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should gargle assiduously with the contend that there is no such thing as above mentioned 'decoct.'

a primary idiopathic disease of the “ We hasten to comniunicate to our mind, and that if there were, we have readers this important discovery, no means of curing it; yet insanity we (which we borrow from the . Peters- well know is very frequently cured. I burgh Miscellaneous Treaties in the would contend, too, that there is no Realm of Medical Science, for 1821.') such thing as mental declension or dewhich certainly deserves the full at- cay, unconnected with physical distention of all medical practitioners; ease. I argue from this, that if there and which, if confirmed by experi- were any thing to produce a real disence, may have the most beneficial ease upon; or to injure or destroy the results.”-Ipswich Journal.

real faculties of, the mind, it would be insanity, for that complaint bas certainly a more intimate connection with the faculties than any other, and

produces stronger effects upon them; (Continued from col. 553.)

and yet I have known several who

have been afflicted with insanity for If we are troubled with indigestion, many months, and even years, and or have drunk any intoxicating liquor, have actually sunk under the disease, the thoughts are confused and disor- who might be properly said to die of dered, and it is more difficult to pay an insane atrophy, or decay ; that is, attention to any particular subject; the disease harassed the constitution and under the influence of complete so as to wear it out: and yet they intoxication, the diseased ideas and have been quite rational at their last feelings will overpower the sugges- moments, their reasoning puwers betions of reason, and cause temporary ing as free, and clear, as ever they derangement, similar to permanent had been before. insanity; while a diseased or over- This could not have been the case, excited imagination shall make a if the mental faculties had been delasting impression upon the feelings stroyed, or injured; but the near apand affections, in direct opposition to proach of death had either made an the dictates of reason, where no insa- important change in the constitution, nity is at all visible. It is not at all so as to suspend the action of the distimes easy to distinguish betwixt ideas ease, or it caused impressions upon of sensation, and ideas of the imagi- the involuntary thoughts, so strong as nation, that is, betwixt an impres- to drive away the hallucinations of it, sion actually made upon one or more and left the reasoning powers free to of the senses, and an impression act as before the disease; they having made by the force of imagination, in been overpowered or deranged tili a dream, or waking revery; and such then by the insanity. I have, too, seen is the power of habit, that when an old people who were said to have lost impression of the latter kivd bas been their mental faculties by age; but long indulged, we cease even to sus- upon examination I found it was not pect that it was not a reality. I myself so, but that they were acted upon by a have observed, what at first was physical and an intermittent disease, well known to be a falsehood, repeated and during the remissions of it, howtill it was thought a truth, by those ever short, could reason as well as who related it. But all this arises ever. from defects or diseases of the invo- Admitting that the integrity of the Jantary action of thought, and does not mind may be preserved, and yet that prove any defect or disease of the it shall occasionally be overpowered mental faculties; and, confining my by a diseased excitement of the invoideas of mind to what are its real luntary ideas, then all the various faculties or powers, I must contend, phenomena of the disease of insanity that insanity is not a disease of the are at once accounted for: a certain mind. I admit that it is a disease train of erroneous and visionary ideas which produces temporary effects upon prevail; under their influence we are the mind, and so does gout or rheum- insane : our ideas, though involunatism; but take away the cause, and tary, are at times correct; under the the effect ceases, as certainly as it influence of these, we are perfectly does in gout or rheumatism. I must sane: and is this theory is correct, it

On Unanimity of Efort.

626 is only in degree we differ, pone of us | which take place under its most vioare free from insanity at all times, for lent paroxysms, are afterwards accunone of us are at all times free from rately recollected. the influence of erroneous and vision

J. Bakewell. ary ideas. So, none of those who are

Spring Vale, near Stone, 3d June. called insane, are at all times deprived of correct ideas ; and under the influ

(To be continued.) ence of these, it may be they can reason as well as ever, and exhibit

ON UNANIMITY OF EFFORT. their knowledge as clearly as ever they could prior to the affliction: and

“Nequeo monstrare, et sentio tantam." as the senses are not at all affected by

JUVENAL. this disease, the constant diverting of the thoughts by strong impressions If detection would universally stop upon some of the senses, particularly the career of the vicious, or exposure the sense of seeing, is as far as moral terminate the evils of society, there agency will permit us to go, in the would be some hope, that the labours attempt to cure it.

of the magistrate and philanthropist It may be proper to explain what I were as beneficial to others as they mean by mind, as distinguished from were well intended by themselves. the involuntary ideas; I mean, then, But although the knowledge of a disour mental attainments, the know- ease has been considered as half its ledge we possess, what we have ac- cure, yet the proverb does not hold quired by learning and observation ; good with regard to the evils or disand the power we have of reflecting eases of human society. They are and reasoning upon our knowledge, there deeply rooted, and, as it were, and of communicating it to others. sanctified by long growth. They bid An infant is not born with mind, defiance to the hand of him that as I have said before, it is only would either extricate himself or manborn with those functions from which kind from their thraldom; for to overmind may proceed; it is born with a come the scruples of the bigoted, and thinking principle, for it is susceptible remove the prejudices of the ignorant, of feelings and sensations, and it is a task of no ordinary nature ; and soon acquires the faculty of recollect- he that would aim at reformation ing them, and this is the first deve- amongst his fellow mortals, has all lopment of the reasoning power. these difficulties to encounter. OppoWhen the infant first begins to distin- sition will retard, neglect and conguish its nurse from others, and to tempt will in their turn obstruct his express a feeling of pleasure on the progress; and after he has obviated recognition, it may then be said to the objections of the perverse, be will possess mind, and not till then.

be mortified by the contempt with Memory, or the recollective faculty, which his labours are estimated by the is the foundation of mind; without it generality of mankind. Yet although we should have no mind, for all our disregard is commonly the reward of exertions of judgment, contrivance, such exertions as these, there are or design, are but so much of mind some individuals who cannot but debrought into action through the me- precate certain evils which seem incidium of memory: I would not be un- dent to society, and yet are so radiderstood to mean what is called recol- cally opposed to its best interests. lective memory; if called upon to Amongst the many evils which seem reason upon a particular subject, we thus at variance with its fundamental do not stop to recollect a similar one ; principles, there are none more afflictbut we have what is termed intuitive ing or pitiable than the frequent occurmemory, that is, we possess know-rences of matual discontent, and perledge which we bring into action upon sonal ruptures, amongst individuals it; and obliterate all traces of former and communities. The most superideas, and we should possess no ficial observer cannot fail to see, tbat knowledge, we should possess no cach, is ultimately his own fate, by mind. Now insanity is no injury opposing the welfare of his neighbour; whatever to the memory; on the con- and these disputes and variances are trary, it might seem to improve it; the morc lamentable, because they and the most minute circuinstances have not always the elucidation of


truth, or the restoration of right, as very basis of society. Party may ditheir final aim. Mankind seem al- vide, but individuals warring against ways to oppose whatever is new, ei- each other, weaken, and render themther from dislike or prejudice; and selves inactive against a common we are armed against every innovation enemy. Who that remembers the acas chimerical, and every new project count of the sad divisions which agias fraught with absurdity; such pre- tated the commonwealth of Rome, cautions may be a surety against er- when the Volsci were suffered to lay ror, but they are as often a rejection waste the country, and come in arms of what is truth.

to the very gates of the city, but will Perhaps the greatest evil common agree in ascribing to discord, the evils to society, is the manner in wbich the and the insults which were afterwards rights and emoluments of one indivi- perpetrated ? but we need not search dual are regarded by another. We the records of ancient times for a look too much on men as beings sepa- confirmation of the adage, “ Disrated and detached from each other; cord is weakness, while unanimity is as though the interests of one were strength." subversive of those of his neighbour.

JUVENIS. We do not reflect that individual pros- Aberdeen, 1822. perity may contribute to general good, and that, through the medium of society, whatever of good falls to the lot REMARKS ON BYRON AND WORDSof one, is quickly, though sometimes unwillingly, distributed to all around. It would, perhaps, be rather an un- Aristarchus's general Reply. qualified assertion to say, that, were it not for the interceptings and thwart- “ Λιεν αριστευειν, και υπειροχον ειμεναι ings of projects by one another, the αλλων.”

Homer. regular succession of events, and the common occurrences of human life, many enemies, than many friends; and I look

“It is no less a proof of eminence to have would be more favourable to the hap- upon every letter, whether it contains encopiness and well-being of mankind, miums or reproaches, as an equal attestation than they are generally found to be: of rising credit.”

JOHNSON. although the evils prevalent in society, through the designs and malice of MR. EpitoR. man, might preponderate when put in SIR,-Before again descending into the scale with the good; yet there is the arena, it seems advisable to recertainly a concurrence of fortunate view (at least as far as I have been a circumstances, which sometimes avert combatant) the origin and progress approaching calamity, and render of the contest respecting the compaabortive the purposes of the most rative merits of Lord Byron and Mr. vicious.

Wordsworth. The following stateIt will generally be found, that, ment I believe your readers will find amidst the propensities of mankind to correct:- In the • Imperial Magatrouble and molest each other, there zine” for last July, a letter appeared are frequent manifestations of a higher on the character of Wordsworth's procontrol, that ruleth with a just hand ductions. Its writer (G. M.of Derby) amongst the inhabitants of the earth, exalted Wordsworth to the skies ; and sometimes causeth the deep-laid and, not content with this, “ traversed schemes of hatred and malice to ad- out of the record,” to degrade our vance the good of those they were greatest living poet. In vindication intended to hurt. But this evil of of Lord Byron, I wrote a reply to separating from, and opposing our G. M. which appeared in the “ Impeselves to, our fellow-mortals, is seldom rial” for September, wherein I reconsidered in its full extent. If we marked, that “for the brilliancy of would reflect upon its consequences, Lord Byron's diction, for the corruscahaving been the ruin of states, and tions of his genius, the fire of his the subversion of empires; it has poetry, the flashes of his wit, and the been the foundation of all their weak- mordacity of his satire, his Lordship ness and misfortune, and finally, their had been justly termed by G. M.'s total overthrow; for it has been de- master spirits' of the times, the structive of unanimity, which is the greatest poet of the present age, and

Remarks on Byron and Wordsworth.

630 of almost every other; and that it was and Rome, should atone for all his not in the power of any petty assailant faults ;-and that the English reader to pluck the laurels from his brow.” being deprived of the treasures of I also adopted the lex talionis, by con- antiquity, ought to have his genius demning the puerilities of the sim- fostered, and his literary taste imple Wordsworth,” and observed that proved, by such a noble writer as * G. M.'s letter formed an illustration Byron ; his Lordship combining the of his own remark, that much has been fire of Homer with the elegance of said to little purpose, upon Words- Virgil, and blending the wit of Aristoworth,

pbanes with the satire of Juvenal. “The dull disciple of R. Southey's school.”

The obscenities of his Lordship were

as much censured by myself as by my This letter infuriated G. M. who respectable opponent; but it was produced a rejoinder in the Imperial maintained that, excepting an unacfor October, in which

knowledged poem, they were of very “ He storm’d so loud, and seem'd so won- rare occurrence ; that Lord Byron's drous grim,

poetry was purity in the abstract, His very shadow durst not follow him. when contrasted with some classic

In the same number of the Maga-authors constantly read, and that were zine, a writer under the signature of it even compared with Sbakspeare's, H. had no mercy upon

“ Don Juan;"

" | his Lordship would be found to be the and a gentlemen who signed his letter purer writer. This vindication of G. J. Christ Church, Surrey, replied Lord Byron made some of Wordsto mine of the preceding month. These worth’s admirers wax warn, and pen three letters occasioned my answer to replies which I should now proceed to “Farce, Comedy, and Tragedy,” in notice, but that a writer, (M. M. of which it was demonstrated, by ex- Acton-place,) in the Magazine for tracts from Mr. Hazlitt's works, that November, claims the precedence. his opinion of Lord Byron and Mr. In my letter of October 2d, I exWordsworth was totally different from posed Wordsworth's PROFANITY, and what G. M. (by transcribing a single another gentleman (CHRISTIANUS ) line from “Table Talk”) would have branded an impious passage as little us believe. Portions were also quoted less than BLASPHEMY; yet M. M. from Lord Byron and Wordsworth asserts that “there is nothing in that substantiated my character of Wordsworth's writings that can offend these writers; the sentiments of emi- the most delicate ear, or corrupt the nent reviewers were proved to coin-heart, and that every thing to be cide with my own; G. M.'s insinua- admired in their perusal!” M. M. may tion, that an admirer of Lord Byron's

deem Wordsworth's “BLASPHEMY” poetry must be an infidel, was indig- worthy of admiration, but from such nantly repelled; and some beautiful a notion, I must beg leave to be a Jines from the Grecian lyric were ap

M. M. states, that he plied to Lord Byron and his reviler.

cannot resist the temptation of askIn answer to H. I excepted from his ing" my “opinion of the conclusion of sweeping censure, the exquisite song

Wordsworth's · Cumberland Beggar,' in “Don Juan," praising national in which its writer is said to display freedom and glory, and adduced a

a head and heart worthy of the patrocelebrated reviewer's account of that nage of the people of England.” Sir, poem as one that would have animated I see nothing very excellent in these LONGINUS, &c. To G. J. I urged, in

verses. Wordsworth wishes that the defence of Lord Byron's character old man's “ blood” may and his poetry, his Lordship’s well. "Struggle with frosty air and winter snows, known beneficence to

And let the charter'd wind! that sweeps the churches and ministers that Lord By- Beat bis grey looks against his wither'd

, ron had elevated the literary taste of

face,” &c. the age, and made even Wordsworth decline his “ unmeaning prittle prat

I think that Wordsworth would tle;"—that to a classical scholar, his have displayed a better “head and Lordship's “bright and breathing" heart," if, instead of letting the poor descriptions of Parnassus, Greece, fellow “ struggle with winter snows,”



* Childe Harold, Canto I.

+ Giaour.

Childe Harold, Canto IV.

he had humbly imitated the benefi- author. But I would “hope better cence of Lord Byron, by calling the things of” Lord Byron, and the wellold man into his house, warming him attested accounts of his Lordship's at his fire, and giving him a glass of beneficence to CHRISTIAN churches, and wine and a good great coat, to keep of his distribution of Testaments, warout the frosty air.” And now, Mr. rant such candour. “ Charity hopeth Editor, I “cannot resist the tempta- all things,” and the lines condemned tion of asking” M. M. the name of th may merely imply that his Lordship “ French writer," whose “introduc- does not believe the doctrine of an tory observations" he has discovered. intermediate state: if so, he only conI was in Paris last summer, and also curs with many erudite and pious in 1820, and I did not find the French divines. May I be allowed to digress so very religious. Both times I saw for a moment, to observe that the folseveral editions of Lord Byron's lowing passage, poems, in English and in French, the

“Religions take their torn,” &c. introductory observations” of which which has been reiterated as a proof I carefully perused; but never saw any thing resembling what M. M. has intimate the historical fact, that reli

of Lord Byron's infidelity, may only asserted. “ Tis strange, 'tis passing gions have taken their turn. Where strange,that a writer should depreciate

are the seven churches of Asia ? The the very author, whose works he has translated, and which he must naturally Righteousness once shone ; and tho

crescent now glitters where the Sun of be anxious to sell. M.M. declares that

banners of an infamous impostor waro “the noble poet thinks an hereafter a phantom of inan's creation,” because where the glorious standard of the in one of Lord Byron's poems, (he

cross was erected. To look at the does “not know which,”) there oc

more pleasing. side of the picture, curs the following character of death.

Christianity triumphs over the super

stitions of Heathenism, and “the “ The first dark day of nothingness, idols” of Otaheite, if not “cast to the The last of misery and distress.”

moles and to the bats,” are yet to be Now, Sir, it is of material conse

seen in our Missionary Roonis, as quence to “know which." Upon exa

pleasing memorials, that in that mining Lord Byron's poems, the lines island, as well as in many other counwill be found in the “Giaour,” the

tries, “ the inhabitants are turned Infidel; and every thing then becomes from dumb idols, to the service of the natural; for readers of taste will rea- only living and true God.” And this dily admit that there should be some

change” will take place, till, in the resemblance between the character language of Byron, pourtrayed, and the sentiments ad

“ man shall learn vanced, in order to preserve the cos

Vainly his incense soars, his victim bleeds ;" tume, &c. But M. M. intimates that which will be when the prediction of an author imbibes the very feelings, the prophet is fulfilled; “ there shall and becomes the very character, he be one Lord throughout all the earth, delineates! His logicis quite unique; and his nanie one. it would transform Shakspeare into a The charge of plagiarism made Coliban, and the religious Milton into against Lord Byron by the Literary an impious demon. M. M. seems like Gazette, echoed by M. M. and re-echoed. the poor Indians, who thought every by Mark Coleridge, I am by no means horseman to be a part of his horse. anxious to refute. Coincidence is not Lord Byron is thought to be a deist; plagiarism ; and every scholar well if so, considering ex. grat. arg. the knows the accusation, in a greater or censured language as conveying his less degree, has been alleged against own sentiments, this accounts for it. most of our best writers, and “even God forbid that I should ever palliate when it is FALSE,” says Dr. Johnson, infidelity ; but justice to the subject“ it may be sometimes urged with prorequires me to observe, that, were we bability.The 143d number of Johnto discard every author who is not a son's Rambler, and the 95th of Christian, and all of whose sentiments Hawkesworth's Adventurer, contain are not exactly approved, we must some admirable remarks on “plagiareject all the Roman and Grecian rism," but for a complete investigation classics, and many a valuable English of the subject, I beg to refer your


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