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Review - Campbell's Travels in Africa.

458 Review.-Campbell's Travels in the After mentioning the manner in which South of Africa.

the Bushmen poison their arrows,

namely, by killing the yellow serpent, Continued from col. 284.

and extracting the fatal liquid from

two bags under the upper jaw-bone, In a preceding number, we had into which, with some other ingredionly just time to announce the existents, they dip their weapons, the ence of these interesting volumes, wounds of which are mortal; it is and to give a few extracts from them. added, that “no serpent can withDuring the intermediate periods which stand the oil of tobacco; one drop or bave since elapsed, we have had an two is followed with spasms and opportunity of examining them more death.” attentively, and of forming an estimate This extremity of the colony forof the author's plan, labours, and merly abounded with lions and tigers; proceedings.

but since the lands have been in some Mr. Campbell, after meeting with degree cultivated, they have retired some impediments in the Irish chan- from the district, and are at present nel, finally sailed from Liverpool, on but rarely seen.

Mr. C. however, the 10th of December, 1818; crossed observes :the tropic of Cancer, on the 22d ; the

“ The farmer's son told us, that the first equator, on the 8th of January, 1819; month after taking possession of the ground for the tropic of Capricorn, on January their farm, they killed twenty-eight lions, and 20th; and on February 26th, landed that only four days ago they had shot a lion, at Cape Town, without meeting with which bad devoured & kid.”—p. 34. any thing remarkable during his voy- The first day on which they entered age. He remained at Cape Town the country of the Bushmen, they until the 4th of May, when, in com- found themselves watched by a large pany with two Missionaries, he pro- lion, which, to prevent the oxen from ceeded to visit the missionary sta smelling bim, always kept on the lee tions situated in the vicinity of the side ; but he did not commence an eastern coast, and within the colony attack. At one time, forty-three osof the Cape. From this place it was triches were seen from the waggon. Mr. Campbell's intention to proceed Every ten minutes they were visited to some stations beyond the colony, by sudden gusts of wind, one of which but a Caffre war breaking out, the tore the tent from several of its fixtures, journey was postponed until the 18th and another overturned the waggon. of January, 1820, when, accompanied These gusts seldom continued above a by Mr. and Mrs. Moffat, and some minute, when they were succeeded by attendant Hottentots, Mr. Campbell a dead calm. The heat was excestook his departure, and began to en- sive ; the thermometer ranging from counter those difficulties which the 92 to 100. Every where the tracks of enterprising and courageous are al- lions were visible. Thunder and lightways prepared to expect. Their mode ning were tremendous, and almost of conveyance was in waggons drawn incessant ; and the face of the country by oxen.

was rather barren and dreary. " At noon,” says Mr. C. “on the 4th of In passing along, Mr. Campbell, on February, the timbers of the waggon became all suitable occasions, endeavoured to so beated, that they could not be touched; the collect the natives, and, through the thermometer stood at 100. At half-past three we proceeded on our journey; the thunder, medium of an interpreter, to explain which from noon had been rolling round us, to them the nature, import, and obcame nearer ; loud peals broke over our heads, ject, of Christian worship. On makattended with much forked lightning, which ing inquiries of them respecting their continued for two hours without intermission. thoughts on these important concerns, At ten we crossed the Buffalo River, that runs into the Elephant River, and at half-past one

he was variously answered; some exin the morning, we halted at the side of the cusing themselves on the ground of Helbeck River, in the bed of which we found not understanding what was delivered, water."- vol. i. p. 9.

others declaring that it was a religion Mr. C. reached the extremities of proper only for white men; but all the colony about the end of February, seemed to conclude that they conferobserving in his journey many inci- red a favour by their attendance, for dents, which cannot but prove highly which they thought they were entitled entertaining to every European reader. to some remuneration. No. 40.– Vol. IV.

2G

hand.

Arriving at Lattakoo, Mr. Camp- would have been able bimself to write a letter bell found the same principles more or

to the far land.'» less prevailing ; and it was evident, Missionary, and he will write for me.

“If I wish to write, I may come to the

I had that the regular attendance of an indi- called on the Missionary when he was writing, vidual, generally speaking, was sure but he never put the pen

into

my to be followed by some request. The "He expressed this with a laugh.' schools being but partially regarded,

“• Have not all been publicly invited to

come and learn to write ??? Mr. C. on mentioning the circumstance to Mateebe and his chief cap- not asked?? »

“• Yes, the ask is there! but me they have tains, was informed that the children Here I was told that there was no Bootwere wanted to attend the cattle. shuana word for soul or spirit, but heart or Mateebe observed, that as he had breath, and that it was still uncertain whether taken the advice of the Missionaries, The interpreter, who is a Matchappee, took

the people understood that they had souls. in not going on marauding expedi- occasion to say that he was like Mateebe, for tions against his neighbours, and by be neither understood book nor letter-that he these means augmenting his stock of saw nothing in the book but colour; that when cattle, he thought it but right, that, he looked at a book, his head was dark, and as a compensation for his virtue, he his heart dead. ought to be furnished with muskets, word was peaceable, and the children know it,

“ The king then observed, that he saw the powder, and ball, from government, for when waggons came, the children fled, now to kill game. But Mr. C. after inform- they run to meet them. While Mateebe ing him that he had no command over was speaking, Mahootoo frequently repeated such articles, drew his attention to

some of his words; when she did so, I nothe more immediate object of his jour- ticed that the king always repeated them ney, which led to the following con

“Munameets, after holding out his hand for versation.

spuff, began to speak : “This is not,' said he,

our original country, but a place called No«« Does Mateebe think any of his people are kamma, which lies three days' journey to the bappier or better, by the things which the Mis- N. W. of Griqua Town. Hottentot marauders sionaries have told thein?'

drove us to the Krooman. Here,' he added, " • All are pleased with the Word, but we * the Word of God came, and found them, and cannot comprehend it, we are glad we have brought peace, but he was sorry he could not the means of knowing it; we can now sleep understand it, he wished God would give them

a heart; the word going only into our ears,' "Can Mateebe tell what causes them to said he does not help us, but God must make sleep so well? Is it because they now know the heart right.' something of the true God, or because white Why does Munameets believe there is a men with guns now live among them ?'God?'" "A

peace from God, and by the word My heart is full of wickedness, and so coming among us.'

long as it is so I cannot understand the word of «· When Jesus Christ was in the world, God- I am often grieved because I cannot get some who did not understand the meaning of a better heart.what he said, came and requested him to «•I understand that you pray to God; do explain it to them. The inhabitants of Lat- you believe that he is every where present to takoo should do the same to the Missionaries, hear you?' when they hear any thing they do not under- “ • Yes, I believe God is every where, and

hears prayer, because he made all things; " " That ought to be so; but the Griquas therefore I hope God will answer my prayonce did not understand—now they are chang- er.' ed. I hope it will be so with us.'

“ To see how far he understood the meaning 6. Does Mateebe now understand how a

of soul, I asked why a dead man could not book can speak, better than he did when walk, as well as a living man ? I endeavoured to explain it on my former ««• When a man is dead, he rots, and cannot visit?'

walk.' ««• I do not yet understand how the Bible Do you understand what life is? You speaks, nor how a letter tells about things which will sometimes say, when a man is not quite happen far off.'"

dead, there is life in him now, what is «. Wherefore does the king come to the life ?'” Missionaries to ask for news, when he hears “So long as God allows life to be in the they have received a letter?'

man, he walks; but when he takes it out, he «i • The Missionary looks at the letter and cannot walk, he is like an ox when slain."" knows news, but when I look at it I see no. “ These conversations were taken down verthing; because the Missionary knows things by batim, at the time. Lest they should become the letter, I ask him what they are.'

tired, the meeting was adjourned to a future ««• Does Mateebe know how news comes in opportunity."--p. 81. the letter?" " • I do not know, but the people who can

Like most other untutored children write know it.'»

of nature, these natives always wani"I expected that Mateebe, before now, I fested an inordinate attachment to

well.'"

stand.'

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461
Review-Campbell's Travels in Africa.

462 buttons, beads, and other baubles ; | like a purse, and sewed to two round pieces of but the charms of tobacco and snuff wood. These bellows were laid upon the were irresistible. On one occasion, ground opposite the fire, with a heavy stone Mateebe making signs that he wanted blast by quickly raising and depressing the

to keep the under side steady. He effected a some snuff, Mr. C. shewed bim how upper side of the bellows, and with equal ease with his finger and thumb it was to be blew both at the same time. The iron which taken from the box ; but instead of he wrought came from the north-east, higher following this instruction, no sooner

up the country.”-p. 101. was the box in his possession, than he As a further proof that the natives thrust in his fingers, and pulled out are not wholly destitute of those con. nearly the whole contents of the box. veniences wbich embellish civilized On another occasion, a crowd being life, Mr. C. observes, that on one assembled, many women and girls occasion he saw a woman shaving a surrounded Mr. Č. sturdily calling out head with a razor, formed of steel, for spuff ; and as many as could, which had a good edge. Its form thrust with eagerness their fingers into somewhat resembled that of a spade. the box, to share its contents ; but This instrument was purchased for a although blows were liberally dealt few beads; and when the bargain was around by the king's son, they could ratified, they did not hesitate to laugh not be made to desist until they were at the folly of the purchaser. The satisfied that it was empty.

practice of inoculation they had also Having frequently heard from the learnt from white men, probably the Missionaries, that before the coming of Portuguese. They made the incision, the Son of God to judge the world, and inserted the virus in the forebead. the sun and moon would be darkened, To the rite of circumcision they they had made serious inquiries, when likewise regularly adhered; but on the a late eclipse of the sun took place, if origin of ihis custom among them, the Son of God was coming ? and on they would give no satisfactory infora more recent occasion, when they mation. On all questions respecting perceived an eclipse of the moon, they this practice, they seemed to study a inquired if she was dying !

mysterious silence. Their notions of To decorate themselves in finery, moral justice, Mr. C. represents as some of the natives solicited Mr. C.'s partial, and dreadfully defective. seal and key, that they might suspend They, however, sometimes punished these ornaments to their cars ; but to delinquents for theft. On these occaconvince them that these articles could sions the king acted both as judge and not be spared, he took out his watch executioner. The culprit was laid and touching the spring, the case that on the ground, and severely wbipopened, apparently of its own accord. ped. The vice of covetousness preThis created such terror, that the vails among them to an astonishing whole party fled to the distance of degree; narauding expeditions were thirty yards; but on observing that he frequently undertaken without any smiled at their timidity, they resumed regard to common honesty; and wars courage, and cautiously viewed the were generally prosecuted for no other works within, and the movements of purpose than to obtain cattle. In the wheels, with the utmost astonish- some places patches of fine land were ment. Many European articles which clothed with verdure ; and in others they examined, excited their admira- there was an extensive cultivation of tion ; but a blind and unconquerable corn. With the value of the potato attachment to the conduct of their an- they were not unacquainted, but from cestors, prevents any attempt to imi- a rigorous adherence to the conduct tate such things as would otherwise of their ancestors, this root was rarely be within their reach, and for the cultivated. accomplishment of which they have Speaking of the inhabitants of sufficient ingenuity.

Kurreechane, Mr. C. observes as On the 5th of April, 1820,” says Mr. C. follows: “I visited a smith, who makes knives and assa- In some houses there were figures, pil. gias or spears. His implements were few, lars, &c. carved or moulded in hard clay, and having a stone for an anvil, a rough-made iron painted with different colours, that would yot hammer, the head of which might weigh about bave disgraced European work men. They area pound, and two small bellows made of skin, indeed an ingenious people. We saw among. with a piece of cow-born at one end, through them various vessels of clay, painted of differwhich the blast went, the other end being openent colours, and glazed, for holding water,

1

p. 228.

milk, food, and a kind of beer made from | immediately dispatched him to the waggons. corn. They had also pots of clay of all sizes, On cutting off two or three pounds to each of and very strong. Every part of their houses the women, I never witnessed no sudden a and yards

kept very clean. They smelt change from the lowest depth of depression both iron and copper. The rain maker took us and agitation to the most extravagant joy: A to see one furnace, in wbich they smelted iron. criminal receiving a pardon under the gallows It was built of clay, almost equal in hardness could not have expressed his deligbt in a more to stone. A round opening was left at the top animated manner. The sound which they made for receiving the ore, and an excavation be- immediately brought others from their conneath for holding the fire, which was open be- cealment, who rushed towards us, and begged hind and before, not only for admitting the some flesh also. We gave to each a piece of fuel, but also the wind of the bellows.”- flesh and a little tobacco. They danced for a

few minutes, and then proceeded to light their

fires, in order to cook the flesh they had so anOf the various articles which these expectedly received. Their black fingers apinhabitants at Kurreechane manufac- peared as hard as bones, and were probably ture, Mr. Campbell gives the follow- rendered so by digging roots out of the ground

for food. Their men had been absent on a hant ing list.

for three weeks, and of course the situation of “ Of Iron: pick axes, adzes, battle axes,

these poor females must have been very disknives, spears, razors, awls, drills, bores or tressing:"-p. 288. bits, smith-tongs, hammers, rings, and beads. Of Ivory: knife handles, whistles, arm and

By an authority which cannot err, leg rings. Of Copper: neck, arm, leg, ear man, in his natural state, is reprerings, and beads." or Rushes: baskets and sented as without natural affection. bonnets. of Leather: cloaks, caps, sandals, The following incident furnishes a and shields. Of Wood : various kinds of dish- melancholy comment on this delinees, spoons, &c. Of Clay: various sizes and

ation. patterns of pots, jars, and goblets. Of Stone : pipes. They grow much tobacco, both for There was a poor Mashow lad, about their own consumption, and as an article of fourteen years of age, who, from want of food, trade. In preparing it they boil the leaves, appeared like a skeleton, to whom the Hottenwhich greatly reduces its strength, and ren- tots had now and then given something to eat. ders it insipid to those accustomed to tobacco His father came, and offered to sell him for a otherwise prepared ; yet such is the power of little flesh. Pelangye, at the same time offered habit, that they preferred it greatly to ours, to sell me bis daughter Tattenyanne for some though much stronger:

rbinoceros' flesh, though from his treatment of “ They have iron, found to be equal to any the girl I could perceive no dislike he had to steel. A cutler, at Kurreechane, would be her; but his love of eating appeared far to able to support the mission without any ex- exceed bis affection for any other object.”pense to the society, if a disinterested man. Every knife he manufactured, though without being made to shut, would be worth a sheep,

But in what district soever Mr. C. and many of these he could make in one day. travelled, some general features of He would instantly find customers among the character pervaded all classes, varyinhabitants of the town, and those from other ing from one another only in degrees nations. A rough made axe is worth an ox, It of grossness. Their appetites were was impossible to number the houses in Karreecbane, but probably the population may voracious; and nothing seemed to amount to sixteen thousand, it being at least give them greater pleasure than inorfour times the size of New Lattakoo.”- dinate indulgence. To their gluttony

and improvidence a considerable porBut while the natives of Kurree- tion of their miseries might be traced. chane live in a state of comparative They appeared to know no medium civilization, some of the wandering between excess and starvation; and Bushmen and their families exhibited gratification was rarely suspended, a finished picture of human wretched - but through the want of food. That

Of one scene, Mr. C. gives the they should be credulous and soperfollowing account.

stitious in a high degree, their condi

tion in life would lead every one to “About ten, A. M. we passed two villages expect. To truth they seldom manithe last of them we halted for a short time. fested any strong attachment, espeThere were about seventy huts, but only nine cially if they thought that lying would women and a few children at home, all of whom, best promote their interest. Of this except three women, concealed themselves at they were so sensible, in their transfirst." These stood leaning with their backs actions with each other, that for one against a hut, silently viewing us. They were complete exhibitions of starvation, and seemed

to give the lie to another in the most to be under considerable apprehensions for direct terms, was never dcemed an their safety. One of our people asked if he insult. might bring them a little rhinoceros flesh? we The appearance of Mr. Campbell

p. 296.

p. 277.

ness.

465

Review-Arcita and Palamon.

466

and bis associates never failed to ex- one horn, four handles for their battle axes. cite attention; but scarcely any thing Our people wounded another, which they represented a greater curiosity than the ported to be much larger.

“ The bead being so weighty, and the diswbeels of his waggon, performing tance to the Cape so great, it appeared necestheir rotary motions. When their sary to cut off the under jaw, and leave it betent was fixed, multitudes thronged hind. The animal is considered by naturalists, round it, and viewed with astonish- since the arrival of the skull in London, to be ment and admiration the tea appara-) that which is described in the 39th chapter of

the unicorn of the ancients, and the same as. tus, plates, and knives and forks, the book of Job. The part of the head brought within. A burning candle, giving a to London may be seen at the Missionary steady light, and wasting by degrees Museum.”-p. 295. that were almost imperceptible, gave During their various journeys, the rise to much conversation, and no

want of water was sometimes felt with doubt called forth many a learned peculiar severity. This valuable fluid disquisition. At the halting places, occasionally appeared nearly, white, Mr. Campbell continued, through the from being impregnated with clay ; medium of an interpreter, to seize but its taste was not disagreeable, nor every opportunity of introducing to their notice the great object of his cious consequences.

was its use attended with any perni

Near some of journey, by calling their attention to the springs water-cresses were found the things of God. Experience, how- in pleasing abundance; but of this ever, taught him that his discourses

vegetable the natives knew not the must be short; the subject in any use, and at seeing it eaten, they form frequently overwhelming their

expressed no small degree of astonishuntutored understandings, and under ment. a lengthened discourse their minds

In some districts, serpents were frebecame bewildered. In some of the territories through rous and venomous, but no accident

these were nume

quently discovered; which Mr. C. passed, the districts is recorded as having happened to the abounded with lions, antelopes, rhi- missionaries from their bites. The noceroses, wild asses, and various birds, as in most tropical regions, other animals. Among those of the exhibited an exquisite plumage, but rhinoceros' genus, was one which me- they were unable to add much to the rits a particular description, which we barmony of the groves. give in Mr. Campbell's own words.

(To be concluded in our next.) “They brought also the head of one of them, which was different from all the others that had been killed. The common African rhinoceros has a crooked horn resembling a cock’s spur, Review.--Arcita and Palamon: after which rises about nine or ten inches above the the excellent poet Geoffrey Chaucer, nose, and inclines backward ; immediately be

by Lord Thurlow, 8vo. pp. 120. hind this is a short thick horn : but the head

London: Booth, No. 32, Duke-street, they brought had a straight horn, projecting three feet from the forehead, about ten inches

Manchester Square. 1822. above the tip of the nose. The projection of this horn very much resembles the fanciful unicorn in the British arms. It has a small This is a version of the Knight's Tale, thick borny substance, eight inches long, im- by our venerable bard, Geoffrey Chaumediately behind it, which can hardly be ob- cer, whose name and writings have served on the animal at the distance of a hun- gathered fame by floating on the stream dred yards, and seems to be designed for of time. The wreaths which encircle keeping fast that which is penetrated by the long horn; so that this specie of rhinoceros his brows are formed of imperishable must appear really like a unicorn when running amaranth; and the respect with which in the field. The head resembled in size a nine his compositions have been treated by gallon cask, and measured three feet from the all, who, since his day, have attemptmouth to the ear, and being much larger than ed' to climb Parnassus, sanctions the that of the one with the crooked horn, and which measured eleven feet in length, the ani- opinion of Dr. Johnson, that “almost mal itself must have been still larger and more

in all countries the most ancient poets formidable. From its weight, and the posi- are considered as the best.” tion of the born, it appears capable of over- It is, however, much to be regretted, coming any creature hitherto known. Hardly that so many of our early poets are any of the natives took the smallest notice of the bead, but treated it as a thing familiar to comparatively unknown, although few them. As the entire horn is perfectly solid, surpass them in excellence. Many of the natives, I afterwards beard, make, from their words are obsolete; many have

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