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5 3 5 pm.
Price of Slocks, London, April 26. Columbian 6 per Cent. with div.fr. May 1, 84 to Bank Stock, 240 394 13 2
Ditto 10 per Cent. Bonds, with div. fr. May I, 404
Long An. 1929-16ths 1821, 108 to 1. 3 per Cent. Red. 771 | India Stock, 241 )
Do. Bonds,67 55 56pm Average Price of Grain per Quarter, for the 12 3 per Cent. Cons. 784 Ex. Bills, 2d., £1000,
Districts, from the Gazette. 74 8g
Wheat. Barley. Oats. Rye, Beans. Peas, 3.1 per cent. 87} 8 Ditto, £500, 3 6 pm.
s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. 3. d. 4'per Cept. 944 37 941 Ditto, small, 4 7 pm.
Mar.23.46 3 18 6 16 0 22 6 21 7 22 4 5 per Cent. Navy, 102 Cons. for Acc. 784 17 April 6.45 8 18 10 16 121 4 21 6 22 3
30.45 1 19 1 16 117 7 21 3 23 0 Prices of Foreign Stock in London, April 26.
13.44 2 18 2 16 4 19 8/20 11 21 7 French 5 per Cent, with div. from Mar. 22, 87f. 50c.; Exch. 25f. 20c. to 25c.
Number of Bankrupts. Russian 6 per Cents. with diy. from Jan. 1, 82. Average Prices of Sugar March 27, 30, Exchange, 116 per rouble.
23 Ditto Metallic 5 per Cents. with dividend from Mar.27, 34s. O d. cwt. April 2, 6,
9, 13, March 1, 76..
April 4, 34 0
16, 20, Neapolitan ditto, with div.fr. Jan. 1, 681.
10, 34 78
17, 34 34 Austrian Metallic 5 per Cents. with div. from
105 Feb. 1,74 to 5. Spanish 5 per Cent. with div. from Oct. 30, 65} There has been coined, at the New Mint, not New ditto, payable in London, fr. Nov. 1,65 less than forty tons of Farthings, or about nine Prussian 5 per cent. with div. fr. April 1,841 millions of pieces. For Ireland, there is 320 Danish 5 per cent. with div. fr. Jan. 1,814 to 85 tons of a Copper Coinage preparing.
COMMERCIAL REPORT, LIVERPOOL, 24th APRIL, 1822. THE occurrences in trade during the last month have not been marked by any thing interesting, nor are there as yet any symptoms of a general improvement. The transactions bave been exclusively confined to the supply of the consumers : and the record of last week's transactions will be the criterion to shew the present actual state of commerce in this port.
British Plantation Sugar.--Six hundred hogsheads of Sugar have been sold by auction at former rates. Demarara Molasses have fetched 24s. per cut-Some considerable sales of Coffee have taken place ; fine ordinary quality of Datch sold at 112s. middling 1188. to 120s. and good middling 125s. per owt.The sales of Rum have chiefly been confined to Leewards, at 1s. 10d. per gallon for 19 O. P.; and 2s. 4d. to 2s.6d. per gallon, for 30 to 36 0. P.
Cottons. We have had a fair inquiry during the week from the trade, but the business done is limited, the expected heavy arrivals having had the effect of deterring buyers from suppls' ing themselves as freely as they otherwise would have done ; and as some of the holders have been anxious sellers, a reduction of fth per lb. has been submitted to in boweds, in order to effect sales. Brazils are still very dall, and the prices of last week are with difficulty supported; other sorts remain without alteration.
The total sales of the week amount to 5523 packages, and consist of 2690 Boweds, at 8 d. to 10fd.; 238 Tennesses at 8d. to 8f; 375 Orleans, at 10 d. to 12}d.; 299 Sea-Islands, at 13 d. to 18d. ; 187 Pernams, at 10 d. to i1fd.; 560 Maranhams, at 10 d. to 104d. ; 425 Bahias, at 10d. to 10fd. ; 10 Paras, at 10d. ; 230 Mina Novas, at 10}d. ; 110 Mina Geras, at 9d. to 9 d. ; 229 Demeraras, at 10d. to 10 d.; 45 Smyrnas, at 7 d.; 50 Surats, at 7 d. to 8d.; 75 Bengals, at 6}d, to 6 d.
Tobacco. Virginia and Kentucky stemmed have been in good request by the trade. The public sale of 106 chests of Madras Indigo, on the 19th instant, went off rather heavily; good and fine tender purple and blue at 7s. to 8s. per Ib.; middling to good, at 6s. to 6s. 9d. per lb.; middling, 55. to 5s. 9d. per lb, in bond; being a reduction of 6d. to 9d. per lb. in the fine, and 9d. to 1s. on the mildling qualities, from the Company's last sale.
Ashes. The stock of Ashes being small, the sales are necessarily trivial, consisting of Montreal pots, from 36s. to 37s. ; Boston pearls, at 475.-Notbing has been done in Tar. Tarpentine of fair quality has been sold at 13s. 6d. per cwt.-—There has been some inquiry for Quercitron Bark, and middling to good Philadelphia has been disposed of at 13s. 6d. to 16s. 9d. and fine at 17s. per cwt.--190 tops of Dutch Oak Bark for tanner's use, have been disposed of at £8.58. per ton.-110 tons of good solid Nicaragua wood have changed hands at £3. per ton.-Logwood, Jamaica, £10. 10s.
per ton.-Mediterranean produce is without alteration.—Tallows continue very dull.
The Hide sales have gone off at a small advance, consisting of 4700 Buenos Ayres Cow and Ox, at 102d. to 11 d. per Ib. ; 300 North American, salted, at 5d. per lb.; and 1100 Horse, at 78. 2d. per hide.
Graiñ.-At yesterday's Corn Market there was a tolerable attendance of buyers from the country; the holders of Wheat demanded an advance of 3d. per 701b. which, in some instanees, was realized; upon the best qualities of Irish and fine English may be rated 3d. to 6d. per 70lb. higher than in the preceding week's market. The holders of Oats are rather sanguine in their expectations as to higher prices, and therefore are not anxious to effect sales. Sweet Ameri. can Flour, in bond, readily obtains 32s. to 335. per barrel. The sales of Rice are, 770 barrels of inferior old Carolina, at 10s. 3d. to 12s. 3d.; and 100 good new, 15s. to 158. 3d. per cwt. 800 hhds. New York Flax Seed have been sold, at 47s. to 52s. per hhd : 350 Wilmington, at 38s. to 41s.; and 20 casks of Datch, at 56s. per bhd.
LONDON ; PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY H. FISHER.
OR, COMPENDIUM OF RELIGIOUS, MORAL, & PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE.
“ SOCIAL REFINEMENT HAS NO EXISTENCE WHERE LITERATURE IS UNKNOWN.” (1822.
THE PHYSICAL AND MORAL WORLD.
verse ; but under every sun there may
be a particular genus of organization, No. 6.—Extension of the Analogy to the which implies a corresponding accomvisible Universe.
modation of the chemical and animal
states. The generic character of each Our author having assumed the incor- may thus appear in the central step of ruptibility of the other worlds, as was the scale, agreeably to the great anaobserved in the last number, proceeds logy typified in this world; for, as I to reason the subject out in the follow- have said, the whole is a scheme of ining manner. Art. 116. “But as, in tervolution, where every part is typical our own world, we see the phenomena of the whole." of the central, or vegetable, kingdom In this way I conclude, that our of nature dependent on the sun, ana- solar system, or genus of organization, logy leads us to conclude, that in each containing seven principal rational of the sister worlds, a state of organi- species, is but one of millions of other zation not altogether unlike our own genera which exist in the universe, may be maintained, by the instrumen- cach of them under a Sun, or what we tality of the same glorious luminary. call a fixed star. Nay, it is highly The central state being thus determin- probable, that all the fixed stars themed, will require a corresponding che- selves which we see, together with our mical and animal nature; and thus we own sun, belong to one great cluster or may regard the solar system as a ge- congregation, and that the nebulæ, nus of organization, branching into which are dimly seen in the nocturnal seven principal species, whereof ours sky, are other clusters or congregations ; is the third in order, counted from the but at such vast distances, that none
of the particular suns composing them “I speak not of the satellites and can be discerned-nothing but a dim comets, nor of the newly discovered light resulting from each congregation, diminutive planets; whose phenomena as it were en masse.
* Thus, it is prodiffer so widely from those of the bable there are species, genera, orseven worlds, that they seem to form ders, classes; or worlds, systems, a kind of system by themselves. congregations; all in rapid motion;
“Pursuing those general views, I orbs within orbs, wheels within wheels, regard the solar system as a genus, in perfect systematic order. comprehending seven principal species,
magination cannot conwhereof the human is one. The human ceive the immensity of the grandeur, species exhibits the microcosm of this the interminable variety, where the world ; and six other rational species stupendous power of the Eternal has may exhibit the microcosm of the operated. We are expressly told, other worlds respectively, which be- that the works which He hath made, long to the solar genus of organization. far exceed the flight of human genius, Thus may be completed the economy in its most transcendent efforts. Let of the first heaven, or solar system, to us imagine what we will, to the utmost which our world and species belong. rack and stretch of the mind immor
“Thus the same analogy which tal, still we are within, greatly within, leads us to reason out the phenomena the vast circle of the universe of God! of the first heavens,' leads us also ay, within even the second circle. For to those of the second or visible uni- after all our imaginations are exhaust
ed by the realities that may occur in “An immense system of nature, com- the boundless variety which is there, prehending the three central steps of the third heaven,' or unimaginable the scale, may thus extend through the whole visible or conceivable uni- * Such is the opinion of Herschel No. 41.-Vol. IV,
state of eternity, succeeds and extends this world, and to all other worlds, beyond all.”
whether they regard systems or indiThus are all the works and ways of viduals, classes, orders, genera, or God comprehended in three great cir- species. All, all must be included, cles, like all the rays of the sun in a from the immense whole to the mithreefold radiance. There is first the nutest part. And as it is evident, circle of the planets in our system, (and that no part of this whole could give every other system will have its circle existence to itself, so in like manner, in like manner,) extending from the the great whole could not exist by sun as the centre, to the most distant itself. This, therefore, brings us neplanet that moves round him. There cessarily to place at the point ab ante, is next the circle of the visible uni- in the circle of eternity, efficient causaverse, the habitation of the fixed stars, tion, which gave birth to all being in which innumerable, diffused the universe. And as there is evi. throughout the whole canopy of the dently the strongest marks of wisdom heavens, not only in the line of one and design manifest throughout the circunference, or in the circumference whole—some great and important end of a zone of immense width,—but in to be answered by such a wonderful the line of circumferences in all direc- evolution as the universe unfolds,tions in the concave arch of heaven,--this, on the other hand, leads us to not only in the heaven which is above, place at the point eternity to come, in but in that also which is below, and the circle of eternity, final causation, all round us. Nor are they to be con- which relates to the grand end or design ceived as stationed on a plane surface for which all being in the universe was at the extremity of the vast expanse ; made.-—And we are to conceive God but the circle, immense as its radius as the ALL IN ALL throughout the is, must have a centre, from which to whole, The ALPHA and OMEGA, its circumference in all directions and The BEGINNING and the END. at all proper distances, are placed And as the circumference of the worlds, systems, congregations. earth's orbit is considered only as a
But beyond all this, there is in the point in comparison of the distance of third place, the heaven of eternity, the the fixed stars, even so the circumfehouse of God, and the proper resi- rence of the whole created universe, dence of the angelic host, the sons of is to be considered but as a point in God, who existed not from, but in comparison of Him, who filleth all in eternity with respect to us, that is to all; and whose being, and works, and say, ere any part of this universe was ways, are unsearchable, and past findcreated ; and who, when the millions ing out. of morning stars sang together, The reader having pursued these these truly heaven-born sons of God reflections, may now be prepared to shouted for joy.*
take a cursory view of the three cirThis pathless heaven of eternity has cles, exhibited in the frontispiece of no bounds of circumference like the our author's theory; where he has other two. Its extremity, which we the whole symbolically represented, conceive, is in fact no extremity : it through the medium of his bodily ornever comes to a termination: it is gans, to those of his mind. absolutely boundless, both as to time To comprehend this sensible repreand space. Yet, in relation to the sentation, we must imagine three cirvisible universe, there are two oppo- cles, as in col. 303 ; in the innermost site points in the circle of eternity, of which, the author places “the solar place them in what direction you system, or first heaven :" this he calls choose, perpendicular or horizontal, " the sphere of animal sense.” Beor in whatever angle you will,--if the yond this is the second circle, within line uniting them only pass through the confines of which stand “ the visithe centre, it will divide eternity, in ble universe, or the heaven of heavens, relation to this universe, into two the sphere of intelligence or abstracparts,-namely, eternity ab ante, and tion, transcending animal sense." eternity to come. And in the interval The third and last he calls, “the invibetween these two points, will be com- sible state of eternity, or the third prised all the events which belong to heaven, transcending animal sense
and unaided reason. Through the * Job xxxviii. 7.
centres of these circles he draws a
line, as in the second figure, col. 304, they will ascend a lofty tree in a few at one extremity of which he places minutes. “First beginning ; eternity ab ante ; effi- “Both men and women rub their bocient cause:” and at the other, "Last end; dies all over with oil; this they say is eternity to come; final cause.'
a preventive against the bites of the beyond the second circle of the visible mosquitoe and the fly; but this prouniverse, excepting from the light of duces such unpleasantness as to prerevelation, all is dark and inscrutable vent their near approach. It is not an to the human intellect, so it is pre- uncommon thing to see entrails of fish sumed to be marked with shades in frying upon their heads by the heat of the sensible representation. But the sun, till the oil runs down their since it is known from revelation, that faces and bodies: this is considered an effulgence of light and glory fills to be of so much importance that their the throne of the Eternal, although children are taught the lesson before we know not specifically in what this they are three years old. The natives light and glory consist; so these shades frequently ornament their bodies and are covered over with a sacred radi- necks with fish bones, birds' feathers,
The different subjects which slips of wood, and the teeth of the fill up the respective steps of the Kangaroo. scale, the reader may find in cols. 303 “At the time of battle, they mark to 306, published in our number for their bodies with white and red clay, April.
drawing a line round each eye, down (To be continued.)
each rib, and in different parts of the body; but the greatest ornament they
have, is the scars upon their breasts, NATIVES OF NEW SOUTH WALES. arms, and legs. They produce these
scars by cutting the flesh with sharp The following particulars are extract- shells; and by keeping the incision ed from letters written in that colony, open, the flesh grows up on each side, and dated October, 1822.
and after some time, skins over and “ The natives of New South Wales becomes a large seam, which seam is are far from being a stout race of peo- considered as a badge of honour. ple, they are very slender, and of the “The women undergo, when chilmiddle stature; their limbs are very dren, the operation of losing two joints small, and their arms and legs are of the little finger on the left hand. remarkably slender. The cause of This is performed by tying a hair this deficiency in muscular strength is round the joint, which stops the cirthe great want of food. It is true that culation, when the part falls off in those who live on the coast by fishing, consequence of mortification; all those are much better, in their appearance, who do not suffer this loss, are treated than the natives who live in the inte with contempt. rior by hunting. The food of the for- “ The colour of the natives is quite mer is more to be depended upon than black: when first born the skin is red, the latter, which is always casual and but in a few days' time it turns to the uncertain.
colour of the adults; but this may be “An observer, however, will soon the effect of oil and charcoal, with perceive, that the arms and legs of the which the child is rubbed all over. men, though slender, are very long; The new-born infant is carried about this arises from their custom of climb- for some days, by the mother, in a ing trees, in pursuit of the flying piece of bark; but as soon as it has squirrel and opossum, and likewise acquired strength enough, it is set to gather wild honey. They ascend upon the shoulders of its mother, with the loftiest trees and branches with its legs round her neck, and it lays the greatest speed and ease. They hold of the hair of her head to keep cut with their stone hatchets notches itself up. The children are named in the bark of the tree, large and deep after some bird, fish, or beast. At an enough to receive their great toe. The early age they are taught the customs toe is placed in the first notch, and the of their own tribe. tree embraced by the left arm, then a « The native men have a custom second notch is cut, at a proper dis-, among them of extracting the right tance from the other, on which is front tooth. The person who performs placed the right toe. In this manner this work comes from a distance. They approach the appointed place, to the depth required. At the end of being armed with shields, clubs, and the spear, they have from one to four throwing-sticks; and painted accord- barbed prongs, with a hook made of ing to the custom of their own tribes. bone. In the summer time, a man The spot of ground being fixed upon, will lie across his canoe, with his face and made known to all concerned, the near the water, with his spear in reaperformers having arrived, take their diness to dart; and in this manner stand at one part of the cleared spot, they watch for their prey, and seldom and from twenty to thirty boys are miss their object.” placed on the opposite side. The ce- As a natural concomitant of their remony then begins. The persons condition, the natives are remarkably bearing arms approach with singing superstitious. But even their fallaand beating their shields and spears, cious hopes and fears, furnish eviand with their feet kicking up the dence that they believe in spiridust to such a degree, as to hide the tual agency. They describe the apboys completely from their sight. One proach and appearance of a spirit or of the armed men steps forward, takes apparition, as coming to them with a one of the lads upon his back, and great noise, and say that it will seize conveys him to the party, who hail hold of the first person it comes near him with a great shout. In this way by the throat. In its approach it the whole of the lads are taken, and comes slowly along, with the body placed on one side of the ring, which bent, and the hands clenched together had been cleared for them; every one on a level with its face; in this manbeing placed upon the ground, with ner it moves on till it secures the his legs crossed under him.
party or person which it has in The natives well know that the view. operation of taking out the tooth “ The remedy against the power or will cause much pain: they therefore influence of the object they dread, is, endeavour to impress upon the minds according to their relation, as follows: of the lads, who are to undergo the They believe that by sleeping at the ceremony, the great honour which grave of a deceased friend or person, they will acquire, when they are ad- they shall, from what takes place at mitted among themselves as equal in that grave, be freed from all future rank.
apprehensions respecting spirits; for “After they have gone through va- during the time of sleep, the soul of rious ceremonies, the first lad is pla- the deceased comes to them, takes ced upon a man's shoulder. The gum hold of their throat, and opens the is lanced with a bone, made sharp at body, takes out their bowels, which one end : after the gum is cut, the are afterwards replaced, and the body bone is placed upon the proper tooth, closed up. and after three aims are taken, the “ In the time of darkness, they are blow is struck, and the tooth falls out much afraid to move, and on this aoperfect and clear. The lad is then count few have courage enough to lie removed by some of his tribe, who by the grave a whole night; but all are appointed to dress him according who do go through the form, are to their custom; which dress some placed among the brave and honourtimes consists in a girdle, a wooden able. sword, and a band round the head. “ If a star shoots, something of The first day he is not suffered to great moment is expected to come to speak to any person, or to eat the pass; they are much terrified by thunleast piece of food, and his left hand der and lightning, but they believe must be kept upon his mouth until that by repeating some few words, and sun-rising ; if the lad endures the breathing with all their power, they operation without complaining, he is can prevent it from doing them any thought to be brave. An addition to damage, and that both the thunder the lad's name is given, which is the and lightning will soon cease. name of the person on whose shoulders They think it dangerous to dress he sat.
fish, or any kind of food, after day, “ The men are very expert in fish- light has disappeared; they believe ing; they spear the fish with their fish- if they should broil fish in the dark, gig, which is about twelve feet long, that the wind will blow a contrary and is lengthened by joints, according way to what they desire, or what will