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preserve thee.

still bolder task in this laborious sort | gulphed in the vast display of poetic of exercise, by swimming from the feeling and imagery. This we are in island of Lido quite through the grand hopes will shew him that the woman" canal of Venice; in doing which, he was to be a blessing to “ the man" was four hours and twenty minutes, before the fall, and that with no other without touching either the ground relative intention was she created. or a boat.

Some men, however, there are, who (To be concluded in our next.)

entertain a more rational consideration for the sex, allowing to woman

her proper share of respect and imperReview-Of Woman, a poem,

by fections, viewing her in her proper Eaton Stannard Barrett, Esq. author light, neither worshipping her as a of the Heroine, 3d edition, printed goddess, nor offering her the indignifor Colburn and Co. 1819.

ties of a brute.

Whatever censure we shall feel our

selves called upon to pass on Mr. Forsake her not, and she shall Love her, and she shall keep thee.

Barrett's production, his candour may Exalt her, and she shall promote thee. certainly be cited in mitigation of da

mages, for his introductory observaThere are usually two opinions afloat extraordinary, as well as the most

tions are certainly among the most respecting woman, as diverging and novel, which it has ever fallen to our opposite as the antipodes themselves. lot to notice. He tells us in short, The one arises from a sort of enthusi- that he published a work of the same astic veneration, and its result is the kind some years since, bearing the most ridiculous flattery; the other,

sanie title, and not at “the request of than which nothing can more debase

friends”- that it was unsuccessfulthe human mind, is to degrade her to a parallel with the brute, and, in tice of which he was afterwards con

was abused by the critics, of the jusstead of cherishing for her the most vinced, as he himself discovered it lively feelings of interest and respect, full of errors. And to crown the regarding her as the slave and drudge whole, the work has undergone an of man. There is no doubt, great ex

entire revision, but he still entertains aggeration in both these opinions.

a small opinion of it. After such conThe mind, romantic in its favourite idolatry, revelling in its seeming de- of his production, it would be highly

fessions as these, say wbat we will votion, and ardent in the cause of ridiculous in Mr. Barrett to be disadulation, should recollect that “the fairest creature is a fallen creature;" pleased or dissatisfied, except with

our lenity. and, adopting the language of Cow

The machinery of the first part is per,

distributed under the following heads. “Oh! spare your idol, think her human -“ Elegiac tributes to Princess Charstill,

lotte-Of Refinement and Piety-The Charms she may have, but she has frailties Libertine, the Clown, the Pedant, the too,”

Witling, and the Deist, still despise should consent to be led by the dic-her-The pursuits and characteristics tates of reason and philosophy. of each sex contra-distinguished–The

We almost shudder to say any thing discrepancy between both beneficialto the man who holds opinions of an Women excel us, Ist, in Devotion ; opposite nature. It is true he is des- | 2dly, in Chastity; 3dly, in Modesty ; picable in our eyes; yet, in hopes 4thly, in Charity : 5thly, in Good that he is not too far gone to be re- Faith; 6thly, in Forgiveness; 7thly, claimed, we will suggest a few things in Paternal Affection.- Episode of a to his consideration. Our recommen- Mother and her Child-Women have dation shall be confined to Milton's often excelled as Sovereigns; they rule Eve, as presenting the finest picture the destinies of empires by presiding of human excellence which our lan- over national morality.” guage can boast. We will allow him

In the commencement of his eulogy to oppose and criticise the poet with on woman, our author expresses himthe most poignant severity which his self in the following strain : misapplied talents can invent, and

In early days, ere nations were refin'd, we dare assert that he will be en- Imperious mau degraded womankind,



And rais'd her by degrees, as social good ratio with his understanding, we are
And moral laws were better understood: enabled to relax a little on this pas-
Till when the holy Son of woman came,
And Eve's offence was lost in Mary's fame,

sage, for we can give the former more Man, virtuous and devout beyond the past,

credit, as being less conversant with Restor’d his helpmate to her sphere at last;

the varied means which the latter is And shunning either indiscreet extreme, at liberty to employ in such diabolical Now leaves her not oppress'd, and not su- purposes. As the passage bears more preme.

p. 24 and 25.

particularly on the conduct of that The social habit of man, in an un part of the human race enjoying the civilized state, is certainly an interest- advantages of education and instrucing question. Man, enlightened by tion, it behoves us to say that the philosophy, performs every action "Clown" and

“ Clown” and “Groom” are likely to upon principle-hence he is called a make better husbands, than my rational being But in a state of Lord” or the “ Squire ;" for the forsavage barbarity, he is taught to avoid mer have seldom any other views on and perform by instinct. That dispo- entering the marriage state, than a sition which teaches him the distinc-consummation of their happiness, and tion between food and poison is intui- hence they follow the bent of their tive.

inclination. Not so with those in the In the island of Otaheite, at the higher walks of life, where prudence time it was visited by Captain Cook, over-rules affection, and choice is speaking of the domestic usages of the made to bend to sinister considera. inhabitants, he says, that “the mas- tion. ter and his wife repose in the middle Nothing can exceed the avidity with of the house, then the married people, which the numerous hosts of poets of next the unmarried females, then the the present day hoist the hyperbolic unmarried men, and in fair weather ensignia. Far be it from us to conthe servants sleep in the open air.” demn the just and prudent introducA tolerably fair conclusion we think tion of imagery ; but the mind should may be drawn from this, that “. not be confused by crowded succesman,” at least in Otaheite, was not sion, or disgusted by ill-adapted arrived at the lowest point of degra- illustration. Such, however, we candation !

not but consider the following, wherein But Mr. Barrett tells us “Eve's our indifference towards the other sex offence was lost in Mary's fame.” is followed up by allusions to the How this was effected is not easily " chilly moon.Images form the very discoverable, Mary herself being only soul of poetry, and it is these which an instrument. We are told that raise and keep alive that indescribable Christ took away sin by the sacrifice enthusiasm which the poet feels. It of himself; but surely it was never is prudent selection, therefore, from intended to have a literal signification, this crude heterogeny which enables for if the transgression of Eve had the poet to kindle “ the same divinity been cancelled, sin, as an effect of which stirs within him,in the breast that transgression, should have been of his readers. physically destroyed :

After having told us of the indiffer" Remotâ causâ tollitur effectus."

ence paid to woman by the libertine,

the clown, the pedant, and the wit, “Yet since our own enlighten'd time retains,

he thus proceeds :-
Some partial tincture of the former stains,
Pale libertines, wbom wanton arts allure, “ As such conclude ber of inferior clay,
Still by the vicious female judge the pure.

Because she wants some merits men display, Companion of his groom, the clown confounds As well they may condemn the chilly moon Subservient woman with his horse and Because her crescent cannot glow like noon : hounds;

For if that orb whose affluent dew bestows And pedants, who from books and nature Balm on the glebe, another son arose, draw,

This flowerý ball would wither, stagnant Try and attaint her by scholastic law.

gales Wits for an epigram her fame undo,

Engender death, and midnight scorch the Aud those who God blaspheme, mock woman

vales.” too.”

Flattery is sometimes conveyed by Having already given it as our opi- inconsistent allusion, and we are afraid nion, that savages do not treat the this passage is a case in proof. It fair sex with more indignity than a puts us in mind of a youth on Valencivilized being, calculating in a given tine's day, who treats his charmer by

p. 26.

p. 25.

No. 43,--Vol. IV.

3 С


P. 40.

discovering to her the secret, that she When commencing our remarks on is like, what in all probability she is this poem, we recollect having hinted most unlike!

that our author had not forgotten to "Man covets freedom; yes, with wolfish attune bis muse's voice to flattery; ken,

and we really think that no woman, The lawless freedom of the howling den: who has any modesty or discriminaMan covets peace, too; yes, the stilly void, tion, can suppress a smile at the folThe dire repose when all things are destroy'd : lowing lines :The peace that worlds in desolation wear, The calm of death, the silence of despair.”

“O Woman, whose great Author bade the p. 28 and 29.

worst Can the “freedom” so much desired of all things earthly, be created first :

O woman, last and best of all create, by every creature of the human race, Not form'd from dust as thy presumptuous be the lawless freedom of the howling den?Here is undoubtedly a But born beside his heart, thou toilest still, paradox, for a den is as certainly To soothe thy birth-place, and preserve from opposed to any thing in the shape of freedom, as any thing opposed to

Still by thy birth-place, whether lov'd or

spurn'd, liberty can be. We are aware that still to thy moody birth-place art thou turn'd. freedom has a relation to body and The stream that hastes where'er its ocean mind; but in neither sense can it be

dwells, here applicable, for the victims of the The wave that presses, though the rock relatter are not to be controlled by Mistrustial of each other, men in thee, human interference, any more than a A friend who never proves a rival, see. rational being should covet“ the law- The maim'd, the wrinkled, the decay'd, the less freedom” of confinement, and that blind, too “ with wolfish ken!” Mr. Bar- All, save the blooming lover, own thee kind : rett's imagination must certainly have And as blest rainbows the meridian shan,

Bat grace the rising and departing sun, obtained a most powerful mastery, So at our prime the courtship disappears, when it led him forward to the last So tends our early age and latest years." confusion of all things. Let the reader for a moment set before his eyes

Having followed Mr. B. through the awful picture of the last great day, the first part of his work, we find it when the Grand Architect shall, with quite unnecessary to proceed further; a tremendous crash, hurl the earth from its centre, and bury the heavens terminate our comments.

a few general remarks, therefore, shall in oblivion; when the planetary sys- As it has been necessary in the tem shall be annulled, and the dark

course of our duty to censure much canopy of confusion shall envelop all

more than we could have wished, we those natural beauties, which the

are still, however, happy to add, that mind now contemplates with delight.

our obliquities have not been the Is it at all likely human nature can behold such an awful tragedy, and is true, bave been freely given ; still

effect of prejudice. Our opinions, it call the succeeding silence peace, and

we have this satisfaction, that they of such a nature as is coveted by are not exclusively our own. It has man,

been our business to submit to the -“ the stilly void,

trial “by woman,

,” and it has been The dire repose, when all things are de- ours to see many of the sex laugh stroy'd :

contemptuously over many of the pasThe peace which worlds in desolation wear, The calm of death, the silence of despair.”


Although much has been said, which When Mr. Barrett penned these may convince our readers that Mr. lines, he must have been led away Barrett is but a puny candidate for solely by attention to metre, without the Parnassian garland, and proofs any appeal to reason. What satisfac- having been given of his comparisons tion is there in the desolation of not being exactly consistent with reaworlds, which can make man earnestly son ; yet, with all this mass of failure desire to feast bis eyes on the dreadful on his head, we hold him far preferwreck? Or what is there in “the able to the sceptical muse of Byron, calme of death,” or “the silence of or the licentious lucubrations of despair,” which bears any allusion to Moore. Mr. Barrett's versification is peace?

not destitute of some intrinsic merit, and, when compared with the above, Again he says: it is less objectionable, because less

“ The same kind of facts, the same reasonspecious, and consequently less inju- ing, the same sort of evidence, altogether, rious. Flattery alone is the greatest which shew digestion to be the function of the pretension of the latter, while his con- alimentary canal, the motion of the muscles, temporaries

and various secretions of their respective

glands; prove that sensation, perception, me“ Prepare an opiate baneful to the soul.”

mory, judgment, reason, thought, in a word,

all the manifestations called mental or intellecAlexis.

tual, are the animal functions of their approb priate apparatus, the central organ of the ner

yous system. No difficulty nor obscurity beReview. - Lectures on Physiology, longs to the latter case, whích does not equally Zoology, and the Natural History affect all the former instances : no kind of ovi

dence connects the living processes with the of Man, &c.

material instruments in the one, which does

not apply just as clearly and forcibly to the ( Continued from col. 674.)


“Shall I be told, that thought is inconsistent Mr. Lawrence is not entirely free with matter, that we cannot conceive how from inconsistency: how his exertions medallary substance can perceive, rememto establish an implicit faith in his ber, judge, reason. I acknowledge we are own opinions correspond with the fol- accomplish these purposes ;-as we are, how

entirely ignorant how the parts of the brain lowing passage, we submit entirely the liver secretes bile, how the muscles conto the judgment of our readers. tract, or how any other living parpose is

effected ;-as we are, how heavy bodies are “ The increasing light of reason has destroy attracted to the earth, how iron is drawn to ed many of these remnants of ignorance and the magnet, or how two salts decompose each barbarism : but much remains to be done, be- other. If we go beyond this, and come to infore the final accomplishment of the grand pur- quire how the mechanism by which these pose, which, however delayed, cannot be things are effected, we shall find every thing ultimately defeated ;-! mean the complete around us equally mysterious, equally incomemancipation of the mind, the destruction of prehensive; 'from the stone which falls to the all creeds and articles of faith, and the esta- earth, to the comet traversing the beavens ; blishment of full freedom and belief.” p. 90. from the thread attracted by amber or sealing

wax, to the revolutions of planets in their orThis Quixotic æra, which he con- bits; from the formation of a maggot in putrid templates with such satisfaction,- flesh, or a mite in cheese, to the formation of the approach of which he hails with a Newton or a Franklin.” such ecstasy,-would leave him a solitary believer in his own doctrines ; Lawrence gratuitously assumes

Here it will be observed, that Mr. and he emulates but little, that supe- analogy between bile and thought, rior wisdom, in whose image he was

perception, memory, judgment, and created, and which does nothing in vain, in writing such a ponderous tal manifestations, and the inert ma

reason-in a word, between the menand laborious volume, to no one pur, terial results of animal assimilation. pose, according to his own avowed But though Mr. Lawrence may have expectation. We are really sorry to fully satisfied himself of the reality of be severe or hypercritical upon one of such analogy, it yet remains that he Mr. Lawrence's talents and abilities; satisfy us and the world at large upon but when he would, with a certain this point, before we can assent-nay, sophistry, and pomposity of language, before we can even entertain the quespersuade us out of our senses, we tion;—what, the same sort of evidence cannot resist our feelings and indig- which shew's digestion to be the funcnation. Mr. Lawrence, after examining the

tion of the alimentary canal, shews

thought to be the function of the brain! various degrees of organization wbich obtain throughout animated nature of the alimentary canal, is acknow

absurd ! That digestion is the function in which he finds some more simple, ledged, assented to, nay even demon

then con-

strated, by all anatomists and physiocludes:

logists: if it be equally clear, equally _“That as organization is reduced, life is evident, that reason, perception, reduced; exactly as the organic parts are di; judgment, &c. be the function of the phenomena become fewer and more simple, brain ; why has not the proposition and each function ends where the respective been as perspicuously demonstrated, organ ceases.

as universally assented to? Why has 1

p. 980.




p. 97.

it hitherto been not merely doubted, | office of the brain, under any

circumbut actually denied? Was it that Mr. stances, can resemble a sinecureLawrence might have the glory, the even upon the metaphorical duty ironhonour, and credit, of enlightening ically assigned to it by Mr. Lawrence. our feeble and glimmering under- We are inclined to think the office of standings upon this clear, this almost porter to a master, who is in the habit self-evident matter? He appears quite of seeing so much company, far from indignant at the idea that thought is being an idle one. Indeed, upon the inconsistent with matter ; but no ap- same principles, upon a parity of prehension from his indignation shall reasoning, the office of the stomach, deter us from asserting and repeating of the liver, of the mouth, &c. might it, that thought is inconsistent with each be ranked as sinecure porterships matter; and still farther, that matter to the heart. exhibits no one property analogous

But Mr. Lawrence stops at nothing to thought; nor shall we believe the to decoy his hearers; he seems percontrary, till Mr. Lawrence establish- fectly aware, and has taken ample es the fact upon widely different advantage, of the strength and supgrounds from those upon which he has port which a bad cause, and untenable attempted it. But even should he doctrines, acquire from timely effusucceed, will he have arrived any sions of ridicule. Of this description, nearer his purpose? Can he shew we should take the following statethought to be a production from the ment, and with such view, no doubt, brain, as bile may be shown to be bas it been offered. from the liver, or digestion to be the “ Sir Everard Home, with the assistance of result of the function of the alimentary Mr. Bauer and his microscope, has shewn us canal? Until he can accomplish this a man eight days old from the time of concepobject, it is in vain for him to argue, tion, about as broad, and a little longer, than it is in vain for him to labour, he can-brain of this homunculus was discernible.

a pin's head. He satisfied himself that the not establish his hypothesis; and, in Coald the immaterial mind have been conthe end, “ that there is not an immate-nected with it at this time? or was the tenerial immortal soul,” would not follow ment too small for so ethereal a lodger ? At as a necessary consequence.

the full period of utero-gestation it is difficult Mr. Lawrence, with a flippancy

to trace any vestiges of mind; and the believvery little creditable in a philosopher, in the dark, on the precise time at which the

ers in its separate existence have left us quite would have us believe, that unless we spiritual guest arrives in his corporeal dwellconcede to the brain the function of ing, the interesting and important moment of thought, it is an useless piece of fur- amalgamation or combination of the earthly niture in the animal economy. Well!

dust and the ethereal essence.” p. 100. what then? Providence has operated Now, to say the least of this, it is in vain. We really wish he had been treating a subject of the highest moopen to conviction from such kind of ment and importance, with an unbearguments himself.

coming degree of levity.-In fact, Mr. “ In opposition to these views, it has been of one, who, to borrow money from a

Lawrence here strongly reminds us contended, that thought is not an act of the friend, invites him to his table, and brain, but of an immaterial substance, residing in, or connected with, it. This large and curi- powerfully plies bim with its delicaous structure, which in the human subject re- cies, in the expectation that every ceives one-fifth of all the blood sent from the bumper will add an additional hunheart, which is so peculiarly and delicately dred to the weight of bis obligation; organized, nicely enveloped in successive membranes, and securely lodged in a solid thus Mr. Lawrence, with a levity and bony case, is left almost without an office, humour peculiarly his own, would first being merely allowed to be capable of sepsa- intoxicate our understandings, and, tion. It has, indeed, the easiest lot in the having effected this, would then beanimal economy, it is better fed, clothed, and guile us out of our senses. lodged, than any other part, and bas less to do. But its office, only one remove above a

That we are unable to explain this sinecure, is not a very honourable one: it is a matter, is neither proof nor argument kind of porter, entrusted to open the door and against the fact. Mr. Lawrence himintroduce new comers to the master of the self cannot explain the theory of conhouse, who takes upon himself the entire ception and labour, nor can be throw charge of receiving, entertaining, and employ- any great light on this important proing them.” p. 98 and 99,

cess ; but what would he say to any Rcally we cannot conceive how the one who would hence deny any such

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