment, they walked in India, without comparing it to the hand in hand over the earth, diffusrighteous man!
ing around them happiness and peace. My dear Mary's name and cha- The Understanding might have been racter were latterly well known among too severe, had it been alone, and the the excellent of the earth; and her Heart too playful ; but by their intimemory has left a fragrance for years mate union, the former was softened to come."
into seriousness, the latter tempered Having remained about two months into cheerfulness, and men, yielding at Sooksagur, Mr. Buchanan returned to their equal sway, were composed to Calcutta on the 4th of November, without severity, or gay without being and, a few weeks afterwards, wrote a frivolous. This happy condition was long letter to the Archbishop of Can- not long to endure :-Jupiter, for reaterbury, on the subject of promoting sons which mortals may not fathom, Christianity in India. Within a few suffered Vice to have place upon the days, after finishing the above letter, earth; Disorder followed in his foothe was again attacked with a fever steps. Permitted, under the appearand ague, which laid him up for a ance of Knowledge, to associate with fortnight, and on his recovery he inti- this happy couple, he insinuated into mated a wish to resign his arduous the Understanding suspicions of the situation in favour of Mr. Brown. On Heart, and taught the Heart to fear Christmas-day he closed his ministe- the Understanding: they soon lost rial labours for this eventful year, their confidence in each other ; their with strongly recommending the diffu- tender attachment was dissolved, and sion of evangelical religion throughout each sought to establish an authority the East.
independent of the other. That mutual The following year Mr. Buchanan influence being destroyed, by which was employed in the college examina- each restrained the other's excess, the tions, and in promoting establishments Understanding became stern, and the for the improvement of India. Among Heart giddy and frivolous: men knew these designs, the translation of the not to whose authority to yield ; they Bible into the Oriental languages, oc- were distracted between the opposing cupied no small share of his atten- interests; one moment submitting to tion ; but in all his correspondences the Understanding, the next yielding to he seems to have been decidedly of the Heart; peace and tranquillity were opinion, that nothing could effectually destroyed in the conflict. Jupiter give permanency to Christianity in looked down with grief upon this India, but an Episcopalian Church scene of disorder; he sent Death to Establishment and government. It introduce man into another life, from was in the course of this year, 1806, which Vice should be excluded, and that he received from the university of where the Understanding and the Glasgow, of which he had formerly Heart, again united more firmly than been a member, a diploma, confer- before, should diffuse peace and hapring upon him the degree of Doctor in piness over the scene of existence. Divinity. This title was afterwards in conformity with this mandate, the confirmed by a similar honour from dominion of Death has become absothe university to which he more im- lute, but the effects resulting from his mediately belonged ; and few instan- interposition can only be known in ces have occurred, in which these another world.