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Anniversaries of Religious Institutions.

578 tions have been crowned with anex- | Suffield, and Sandon; the Rt. Hon. ampled success. The anniversary of the Chancellor of the Exchequer ; Rt. this society was held in City Road Hon. C. Grant ; Sir T. D. Ackland, Chapel, on the last Monday in April; Sir R. H. Inglis, Sir C. 8. Hunter, Joseph Butterworth, Esq. M. P. in Sir Mont. Chomley, Barts. ; S. Wortó the chair. The auxiliary meeting for ley, W. Whitmore, and_ William the London district was held in Great Wilberforce, Esqrs. M. P. The meetQueen-street Chapel, on the evening | ing was also honoured with the preof the Wednesday preceding. The sence of the Rev. Mr. Monod, Secreannual meeting at City Road was most tary of the Paris Protestant Bible numerously attended; and the great- Association, and that of the Rev. est order prevailed. About thirty Theodore Blumhardt, Professor of the ministers were present on the occa- University of Basle. Of these gentlesion; and the animating speeches men, the greater number addressed which were delivered gave high grati- the meeting in a manner that did bofication to the silent and listening au- nour both to their heads and their ditory. Lord Gambier honoured the hearts ; but it will be impossible for meeting with his presence. In all the us to follow them through their eloMethodist chapels on the preceding quent speeches. It appeared from Sunday, collections were made in fa- the report, that the receipts of the vour of this institution, and in Queen- society during the year had amounted street and City-road on two former to upwards of £103,000, and that the days. The sums collected in all the expenditure exceeded £90,000, in adchapels, including some liberal do- dition to which, the society, relying nations, exceeded twelve hundred on a benevolent public, had laid itself pounds.

under engagements amounting to Church Missionary Society.

£50,000. The picture which this

report exhibited, as to the progress The anniversary of this society was of the society, and its vast utility, was held on the last day of April, at the also of the most pleasing description. great hall, Freemason's Tavern. The The Bible Society seems to be the chair was taken by the Rt. Hon. Pre- grand instrument, through which all sident, Admiral Lord Gambier. The the inhabitants of the world will be company was large and highly respect- made acquainted with the word of able; probably not less than 3000 God. persons were present; the ladies

London Hibernian Society. formed a large proportion, but many of them could not be accommodated The anniversary of this society was with seats. The accounts detailed in held at Freemason's Hall, on Saturday the report were highly gratifying. the 4th of May, H. R. H. the Duke of From these it appeared, that in every Gloucester in the chair. The object direction the gospel was gaining con- of this institution is, to communicate verts, and its truths taking daily a instruction to poor children in Ireland. more extensive spread. The funds The report stated, that there are now also were in a flourishing condition. under its patronage, 575 schools, conThe receipts of the late year, amount- taining, in the aggregate, 53,233 chiling to £32,976, proved decisively dren. This association had received that the stock of public benevolence from the Bible Society, 1000 Bibles, was not exhausted.

and 10,000 Testaments, during the British and Foreign Bible Society.

last year, and had distributed 80,000

copies. Of the above 575 schools, On Wednesday, May the 1st, the extending over 23 counties, out of 32, anniversary of this grand national which JIreland includes, 35 only aré institution took place at Freemason's under the superintendence of Catholic Tavern, Lord Teignmouth in the chair. priests. The receipts during the Among the distinguished individuals year amounted to $5562, and the who honoured this meeting with their expenditure to £6863, leaving a presence were, His R. H. the Duke of large deficiency for benevolence to Gloucester; the Bishops of Salisbury, supply. St. David's, and Norwich ; the Earls An Account of the Benevolent Inof Harrowby, Gosford, and Rocksa- stitutions will be resumed, and we hope vage; Lords Calthorpe, Gambier, concluded, in our next.


ber usually considered of no value. Capt. S.

deciding to make a full and fair experiment, IRELAND bas, during many months, it down until it squared nine inches, and then

procured a small tree of the Sweet Gum, hewed exbibited a scene of wretchedness, had it staked in three feet water, affording which no language can adequately de- every opportunity to the worm. It remained scribe. Domestic cruelty, fraud, and thus exposed for four years; when on examiimposition, have long brandished a

nation it was found perfectly free from moss, whip of scorpions over the suffering hewing it down again an inch or more, no

barnacle, and all other excrescence; and on inhabitants. This has been followed by traces of the worm were to be seen, except retaliation; and fire, robbery, and mur- three or four small punctures of inconsiderable der, marching in dreadful phalanx in depth. the van, have extended in the rear the

The Sweet Gum (Liquidambar styraciflua of empire of desolation.

Linneus) is in great abundance on the Alaba

ma, and the lakes and bays between PensaTo suppress the spirit of insurrec- cola and New Orleans ; it is of prodigious tion, law and justice have marched girth and towering tallness; frequently exhiamong them, and multitudes have paid biting a smooth stem of 50 or 60 feet, and for their aggressions with the forfei- remarkably straight. It can be saved into ture of their lives. To complete the planks of almost any size, but it will not split

. dreadful picture, famine bas lately thin plank may be bent and shaped almost as

The flexibility of this timber is such, that a paid a visit to their ill-fated shores; one pleases. and many in the disturbed districts, Apple Trees.A gentleman at Littlebarg who had escaped the torch of the in- in Essex, having in his orchard many old supcendiary, and the halter of the execu

posed worn-out apple-trees, which produced tioner, have been doomed to perish took fresh-made lime from the kiln, slacked it

fruit scarcely larger than a walnut, last winter by hunger; while multitudes who still with water, and (without allowing time for its survive, have felt nearly all the pangs caustic quality being injured by imbibing fixed of actual starvation.

air) well dressed the trees, applying the lime Amidst this complication of cala- with a brush. The result was, that the insects

and moss were completely destroyed, the mity and crime, we rejoice to find

outer rind fell off, and a new smooth, clear that Great Britain, ever ready to sym-one, formed; and the trees, although some pathize with the distressed, and to ex- twenty years old, have now a moist healthy tend the hand of benevolence to suf- appearance. The same treatment may be exfering humanity, has nobly come for- tended to other fruit-bearing trees, and proba

bly with a similar beneficial result. ward to their relief. In the metropolis,

Engraving.-A patent has been obtained by and a few other places, £56,542 have Mr. J. L. Bradbury, of Manchester, for an ipbeen subscribed, and the spirit of libe- vention of a new mode of engraving and etchrality seems still undiminished. We ing metal rollers, used for printing upon woolrecord this act of munificence with len, cotton, linen, paper, cloth, silk, &c.pleasure, being fully persuaded, that smooth polished surfaces, similar to the sur

Copper cylinders are to be provided, with Europe at present can hardly present faces of ordinary copper-plates intended to be to the eye of compassion, a case of engraven with devices for printing from. The more unexampled misery.

process of etching or engraving is conducted In several cities and large towns,

as follows :—the rollers are to be heated by a the same sympathising spirit is mani- charcoal fire, over which they may be sas

pended and turned round upon temporary festing itself; and we doubt not that wooden pins, fixed into their ends; or they subscriptions will become general may be heated by immersion in hot water, or throughout the kingdom. The dis- by steam in a closed vessel. Several thicktresses of Ireland have excited the nesses of cloth are proposed to be wrapped attention of the British Govern- bruises or scratches, to which it might other

round each roller, to guard its surfaces from ment.

wise be subject in heating; and, in order to prevent the hot water from drying up in stains,

the rollers are to be rubbed perfectly dry.' GLEANINGS FROM LITERATURE,

When thus heated, they are conveyed to a hot 581

room, free from dust, and there varnished SCIENCE, &c.

with the ordinary etching ground, in the man

ner usually adopted by engravers. Worm-proof Timber.--This discovery was Prussic Acid, -A powerful poison, has lately accidentally made by Captain Thomas Shields, become an efficient ally of the healing art. who found that a particular stake, used for its chief efficacy is found to consist in allaying fastening a boat, had remained perfectly good the general irritability of the system, and in and stanch for a year ; whereas others had to the harassing cough of phthisis pulmonalis. It be replaced every two or three months, being has also been found very efficacious when destroyed by the worm. On examination applied to the nerves of an aching tooth. We this stake proved to be of Sweet Gum, a tim-. / advise care in the use of this medicine, as,

Literary Notices--Prices of Stocks, &c.


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in the bands of the ignorant, it may be produc- The History of Stamford, in the county of tive of the most injurious consequences.

Lincoln; with St. Martin's, Stamford Baron, Croton Oil.--This oil is obtained from the and Great and Little Wothorpe, in the county seeds of the Croton tiglium, a native tree of of Northampton; embellished with 10 fine enMalabar; and is a scarce and dear article : bat gravings, in demy 8vo.; and, with proof imit has been lately used with great success as pressions of the plates, in demy 4to. an active purgative. Its great advantage, Mr. B. Prescott, astronomer, of Liveramong others, is the smallness of its dose, one pool, has lately published a work entitled or two drops being sufficient. It may be given Is The Inverted Scheme of Copernicus;" in made into a pill with crumb of bread. It some- which he attempts to refute the Newtonian times produces nausea and griping; but it is System, and prove, by Astronomical Obserin general as manageable and mild in its opera- vations and Tables, the Divine System to be tion, when duly administered, as castor oil, trae. to which, from the bulk of the latter neces- Mr. L. Towne, author of the “Farmer's sary for a dose, it is greatly superior. It Directory," will shortly publish a small Treansually operates in the course of half an hour tise on the Rot in Sheep. after it has been taken.

Preparing for the press. Sequel to an unfiCarbonate of Iron, -Has been given with nished manuscript of Henry Kirke White's, great success in the distressing complaint of designed to illustrate, by various examples, the face, called tic doloureux. It must be the contrast afforded by Christians and infigiven in large doses of not less than two scru- dels at the close of life. ples, or even a drachm, or four scruples, at a Speedily will be published, “Uriel; a Poetime, and be repeated two or three times a tical Address to the Right Hon. Lord Byron,” day. It must be also taken for some continu- written on the Continent : with Notes, con

taining Strictures on the Spirit of Infidelity Antidote for Vegetable Poisons. It has been maintained in his works. With several other ascertained by numerous experiments, that Poems. the fruit of Feuillea cardifolia is a powerful an- Just arrived from America, A Journal of tidote against vegetable poisons. Dogs have Travels into the Arkansa Territory, during the been poisoned by the Rhus Toxicodendron year 1819; with occasional Observations on (Swamp Samac,) Hemlock, and Nux vomica; the Manners of the Aborigines; by Mr. Thos. and all those that were left to the poison died; Nuttall, F.L.S. while those to which the Feuillea was administered, recovered completely after a short illness.

Price of Stocks, London, May 25. Arrow Root.--Indian Arrow Root grows 3 per Cent. Red. 7831 Long An. 197 13-16 wild in every part of the Island of St. Michael. 3 perCent.Cons. 7931 India Stock, At present, it is almost entirely neglected by 3 per Cent. 89414 Do. Bonds, 55 54 the natives, but some of the foreign families 4 per Cent. 9435 Excheq. Bills, £1000, prepare small quantities of it for their private 4 per Cent. (New) 95%

3 pm par use. The root in its natural state is extremely 5 per Cent. shut Cons. for Acc. 803 79% acid to the taste, and if chewed, causes a Bank Stock, 240

80 793 profuse salivation ; when applied to the skin

Prices of Foreign Stock in London, May 25. for some time, it produces heat, redness, and

pain. The preparation consists in separating French 5 per Cents. 88 50 the fecula by careful and repeated washing's Prussian 5 per Cent. Bonds, 86 after the root has been grated; but the effects

Columbicar Old Bonds, 100%
produced by handling the root are so unplea- Ditto 6 per Cent. Bonds, 843
sant, that persons can with difficulty be hired Ditto, Scrip, 8547
to conduct the necessary operations.

Spanish 5 per cent. Bonds, 627
Ditto new ditto, 6331

Danish 5 per Cent. Bonds, 817
Literary Notices.

Neapolitan ditto, 701

Price of Irish Stocks, May 21. Jast Published, in 1 vol. 18mo. The Clas Gov. Stock, 3. per Cent. 90 89% sical Collector's Vade Mecum ; containing Gov. Deb. 5 per cent. 27 accurate Lists of the Polyglott, Hebrew, Do. Stock, 5 per Cent. 27 Greek, and Latin Bibles, Greek Testaments, as also of the Greek and Roman Authors, Average Price of Grain per Quarter, for the 12 known as Editiones Principes, Aldine, Ste

Districts, from the Gazette. phens's, Delphin, Variorum, Bipont, Elzevir, Wheat. Barley. Oats. Rye. Beans.Peas.

s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. with many others; exhibiting a collection far more numerous and complete than has yet Apr.20.44 2 18 10 16 119 8 21 11 21 9 been published.

27.44 7 17 11 16 3 18 7 24 1 21 11 The first number of a Magazine in French May 4. 45 7 17 7 16 519 5 21 4 22 8 under the title of " Le Musée des Varietes

11.46 8 17 5 17 420 822 4 22 11 Litteraires,to be continued monthly.

Number of Bankrupts. Mr. John Killey, of Liverpool, has lately

25 published a New System of Catting Clothes, Average Prices of Sugar April 27, 30,

16 &c. accompanied with Engravings; to which Apr.24, 33s. 6d. ewt. May 4, 7,

32 is added a Šketch of the Stature Measurement May 1, 32 104

11, 14,

13 of the Human Figure, whereby a person may

8, 34

14 be enabled to cut Clothes for customers 15, 32 102

21, abroad.





COMMERCIAL REPORT, LIVERPOOL, 25th MAY, 1822. There exists considerable dulness in our market; and the variations since our last have been of little moment. In time of peace, the fluctuations of commerce are few-still the demand for the consumption of the country continues; and notwithstanding the importations of many articles have been heavy, the present moderate stocks evince the

extent of the wants of this empire. Speculative operations are very unfrequent, as capitalists shew little inclination to invest their money, in consequence of the many disappointments they have experienced. Still there are other circumstances which may have tended to increase the dulness pervading most of the lines of commerce. The bills now before the legislature relative to a free trade, and the ancertainty of war in the eastern part of Europe, naturally keep men aloof from enterprises. It is, perhaps, not too sanguine to say, that the prospect appears to brighten, and we anticipate an improved state of commerce, which the intended removal of restrictions will render more enlarged, and secure.

The sales of Cotton Wool, since our last, have been 29,323 packages-large supplies are just now arriving at Market; when these are brought forward, it is probable that buyers will come forward more freely, the more so, as the demand for some weeks past has been languid, and our prices have gradually given way. The sales of the present week are 5023 packages, as follows: d. d.

d. d. 2960 Bags of Upland, from 81 to 9 60 Bags of Mina Gera,

9. 245 Orleans,

91 to 112

Ditto Nova,



98 to 11 274 Sea Islands, 134 to 28 100


84 to 8 Pernambuccos 11 to 12 70


to 77 263 Bahias, 101 to 10g 210 Bengal

6f to 6 254

Maranham, 10% to 105 The result of this week's operations, is a further reduction in the prices of Upland and Orleans, and a heavy sale : Sea Islands move off slowly and at lower rates.

Brazils are in very limited demand, and continue rather to give way in price. During the present week little con. fidence has been shewn either by buyers or sellers.

The late brisk inquiry for Tobacco has in a great measure sabsided, and the demand is at present limited to supplying the wants of consumers, for there is not, at present, any sale of moment for shipment.

Sugars.-The stock of B. P. Sugars with the importers is very low, so that the parcels arriving tind a ready sale. This week about 460 hogsheads of Demarara and St. Vincent's, have been taken by the grocers, at an advance of ls. per cwt. The quotations are, browns 53s. to 58.: middling 60s. to 68s.: good 69s. 71s. 1600 bags of low white Bengal Sugar, at auction, brought 7ls. 3d. to 71š. 6d. per cwt. 90 puncheons of good St. Vincent Molasses brought 28s. per cwt.

Coffee.-There have been no publie sales this week : the business done by private treaty consists of a few casks of Jamaica to the grocers, at 117s. to 130s. per cwt. for middliug to good middling qualities.

Rum. The sales this week have been limited to 60 puncheons of strong Demeraras, at 2s. 3d. to 2s. 6d. per gallon, for 28 to 36 0. P. : and 20 puncheons of common Leewards, at 1s. 3d. per gallon.

There continues a steady sale for Rice, and the price improves: this week about 350 casks of good Carolina sold for export at 14s. 6d. to 15s. 6d. per cwt. with 50 tierces of old at 12s.

The market for Hides is still flat, in consequence of the uncertainty there remains respecting the duty being reduced. Several cargoes of Dutch Oak Bark have been sold at £8.

Dry Salteries, &c.—Montreal Pot-Ashes have sold at 36s. 6d. to 37s. : Pearls 45s.: NewYork Pearls 48s. Dye-Woods are in fair demand. Honduras and Campeachy Logwood £10. 10s. to £11. Nicaragua Wood £28. Cuba Fastic £12. to £13. per ton. 40 tons of Brimstone have been sold at £22. per ton. Fish Oils decline

in price : 20 tuns of Cod Oil have been disposed of at £20. per tun : and 20 tuns of Whale Oil at £21. per tun. Seed Oils move off slowly. Palm Oil is difficult of sale at £27. per tun.

The prices of Tallow are in a great measure nominal, the inquiry just now being limited to the immediate wants of the consumers : however, 100 casks have been sold to arrive at 40s. per cwt. St. Petersburg clean Hemp is now offering at £43. per ton. For Pine Timber the demand is steady: the dealers have taken four or five cargoes of Miramichi at 214d. per foot.

Grain.-There is not any improvement in our Corn Market, and it continues much depressed. Irish Wheat, except for the finer qualities, is lower. Oats go off tolerably well. Barley is of heavy sale. For bonded Grain there is not any demand; several exports are now making on owners' account. 140 hhds of American Flax Seed have sold at ship, at 36s. per hhd.

per ton.

ERRATA.--Col. 339, note, for Coleridge's Sybilline leaves, read Coleridge's Poems, 2d Edition.

Col. 341, last line, for least sorry writer, read best song writer. Col. 367, 4th line from the bottom, for Ripton read Skipton. Col. 292, line 13 from the bottom, for Mr. Brown read Mr. Bowden of the Royal Navy.



Imperial Magazine ;





THE PHYSICAL AND MORAL WORLD. threefold state. There is, first, the

nutritive function of plants; which is No. 8.-Examination of the chief Phe- the lowest of the order of functions,

nomena of the right or spiritual side and it may be compared with the of the Scale, in relation to mere ani- chemical solar radiance, because this muted nature. And, 1, Of animated function operates without exciting being in general, and the external heat in plants, and these rays have no

heat; and, moreover, it is from this Having, in our preceding papers, kingdom principally, that plants detraced the analogy between this world rive their nourishment. There is, seand the visible universe, particularly condly, the nutritive function of aniin the three central steps of the scale ; . mals; which stands higher in the order and taken a glance of the inscrutable of functions, and may correspond state of eternity which surrounds it with the central rays of light, in as on all sides, we return to the point much as this kind of function is more whence we set out, in order to apparent than that of plants; the gross trace the analogy in another line. aliments being taken into the stomach,

The chief phenomena of the right or and there digested in a more conspispiritual side of the scale, is, accord- cuous manner than can be traced in ingly, the subject we are now to treat. plants; and, moreover, in as much as And it is only because the septenary | it is stationed, by nature, in a middle arrangements of our author seem to state between two, viz, the nutritive throw some additional glimmerings on function of plants and the sensitive this abstruse subject, that we would function of animals, as the rays of think of touching it at all; so com- light are in the sun-beam. There is, pletely has it baffled the attempts, even thirdly, the sensitive function of aniof the most ingenious, to illustrate it mals; which is the highest in the order thoroughly.

of functions, and may correspond with The Animal, Intellectual, and Moral the rays of heat, or calorie, because are the three steps on the right or spi- these stand highest in the solar radiritual side of the scale; and with the ance, and are the most powerful and first of these we shall begin.

penetrating of all the three ; and the 1. The Animal.

most nearly assimilated to the animal In the animal kingdom, it is evident functions of sensation, which become that there is a certain something, we perfectly benumbed, and even lanknow not what it is, nor can we know, guish and die without heat. for in the scale of its existence it is Thus have we reasoned out by anaanalogous to matter in its elementary logy, the nutritive and sensitive funcstate, which evolves the phenomena oftions to be threefold, like the threelife, by means of a double set of or- fold radiance of the sun; and in this gans, the one performing functions of respect, in a general view, they may nutrition, the other those functions of represent the material universe in the sensation which are peculiar to anima- following manner.tion.

The two functions of nutrition and The Stomach, and the Brain, with its sensation in animals, answer to the elongation in the spinal marrow, are two first perceivable objects in the the principal organs concerned in these universe, namely, Matter and Mind ; functions.

and accordingly hold a similar place Like the threefold radiance of the with them in the scale, - animal Sun, the nutritive and sensitive func- nutrition on the left, and animal sentions seem to exist in nature in a Isation on the right, thus, Left. Central state.

Animal Nutrition.

Animal Sensation,
No 42.--VOL. IV.

2 P

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