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477 Discovery of a Remarkable Coffin.-Canine Fidelity. 478 perty, &c. through a too latitudinarian, raised in the centre, presented a comapplication of the term. A common plete skeleton, of large dimensions, in abuse of it, indeed, consists in its a high state of preservation. The latitudinarian embrace of the names of skull was placed between the thigh many, (according to popular estima- bones, and the occupant of this narrow tion,) who absolutely shrink from its mansion, who had probably in his day adoption, in the circles in which it filled a considerable space in society, licenses them to appear, from a very had evidently suffered decapitation, natural want of that courage to bear it In the place where the head would out, which a man can only acquire by have lain in an unmutilated body, was keeping good company, and which a stone. The teeth were all perfect, characterises the demeanour of a gen- both in the upper and lower jaw, and tleman, and towards the acquisition the bones are those of a strong athletic of which, the possession of a mind man, cut off apparently in the meri-, “imbued with polite literature,” (to dian of life; and when the coffin was use the phraseology of the old school) opened they were all entire, but imis a primary essential,

mediately on being exposed to the air There are not wanting those, who, of the atmosphere, the ribs fell in, without any ostensible qualifications Nothing remains of the flesh; but whatever, real or imaginary, usurp some hard white chalky substances this title: of such we can only say, were found, which appear to be a that their impudence is an evil which mixture of the earthy matter of the must be left, like many other evils, to bones with the muscular part of the remedy itself; and that we must tole- body, the latter converted into a fatty rate them as we tolerate those empi- substance. The coffin is of the dimenrics--their brothers in imposture-sions of six feet five inches in length, who, to dazzle the vulgar, take upon and nineteen inches in width within, themselves the title of Physician, and with sides about four inches thick ; it are content to forfeit the fairer renown has been cut out of the solid stone, which every man doing his duty in his and is supposed to weigh about a ton own natural sphere may render him- and a half. The place where these self worth obtaining.

relics were found is about a mile and Such then, finally, is all I know, or a quarter from Ferribridge, in a valley have the immediate means of learning, near the road leading to Castleford. on the subject I have taken up: I Many conjectures are of course afloat, may be misinformed in some points, as to the identity of this man of other or deficient in information in others; times; but the prevailing, and we and most happy shall I be, to be correct think the most probable opinion, is, ed (in such a case) by any future corre- that these are the remains of Thomas, spondent, who, under your auspices, Earl of Lancaster, the unfortunate may lay me under obligation to him leader of the insurgent Barons, in the for such a favour.

battle of Borough-bridge, fought in the year 1321, and who was beheaded

at Pontefract, 500 years ago, by order DISCOVERY OF A REMARKABLE COFFIN. of his nephew Edward II.-(See His

tory and Directory of Yorkshire, pp.. A massive and curious piece of anti- 145 and 239.) The coffin and remains, quity was recently discovered at Wa- which have attracted a great deal of ter-Fryston, near Ferrybridge. As public attention, are now removed to two labourers were digging ground Fryston-hall. for liquorice, in a field called the Paper Mill-field, on the Fryston Hall Estate, near the boundary between

CANINE FIDELITY, the parishes of Pontefract and Fryston, they penetrated to a mass of The following interesting and authen-. stone, only about 11 inches below the tic instance of the fidelity of the surface, which, on being cleared, Dog, has been copied from a public proved to be an ancient coffin of un- print.dressed stone, without inscription, A beautiful liver-coloured bitoh, beThe lid, which was bevelled, but longing to James Clarke, one of the without harrige, projected over the convicts now under sentence of death sides about two inches. This, on being in Shrewsbury gaol, followed her



owner there, on his commitment in October last, and has remained somewhere about the prison walls over MR. EDITOR. since. The faithful animal was then Sir,-1 beg, through your widely cirin excellent condition, fat, clean, and culated Magazine, to give publicity sleek; but poor Dutch (that is her to the accompanying paper. It is name) lost that fostering hand that bighly creditable to Mr. Alex. Me. administered to her necessities, nd, Gill, to exert himself for the improvebeing destitute of a master and a ment of navigation ; and it is to be home, has been picking up her preca- hoped that other commanders of vesrious and scanty subsistence on any sels will follow his example. I am midden that yielded a bone or offal. convinced that it is only by a multiAt length our late assizes came ; and plied series of experiments, in all Clarke was conveyed with about thirty seasons of the year, that any thing culprits from the prison to the county like a rational theory can be estahali, for trial. How wonderful is in- blisbed, with respect to the currents stinct! no one could tell poor Dutch in the ocean, which is a great desidethat her beloved master was condensed ratum in that important science. among the thirty culprits in the cara

W. van, or in its attendant crowd. But the surprising faculty which the God A bottle was picked up on the shore, of nature has bestowed on the spe- on the South side of Milford Haven, cies, brought this faithful animal to near a farm called Sawdern, by Mr. the tail of the caravan, and, notwith-William Hall, the occupier, on the standing the Constable's staves, she 6th of April, 1822. It contained a followed as chief mourner, watched paper, of which the following is a all the day about the court during the copy. trials, and when the caravan returned “No.310. The Bottle which contains in the evening, poor Dutch had drop- this card was thrown into the sea, in ped into the same situation, and was Lat. 49° 54' N. Long. 12° 20' W. at following it back to the county gaol: noon, on the 1st day of March, 1822, with weeping eye her condemned mas- from the Ship Aspray, of Glasgow, ter saw her, and said, poor

which sailed from Greenock on the Dutch, how thin!" but here descrip- 20th day of February, 1820, on tion fails ; it may be much better con- trading voyage round the world. Whoceived than described. The joy that ever finds this, is requested to insert a pervaded every part of the poor ani- notice of the time and place in some mal was such, that it actually shivered literary or political publication, with with rapture. When the vehicle ar- the view of establishing facts relative rived at the gaol, poor Dutch was shut to the currents of the ocean.-130 days out.' And now, what was to be done? from Calcutta, returning towards Greeshe retired to a distance, and seating nock—all well-Alexander Mc. Gill, herself on a mound, surveyed anx- Master.” iously the prison, gave four loud and pitiful yells, as if she had said, Alas! my master, thy well-known voice has just cheered my heart, and now let me die with thee." The poor

MR. EDITOR. animal then solemnly and slowly SIR,-Flattering myself that the folwalked away:-

lowing chemical experiment may be The moralists from Solomon down- interesting to some of your readers, I wards have sent us to the animals for would beg the favour of the insertion instruction. Let none do evil, and of it in the Imperial Magazine, say good shall come.

What a fright- I was lately making a solution of ful monster sin is, when even the ani. copper in nitric acid, for the purpose mals are brought into suffering cir- of obtaining crystals of nitrate of copcumstances by it! Surely this exam- per, but before I proceeded to evapople enforces the duties of fidelity, rate the solution, the query occurred patience, and perseverance : Such at to me, whether ammonia would propresent are the trying misfortunes, and cuce the same effect with the nitrate history of

Poor Dutch. as it does with the sulphate of copper? Shrewsbury, April 10.

I accordingly added the solution of

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481 Cure of Hydrophobia.--Gleanings from Literature, &c. 482 ammonia (liquor: ammonia: pur:) of which I was an eye-witness, on a unto saturation, and found the effect gentleman bitten by a mad dog twenty produced precisely the same, to all years ago, and who is still alive, and appearance, as when a solution of the can vouch for the truth of my statesulphate of copper and ammonia are

ment. united.--This liquor I put aside, with- As soon as he was bitten, he hastout further thought on the subject for ened and took a large glass of branthat evening, but the next morning, dy, and put between thirty and forty to my surprise, I found in the phial a drops of Turlington's Balsam into it, copious precipitation of beautiful pur- which he immediately drank up. ple crystals; these I partially exa- Quickly after this he took his penmined, and obtained the following knife, and opening the wounds made results.

by the bite, took another large glass By placing a few grains on the bar of brandy, and double the quantity of of the fire grate when quite hot, I Turlington's Balsam, or rather more, found that they fused, swelled, and with which liquor he bathed the exploded, like unconfined gunpowder, wounds profusely, at the same time with a dense vapour, but without squeezing out the blood and venom as flame-to the smell, this vapour is not well as he was able. This he repeated so noxious as the nitrous gas, nor so two or three times, and took another pungent as the ammoniacal gas, and draught inwardly. But although he yet it seems to partake of both. On had been bitten by the animal in both live coals they explode with flame, the wrists of his hands, in two or and without vapour, and leave a blue three places, he never felt the least tinge behind. Their taste is highly inconvenience from the wound after styptic. A medical friend, to whom I this operation. In administering this have stated the experiment, conceives simple remedy, the quantity may be it probable that the preparation might given according to the patient's age be employed in epilepsy, with better and strength. A trial of this experisuccess than the ammoniated copper ment, with the blessing of God, may of the pharmacopeias.

have some good effect.

However, The action of the air causes a slight should it not succeed in all cases, it efflorescence.

cannot do any hurt. Such crystals as appear of a deter- Yours, &c. a constant reader, minate form, are hexagonal.

J. H. The purple colour of the crystals Brixham, Feb. 20, 1822. proving the action of the ammonia on the copper, and consequently its presence in the salt and the combustion

GLEANINGS FROM LITERATURE, which takes place on the application

SCIENCE, &e. of caloric, shewing that it has the property of a nitrate, have induced Chemical Agency, by the Magnet.-Mr. J. me to call the preparation a nitro-am- Murray states,

that he has succeeded in decommoniaret of copper; but I leave it to posing by the magnet, every metallic salt to the further investigation of more ex- fact, so interesting to science, we quote for

which he has applied it. One instance of this perienced chemists, whose thoughts the sake of its practical tendency. "A solaon the subject I shall be happy to see tion of permuriate of mercury was, by the in reply, as I think it worthy their magnet, soon reduced into running or metallic attention.

mercury. Hence fine steel filings, magne

tized, and administered in syrup, will be an I am, Sir, your obedient servant,

admirable antidote to corrosive sublimate. GEORGIUS.

Iodine in Scrofula. Dr. Conidet, of Geneva, has communicated to the Editor of the Quarterly Journal of Science, the great suocess he has met with in the treatment of scrofula, by the use of iodine. In cases of goitre, or scro

fulous glands, combined with hydriodate of MR. EDITOR.

potash or soda, this remedy appears to have SIR,-Having observed in your publi- been highly successful, whether administered cation for January last, an account of externally or internally. the various methods tried by the fa

Substitute for Alcohol.-The Society of Arts, culty for the cure of that terrible ma

of London, has adjudged a silver medal to Mr.

Cooke, for the discovery of a substitute for lady, the Hydrophobia, I beg leave alcohol, now used for the preservation of anato recommend for trial, an operation, tomical objects. It consists of a saturated




solution of muriate of soda, or common salt, barge about 20 inches : to this is fixed a taking about 3lbs. of salt for four pints of paddle-wheel, similar to those used by vessels water. Where spirits of wine are dear, this propelled by steam; each of these wheels condiscovery is likely to be of great utility. tains six paddles. Supposing the man who

Improvements in Bleaching Linen.—Mr. Crook- treads to weigh 135lbs. and deduct 35lbs. for shank, of Dublin, has, it is said, made a very friction, he will then tread the axle round at a great improvement in bleaching linen; this force of 100lbs. This newly invented machiimprovement consists in the disengagement of nery is very simple, and can be taken off the the chlorine from the oxymuriate of lime, by vessel in a moment, and so light that a man which ingenious process it is enabled to act can walk away with it with as much ease as he with full force upon the cloth and yarn. This can with a pair of oars. Two men can propel process combines many important advantages; a canal barge with this contrivance at the rate it has already been tried upon a considerable of five miles an hour. The expense of keeping scale, and has met with the

full approbation of track roads for horses to draw the barges, and a gentleman of chemical celebrity.

the expense of keeping the horses themselves, Correspondence with the Blind.—A printing seem to make this a great desideratam to all press has been constructed at Geneva, under canal property. the direction of M. Huber, the celebrated bis- Astronomical Society of London. A commutorian of bees, (who is himself blind,) hy nication has been made to this society by M, Claude Lechet. It was constructed at the ex- Gauss, respecting a very simple contrivance press desire of a young lady, a relation of M. for a signal, in geodetical operations, which Huber, who is also blind, and who conceived may be seen at an immense distance. This a desire of expressing her thoughts in this way. contrivance is nothing more than the common In a very short time after it was sent to her, reflecting speculum of a sextant; being about with all the necessary apparatus of letters, two inches long, and an inch and a half broad ; &c. she acquired a complete command of it, and mounted in such a manner that it may 80 as to be able to express her ideas with the always reflect the solar rays to the given disgreatest ease. We have seen, says the Edi. tant point, notwithstanding the motion of the tor of the Revue Encyclopedique, a letter of The instrument, thus mounted, he calls thirty-three lines, addressed to her benefac- Heliotrope ;” and the reflected light was tor, composed and printed by her, with com- so powerful, that, at ten miles distant, it was mon ink, without a fault, and without any too bright for the telescope of the theodolite, irregularity in the printing.

and it was requisite to cover a part of the inirNew Metal.Counsellor Giesse, of Dorpat, ror. At 25 miles, the light appeared like a has communicated to the world, the discovery beautiful star, even when one of the stations of what he at present thinks to be a new me- was enveloped in fog and rain : and at 66 miles tal, extracted from the residue of English sul- distant, it was sufficiently powerful as a sigphuric acid, on distilling it to dryness. One nal. In fact, the only limit which appears to variety left, out of 16 ounces, 93 grains of a the use of this beautiful instrument, is that white residuum, in which there was no sul. which arises from the curvature of the earth. phate of lead. It changed colour several times Temperature of Rooms.- Mr. John Murray during the experiments made upon it, and he has published some curious observations on thinks it was formed of the sulphur employed the temperature of a room indicated by two in manufacturing the acid. It is susceptible thermometers at different altitudes. Two therof oxidation, and its alkaline combinations mometers being placed one on the floor and form double salts with acids.

the other suspended 6 feet above it, between Earthquakes and Magnetism.-M. Arago has the 5th and 24th of November, indicated diftransmitted to the French Academy of Scien- ferences of from 1} to 5o, the greater heat ces, an account of an observation he had being in that 6 feet above the floor. made, which proves that the recent earth- Spontaneous Explosion of Chlorine and Hydroquake, the shocks of which were felt at Lyons gen.--It has been long known, that a mixture and its neighbourhood, also extended its of chlorine and hydrogen explodes when exaction to Paris. M. Arago has an observatory posed to the direct action of the sun's rays. in Paris, for the purpose of noticing the vari- In order to try if this effect could be produced ations of the magnetic needle. On the 19th of by the radiation of a common calinary fire, February, the needle remained perfectly stea- Professor Silliman filled a common Florence dy until half-past eight o'clock; at a quarter oil-flask (well cleaned) half full of chlorine before nine it became agitated in a very extra- gas, and was in the act of introducing the hyordinary manner, with an oscillatory motion, drogen in the pneumatic cistern. “

There was strongly inclining towards the magnetic meri- not only no direct emanation from the sun, bat dian. On observing this truly singular pheno- even the diffuse light was rendered much feemenon, M. Arago was of opinion that it was bler than common by a thick snow storm, occasioned by an earthquake. At the same which had covered the sky light above with a day and hour, M. Biot remarked an oscillatory thick mantle, and veiled the heavens in a sinmovement produced by the same earthquakė, gular degree for such a storm. Under these at his own residence in the College de France. circumstances the hydrogen was scarcely all

Canal Boats.-Mr. T. M. Van Heythusen introduced before the flask exploded with a has lately obtained a patent for propelling distinct fame. This occurrence then proves, barges or boats through canals ; of which we that a mixture of chlorine and hydrogen gas give the following description :-A tread- may explode spontaneously, in a diffuse light, wheel is fixed either to the fore, or both to and even in a very dim light.” the fore and after part of a barge, which is Blowpipes.-Some time ago, Mr. J. Tofts, of trod round. The axle passes through the Cambridge, contrived a curious blowpipe, tread-wheel, and projects from the sides of the calculated to maintain, uninterruptedly, during 485

Literary Notices.- Queries.


(wo hours, a degree of heat capable of melting By the Rev. Dr. James Kidd, of Aberdeen, platinum. Mr. H. B. Leeson, of Nottingham, | A Dissertation on the Eternal Sonship of our has devised a method by which Toft's blow- Blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. pipe may be adapted with perfect safety to the An Abridgment of the Youth's Spelling and burning of the gaseous constituents of water, Pronouncing Theological Dictionary. By E. and used as an oxy-hydrogen, or gas blow

Dawson. pipe.

The School of the Sabbath, a poem, 8vo. Tin Pipes.-Block Tin pipes have been By William M'Comb, of Belfast.

ely made by Mr. Milne, brass-founder, Elements of Self-Improvement; comprising of Edinburgh, which promise to be of consi- a familiar view of the intellectual powers and derable utility for the conveyance of gas, and moral characteristics of Human Nature, 8vo. for other purposes. The chief advantages of By Thomas Finch. the block-tin pipe over any other are, in its The Preacher, or Sketches of Original Serbeing less liable to he acted upon by gas, and, mons, chiefly selected from the MSS. of two from the nature of the metal, not likely to ox- eminent Divines of the last century, in two idate or corrode; from its ductility, it is small vols. 8vo. casily bent to suit the different situations re- Mr. Jehoshaphat Aspin is preparing for the quired; and, as the joinings are made with press, the third volume of his Analysis of solder, nearly of the same nature as the pipe Universal History; which is expected to apitself, any blow or strain which the pipe may pear in the course of the ensuing autumn. receive at or near the joint, can do little injury. The Rev. J. W. Bellamy, B. D. is preparThe facility of joining it is also of considerable ing for publication, by subscription, a Selecadvantage; any ordinary workman will make tion of the Poems of the Rev. Thomas Cherry, a perfect joint in less than two minutes. These B. D. late Head Master of Merchant Tailors pipes may also be joined and soldered while School. full of water.

Mr. George Downe, of Trinity College, Improved Preparation of Coal for Fuel. A Dublin, will publish in a few days, Letters patent has lately been obtained by Mr. Davey, from Mecklenburgh and Holstein, including of Chelsea, for an improved preparation of an Account of the Cities of Hamburgh and soal, which be calls Gaseous Coke; it consists Lubeck, written in the summer of 1820. of “very small coal mixed with coal tar, We understand that an Historical Account either in a pure state, which is the best,' or and Delineation of Aberdeen, compiled and combined with naphtha, and those other ingre- drawn up by Robert Wilson, A. M. will dients with which it is generally found impreg- shortly be published. It will also be embelpated.”. These materials are made to coagu- lished with Engravings of the principal late and cement together by the application of Bridges, Public Buildings, and Sacred Edifiheat, so as to form large cakes capable of be- ces, in and about the city. ing broken into lamps of such sizes as may be In the press, by the author of "Select Fefound convenient for the purpose of fuel. male Biography, The Wonders of the Vege

table Kingdom displayed. This work is particularly calculated to lead the attention of the

reader from the minor wonders of creation, to Literary Notices.

a consideration of their Divine Artificer.

On May 1, 1822, will be published, An Just published, in 8vo. The Rules and Or- original set of Psalm and Hymn Tunes, with a ders of the Court for Relief of Insolvent Deb- Funeral Ode, adapted for Public Worship, tors, and Regulations of the Office ; also a

and harmonized for three and four Voices, List of the Oflicers; the London and Country with Figured Basses for the Organ and PianoAttorneys, with the Agents of the latter, cor

forte. By the Rev. David Everard Ford, rected to the present time; a Table of the Lymington, Hants. Second Edition, corFees, &c. &c. and an Appendix, containing a

rected. new and most useful summary of the Insolvent Debtor's Act. The Imitation of Christ; in Three Books.

QUERIES TO CORRESPONDENTS. By Thomas à Kempis. Translated from the Latiu, by John Payne. With a Recommendatory Preface, by Thomas Chalmers, D. D.

1. On Poetry. Minister of St. John's Church, Glasgow. Dr. Chalmers' Christian and Civic Economy

Emma asks, Is Poetry independent of Large Towns, No. XI. On Pauperism. of the Passions ? Published quarterly.

This Number is the second of the Series of Essays, by

2. On the King of Poland's Speech. Dr. Chalmers, on the Causes and Care of

S. H. would esteem it a favour if Pauperism.

Dr. Chalmers' Scripture References, for the any correspondent would inform her Use of Sabbath Schools, and Private Fami- in what work or history she can meet lies.

with the (last) King of Poland's speech An Edition of the References is also pub- to the judges appointed to try the lished, with the Scripture Passages printed in full, for the Use of Parents and Teachers,

regicides? when hearing the Lessons of their Children or

3. Man of Bath. Scholars. 18mo.

An Address to the Promoters of the late Z. of Aberdeen, asks, Who is the Concert, at Surrey Chapel.

author of the Man of Bath?

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