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ANECDOTE OF CURRAN.
ON THE MEANS OF PREVENTING ACCI
IN MISTAKE FOR EPSOM SALTS.
on Sunday morning, and enlarged in pated from such a precaution. The the evening around the rope, by the preparation under consideration is a exertions of the people, served to ac- very deadly poison, proving destruccumulate the quantum of water, and tive of animal life very shortly after to supply the rope more abundantly | its introduction into the stomach in for his use. Thus we discover a fel- sullicient quantity; and unfortunately low creature liberated from a most the quantity sufficient to produce fatal deplorable state of fears and suffer- consequences, is less than the ordi. ings, by a striking combination of nary dose of the medicine for which it natural and providential causes. is so easily mistaken.
Arfila ranks this among the irritating poisons, and it certainly produces very severe inflammation, and erosion
of the coats of the stomach. But that As Curran and a gentleman passed the remarks we shall offer may be along the streets in Dublin, they over- more generally intelligible, we shall heard some one exclaiming to an make a few observations on the leadother, “ He is a great genus,” (genius.) ing characteristic properties of acids. “ That man has murdered that word,” | Chemists recognize acids by general said Curran's companion. “ You mis- phenomena, which they exhibit on take, was the reply, "for he only the application of tests or re-agents. knocked an i out of it.”
They have a sharp sour taste; they affect vegetable blue colours, turning them to red, such as infusion of lit
mus, of red cabbage, syrup of violets, DENT, FROM TAKING OXALIC ACID &c. And if these colours should have
been previously rendered green by
alkalies, a sufficient quantity of acid ACCIDENTS have so frequently occur changes this green to red again, while red from the substitution of oxalic with a less addition, the peculiar proacid, either through mistake or negii- perties of both alkali and acid are gence, for more innocent prepara-, neutralized or suspended ; the vegetions, that we presume the remarks table infusion, under a proper adjustwe are about to offer require no apo- ment of these agents, acquiring its logy. The daily, and other papers, natural colour. have so often commented on tbis sub- Now oxalic acid possesses these ject, and even so lately as since the properties in an eminent degree ; and last melancholy occurrence, that we it is upon them we would found the should have considered any additional means of preventing accident. Our remarks superfluous; had any plausi- means rest solely with the person takble and practicable plan been proposing the medicine; previously to dised, to prevent such catastrophes in solving the presumed or supposed future.
Epsom salts in water, let one or two It has been proposed to banish this of the minute crystals be laid on the preparation from the shop of the che- tongue, when, if they be oxalic acid, mist altogether; but by the same rule, the sour taste will be immediately every other deleterious agent should be recognized by any one who bas ever subjected to similar prohibition :-a tasted a sour liquor, as vinegar or proposal too absurd to require refuta- lemon juice, and with which there is tion. The most plausible and effec- no danger of confounding the bitter tual means yet proposed, for prevent- taste of Epsom salts.
To this we ing accident, appear to be the colour- know it may be objected, that many ing of the crystals; but we doubt persons cannot bear to taste medicine much, if many of the uses to which before swallowiog it all off; and that oxalic acid is applied, would admit of should they once attempt this, they this. An instance, which occurred a could not bring themselves to take the short time since, affords sufficient evi- medicine afterwards. To remedy this dence, that the precaution of marking inconvenience, and guard against poison on this substance will not al-mistake, even if a friend cannot be ways prove a sufficient protection, for found to taste for them, we would if the parties cannot read, as in suggest that every apothecary, chethis case, no advantage can be antici- mist, and vender of medicine, No. 43.—Vol. IV.
obliged to put a small piece of paper, ties also ; therefore, when an indivistained blue with litmus, into every dual has taken a dose of oxalic acid, package, or dose, of Epsom salts, neutralizing the acid, presents the which he sells; and that the object most probable and effectual means of for which the morsel of litmus paper preventing the consequences to be is intended, be explained to every apprehended. But in resorting to person so purchasing, namely, that if this, it must be recollected, that the they have the proper medicine (Epsom acid, and the substance neutralizing salts) no effect will ensue on adding it, form a new compound; and therewater to dissolve the salt; but if the fore care must be taken that the reerystals should be oxalic acid, imme- sulting compound be not equally, or diately on solution the litmus will be even more, deleterious than the origireddened intensely. These means we nal poison. think would be found fully sufficient to Arfila, from a number of experiguard against the possibility of acci- ments, concluded that calcined magdent, and the person about to take nesia was the best antidote or counter Epsom salts, after having waited a poison. An ounce of this, he says, minute or two for the solution of the should be mixed with a pint of water, crystals, and finding the litmus paper and a wine glass full given every two unaffected, may then remove this lat- minutes, so as to favour vomiting, and ter, and swallow the mixture, without prevent the acid from acting. In adany apprehension from the effects of ministering this remedy, care should oxalic acid.
be taken to keep the magnesia susWe would also suggest the propri- pended in the water, as unless it be ety of putting a similar bit of litmus constantly agitated on giving the dose, paper into every package of oxalic the magnesia will fall to the bottom, acid, as thus the danger from its being and the patient get little else than the left aside, and being taken by any one water. In the event of magnesia not who might meet with it accidentally, being at hand, or to be immediately would be materially lessened; for obtained, the same author recomthough, from the great resemblance mends half an ounce of soap to be of its crystals to those of Epsom salts, dissolved in a pint of water;-or even any one might be mistaken, still we chalk, mixed with water, may be conceive the intensely red colour, given, with a prospect of advantage. which the litmus paper would assume Clysters of the same should likewise on effecting the solution of the acid, be administered. But it would be would be sufficient, in most instances, right in all cases, to have medical to guard against deception.
advice as soon as possible ; and these Indeed, we believe the very first means should be tried in the interim, fatal accident occurred from a mis- that no time may be lost. Mucilagitake of the nature we have just been nous drinks should be given during the mentioning :-Some person had been whole of the time. carrying home a paper of the acid, We shall now conclnde these obserbut which the owner lost; another met vations by stating, that we have instiwith it, and, on inspecting it, the tuted experiments, and have varied finder concluded it to be Epsom salts, these, in every possible way, with a and drank a quantity of it in solution. view to illustrate this matter, and put It is almost superfluous to state, that the correctness of our assertions and the consequences were fatal. Had opinions beyond the possibility of litmus paper, as proposed, been put doubt. It may here be necessary for into this parcel, and these effects upon our own credit, to state, that we were it been commonly known, it is mani- induced to make experiments upon fest that even though it might not this subject, in consequence of its have prevented the result in this case, being suggested by respectable chemiyet, generally speaking, it would have cal authority, that Epsom salts redtended considerably to lessen the pro- dened syrup of violets and infusion bability of an accident.
of litmus, and that this proceeded In stating the distinguishing charac- from its being a supersalt, (that is, a teristics of acids, it was observed, that salt with a very slight excess of acid the acid properties might be neutral- in this instance.) We can, however, ized by the addition of alkalies. Al most positively assert, that this is not kaline earths neutralize these proper- the case, and that in pure Epsom
salts, the acid and base are perfectly S trains solemn for a dying world shall sound, neutralized; and even in the speci. E ntomb'd to lie in chaos void profound : mens which led to these experiments, v ast floods of fame from æther shall de
R epining kings shall his dread throne attend, the effect on the litmus paper could scend : only be observed by an experienced A stonish'd men these mighty signs shall see, eye. Bat although there was in this T he good shall court them, but the wicked one specimen, a very faint reddish appearance produced upon the test on all the just will ope a better life : paper, yet we are inclined to attribute R emorse will plunge a madd’ning world in
strife. this circumstance to some acid acci.
R. K**TT. dentally adhering in very minute Portsea, April 4th, 1822. quantities—as upon washing and recrystalizing the salt, it was found to produce no effect upon the test. We
THE LOVERS. need scarcely remark, that all persons valuing their safety, should not fail to The even tide had come,—and near the west provide themselves with the means of The young moon shone in glory, and the sky detection we have suggested; and
was clear which can be done at a very trifling And blue, and in the distance stars were expense. Should these observations In solitary mood I wander'd on; be instrumental, even in a single in- The scene was lovely :-'twas an April eve;stance, in preventing an unfortunate And tender blossom on each tree was found, occurrence, we shall not consider our Thick, white, but ting’d with red, and spots, time or our pages misapplied in their and beauty all :-'twas here I stay'd a time;
Side of an aged apple tree I stood, promulgation.
That oft had seen the moon look on its leaves,
I stood in thought; two youthful forms ap-
proach'd ; Young lovers they; they were the children,
too, Translation of the Latin Acrostic, which ap- Of those I long bad number'd with my friends.
peared in the Imperial Magazine for Septem- They slowly 'walk'd lock'd arm in arm, as ber, 1821.
As though a fear of danger they had felt. J UDGMENT appears, earth's face shall sweat The youth now. grasp'd her hand, and thus he bedew,
said, E re men from heav'n a glorious King shall “I will resign you to him,-have him, have
him, S way o'er all worlds, his boundless power Heav'n bless you with bim :"—he could say shall hold,
no more, U nhappy deists shall with saints behold, But in his eyes the tears told more than all: Sublime in human flesh, the Godhead shine; The fair one saw them, and she wept aloud : Circled by saints, who'll judge the deeds of And then he kiss'd the tear from off her time.
cheek; Horrid with woody thorns shall earth grow And then I heard, or thought I heard, ber
drear, R ejected golden gods shall disappear; Or sob, “I'm your's,-your's only:"-and I n torrents rushing from th' infernal night, they pass’d along.S hall squalid manes burst t'enjoy the light. -I know their story: she a lover bad, The good and bad the fire of truth must A richer lover than the youth with her, try,
Bat little car'd she for him,- for she says, U nlock’d, their cavern'd hearts mast open('Tis since that evening) that the gold will fly, fly;
Ànd bliss is not alone with rich and great. S peechless themselves, he'll all their thoughts He who was with her, thought 'twould better declare,
be Deep woe their doom; they'll wailing meet Himself should leave her,—thought so, said
despair. E arth, hearen, and the symphonious starry And, as he said it, tears stood in his eyes,-. choir,
They told that love, pare love, dweli in his I n gloom shall merge, and the bright moon breast, expire.
And that that love would do aught for her From the shrunk main shall beauteous valleys good, leap;
Whatever pain or sorrow it might cost ;I n dark oblivion, lofty mounts shall sleep; And she believed him,-and the thought of L arge open plains shall occupy their room, this I nflaming lightnings shall the earth con- Endear'd him to her with a stronger tie: sume;
And then they wept for joy,-then dried their V pward exhaled, the burning sea shall fly, tears, s brill archangelic tramps shall rend the sky; Kissed each others lips, and walk'd along.
-I, though an old man, saw and felt the LINES.-By Sir William Jones.
whole; And, melted into tears, I stood, and look'd,
The following beautiful lines were written Far as my eye could reach; and then I said,
(from the Arabic) by Sir William Jones, in “ O God of heaven, extend thy friendly arm 1783, and addressed to Lady Jones. O'er this young couple; keep them in thy fear;
WHILE sad suspense and chill delay May bliss be theirs, as much as earth can
Bereave my wounded soul of rest, give,
New hopes, new fears, from day to day, And when their days are ended, O wilt thou Receive them to thy dwelling, that their
By turns assail my lab'ring breast. earthly love
My heart, which ardent love consumes, May be exchanged for a heav'nly state !"
Throbs with each agonizing thought ;
So flutters with entangled plumes, Acton Place.
The lark in wily meshes caught.
There she with unavailing straiu,
Pours throagh the night her warbled grief:
The gloom retires, but not her pain, (The following epigram was addressed by the great Lord Lyttleton to Mr. Gilbert West, Two younglings wait the parent bird,
The dawn appears, but not relief. who had a beautiful villa near London.)
Their thrilling sorrows to appease : Fair nature's sweet simplicity,
She comes !-ah! no : the sound they heard With elegance refin'd,
Was but a whisper of the breeze.
Eager I fly, to prove
I saw him on a rock that sbades the sea
From the pale moon-beam's light,--and wild
Sat on each feature,—and he tore his hair, ON POPE'S DEATH.
And wrung his hands, and beat his breast,
for he ARISE, ye glimmering stars of wit! Had seen misfortune in her direst forms: For, lo! the Sun of Verse is set.
He left his home,--had brav'd the ocean's
And glory won in conquering England's foes ; STANZAS
But in his absence death had thrown his dart, To the memory of Mr. KEATS, the poet, who Father and mother fell, and numerous woes
died at Rome on this day twelvemonth.- (No bome had he) o’erpower'd his feeling By H. D.
heart, [The concluding line of each verse is the Nor comforter on earth, nor friend he found.
well known words of Keats, on being asked Hark! what is that? the dashing waters wbat inscription be would like to have put sound : on his tomb, “ Here lies one whose name He falls,-the waves rash back,—again rewas writ in water.”]
Dead silence reigns, and then the night-winds ANOTHER knell bas rung to-day,
for him mourn. And call'd another mortal home;
M. M. A flower which bloom’d bat to decay,
And wither in “ Imperial Rome.
THE MARINER's REFLECTIONS AND
ALLEGORICAL SOLILOQUY ON HIS 6 let my name be writ in water.'
SOUL. Say, saw ye not the sparkling lyre,
THREESCORE and ten revolving years I've By airy hands anstrung?
been And heard ye not the notes expire,
A pilot, faithful, safely lodg'd on board; And melt into a funeral song ?
Nor, since that union, once have left my Oh! 'twas a song of grief and woe,
charge. Unlike the odes of reeking slaughter, My bark has borne the tempest's stormy rage, It sang of him that's now laid low,
And hurricaneous drenching cataracts, Who'd fain have writ his name in water.
'Midst tossing rolling billows (awful depths) He ask'd a grave, and that was all,
On ocean bounded by Jehovah's word. No marbled monument or bust,
My shade beneath the solar orb I've cross'd, Then fell to earth, as roses fall,
Through trackless seas, by Afric's torrid That mix their sweetness with the dust.
shores, Tho' many keep pursuing Fame,
Where vivid lightnings dart their spiral fires, Few, very few have ever caught her,
And bursts of thunder shake the concave Yet with that few let Keats's name,
round. Be found, at last-not writ in water. In cruelty and mental darkness dwell Feb. 23d. 1822.
The sable sons of Cusb, first-born of Ham,
In sacred record wrote irreverent.
Of Jehovah are accomplish’d; Tho' ebon be thy hue, and mind untaught, At whose awful tramp, by archangel's And soul in ignorance fast bound,
sound, I sigh within my bark, yet trust, believe, My moalder'd bark will then triumphant rise, The time will soon arrive, thrice happy time, New model'd, moulded, fram'd in heav'nly By Israel's king foretold in sacred song,
form, The grace of Christ would spread from shore By the great master builder's pow'r divine; to shore,
Again unite with her faithful pilot, And Ethiop's sons should stretch their hands In love, in peace, in joy, consummate bliss, to God.
And union sweet, with saiuts devoutly join Indias both, both Capes, Afric, Columbia, To chords harmonious, on seraphic lyres, Both Atlantics, south and north (vast oceans) In hymns of praise to God, the God of love. To Iceland's frigid glazed shores, I've plough’d,
THE LAST SONG.-By G.M
My days ou earth are past,
My bour is overcast. wind,
I look to heav'n, and kneel, Herbage roots, with multiform of seed.
To know what is to be ; My optic glass, these wonders have survey'd, I turn to earth, and feel My hull has doubly felt each vast extreme.
It is no place for me. Her timbers now are weak, and much im
For I am now alone, pair'd,
I wither as the weed, And much her beams and bolts are warp'd and And in my breast is sown strain's :
A deep and deadly seed. Her weather-beaten bow deep furrows shew; Oh, oh! it does, alas, Frame, rigging, cloth, and tackle, paint her
My spirit doubly bow, age:
To think on what was, The helm of reason's weak, unsteady grown,
And feel what I am now. And lights, unto the socket's edge, are dim.
No friendly hand appears, With labour sweet she holds her course for
No cottage and no home, port,
I die, but shed no tears, Forth the sheet anchor guards, and cheers her
The worst, the worst is come.
I know and feel my doom, Like the attracted compass to the pole,
Far from a human race, So points my bark for her eternal rest.
The desart is my tomb,
And heav'n my dwelling place.
Away, away, away,
Upon an angel's wing :Invaluable! inestimable!
The night is chang’d to day, And lay this batter'd hull safe moor'd below.
The hallelujahs ring :
Then vanish all regret, Then will the time arrive when time must
I see the heav'nly clime,
For life and death have met The boundless Pacific, amazing scene!
Eternity and time.
'Tis night, and all nature has sunk in repose, And jarring elements, no more oppose;
The din of the village is rising no more, Where shoals, nor shelves, nor warning Whilst Eden's lov'd stream that so soothingly breakers, roar;
flows; Or bidden rocks, or leeward shores alarm, Is heard as it murmuring laves on its shore, Nor baffling winds, nor adverse currents run, Now bush'd are the woodlands in silence proAnd eddies retrograde no more perplex;
found, Where whirling vortex never cause affright, Which, frowning terrific, arise on the sight; Or plund'ring pirates plough the deep for Whilst the notes of the screech-owl extending prey ;
around, No hostile foe to wage destructive war,
At intervals break on the pause of the Or pow'r with pow'r contend for lust of gold; night. No navies' thunder shake the peaceful main,
But see where the moon, from the clouds all Or breath profane pollute th' imperial air,
emerging, Bat peace, sweet peace, and love eternal,
Its lustre refulgent spreads over the sky, reign.
Which, swift as its motions, it onwards is There will the sacred spirit of heaven,
urging, By his influence, keep my vital spark,
The landscape how boundless displays to Struck by Omnipotence, 'till the decrees