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out of season, the mountain plantain “Having given a slight sketch of forms the principal food of the natives. the land, &c. I will next proceed to Beyond the mountains project a bor- make a few observations upon the der of low land towards the sea : on manners, &c. of the people. I will this are erected the houses of the Mis- state what they were in their former sionaries and natives. This low land condition. Inwar, they were cruel in differs very considerably in width in the extreme, the conquering party not various places. In the widest parts it only killing the men, but all the women is not a mile deep, while in other places and children that they could find ; and it is not fifty paces. Some of the val- when dead, they used the bodies with leys run twenty miles up the country. indignity, If the conquering chief
"The trees in this country are ever had conceived a hatred to another greens: they never appear stripped of when alive, he would after his death their foliage as in England. The na-order his dead body to be brought betive apple, a most delicious fruit, is fore him, and would beat it with a the only tree that loses its leaves alto- club in a savage manner, as if the gether; but these have no sooner body could feel the blows he dealt fallen, than the tree is covered with a upon it: another indignity exercised new race. This tree grows to a on the bodies of those slain in battle most amazing size, as large as the oak was, they would lay them in a row, and in England, but the wood is very soft. make them serve the same purpose as The wood of the bread-fruit tree is the pieces of wood, to drag their canoes most useful of any in Tahiti. It upon, on the sea-beach: another piece serves for posts and boards for houses; of wanton barbarity they would be and the natives also build their canoes guilty of towards the bodies of the of it.
murdered children; they would collect “We have here much sunshine :/ a number of their bodies together, we know nothing of foggy mornings. bore a hole through each head, put a The atmosphere in general is very cord through each of them, (like you clear: but if we have cloudy and close would put a string through the gills of weather, (which is often the case in the a parcel of herrings,) and then drag wet season,) we very sensibly feel the them about in sport : these and a effects of it: it makes us dull and half thousand other barbarities they exerstupid. This wet season generally cised towards each other in their forbegins about January, and ends in mer wars. March, and is a very unhealthy period “ The manner of murdering their of the year; the natives being generally children formerly was very shocking. attacked with some disorder among When a woman found she was near them, which carries off several. The the time of delivery, she would remove months of May, June, and July, (which from the house, and retire under some we consider our winter,) are much shady tree, and immediately as the child colder than our summer months; and was born, a stander-by would stamp especially at nights: and I can assure it under his feet, or else strangle it, or you that we could no more do without bury it alive ; or, if a pond was-near at a blanket on our beds, than you could hand, throw it in: and afterwards it do without a good fire on Christmas would be talked about among the naday. In the wet season, a vast quan- tives with the greatest indifference, tity of fine white salmon is caught by just as we should talk about the killthe natives, and it sometimes happens ing of a sheep or pig. The Devil had that we have seven or eight salmons attained such a power over them, that given to us in the course of one day. they truly answered the description of Other various small fish are caught all the Apostle, when he describes those the year round. Tahiti will produce who were “without natural affection." beautiful sugar-cane, pine-apples, and Thus you see, my dear friend, what figs. Coffee has just been introduced, dreadful characters these Tahitians and we hope it will do well. It cannot were before the Gospel came unto be said to be either a very healthy or them. Some have killed seven or a very unhealthy country. Europeans eight children in this way, and now are subject to several distressing, al- they would give any thing if they had though not mortal diseases, but there but a child. I cannot help mentioning are others that are fatal, as the dy- a circumstance that occurred about sentery, &c.
nine months ago, at one of the Paumotu
Islands, which have not yet embraced you, were you to save their lives. In the Gospel.
general they respect us as men, but “ Two Russian vessels calling at the they have very little love for us for the Paumotu Islands, the captain of one of sake of the work in which we are enthe vessels went on shore, where he gaged. In a word, they know nothing found a little girl crying very bitterly. of that affectionate love which British On inquiring the cause, she made him Christians bear to their pastors. This understand, that her father and mother is a great grief to us, inasmuch as it had been killed in war ; that those manifests that they do not possess who had killed them had cooked and that affection for Divine things that eaten them; and when the poor child they ought. But we pray that the asked for something to eat, they offered time may come, when a larger effusion her a piece of her own father! The Rus- of the Divine Spirit shall be poured sian captain pitied the poor child, out upon them, and then shall divine brought her to Tahiti, where, having love be more abundantly shed abroad been taught to read, she now resides in their hearts. Thus you sce, although much has been “We dwell at Atehuru, the most exdone, that much still remains.
tensive district in Tahiti; Mr. Darling “ Before the people of Tahiti receiv- also dwells near. Mr. D. and I bave ed the Gospel, they were sad mockers: the charge of this large district Since when a Missionary came to preach to we have formed this Missionary stathem, they would call out in derision, tion, we have baptized upwards of 300 and tell the blind men that were there adults, and about 150 children. We to go to the Missionary, that he could do not consider these to be all Chrismake them see: and called to the lame tians, but we baptize them because and leprous in the same manner, and they profess Christ to be their Saviour, told them to go and be healed.
and him alone; and there is nothing Having thus given a slight sketch immoral in their outward conduct. of what they were formerly, I will now Many of them are very ignorant; but proceed to say a few words upon their we meet with them one day in every present state and character.--They week to instruct them in the principles pay a strict outward regard to the of Christianity. We have gathered Sabbath. At sun-rise they assemble, a small church out of the wilderness, and have a prayer-meeting among which consists of 20 natives and ourthemselves. About nine o'clock they selves; to these we administer the orassemble again; then we preach to dinance of the Lord's Supper once a them. Every body attends the morn- / month. We are occupied every day ing service; not a man, woman, or in the week, except Saturdays, in child, is absent, unless it be on ac- schools, both for adults and children, count of sickness. The people take no We preach every Wednesday evening, walks of pleasure on a Sabbath; no and hold various other meetings with canoes or boats are to be seen on the the people. We feel happy and consea; nor is any sort of work done on tented in our station, but earnestly dethat day. The evening service is not sire more zeal and devotedness of so well attended; but those who do heart in the work in which we are absent themselves must keep to their
engaged.” own houses, as they would be afraid to be seen walking about in service time. Although the Sabbath is so strictly kept, you must not suppose that all the people in Tahiti are real Christians. Alas ! no. There is a great outward MR. EDITOR. profession ; but the true marks of Sir,-Judging the following article, genuine godliness are only here and which appeared recently in some of there to be found. These people are the public papers, worthy of more genot sufficiently grateful to God for his neral notice and permanent record, .! distinguishing mercies towards them. have transcribed and communicated it As a people, they may be called un- for insertion in your interesting and grateful; they are not thankful for much diversified miscellany, at your favours of a temporal nature bestowed convenience and pleasure. The amazby the Missionaries. They would ing case and celerity with which reinfeel themselves under no obligation to deer in Lapland travel over mountains
LAPLANDERS AND REINDEER IN
and valleys covered with snow and bought another herd, twelve in numice, the richness of their flesh and ber. These he not only succeeded in milk, the latter of which is said to be embarking in safety, but in bringing more nourishing than that of a cow; them alive and well to the Thames. the thickness and warmth of their fur, Before relating the mishaps that befel (serving for clothing); and their sus- them here, we may observe on the exceptibility of government, and extraor- traordinary sagacity they displayed in dinary sagacity, render them a va- travelling. They were completely luable, and prove them to be a wise under the command of a leader or capand express provision of the all-wise tain, which not only headed their Creator, for his intelligent inhabitants march, but seemed upon every dilliof those cold and solitary districts of culty to issue orders which were the earth. They are essential com- promptly and implicitly obeyed. This panions for those far-northern Euro- was most remarkable when they came peans ; and must be the principal to the boat for embarkation. A new means and source of their long and situation required stronger exercise of dreary winter's comfort, convenience, instinct, approaching to reason, and and recreation; and tend greatly to of courage, than had previously been prolong their lives. In sledges drawn called forth. The herdsman, a Norby rein-deer, it is said, the planders wegian, got into the boat, and invited make long excursions on the snow, the captain of the deer to follow him. and, without much fatigue, travel fifty Generally obedient to his wishes, the miles a day; and occasionally pass noble animal approached, and put his over hill and dale, two hundred miles foot from the pier into the vessel. It in the same straight course.
was the first unsteady ground he had I have extracted from “ Kames' ever trod, and he recoiled in alarm. Sketches of the History of Man,” (a Fresh invitations, and fresh investiwork that is to be found in few of our gations of the boat ensued; the whole fashionable and novel-constructed li- herd looking on, and watching these, braries) a literal translation of two to them, as well as to the human specLapland Odes, communicated by tators, interesting proceedings. At Scheffer, in his history of that coun- last the captain felt assured: he entry ;“ which,” says his lordship, are tered the boat, and trod upon and full of the tenderest sentiments that examined every plank. When fully love can inspire ;" which, from their satisfied, he uttered a kind of snort, simplicity, their natural and elevated and in three minutes the hitherto pasexpression of unrefined thought and sive herd had bounded into and filled feeling, cannot fail to gratify the the boat. Nor was this all the wonderreader; and which, I presume, will ful display of animal intelligence : the not be deemed by you, either as ill- vessel was overloaded, and, as he had placed or improper concomitants of intimated other things, he also intimatthe article which precedes them. ed this to his followers. Were we not I am, Sir,
assured of the fact, we could hardly Your most humble servant, credit it; no sooner was this done,
A. than the individual deer he appeared Barnsley, Nov. 17th, 1821.
to address, leaped into another boat.
On arriving in the Thames, it unMr. Bullock, whose attention to the luckily happened that the customstudy of natural history is well known, house officer at Gravesend, did not has succeeded in bringing specimens feel himself authorized to allow the of rein-deer to this country, which deer to be landed. But before the may perhaps lead to the conciliation application could be made to the proof our mountain forests with this in- per authorities in London, the majority teresting animal. While on a tour in of the poor herd fell victims to their Norway, he procured a herd of twenty, confinement on ship-board. They bethe whole of which were killed by gan to die very fast, and eight of the eating a poisonous plant, that grew twelve deer were thus destroyed. upon a small island on which they The remnant saved, consists of a were placed for security, previous to male and female, a fawn*, and a male embarkation. He, however, was not which has been cut. The latter is the to be driven from his object. He once more went into the interior, and
* It died lately.
captain, of which we have spoken, and Wing'd with impatient fire: the largest of the animals, being, we My rein-deer, let us haste. suppose, about ten hands high, and
IV. proportionably stout. The others are So shall we quickly end our pleasing pain : a hand or two lower. Their fur is
Behold my mistress there,
With decent motion walking o'er the plain. astonishingly thick, very fine, and de- Kulnasatz, my rein-deer, licately soft and warm. The horns Look yonder, where branch in a singular and beautiful She washes in the lake;
See while she swims, manner, and are entirely covered with a short fur. Those of the female form
The waters from her purer limbs
New clearness take. almost a perfect coronet, above a foot in height, and her head is of a most elegant shape. The captain's antlers
SECOND ODE. are three feet in length; on one side branching from a single root, on the With brightest beams let the sun shine other having two branches bending
On Orra moor. forwards over the nose, issuing from
Could I be sure the head with the main branch. The
That from the tops o’ th’ lofty pine
I Orra moor might see, fawn had only two short protuber
I to its highest bough would climb, ances.
And with industrious labour try Their hoofs are very broad, and
Thence to descry flexible between the divisions. This My mistress, if that there she be. enables them to clamber up the preci
II. pices, and hang on rocks inaccessible
Could I but know, amid what flowers,
Or in what shade she stays, to all other animals, Their speed is The gaudy bowers, prodigious. They seem to be recon- With all their verdant pride, ciled to hay as food ; like brandy,
Their blossoms and their sprays, which is administered as a medicine;
Which make my mistress disappear, and there is nothing at present to cause
And her envious darkness hide,
I from the roots and bed of earth would tear. a doubt of the practicability of natu
III. ralizing them in England.
Upon the raft of clouds I'd ride, Along with the deer, Mr. B. has Which unto Orra fly: brought a native Laplander, his wife, O'th' ravens I would borrow wings, and child, These beings are about
And all the feather'd inmates of the sky: four feet eight inches in height; the
But wings, alas! are me deny'd,
Thestork and swan their pinions will not lend, man being of the common size, the
There's none who unto Orra brings, woman rather tall. The child, a cu- Or will by that kind conduct me befriend. riosity in its way, is about five
The best of days that crown the year,
Which light upon the eye-lids dart,
And melting joy upon the heart:
But since that thou so long hast staid,
They in unwelcome darkness disappear. KULNASATZ, my rein-deer,
Yet vainly dost thou me forsake ; We have a long journey to go :
I will pursue and overtake. The moors are vast,
V. And we must haste;
What stronger is than bolts of steel? Our strength, I fear,
What can more surely bind ? Will fail if we are slow;
Love is stronger far than it; And so
Upon the head in triumph she doth sit : Our songs will do.
Fetters the mind,
And doth control
The thought and soul. Is pleasing unto me,
VI. Though long it be;
A youth's desire is the desire of wind; Since it doth to my mistress lead,
All his essays Whom I adore;
Are long delays : The Kelwa moor
No issue can they find.
Away fond counsellors, away,
No more advice obtrude :
I'll rather prove Whilst I thro’ Kaige past
The guidance of blind love; Swift as the wind,
To follow you is certainly to stray : And my desire,
On single counsel, tho’unwise, is good.
(For arts design’d or to instruct or please,
Attain perfection but by slow degrees.). LINES FOR THE NEW YEAR. At length with wonder Rome and 'Athens
view'd « There's nought remains at rest.”
The soul by mimick'd mirth or pain subdu'd.
If thus we rude, confus’d, imperfect, find The opening morn, the splendid noon, The first conceptions of a noble mind;
With heaven's bright planet grac'd; If every art by time alone excel, Meek Vesper, with night's silver moon, The test of acting as of writing well, Tell-nought remains at rest.
Let then our efforts your indulgence claim, The tide returns, and ebbs again,
Your plaudits are our end, our hope, our only The river hies with haste; With rills, and springs, into the main- Since all our labours for a while are sped, For nought remains at rest.
With hearts elate these boards to-night we
tread, The comet, wandering far on high,
Determin'd, whilst thro' learning's path we 'Mongst countless planets plac'd, Rolls ceaseless through the boundless sky“For once, at least, if you approve to play.
stray, For nought remains at rest. The various seasons, as they rise,
No tragic scenes are ours~no strain of woe, Mild spring with flowery vest,
The heaving sigh or melting tear to draw, Pale autumn, summer, wintry skies,
But sach alone as soothe the lab'ring mind, Proclaim that nought's at rest.
When long to graver, weightier cares confin'd.
Thus the lone travell'r, when the sun descends, Thus day and night, and star and flood, To seek repose his weary way he bends, And seasongall attest,
But when with sleep refresh'd, at dawn of day, That, throug hthe wondrous works of God, Elate he rises, and pursues bis way. There's noaght remains at rest.
At length the long-expected moment nigh, If action then be nature's law,
Unto our posts with anxious hopes we fly, This truth should be impress'd :
For, when the trumpet to the battle sounds, " That life in deeds of love should flow The hoarse loud blast the dauntless beast All blessing, and all bless'd.”
Assur'd that truth will guide you in our
December 25th, 1821.
ON THE DEATH OF A FEMALE STUPEN DOUS product of the Almighty's hand,
FRIEND. Through whose wide fields ten thousand creatores play;
When gloomy themes invite the pensive muse, That into being leap'd at His command, And pure affection represents her claim, Wbose high behests, heaven, earth, and A just compliance she should not refuse, seas, obey !
Nor of forgetfulness secare the blame. I've seen thy raging billows on the shore 'Tis thus the melancholy task and sweet Dash like the war-horse foaming for the Of mentioning departed worth and love, fight;
Devolves on one whose pallid woes defeat While on the ear the deep-resounding roar His strong desire of eloquence to move. Strikes awfully sublime, in wild affright.
Could loveliness create poetic fire, I've seen thee, too, when summer suns prevail
, And virtue raise bright fancy from her tomb; Calm, and serene--as gentle evening still,
Could innocency genius inspire, While little skiffs, all passing in full sail,
And cheerfulness disperse the mists of gloom? And snow-white fowls, thy shining surface Then with pathetic ardour I would sing, fill.
And masterly pourtray her varied charms; Thus rage the bands, when fierce Bellona From drear oblivion all her virtues bring,
And make that bosom burn which feebly reigns, But where mild peace commands, joy beatns upon the plains.
But as to me the blessing is deny'd, Thus to display the beauties of her mind;
'T must be my task, nor O that task deride, PROLOGUE
To ealogize in feeling unrefin'd.
A drooping mother she has left behind, To the Comedy of Gil Blas, as performed at To weep in anguish o'er her virgin-tomb; Russel House Academy, Lewisham, Kent, at A father meek, affectionate, and kind, the Commencement of the Christmas Vacation, To muse in sadness on her hapless doom. 1821.
Belov'd by all whose hearts she did engage,
Whose troubles and distress did freely share; WHEN Thespis first, in an immortal age, By them (companions of her blooming age) Amidst the Athenians rear'a th' aspiring stage, Her mem'ry oft is sweeten’d with a tear. Rude was the infant muse, and ruder still The victims too of want, and pale disease, The first weak efforts of his scenic skill, Regret in mis'ry her bepignant care,
No. 36.- VOL. IV.