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* Declare to me the number of captives which ardly fear of remaining longer in the power of are at this moment in the dungeons below. the Inquisitors. My servants had repeatedly * That, Sir, is a question,' said he, which I urged me to go, and I set off about twelve must not answer.

o'clock, not less indignant at the Inquisition “I was now in the hall where the captives of Goa, than I had been with the temple of were wont to be marshalled when they pro- Juggernaut.' ceeded to the flames. I contemplated the “*In two hours,'continues Dr. Buchanan in scene awhile with mournful reflection, and his letter to Mr. Brown, 'I reached New Goa. then retired. The alcaides and familiars of the The alarm of my investigations had gone beholy Inquisition stood around me, wondering fore me. The English came to inquire what I at my introduction into the hall, and my con- had seen and heard, and I told them all. I versation with the Inquisitor. I went into a staid a day or two with them, and embarked neighbouring church, and ruminated on what in a pattamar (an open boat) for Bombay. The I had seen and heard. I resolved to go again wind was contrary, and I was ten days on the to the Inquisition. The familiars thinking I voyage. I touched at three different places bad business with the Inquisitor, admitted me. on the Pirate coast; Gheria, the celebrated I immediately saw a poor woman sitting on a fort of Severndroog, &c. One day we were bench in the great hall. She appeared very driven out to sea, and in considerable danger. disconsolate, and was waiting to be called At length, however, on the 6th of February, before the tribunal in the next room. I went I reached Bombay.' towards the tribunal, and was met at the door “ On bis arrival at this Presidency, Dr. Buby Josephus à Doloribus, who seemed to have chanan was kindly received by Governor Dunlost his temper at this intrusion, and exclaim. can, and took up his abode at the house of ed, Quid vis tu Domine?'_ All our discourse Mr. Forbes. He experienced the utmost civiwas in Latin. I told him I wanted to speak lity from the principal persons of the settlewith the chief Inquisitor, who was on the ment, and was particularly gratified by the atbench. I then looked at the poor woman very tentions of Sir James Mackintosh. I passed significantly, and then at him-And what has five hours,' he observes in a letter to Colonel this poor woman done? He was silent, and Macaulay, 'with Sir James in his library. It impatient to lead me out. When we came to is uncommonly numerous and valuable. He the head of the stairs, I took my last leave of is a friend to religion; and professes a deJosephus à Doloribus, and repeated once more sire to support me in all useful plans for in his ears, what I had pleasantly pronounced India.'”-pp. 157-169. before in our amicable discussions about the Inquisition, 'Delenda est Carthago.'

Dr. Buchanan had taken with him * Before I left Goa, I communicated to to Bombay the MS, translation of the him my intention (I first declared it to him in four gospels into the Malayalim lanhis own cell) of addressing the Archbishop in guage, which had been completed by a Latin letter, which would probably be pub- the Syrian Bishop and his clergy, inlished, on the four following subjects : “• 1. The Inquisition,

tending to print it at his own ex“«2. The want of Bibles for the priests. pense. He was, however, advised by

«« 3. The disuse of public preaching and Mr. Duncan to address a letter to the instruction in his diocese.

Government on the subject, which ««4. The state of the public libraries. o This letter I began and dated from the which he received from the Secretary,

was accordingly done; and the reply convent of the Augustinians, 25th January, 1808. I shall probably print it before I leave informed him, that the Governor in Point de Galle.

council readily extended his counteMy visit at Goa has excited a very general alarm among the priests. The Viceroy in contemplation. In consequence of

nance to the pious work which he had wishes success to my endeavours. The English at Goa seemed to know little or nothing this favourable answer, Dr. B. drew about the subject. The whole Catholic body up an advertisement, announcing his there are awed by it; and it was said, that intention, and soliciting subscripsome would suffer in consequence of iny visit; tions, the appropriation of which he for Major B. aud others of the Viceroy's consigned to two friends, under whose household, were known to furnish me with every information in their power. But at last patronage he hoped the work would I perceived, that even B. himself, the philo- prosper. sophical, liberal, learned B. was cowed, and Having made the preceding arrangeendeavoured to draw offi'.

ments, and settled his affairs in India, “On quitting his friend, Josephus Dr. Buchanan sailed from Point de à Doloribus, whose favour and for- Galla, for England, on board the bearance had perhaps been conciliated Honourable Company's ship Charlton, by the present of a small purse of on March 14th, 1808, and reached moidores, previously to his admission this country about the middle of Auinto the santa casa, Dr. Buchanan gust following, after an absence of confesses in his letter to Mr. Brown, twelve years. that his own mind was much agi

On reaching London, he repaired tated."

to the house of his venerable friend, "I began to perceive,' he says, “a cow- Mr. Newton, but, alas! he had been


Memoir of the Rev. Claudius Buchanan.

358 taken from his labour to his reward or Estrangelo character, which was a some months before. From London present to Dr. B. from the venerable he hastened to Scotland, to visit his Bishop of the Syrian Churches; and aged mother, whom he found in ex- a version of the New Testament into cellent health and spirits. Their in- Hebrew, executed by a learned Rabterview was such as may naturally be bi, in Travancore, about one hundred imagined after so long a separation. and fifty years since. Remaining in Scotland some time, he el In consequence of these valuable proceeded with his two daughters to presents, his unremitting exertions in Bristol, where he arrived on the 21st the cause of Christianity, his learnof November. On the 26th of Febru- ing, and his piety, the University of ary, 1809, he preached his justly cele- Cambridge presented a petition to his brated sermon, entitled “The Star in Majesty, through which Dr. Buchathe East,” in the parish church of St. nan received the title of Doctor in James, Bristol, for the benefit of the Divinity, the highest honour which Church Missionary Society. The Cambridge had the power to confer. purport of this discourse was, to When this title was granted, Dr. prove from an enumeration of facts, Ramsden, as Regius Professor of Diand a train of concurrent circumstan- vinity, delivered a speech in the name ces, that the day had begun to dawn of the University, in which he referred upon the benighted inhabitants of to the noble undertaking of evangeAsia. But its immediate publication, lizing the East, and complimented and extensive circulation, render all Dr. B. on his unwearied and successremarks on its distinguishing excel ful exertions. The Duke of Glouceslencies unnecessary. Scarcely was a ter was present on this occasion. discourse ever published, which pro- Removing from Cambridge, Dr. duced such instantaneous, visible, and Buchanan visited various parts of lasting effects.

England, in nearly all of which he ocFrom Bristol, Dr. B. repaired to casionally preached, and was introOxford, that he might have an oppor- duced to families of the first distinctunity of examining and comparing tion, who, from his representation of various Oriental manuscripts, and of the moral condition of India, expresslooking into the libraries of the Uni- ed a willingness to favour his views versity. At this place he arrived early respecting some permanent establishin April, and continued ten days, ment of Christianity in our Oriental during which time he preached in the possessions. Among these families parish churches of St. Martin and St. was that of Mr. Thomson, of Kirby Giles. By the Heads of Houses he was Hall, which he visited while at Scarreceived with much civility, but no borough. In this amiable family the mark of honour was conferred by them second daughter particularly attracted on this munificent patron of Oriental his attention, by her unaffected piety, literature and religion. With Dr. her active benevolence, and filial duty Ford, the Oriental Professor, Dr. B. and affection. Desirous of forming a left a manuscript of the Gospel of St. more intimate connection with this John, in the Ethiopic language, which amiable lady, proposals of marriage he had procured in the East ; but his were made, which being accepted, principal collections he had reserved their union was solemnized in the to enrich the sister university. These month of February following, from were twenty-five in number, chiefly which period he fixed his residence in Biblical, and written in the Hebrew, Yorkshire. Syriac, and Ethiopic languages. These Dr. Buchanan's publications having manuscripts had been procured by spread his fame throughout England, him during his journey to the coast of many solicitations were presented to Malabar.

him, courting his settlement in various The most curious and important neighbourhoods, accompanied with among these manuscripts were, a advantageous offers ; but to none of copy of the Hebrew Pentateuch, these did he accede. In 1810, he written on goat skins, and found in published his celebrated Jubilee Serone of the Black Jews' Synagogues, mons, in which this important subject at Cochin; a copy of the Bible, con- was surveyed in a three-fold light. taining the Apocrypha, written on These were the Mosaic Jubilee, the large folio vellum, and in the ancient British Jubilce, and the Jubilee of

« The


Heaven; and in all he found means to terwards published, entitled, introduce

observations that Healing Waters of Bethesda." He should have a bearing on the univer- found, however, but little benefit from sal spread of the gospel.

the waters of Buxton, and repaired On the 12th of June, Dr. B. preach- to Scarborough, to enjoy the sea air, ed the annual sermon before the keeping still in view his journey to Church Missionary Society, at St. Palestine, which he hoped to underAnne's, Blackfriars’-Road; and the take in the approaching autumn. But interest which his representations ex- this was a labour on which he was cited, may be easily inferred from the never to enter. fact, that the collection amounted to About the middle of December, nearly four hundred pounds.

1811, he was again seized with anA few days before the conclusion of other alarming attack, which was more the year, Mrs. Buchanan was confined violent than the preceding. This under circumstances of peculiar suf- dissipated all his hopes of leaving fering and danger. Her life, how England, and gave him a presentiever, was preserved for the present, ment that his dissolution was at no but her infant son, who was named considerable distance. Claudius, survived only three days. At the close of the year 1812, Mrs. But notwithstanding this domestic B. was again confined, under circumaffliction, Dr. B. applied himself with stances of more auspicious promise to unremitting attention, to the various herself, than on the preceding occabranches of the great cause in which sion, but the infant only lived about he was engaged. This operating upon half an hour. To this amiable lady his debilitated frame, brought on a death was also laying a close siege. slight paralytic seizure, which occur- Of this she seemed to have some red while he was leading the family strong apprehension; for although, by devotions at Kirby Hall. His speech her medical attendants, a rapid recowas instantly taken from him, and he very was prognosticated, she more was unable to proceed. From this than once intimated, that they did shock, however, he afterwards reco- not understand her case. Of this vered, and no effects of the ma- afflictive dispensation of Divine Prolady were perceived on his intellec- vidence, Dr. Buchanan gives the fol

lowing account. As the spring advanced, Dr. B. was “On the night previous to her death, advised by his physicians to suspend while she sat on the couch in my stody, she his studies. In compliance with this, begged I would give her the Bible, and a lithe formed a plan of undertaking a

tle table, and a candle. She read one of the voyage to Palestine, in the hope that Psalms very attentively, the 46th I believe, it might tend to establish his bealth, fuge and strength, a very present help in

beginning with these words. 'God is our reand furnish him with an opportu- trouble.' And when I took the Bible out of nity, which he had long wished might her hands, finding it open at that Psalm, I occur, of investigating subjects con- read it to her as a portion of our evening relinected with the translation of the gious exercise. scriptures, and the extension of Chris- died, after I had kneeled by her bedside, as

“On the morning of the day on which she tianity. From Palestine, it was his asual, and prayed with her, and had left her, intention, if his health allowed, to she desired her maid to read a hymn to her. visit the churches in Mesopotamia She began one, but immediately said it was a and Syria, to inquire into the state of funeral hymn ; to which she replied, A funethe Jews in Palestine, to view the ral hymn will suit me very well."

« 1 About an hour afterwards she was Syriac printing presses of Mount Le- brought into my study, and took her seat in banon, to establish presses in Jerusa- the arm-chair. About one o'clock ber dear lem or Aleppo, for the Hebrew, Ara- father and mother came to visit her. After her bic, and Syrian languages, and to re

father had stayed some time, be and I went turn from his tour by Lesser Asia, ther remained with her. On our return, her

out in the carriage for an hour, while her mothrough the region of the seven primi- mother took her leave, and I accompanied her tive churches.

down stairs to the carriage. On my coming But, alas! these schemes were too up, my dear Mary had just got up from her gigantic for his sinking and emaciated chair, and walked over to the couch with a frame. Towards the end of May he quick step, assisted

by her nurse, from an appaid a short visit to Buxton, where mediately sapported her in my arms. Slight

prehension that she was about to faint. I imhe preached a scrmon, which was af- faintings succeeded, but they were momentary.

tual powers.

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Memoir of the Rev. Claudius Buchanan.

362 She complained of a pain near her heart. On taken a slight cold, while attending my saying, I hoped it would soon be over, the funeral of Henry Thornton, Esq. she replied, 'O no, it is not over yet; what felt something of its effects, but noma.' After a few minutes' struggle, she sat thing which gave either him or bis up in the couch with much strength; and look- friends any immediate alarm.

On ing towards the window, she uttered a loud going out, however, one morning to cry, which might have been heard at a consi- visit some neighbours, he was seized derable distance. She then drank a little with a slight fainting fit, which, after water; and immediately after drinking, without a groan or sigh, her head fell upon my some time, seemed to pass off. As breast. I thought she had only fainted; but evening advanced, his sickness, howher spirit at that moment had taken its flight. ever, returned, when his servant, withIt was just three o'clock in the day.

out waiting for orders, sent for medi" • Thus died my beloved wife. She was ready for the summons. She had long lived as

cal assistance. A medicine was adone who waited for the coming of her Lord. ministered about nine o'clock, and Her loins were girded, her lamp was burning, Dr. B. retired to bed about half past and the staff was in her hand. She had nothing ten, directing his servant not to disto do bat to depart.'

turb him to take another medicine The great question of Christianity until he rang his bell. The servant in India,”having about this time been waited until about eleven, when hearagitated in Parliament, where from ing something that resembled an hiccertain individuals it met with a pow-cough, he was induced unbidden to erful opposition, Dr. Buchanan was enter his master's chamber, when Dr. arduously engaged in repelling insinu- B. signified that he was worse. On ations and charges that tended to hearing this, hc alarmed the family, invalidate the statements he had al- and immediately returned to the room, ready published, and in supporting when Dr. B. expressed a wish that his facts which several affected to doubt. head might be supported; and in this This, in his debilitated state, occu- posture, without struggle or convulpied a considerable portion of his sion, his breath appeared to leave time ; and, in connection with his ex- him. A few neighbours, on the alarm tensive correspondence, and the re- being given, hastened to the house, sponsibility of translations of the but before twelve o'clock, the spirit scriptures, then passing through the had taken its flight. press, deprived him of that leisure This solemn event took place on the which his health so imperiously de- ninth of February, 1815, at Broxmanded. About the middle of July, bridge, in Hertfordshire, in the 49th when in Yorkshire, he wrote to a year of his age, and his remains were friend as follows. “I am stronger interred near those of his amiable than I was, but my defect in utter- wife, where two plain stones, with ance, and breath, remains, and also suitable inscriptions, record their my want of memory, which shows that respective virtues and their Christian my illness affected the mind a good graces. deal."

From a Christian Minister, of such But notwithstanding Dr. Bucha- literary eminence, unwearied zeal, nan's increasing debility, he continued and distinguished excellence, it would unremittingly to superintend the print- have been gratifying to the church of ing of the Syriac Testament; and Christ, to have heard some dying tessuch was his serious solicitude that it timony, when, in the arms of death, might appear correct, that he adopted he had the prize in view ; but this the the precaution of revising cach sheet nature of his complaint forbade. His five times, and of availing himself in life, however, was a living comment the meanwhile, of the most learned on the doctrines which he taught, and assistance which he could procure, his numerous letters bear evidence to before he finally committed it to the the meekness and piety of his amiable press. In this momentous work he spirit. The love of Christ, and a sohad proceeded so far as the twentieth licitude for the souls of men, lay near chapter of the Acts of the Apostles, his heart; and towards the latter pewhen a sudden attack compelled him riod of his life, he seemed to have this to close bis earthly labours, and in a admonition constantly in view—“ Be few days to terminate his earthly ye also ready.”

As a writer, Dr. Buchanan was Đr. Buchanan having apparently rather impressive than voluminous ; No. 39.-VOL. IV.

2 A



and perhaps few other works that quees, in which they have been in tho have of lato years issued from the habit of preaching the gospel for some English press, have ever excited such years past, in different parts of the a general feeling, and so lively an kingdom. On Lord's day, August interest. His works will be remem- 19th, they erected this Tent upon a bered when many ponderous folios, convenient spot of ground, near to and splendid quartos, shall be forgot- Ancoat's Lane, in the midst of a poten, or only seen in catalogues, or on pulation of 20,000 souls, iefly poor) the shelves of the booksellers.

who were destitute of any place of His works are, Christian Researches worship whatever. The novelty and in India ; Memoirs of the Expediency of suddenness of this erection attracted an Ecclesiastical Establishment in In- almost universal attention in the dia; Colonial Ecclesiastical Establish- neighbourhood, and their purpose of ment; An Apology for Promoting preaching having been previously anChristianity in India ; and eight Sermons, nounced by advertisements in the including The Star in the East; Jubilee public papers, and the distribution of Sermons, The Light of the World, The handbills, multitudes of all ranks and three Eras of Light, and The Healing descriptions were drawn to the spot. Waters of Bethesda.

Many religious professors of the IndeTo all these publications there can pendent, Baptist, and Methodistical be no doubt, that the peculiarity of his persuasions, came to see this “ situation, his travels in India, and thing," and several others, who were the scenes he was called to witness, attached to no denomination, save the have given a tone of enlivening origin- synagogue of Satan, eagerly flocked ality. But independently of these to hear what these “ babblers” had to adventitious circumstances, the vi- say. gorous pulse of Christianity beats in On the very first sabbath, it pleased every sentence, and displays the en- the Lord to accompany his word with nobling emanations of his mind. There mighty power; like fire among stubare few, it is presumed, whatever ble it ran, and as the sun shining in their creeds may be, who, if intimate- his strength, so it was glorified. Old ly acquainted with this celebrated and young, rich and poor, professor Divine, would not breathe the pious and profane, were filled with astonwish-"Let me die the death of the ishment, and many were constrained righteous, and let my last end be to say, “ We never saw it on this like his."

fashion before." The attention of the most careless was arrested; those

who had impiously thrown off the fear BRIEF ACCOUNT OF NE TENT METHO- of God, and neglected his sabbaths

and worship, were deeply affected: the

pious were transported with rapturous MR. EDITOR.

exultation; and many, who had anxSIR,–Conceiving that the facts and iously desired, by some means or circumstances narrated in the follow-other, to cultivate the moral soil of ing paper, merit all the publicity this populous district, and to gather which can possibly be given them, I home to the fold of Christ the thoutake the liberty of transmitting them sands of wandering sheep roaming to you, accompanied by the assurance through its wilderness, were ,.conthat their insertion in the Imperial vinced, from the simplicity of the plan, Magazine will sensibly gratify many the portability of the erection, the of the lovers of the gospel in this certainty of its attraction, the facility town, and command the sincere ac- , with which it could be removed from knowledgments of,

place to place, the zealous and truly Sir, Your's respectfully, reverential manner of conducting the

PHILANTHROPUS. services, that this was the very means Manchester, March 9, 1822.

adapted to produce that mighty and

saving effect, which they had often In the course of the last summer, two | desired to see, but desired in vain. gentlemen of Bristol, calling them. Hence two or three persons of the selves Tent Methodist Missionaries, Independent denomination begged to arrived in Manchester, bringing with know of the Tent Missionaries, if they them one of their large Tents or Mar- I could not continue their labours in



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