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not exist amongst their snowy moun- sects are so annoying to the deer, that tains without this auxiliary; for it is the owner is obliged to anoint their from them the inhabitants derive the faces with a mixture of pitch and only comforts that tend to soften the milk, to protect them from these miseverities of those most inbospitable nute but tiresome invaders, who then climates. But we will confine our- get into the mouths, the eyes, and selves to consider the Rein-deer, of even the nostrils. From this extreLapland, as more properly refer- mity, there is, at last, no resource ring to the purpose of this communi- but flight, and the herds are driven to cation.
the highest mountains, where they will There are two kinds of this animal remain for days with very little food, in Lapland, the wild and the domesti- rather than encounter their little wingcated, of which the former are usually ed persecutors below. the largest ; but to prevent a gradual Every morning and evening during increase of this difference in size and the summer the herdsman returns to hardiness of constitution, the tame his cottage with the deer to be milkfemales, in the proper season, are ed, where a large fire of moss is prefrequently sent out into the wood to pared, for the purpose of raising a find their wild kindred, whence they smoke that will drive away the gnats, generally return in a state to increase and keep the deer quiet while milkand improve the herds at home. The ing: the quantity of milk given by a breed from this mixture is stronger, female in a day, is about a pint; it is and better adapted than those kept at thinner than the milk of a cow, but home, for drawing the sledge in which more nourishing. the Laplander travels.
The female begins to breed at two The sledge is a curious and ingeni. years old, and she produces in eight ous, but simple vehicle, well suited months. She is remarkably fond of to being carried rapidly over ice and her young, which follow her two or snow. The Rein-deer is yoked to it three years, but do not acquire their by a collar, to which a trace is fasten- full strength till four years old, when ed, that passes between the legs and they are put in training for labour, along under the belly. The person and do not continue serviceable more who sits in the sledge guides the ani- than five years: they seldom live mal by a cord fastened to the horns, longer than fifteen or sixteen. At drives with a stick, and encourages eight or nine years old the Rein-deer with his voice. The Rein-deer, when is killed for his skin and his flesh. Of hard pushed, will trot sixty miles the former the Laplanders make garwithout stopping ; but in these instan- ments, which are warm, covering them ces of great effort, the poor animal is from head to foot, and serving also so much fatigued, that the master is for their beds, when they spread them frequently obliged to kill him, in order over leaves of trees round their fires. to prevent a lingering death. The The flesh affords a constant supply of general rate of their travelling is thirty pleasant, wholesome food, which is miles for a stage ; but it can be so their chief subsistence when winter is performed only when the ground is set in, and other provisions are not to covered with snow.
be obtained. The tongues of the As the Rein-deer constitutes the Rein-deer are considered as a delicawealth of a Laplander, he devotes cy, and when cured, are sent in great himself entirely to breed, support, numbers to furnish the tables in disand protect it. A poor man has fifty tant countries. The sinews of these of these useful creatures; one in mid- animals serve for thread, which is emdling circumstances has about five ployed in making the shoes, dresses, times that number; and a man is ac- and other conveniences of the propricounted rich who possesses five hun-etor and his family. But the innumedred or more.
rable benefits derived by the LaplanAs soon as the summer, so short in ders from their deer, are, perhaps that country, appears, the Laplander best described in the condensed, drives his herds up towards the moun- yet beautiful, language of our poet:tains, leaving the low grounds in a deplorable state, owing to the myri- “Their Rein-deer form their riches. These ads of insects then brought to life in their robes, their beds, and all their homely fens, which abound there. These in- wealth
874 Supply, their wholesome fare and cheerful | five years old, may be seen an actual cups:
exhibition of Lapland manners, the Obsequious at their call, the docile tribe Yield to the sledge their necks, and whirl costume of their country, and the form them swift
of their habitations. The exhibition O’er bill and dale, heap'd into one expanse opened at the Egyptian Hall, consists Of marbled snow, as far as eye can sweep, of a view of the wild scenery of the With a blue crust of ice unbounded glazed.
North Cape, in the front of which, on Attempts have many times been the floor of the room, two tents are made to transport this very interesting pitched, displaying the real summer animal from his native mountains into and winter habitations of a Lapland milder climates, but they were not family. The first of these is of cansuccessful; for these creatures were vas, stretched over shapeless poles; not accompanied by native Lapland- the other is of moss. Both of these ers, who knew their habits by being ac- erections are highly characteristic, customed to attend them. Mr. Bullock, being equally rude and barbarous in who has lately brought with him seve- their construction. ral Rein-deer to this country, has The Lapland couple appear in their wisely brought the Lapland herdsman native garb of skins, and add consiwith them, and by careful search they derably to the picturesque of the exkave happily discovered that Bagshot hibition. Around their habitation, Heath, and most of the common lands sledges, snow-shoes, dresses, arms, even about London, produce in abun- and domestic utensils, are arranged dance the kind of moss on which the in due Lapland order, and with much Rein-deer is accustomed to feed. Lapland taste. Several of these artiOne of the females is already in a cles are highly curious in themselves, breeding state, and as they will soon as specimens of art, and in their combe turned out under the care of their bined effect they add much to the usual attendant and manager, there singular spectacle with which the specis every probability of their becoming, tator is entertained. ere long, an established and highly The deer are not less interesting beneficial part of British domestic than the Laplapders, being almost stock.
equal strangers to this country, at I send you, Mr. Editor, an accurate least in modern times. It cannot, drawing of three of the deer, brought however, be supposed, that these aniover by Mr. Bullock, with a portrait mals appear to any advantage in their of the herdsman and his wife, and confined situation; and from their also of their child, who is leaning over having lately cast their horns, their a sledge to give some moss to the native beauty has suffered a great youngest animal. Behind is the exact diminution. representation of a Lapland hut, and, It has been observed, that somein the distance, a view of Cape North, times towards the close of the day, the as drawn by Captain Brooke.
Laplander and his wife mount on disI am, Sir, your humble servant, tinct tables, and hold a conversation
W. M. CRAIG. with each other, during which time
they throw a string over the horns of Additional Observations.
the animal, as they are accustomed
to do when they catch them, wbile the In our number for January last, col. child in the meanwhile occasionally 52, we gave some account of these plays with his doll, or perhaps rides interesting strangers, who, through on one of the deer. the enterprising spirit of Mr. Bullock, When these foreigners were first had some time since been imported imported, some visitor called the child into this country. From the period Tom Thumb. This was interpreted to? of their arrival to the present time, the mother, who, on comprehending they have attracted a considerable its import, soon gave him to undershare of public attention ; and there stand, that she was able to peris scarcely one by whom they have ceive, and also to resent an insult. been seen, who has not expressed She got into a dreadful rage, and the highest degree of satisfaction. was for some time hardly to be paci
Connected with the man, whose fied. Since that time, however, afname is Jens, bis wife whose name is fairs have taken with them a very Karlina, and the child, a lad about favourable türn. From the spectators
visiting them, they have received | denominations by whom Missionaries several pounds, which have been have been sent into foreign countries, placed for them in the savings bank; no permanent provision has been and it is not improbable, should they made for their families, in case of ever return to their native land, that their decease. This is an object they will be ranked among the most which charity ought to embrace. We wealthy inhabitants of Lapland. apprehend that Mrs. Ames and her
children are entirly destitute: with
Mrs. Bellamy's circumstances we are Foreign Religious Intelligence. not acquainted.
In the populous region of Demerary Ir appears by letters, lately received religion on the whole is in as prosperfrom Demerary, that two Methodist ous a state as in most other districts of Missionaries, namely, Mr. Ames, of a similar description. Iniquity, bowMahaica; and Mr. Bellamy, of ever, abounds in a high degree ; and George-Town, have fallen victims to many among the negroes, who would the yellow fever. These two Mission- gladly receive religious instruction, aries lived about 28 or 30 miles dis- are prevented by their task-masters. tant from each other, and were taken Such as can find opportunities to atill nearly about the same time, in tend public worship, manifest by their which state they languished about a conduct that they feel themselves inweek, without having any knowledge terested in what they hear. At an of each other's situation. Mr. Ames annual collection, made in November died at Mahaica, on the 31st of Octo-last, the blacks alone contributed ber, 1821, and immediately on bis £27. 10s. to support the cause of death, a messenger was dispatched God. to George-Town, to make Mr. Bella- One poor negro, who was suspected my acquainted with the melancholy by his master of being tainted with event. On his arrival, Mr. B. was so Methodism, was transported to anexceedingly ill, as to be unfit to re- other plantation, about 25 miles disceive the disastrous intelligence ; and tant, to prevent the contagion from the messenger, after waiting a short spreading. He carried with him into time, was compelled to return with this exile a Bible, and Dr. Watts' the distressing information that Mr. second Catechism, and on his arrival Bellamy was no more. From the began to teach his fellow slaves. His report of the doctors that attended word was made a blessing to several, them during their illness, it appears, and after an absence of three years, that they caught this deadly disorder when some holidays occurred, he by attending a person when languish- brought the fruit of his labour to the ing under the same complaint. Mr. Missionary to be baptized. Ames has left a widow and two infant children, and Mr. Bellamy, a widow Provincial Religious Intelligence. and one infant child.
It is painful to reflect that, amidst The Rev. Messrs. Watson and Taythe various benevolent institutions, lor, two of the General Secretaries of and extensive charities, which have the Methodist Missionary Society, toboen established in this kingdom, no gether with the Rev. Messrs. Reece and permanent provision is made for the Buckley, have, during the last month, widows and orphans of the instru- paid a visit to Cornwall, to further the ments who sacrifice their lives in pro- interests of the above institution. moting the welfare of those to whom Meetings for this purpose have been the general bounty is directed. Mis- held at St. Austle, Truro, Penryn, sionaries who leave their native land, Falmouth, Camborne, Helston, and their friends, and connections in life, Penzance,where the vast crowds who and go into foreign regions to encoun- attended, and the unusually large sums ter dangers and difficulties, which can contributed, afforded substantial evionly be known in their fullest extent dence of the strong interest excited by actual experience, are entitled at on these important occasions. least to the partial protection of those Edgecombe, Esq.; Jos. Carne, Esqa with whose charitable views they act F. R. S.; Colonel Sandys; and Sir in concert. Yet such we believe is Rose Price, Bart. presided at the the fact, that among all the religious several meetings. Impressive and 377
Review - Spiritual Recreations.
eloquent sermons have also been be had in veneration, when the place preached in the principal chapels in the where Parnassus stood shall be forcountry; and the best feelings of the gotten. Throughout the whole, they heart have been engaged in this best seem to be imbued with a spirit from of causes, which it is hoped will con- on high; and, in a greater or less detinue to receive unfailing accessions gree, a tincture of experimental reliof strength from these fresh streams, gion may be discovered in almost now opened for its supply.
every line. By the consolation which this has afforded, her soul has been
kept in peace, under the gloomy disReview.-Spiritual Recreations in the pensation she has been called to wit
Chamber of Affliction, written through ness ; and it is this which justifies the a protracted Illness of thirteen years, title she has given to her book. by Eliza. 8vo. pp. 225. London : But although these poems lay no Westley, Stationers'-Court; Hatchard, claim to any peculiar poetical merit, Piccadilly ; and Hamilton, Paternos- we should do the writer an act of ter-Row. 1821.
injustice to insinuate that they are
deficient, either in harmony or variety This is one of those works, which, of versification. To prove the confrom the calamitous situation of the trary, many specimens might be given; authoress, the modesty of its preten- but to do this we are forbidden by our sions, and the awful subjects of which limits. One poem only can be introit treats, disarms criticism of its power, duced, which was written in February, and imposes silence where it cannot 1820, in renewed remembrance of the command applause.
affectionate services of a youthful feThe parents of the writer, we learn male servant deceased. from a plain but interesting preface, What is LIFE? a transient vapour, being in circumstances equally re- Vanishing as it refines : moved from affluence and indigence, What is HEALTH ? a glimm'ring taper, were enabled to give their daughter a
That expires ev’n while it shines. suitable education; but through the
What is BEAUTY? but a flow'ret, claims of a family of twelve children,
Often wither'd ere full-blown; and heavy losses in business, they
Storms hang ready to devour it,
Sickness brings the blossom down. were reduced to poverty.
'Twas but late I saw her living, Eliza, on returning from school,
Blooming, lovely, young, and fair ; devoted her time and talents to the
Comfort to my heart oft giving, instruction of female children, in her By her kind, assiduous care. native village ; but the confinement I, enervated and ailing; making inroads on her health, she She, a healthy, smiling maid ; was compelled to relinquish her charge
Now her loss I am bewailing-,
Susan's wrapp'd in death's cold shade! in the spring of 1806; and in the November following, being about nine
Dare we call His ways in question ?
Or arraign our MAKER's will ? teen, she was constrained to retire
Hence the impious suggestion ! from the world, through severe afflic- Let our rebel-hearts be still. tion, under which she has continued Thou hast cropp'd this beauteous flower, to languish, with but little intermis- Brought its glory to the ground; sion, from that time to the present.
Yet, while we behold Thy Power, Her pious mother, now a widow, ap
Mercy in the stroke is found. pears to be her chief earthly compa
Thou, from trials and temptations,
Hast remov'd our Friend away; nion; and, in calm submission to the
Suffer not our vile impatience will of God, they mingle their tears
To dispate Thy sov’reign sway. together, enjoy in common each other's
May the lesson that was sent us devotional feelings, and unite their In her sweet and peaceful end, prayers and praises to Him whose Serve to comfort and content us, judgments are unsearchable, and his And our hearts to duty bend. ways past finding out,
Susan died to go where sorrow, The poems, which are eighty-three
Pain, and sickness, find no place : in number, make no pretensions to
While below we're mourning for her,
(Monument of saving grace!) what those, who go on pilgrimage to
She to Glory has ascended, Parnassus, would call exalted genius, Views the Lamb which once was slain; or astonishing flights of fancy; but Tastes the bliss for His intended, they contain excellencies which will Purified from ev'ry stain. No. 39.-VOL. IV.
Yet, to think how once I knew her, have collected and published in a more Faithful, tender, watchful, kind,
voluminous work, the most popular Kpits my heart more closely to her, discourses delivered on the interesting As her worth I call to mind.
occasions expressed in the title-page, Grew I worse? my Susan felt it, Tears of sorrow dimm'd her eye;
without confining himself to either Or complain'd ? her heart was melted,
sect or denomination. Indisposition All her pleasure was gone by.
however, and other circumstances, Dearest, tend'rest, kindest servant ! compelled him to relinquish his priOn thy mem'ry still I dwell:
mary design, and to send one volume Still for thee my love is fervent,
only into the world. These discourses, Thine to me I often tell.
which are six in number, were deliFarewell! let me cease repining,
vered by the Rev. James Rudge, Rev. Bow and kiss a Father's rod; Since above, dear girl, thou'rt shining,
W. B. Williams, Rev. Andrew Reed, " In the City of our God!” p. 142. Rev. T. Morell, Rev. S. Sleigh, and
the Rev. James Buckley. This poem, we conceive, when taken in connection with the writer's condi- not view every thing which relates to
To an impartial observer, who does tion and circumstances, is better cal- Royalty through political optics, these culated to make a favourable impres- funeral orations will be found to consion on the reader's mind, than to tain a fair developement of character ; awaken any repulsive feelings. In wbile at the same time they furnish all these compositions, the pious and
pleasing specimens of pulpit eloquence. the humane will find something congenial with their views; and we can cumstances, they contain a rich fund
Independently of these incidental cirassure them, that a further acquaint- of valuable matter, which the mutaance with the volume will increase tions of novelty never ought to reach; their attachment.
but such is the general character of
the human mind, that few will detach Review.-Cain ; a Mystery, by the permanent truth from local applica
tion, if it should unfortunately stand Author of Don Juan. 12mo. p. 93. in such a connection. London: Benbow, Castle-Street, Lei
When the novelty of any subject cester Square. 1822
has subsided, the emanations of talent
to which it had given birth, seem This is an infamous publication, in doomed to perish in the common which the characters of Lucifer and
grave. The clouds of oblivion emCain are introduced, to give the author brace and envelop all. The illustrious an opportunity of prostituting his splendid talents in the cause of infi- the Duke of Kent, will indeed be long
names of George the Third, and of delity. It is a dramatic composition. remembered with veneration and reThe speakers are Adam, Cain, Abel, spect; but even these, like every thing an Angel of the Lord, Lucifer, Eve, earthly, are destined to be forgotten, Adah, and Zillah. The dialogue is and while they remain they only apconducted upon such principles as
pear might naturally be expected from the author of Don Juan. Lucifer and
“ Like the flag floating when the bark's Cain are the predominant characters; These discourses have many excellen
ingulfd. and the inevitable tendency of the drama is, to cast reflections on the cies to recommend them to public
attention, and their principal fault moral government of God, and to bring Revelation into contempt.
appears to be that of coming late into the market.
Review.- Select Sermons, preached on Review.-The Orphan Sisters, a Tale,
the Death of his most sacred Majesty founded on Facts. By the Author of George the Third, and his Royal Memoir of Mary Ann. pp. 36. WestHighness the Duke of Kent. 1 Vol. ley, Stationer's Court. 18mo. price 4d. 8vo. pp. 230, London. Sotheran, Little Tower-street, &c. 1821.
It may appear to many, that to review
a book of so small a price as the one ALTHOUGH the compiler's name does before us, is an unworthy and useless not appear, we are informed in the task. To such we have only to say, preface, that it was his intention to that we are never governed by the