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LETTER FROM MR. CRABTREE TU LORD

that doubt it must continue agitated, duced into the family of heaven ;if no foreign information alight on the fixed in the belief of immortality, and mind.

taught how to render it glorious,-a Philosophy

Divine Revelation should be, and is, Dream'd of immortal life; but dream'd by happily, made to man. starts;

J. H. L. By starts awak'd, and doubted-Toher search Helstone, June, 1822. The light was feeble, and the field around Was long, and dark, and desolate."

For the soul to be left in this condi. tion, would be to exclude it from its

KENYON. interests, and prevent that noble expansion of its faculties, which would The following letter, replete with mofollow such a knowledge, as would desty and good sense, contains some discountenance its doubis, and extin- important questions, which every guish its perplexities. This conducts young man, about to enter on the prome to my position, that Divine know- fession of the law, would most gladly ledge is absolutely necessary:

propose, to such an exalted character Lastly, That the soul might ascer

as Lord Kenyon, if he had the opportain the wature of the posterior life it tunity. This is a task which Mr. anticipates, and thus be enabled to Crabtree has already accomplished institute any proceedings,

which for him; and in Lord Kenyon's reply, might be requisite to secure such an

the young student will not make any existence as it would desire.

great mistake, if he should imagine The comparison between present

the letter addressed to himself. We and eternal things, falls short of any are not aware that cither of these dimensions. The ponderous magni- letters bas ever appeared in priat. tude of infinity overwhelms the fleeting

(The date of Mr. Crabiree's letter contingencies of time, and swallows must be inferred from that of Lord all in its inconceivably profound Kenyon's answer.) abyss. Hence, in the mind awakened to an idea of its immortality, and ‘My Lord, indulging hopes of interminable years, “I am a young man about to enter it is natural there should be the in- into the profession, at the head of quiry, how far the present taste and which you preside with such disiinhabits are such as may resemble the guished eminence; and am desirous future, and whether any change of of moving in the sphere I am placed sentiment or practice should be expe- in, with as much credit as it will adrienced, as a capacitaiing fitness for mit of. To gain a competent knowanother world. Enwrapped with so ledge of the spirit and principles of the much obscurity and perversion of feel- law, must be most essentially pecesing as pervades this lower scene, the sary to the pure practice of it; and I possibility of correct judgment in the am now induced, by the accounts I case is almost,-is completely, ex- have always heard of your Lordship's cluded. The loveliness of virtue, and goodness, humbly to request, that you deformity of vice, might indeed shew will be pleased to honour me so much on which reward would probably be as to communicate to me the course of bestowed, and punishment inflicted; reading necessary to be pursued in but how effectually to avert wrath and order to attain so desirable an end. secure mercy, would be unknown, as “ The mind, without a guide to di. is fully proved by every human theo- rect its exertions, is like a traveller on logical theory, and as is yet more per- a pathless desart, bewildered and tingently evinced, by the peculiarities confused; it proceeds without kuowof that Revelation which God has ing whither, and perhaps sinks in the given us.

pursuit of that, which, by timely In order, therefore, that the digni- assistance, it might have attained with fied, though fallen inhabitant of earth, pleasure. might be invested with all bis mental “Your Lordship will certainly be and moral privileges ;-be defecated astonished at my presumption, yet I from the impurity of sin, and pardon- trust you will not wonder at the reaed of the guilt of rebellion ;-restored

It is natural for a man from the distance of revolt, and intro- eager after knowledge, to wish to

son of it.

66

721

A Discourse delivered al Plymouth, &c.

722

If you

66

. Sir,

take it from the purest source. Com- judge as I am how to go on. mon sense pointed out your Lord- mean to come to the bar, I would adship.

vise you to go to some able Special If your Lordship should not con- Pleader ; but you will inform yourself sider it beneaih your dignity to take who answers that description, as notice of this letter, I should have much ignorance now mixes in that reason to consider it the happiest cir- profession. Conveyancing will be cumstance of my life, to have experi- learned in the office you are placed in, enced your condescending goodness. and by referring to Horsman's or other If, on the contrary, you should smile books of Precedents, and the Poor at my folly, or be offended at my pre- Law and Sessions Business, from Mr. sumption, I shall be sufficiently pu- Const's late Book, and Burns' Jusnished by silence and neglect.

tice. “Humbly intreating your Lord- “ I heartily wish you success, and ship's forgiveness for baving thus that you may deserve it by acting long intruded on your valuable time, honourably in the prosecution of your I beg leave to subscribe myself profession. “Your Lordship’s most devoted

Your humble servant, " And obedient humble servant,

“Kenyon. ROBERT CRABTREE. · May 13th, 1793." Halesworth, Suffolk.Lord Kenyon's Answer to Mr. Crab- | A Discourse delivered at Plymouth, tree's Letter.

( America,) in Commemoration of

the First Settlement of New England. I am afraid you have concluded By Daniel Webster. Wells and before this time I decline to answer Lilly, Boston. your letter: to say the truth, I had some suspicion that the letter did not MR. EDITOR. come from a real person; but being Sin, I rejoice to have it in my convinced of that, I do not delay to power, among the foremost of our write to you. I wish it was in my periodical contemporaries, to lay bepower to propose any plan that you fore your readers some account of a could rely on. The truth is, that in production of the American press, the study of the law, a mass lies be- highly creditable to the talents and fore the student enough to deter young good feeling of the individual writer, minds, and they are left to hazard in and of the society from which it emawbich road to proceed.

nates. It at once abounds with the " I would advise you to read very finest eloquence, varied display of carefully Blackstone's Commentaries; knowledge, national liberality of opiand if you would have the perseve- nions, and profound remarks. From rance to go through it two or three the pen of a gentleman of distinguishtimes, I believe it would be of great ed rank and abilities in the law, whose

After this, you may, perhaps, merits are very generally appreciated with some advantage, read Serjeant and aduired in his own country, such Hawkins's Abridgment of Coke's Lit- a display of genuine oratory and powtleton, and then proceed to Coke's ers of mind, comprehending much Littleton, accompanying that arduous that is great and excellent in governtask with reference to the Abridgment ment, national manners, and religion, I have mentioned, which will point cannot but be interesting to the lovers, out to you those parts of that vast of freedom, liberality, and religious work which are now rather obsolete. toleration, on this side of the At

will read the more modern Reports ; Sir Under this impression, I proceed James Burrows's, Mr. Douglas's, to give some extracts, which I think Cowper's, and the Term Reports; will fully substantiate the foregoing and in Equity, the 1st vol. of Equity remarks: premising only, that the disCases Abridged ; Mr. Cox's Edition of course was given to the Transatlantic Peer Williams's; Hawkins's Reports public, at the request of the society, in the time of Lord Talbot; and Pre- which thus concludes the invitation to cedents in Chancery. By the time the Hon. Daniel Webster, through this is done, you will be as good a their Secretary.

use.

nevrovic.... “ While in the performance of this duty, as And we would leave here, also, for the honourable as it is pleasing, I am directed to generations which are rising up rapidly to fill sabjoin, that the Committee of the Massachu- our places, some proof that we have endeasetts Historical Society, and of the American voured to transmit the great inheritance animAntiquarian Society, who attended on this oc- paired; that in our estimate of public princicasion by invitation, unite in the request. ples and private virtues, in our veneration of

religion and piety, in our devotion to civil and After a few more general prelimi- religious liberty, in our regard to whatever nary observations, the learned and advances human knowledge, or improves huaccomplished speaker thus continued man happiness, we are not altogether unworthy his discourse :

of our origin.

“ Great actions and striking occurrences “ It is a noble faculty of our nature, which having excited a temporary admiration, often enables us to connect our thoughts, our syin- pass away and are forgotten, because they pathies, and our happiness, with what is dis- leave no lasting results affecting the prospetant in place or time, and looking before and rity and happiness of communities. Such is, after, to hold communion at once with our an- frequently, the fortune of the most brilliant cestors and our posterity. Human and moral military achievements. Of the ten thousand although we are, we are nevertheless not mere battles which have been fought; of all the insulated beings, without relation to the past fields fertilized with carnage ; of the banners or the future. Neither the point of time, nor which have been bathed in blood; of the warthe spot of earth in which we physically live, riors who have hoped that they had risen from bounds our rational and intellectual enjoy the field of conquest, to a glory as bright and ments. We live in the past by a knowledge as durable as the stars, how few continue long of its history; and in the future, by hope and to interest mankind ! anticipation. By ascending to an association “ The victory of yesterday is reversed, by with our ancestors; by contemplating their the defeat of to-day; the star of military glory, example, and studying their character; by rising like a meteor, like a meteor has fallen; partaking their sentiments, and imbibing their disgrace and disaster hang on the wheels of spirit; by accompanying them in their toils, conquest and renown; victor and vanquished and rejoicing in their successes and their tri- presently pass away into oblivion, and the umpbs; we mingle our own existence with world goes on in its course, with the loss only theirs, and seem to belong to their age. We of so many lives and so much treasure.” become their contemporaries, live the lives which they lived, endure what they endured,

But I must here omit much inteand partake in the rewards which they en- resting matter, to arrive at portions of joyed. We protract our own earthly being, the work more immediately applicable and seem to crowd whatever is future, as well to passing events, to this country, and as all that is past, into the narrow compass of our earthly existence. As it is not a vain and the general purpose I have in view. thoughtless, bat an exalted and religious ima- The author proceeds to state: gination, which leads us to raise our thoughts “Some retrospect of the past century which from the orb, which, amidst this universe of bas now elapsed, is among the duties of the worlds, the Creator has given us to inhabit, occasion. It must, however, necessarily be and to send them with something of the feeling compressed within the limits of a simple diswhich nature prompts, and teaches to be pro- course. I shall content myself, therefore, with per among children of the same eternal Parent, taking notice of a few of the leading and most to the contemplation of the myriads of fellow; important occurrences, which have distinbeings, with which his goodness has peopled guished the period. the infinite space; so neither is it false or vain “ When the first century closed, the proto consider ourselves as interested and con- gress of the country appeared to have been nected with our whole race, through all time; considerable, potwithstanding that, in compaallied to our ancestors, allied to our posterity, rison with its subsequent advancement, it now closely compacted on all sides with others; seems otherwise. A broad and lasting foundaourselves being but links in the great chain of tion had been laid, excellent institutions bad being, which runs onward through its succes- been established, much of the prejudices of sive generations, binding together the present, former times had been removed, a more libethe past, and the future—and terminating at ral and catholic spirit on subjects of religious last, with the consummation of all things concern had begun to extend itself, and many earthly, at the throne of God.

things conspired to give promise of increasing “ Standing in this relation to our ancestors future prosperity. and our posterity, we are assembled on this Perhaps it may also be added, that during memorable spot, to perform the duties which the period of the civil wars in England, and the that relation, and the present occasion, impose reign of Cromwell, many persons wbose reliupon us.

We have come to this rock, to re- gious opinions and religious temper might, cord bere our homage for our pilgrim fathers, under other circumstances, have induced them our sympathy in their sufferings, our gratitude to join the New England colonists, found reafor their labours, our admiration of their vir- sons to remain in England; either on account toes, and our attachment to those principles of of active occupations in the scenes which were civil and religious liberty, for wbich they en- passing, or of an anticipation of the enjoyment countered the dangers of the ocean, the storms in their own country of a form of government, of heaven, the violence of savages, disease, civil and religious, accommodated to their exile, and famine, to enjoy and to esta- views and principles. The violent measures blish.

too, parsued against the colonies in the reign 6

cure.

725 Malicious Cruelty.- An Extraordinary Deliverance. 726 of Charles II. the mockery of a trial, and the at the anniversary of this occurrence, forfeiture of the charters, were serious evils. the young papists make a practice of of James 11. and the tyranny of Andros, as the catching as many wrens as they can, venerable bistorian of Connecticut observes :

and on these innocent victims they “all the motives to great actions, to industry, wreak their ferocious vengeance for economy, enterprize, wealth, and population, the crime of their predecessor. But were in a manner annihilated. Liberty, pro- what species of punishment are these perty, and every thing which ought to be dear to men, every day grew more and more inse- pretty songsters destined to suffer?

Sir, they are wrapped up in a lock of “ With the revolution in England, a better tow, tied to the iron pot crook, and thus prospect had opened on this country, as well suspended over a slow fire, till they exas on that. The joy had been as great on that pire in indescribable agony ! event, and far more universal, in New than in

This tale needs no comment; it Old England. A new charter had been granted to Massachusetts, which, though it did not speaks volumes to British hearts, conconfirm to her inhabitants all their former pri- cerning that religion, (if we must devileges, yet relieved them from great evils and grade the sacred term by so foul an embarrassments, and promised future secu- application,), which could first give rity.”

birth to, and which still continues to

R. T. (To be continued.)

cherish and encourage, such diabolical dispositions. Does it not outstrip the barbarity of the savages of North

America ? Yes; for their cruelty, is REMARKABLE DISPLAY OF MALICIOUS merely the ebullition of irritated human CRUELTY.

nature : but the above fact exhibits a

spirit of infernal revenge. MR. Editor.

I am, Sir, your's, &c. Sir, --There is a tradition in the North

S. T. of Ireland, that during the popish

Belfast, 12th June, 1822. rebellion and massacre of the Protestants in that country, in the year 1641, a little bird, of the Wren species, by its cheerful note, awoke a certain Protestant, just at the critical There is no subject, perhaps, which moment when his bloody persecutors the human mind can contemplate, were approaching, to fulfil that por- accompanied with more difficulty than tion of their duty to their Church, which to reconcile the operation of natural enjoins them to “destroy and extir- causes, and the free agency of man, pate all heretics and schismatics, as

with the superintending providence of enemies and rebels against their Sove- the all-seeing eye. That there is such reign Lord the Pope;"* in consequence a thing as free agency, that natural of which, the intended victim of popish causes produce their own effects, and piety, efl'ected his escape, and, by a that he who gave both a being, rules seasonable alarm, preserved an entire and overrules them for his own glory, district of country from the merciless

we have no reason whatever to doubt. fangs of these monsters in human The providence of the Almighty inshape. But mark the consequences ! volves one connected and complete and while with horror and disgust we chain of events, without fettering the peruse the heart-sickening tale, let free agency of man. Every link of us bless the goodness of that God, this would appear in its proper place, who, in his merciful providence hath

were we only possessed of penetration delivered the British dominions from to discern it; but, the domination of a religion, which

- Blind unbelief is sure to err, inculcates and cherishes such disposi

And scan bis works in vain; tions as this tale unfolds. Sir, it is a God is bis own interpreter fact, well known in that part of the

And he will make it plain." country, viz. in the county of Tyrone, and was related to me by an

There are few days of our existence eye wit

here, but what bring forth events unness, of unquestionable veracity, that

accountable to us, even when we duly

attend to them. Their appearing so * Vide the Roman Catholic Bishop's consecration oath, described in the Imperial Magar throws us into a kind of listlessness,

frequently on the stage of action, zine for February, 1820, col. 43, and still taken by the prelates of that church.

and they recede from the eye without

AN EXTRAORDINARY DELIVERANCE.

commanding the attention. There are On Monday morning, the clamours some singular and extraordinary of the boy's mother, a poor widow, cases, however, which arrest the alarmed the people again, and they mind, and excite us to reflect on the recommenced the arduous task. They dangers, toils, and deaths, which continued diligently to remove the await unthinking man. Among the earth, and in the evening, as it grew many of this stamp, the following is dark, they came to the body, which, deserving of notice.

to the astonishment of every one preA farm-house, in the county of An. sent, was still alive, and had sustaintrim, ncar Colerain, being at a consi- ed no particular injury, though upderable distance from water, the mas- wards of thirty-six hours under the ter determined to dig for it at the end earth. The boy appeared to be deof his own house. As the ground was ranged for a few hours after he was sandy, the pit was 36 feet deep before extricated; but both body and mind water appeared. This being deemed were as well as ever the next day. too expensive for a pump, a windlass, There are a few circumstances conrope, and bucket, were procured, and nected with this extraordinary event, the water was obtained after a tedious which deserve our notice. operation. On a Saturday night, July 1. The arrival of the man after the 1819, the bucket slipped off the hook rain, was particularly providential, in the act of drawing up, and of course inasmuch as he excited the people to an exertion must be made to recover renew their exertions, from his belief it. This was deferred till the next that he was still alive.

2. It appears morning, when a boy of 16 years of not a little curious, that, though the age, was let down on a chair, fastened lad shouted as loud as he possibly to the rope of the windlass. He had could, no one ever heard his voice just arrived within ten feet of the sur- but the individual mentioned, who, no face of the water, when the sides of doubt, was quicker in his hearing the pit gave way, and, awful to relate, than the rest of the people, and yet he was literally buried alive, more the lad heard every word that was than twenty feet below the surface of spoken above him. It was next to the ground. This produced a strong death itself to him, when he heard agitation in the neighbourhood, and them despairing of his life, and going every eand that could find room to off from the spot, first on account of work, was actively engaged in remov- the rain, and then because it grew ing the earth, thinking to extricate dark. He knew this was the case him alive. This humane proceeding, from the conversation of the people, however, was shortly abandoned, in which he could repeat after he recoconsequence of a very heavy rain, vered. 3. We might be ready to which began to fall, and continued imagine, that if nothing tended to denearly till the evening. Every hope prive him of life, he might have died of his life now became extinct, and it in consequence of the cold of the surwas deemed unnecessary to resume rounding earth ; but so far from this the labour until after the sabbath had being the case, he was so extremely expired.

warm that suffocation nearly ensued. An individual, however, who had This produced an unconquerable tbirst, travelled better than six miles to wor- and had his arms been at liberty, he ship, near the place, repaired to the would have taken his own life, if posspot as he returned home, being at- sible, rather than endure the painful tracted by his curiosity. While he sensation. 4. His preservation he stood upon the place, he heard, or ascribed, and that justly, to the rain fancied that he heard, the voice of the which fell on Sunday in such a plentilad proceeding out of the ground. ful manner. Had there been no rain, His assertions immediately gave a in all probability he would have died stimulus to the neighbours, and again i before he could be dug out, as we see they set to work, and continued to it took them so long to remove the labour hard until the shades of night | earth; but the rain ran abundantly constrained them to desist. This they down the rope and tended to keep his would not have done, had they not frame cool, and supplied him with lost faith in the possibility of his being drink, as he sucked the rope in his alive, and in the declaration of the man mouth. I cannot forbear remarking who asserted that be heard him cry. here, that the basin which was formed

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