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by Robert Owen, Esq. whose success- cated under its benevolent auspices. ful exertions at New Lanark have It also stated that the principles of the been long before the public. The school were extending, that thirty chair was taken by Mr. Lockhart. masters had been prepared to give Mr. Owen; Sir W. De Crespigny, the plan circulation, and that eight Mr. Maxwell, M. P.; Mr. Rowcroft; missionaries had made themselves Mr. Perkins; Mr. Baldwin ; and Mr. acquainted with the branches of its Younge; together with several other economy, in order to carry the system gentlemen, took part in the discos- into foreign parts. The influence of sion. In the result, several resolu- this liberal plan had been felt almost tions were put, and carried almost una from the equator to the pole. Russia, nimously.

India, Ceylon, and South America, National Society.

had enjoyed its beneficial effects, as

well as various kingdoms and comThis anniversary took place at the munities within the range of these central school, Baldwin's Gardens, wide extremes. The debts at this Grays-Inn Lane, on the 15th of May. | time due from the fund to individuals, The Archbishop of Canterbury took amounted to nearly £6000. The exthe chair. His Grace was followed on penses during the last year had exthis occasion by a numerous train of ceeded the receipts by more than the nobility and gentry, among whom £450; but the advantages to mankind were, the Archbishop of York; the can hardly be estimated. Bishops of London, Llandaff, Lincoln, The principal speakers on this occaSt. Asaph, Gloucester, and Worces- sion were, Rev. G. Burder ; W. Allen, ter ; Archdeacons Watson, Blomfield, Esq. ; Mr. Wilberforce; Rev. Rowand Prosser; Lords Radford, Ken- land Hill; Baron de Stael, from yon, and Gardiner; Sir James Lang - France ; Rev. Mark Wilks ; Mr. ham and Sons; Sir R. Woodford ; Evans, M. P.; Rev. Mr. Cox, of Sir E. Dollen ; Mr. Wilberforce ; and Hackney; J. Randolph, Esq. Memthe Rev. Doctors Renny, Yates, and ber of the American Congress; Mr. Shepherd. The children assembled, Van Owen ; Rt. Hon. Lord Ebringamounted to 486 boys and 206 girls, ton ; Rev. Dr. Schwabe; the Rev. whose artless and decent appearance Nich. Bull; and Thomas Spring Rice, created a very powerful feeling in Esq. M. P. At the conclusion of the their behalf. Several of these children meeting a handsome collection was were examined as to their proficiency made at the door, several of the ladies in Christian learning; and their an- condescending to hold the plates. swers to the numerous questions pro- Protestant Society for the Protection of posed, were highly satisfactory to the

Religious Liberty. company that bad assembled on the occasion.

Among the numerous societies which British and Foreign School Society.

have lately held their anniversaries,

there is not one that has excited a The 17th anniversary of this liberal more lively interest, than that for the charity, was held on Thursday, the protection of religious liberty. Of 16th of May, at Free Masons' Hall, this spirited and benevolent instituHis R. H. the Duke of Sussex in the tion, the eleventh anniversary was chair. The meeting was unusually held in the great room of the City of crowded with persons of high respect- London Tavern, on Saturday, the 11th ability. Among those who honoured of May, when Lord John Russel was it with their presence, without taking called to the chair. an active part in the business, were, It is well known, notwithstanding the Duke de Broglio; Professors the lepient spirit of our laws, that Cairns and Hanna, of Belfast ; Pro- many individuals, armed with power, fessor Blumhardt, of Basle; Lord and actuated by niean and bigoted Suffolk, and several others.

principles, have seized every occasion The report was read by the Rev. G. that presented itself, to harass and Clayton. From this report it appeared, perplex numerous persons, who, from that the central school, in the Borough conscientious motives, cannot submit Road, contains 500 boys and 300 to certain established rites. Thus girls, and that from its commence- oppression, taking shelter under the mení 21,396 children had been edu- 1 sanctiong of law, has, in many instan

781
Anniversaries of Religious Institutions:

782 ces, presented a formidable front, continent of America, and recrossing from whose frowns the timid and the the Atlantic, took a survey of France, indigeot have been compelled to re- of Spain, of Portugal, of Italy, and tire, not knowing how to obtain re- of Greece, in all of which he hailed dress. Actions such as these, gave the dawn and progress of Christian birth to this society, in which wealth knowledge, and observed a movement and legal talent are united, to shield towards tbat grand result, when the the defenceless from the iron hand of kingdoms of the world shall become oppression, to watch over the reli- the kingdoms of God and of his gious privileges which the laws of our Christ. country recognize, and to cite before The other speakers on this occasiou higher tribunals, those who, in their were, the Rev. Dr. Bogue, of Goslocal districts, imagine that their deci- port; Rev. S. Lowel, of Bristol ; Rev. sions are law.

John Townsend, of Rotherbite; Rev. The advantages which have already Matthew Wilks, of London; Rev. resulted from this institution are al- Dr. Stiles, of Brighton; and the Rev, most incalculable ; but their full ex- Timothy East, of Birmingham. By tent cau never be adequately known. each of the above gentlemen many Numerous grievances the society has appropriate observations were made, been known to redress; but it is the substance of which, together with highly probable, that its existence the general outline of Mr. Wilks's has prevented many acts more re- speech, may be found in the supplepugnant to the spirit of the Bri- mentary number of the Philanthropic tish constitution than any which have Gazette for May 24th. been developed. It appears also,

Home Missionary Society. from the various instances adduced at the present anniversary, that the spi- The third annual meeting of this so, rit of persecution still walks, so that ciety, was held on Monday, May 13th, the active members of the society, at the City of London Tavern. On instead of relaxing their labours, have this occasion the attendance was so need to watch with the eyes of Argus, great, that vast numbers could not and to exercise a most unremitting gain admittance; and after some time vigilance.

had elapsed, it was found necessary, At most of the anniversaries of this although two large rooms were filled, society, the commanding eloquence to procure a third at another tavern. of Mr. John Wilks, one of the present In the upper room, at the former secretaries, has excited deep atten- house, R. H. Marten, Esq. presided; tion, and called forth bursts of ap- in the lower, Thomas Thompson, plause. On the present occasion his Esq.; and the Rev. Dr. Collyer in the speech continued about three hours room occupied in the other tavern. and twenty minutes, during which | The report states, that the society has time it kept alive an unabatiny solici- 22 missionaries, whose labours extend tude, in a large and highly respectable over a village population of 80,000 audience, who felt themselves deeply souls, and that in 159 villages, they interested in the topics which were bave 15,000 hearers, and several thoudiscussed.

sands of children in their Sunday In a general notice of the various schools. During the past year the anniversaries which have taken place receipts amounted to £3000, and the in the metropolis, to which necessity expenditure to £3500, so that a debt of compels us to confine ourselves, it is £500 remains for public benevolence impossible that we can do any thing to discharge. On this occasion, many ljke justice, either to the eloquence of of the speakers, whose names have the speaker, or the importance of that been repeatedly mentioned, again apcause which he so ably advocated ; peared to much advantage, in connecand what is more unfortunate for us, tion with others, which our limits will the emanations of a gigantic mind are not permit us to insert. not to be drawn in miniature. Mr. Wilks, after traversing the

Religious Tract Society. kingdom, and exposing to the bisses This institution is of long standing. and contempt they deserved, the puny Its 23d anniversary was held on Friefforts of provincial tyranny and per- day, May 11th, Joseph Reyner, Esq. secution, directed his steps to the in the chair. The company was both numerous and respectable. During cism is now removed. As it is probathe last year 5,222,170 tracts had been ble no description of this extraordiissued. Since the commencement of nary creature has yet reached Engthe society, forty-five millions had been land, the following particulars rethrown into circulation. Several of specting it may gratify your curiosity, the speakers, whose names have been and amuse you : repeatedly mentioned, distinguished “The head is almost the size of themselves on this occasion, and many that of a baboon. It is thinly covered interesting facts were stated, prov- with black hair, hanging down, and ing, beyond dispute, the utility of the not inclined to frizzle. On the upper institution. We regret that our want lip and on the cbin there are a few of room prevents us from giving some hairs, resembling those upon the head. of these in detail.

The ossa malarum, or cheek-bones, are

prominent. The forebead is low, but, Several other benevolent institutions except in this particular, the features celebrated their respective appiver- are much better proportioned, and saries, among which were “ The Irish bear a more decided resemblance to Evangelical Society," for spreading the human countenance than those of among the unenlightened natives of any of the baboon tribes. The head Ireland the principles of evangelical is turned back, and the countenance truth ;--The Society for promoting the has an expression of terror, which enlargement and building of Churches gives it an appearance of a caricature and Chapels;”—That for the “Transla- of the human face; but I am disposed tion of the Scriptores into Foreign Lan- to think that both these circumstances guages;”—“ St. Patrick's Charity,” are accidental, and have arisen from for the clothing and educating of poor the manner in which the creature met Catholic children ;-" The Continen- its death. It bears the appearance of tal Society,” for circulating the Scrip- having died in great agony. tures on the Continent;- "The Mer- “The ears, nose, lips, chin, breasts, chant Seamen's Society,” for supply, and nipples, fingers and nails, reseming merchant ships with Bibles and ble those of a human figure. Testaments; “ The Scottish Hospi- “ The spinous processes of the vertal;”—and "The Philanthropic Soci- tebræ are very prominent, and appaety,” established to provide for the rently arranged as in the human children of convicts and other crimi-body. nals. For this vast mass of benevo- From the position of the arms, lence, diffused throughout an exten- and the manner in which they are sive population, we are indebted to the placed, and from such an examinabenign principles of revelation.

tion as could be made in the circumstances in which I was placed at the time I saw it, I can have no doubt that it has clavicles; an appendage

belonging to the human subject, which MR. EDITOR.

baboons are without. Sir, I enclose you a copy of an extract of a letter we have received from fords sufficient evidence that it is full

" The appearance of the teeth afour society's representative, at the

grown; the incisores being worn un Cape of Good Hope.

the upper surface. There are eight I am, Sir,

incisores, four canine, and eight moYour most obedient servant,

lares.

The canine teeth resemble G. HODSON, Assist.-Sec. those of a full-grown dog; all the London Missionary Society's Rooms, 8, Old Jewry, July 18.

others resemble those of a human sub

ject. Extract of a letter from the Rev. “ The length of the animal is three Dr. Phillip, Representative of the feet; but not having been well preLondon Missionary Society, at Cape served, it has shrunk considerably, Town, Cape of Good Hope, dated and must have been both longer and April 26, 1822 :-

thicker when alive than it is now. Its “I have to-day seen a Mermaid, resemblance to the human species now exhibiting in this town. I have ceases immediately under the mamme. always treated the existence of this On the line of separation, and directly

From creature as fabulous ; but my scepti- | under the breast, are two fins.

A MERMAID.

785

Gleanings from Literature, Science, 8c.

786

the point where the human figure which are produced by lightning in that city, ceases, which is about twelve inches may be specially attributed. below the vertex of the head, it resem- Ipswich, has recently added another invention

Architectural Improvement.-Mr. Whiting, of bles a large fish of the salmon species. to those which have distinguished him for proIt is covered with scales all over. On fessional ingenuity. It is a Lintel for the openthe lower part of the animal the scales ings in brick-fronted houses, instead of the resemble those of a fish; but on that arch, either straight or curved. Simple in its part of the animal which resembles construction, and neat in its appearance ; the human form, they are much less, its material is cast-iron; it promises to super

cheap, for it spares labour; and durable, for and scarcely perceptible, except on a sede, in most cases, the method that has near inspection. On the lower part hitherto been pursued. of the body it has six fins, one dorsal,

Improved Mode of soldering Cast-Steel Artitwo ventral, two pectoral, and the cles:- Instead of employing the usual speltar

solder, or brass, for uniting the highly-contail.

verted cast-steel, and which, on account of the “The pectoral fins are very remark- great heat requisite to fuse it, is very likely to able; they are horizontal, and evi- injare the quality of the steel, silver solder bas dently formed as an apparatus to sup- been substituted with the most complete sucport the creature when in an erect cess; it being not only fused with a less de

gree of heat, but it was also attended with this posture, like that in which it has been advantage, that the white colour of the solder sometimes represented combing its was much less distinguishable upon the joints, hair.

than when the yellow speltar solder was used. “The figure of the tail is exactly Chemistry and Natural History, has substi

Natural History.-M. Drapier, Professor of that which is given in the usual repre- tuted, with success, in lieu of the poisonous sentations of the Mermaid.

matters employed in preserving objects of “ The proprietor of this extraordi- natural history, a soap composed of potash nary animal is Captain Eades, of and fish oil. He dissolves one part of caustic Boston, in the United States of Ame- potash in water, and adds to the solution one rica. Since writing the above descrip- part of fish oil: he rabs the

mixture till it action, he has called upon me, and I completely dry, he reduces it to powder with

quires a pretty firin consistence. When it is have learned from him the following a rasp. One part of this powder is employed particulars :

in forming a soft paste, or liquid soap, by It was caught somewhere on the means of an equal quantity of a solution of North of China by a fisherman, who camphor in masked alcohol. This liquid soap sold it for a trifle ; after which it was ously cleared of its fat, and the other part of

is well rubbed upon the skin of the bird, previbrought to Batavia. Here it was pur- the soap and powder is plentifully scattered chased by Captain Eades for 5000 between the feathers. Thus prepared, the Spanish dollars, and he has since bird is placed in a moist situation, in order been offered 10,000 Spanish dollars that the particles of soap may soften and for it, but refuses to part with it for down, and the skin. It afterwards is put in a

attach themselves perfectly to the feathers, the that sum. Captain Eades is a pas- dry place. By this means it completely resenger on board the American sbip, sists the attacks of larvæ, and has neither the Lion, now in Table Bay; he leaves danger nor the inconvenience of arsenical prethis port in about a fortnight, and the parations, which, as is well known, stain and Lion visits the Thames on her passage down.

spoil the extremities of the feathers and to America, so that it will probably be New Compass.-Mr. W. Clark, of Chatham soon exbibited in London."

Dock, has invented a mariner's compass on an entirely new principle. The needle consists of four arms or poles, placed at right

angles, GLEANINGS FROM LITERATURE,

and uniting in one common centre. The two

northern poles are secured to the N. W. and science, &c.

N. E. and the two southern poles to the $. E.

and S. W. points of the card, which places the Conducting Power of Tin Plate. At a meet- four cardinal points right between the angles ing of the Helvetic Society of Natural Sci- of the needle, and allows the card to point ences, at Bale, M. Pictet gave a detailed re- north and south us heretofore, the cards now port of a remarkable descent of lightning upon in use answering the purpose. This compass a house at Geneva, which had no conducting has been tried under different circumstances, apparatus; but the roof of which was covered and, as far as can be ascertained by the expewith tin plates, and provided with gutters and riments already made, is allowed to possess pipes of the same metal, in communication the principles of polarity and stability beyond with the earth. The event proved the great that of any compass now in use. importance and preservative property of the Canal Šteam Navigation. With a view to metallic covering used in the construction of the introduction of steam vessels on canals, a the houses at Geneva. It is, without doubt, to very interesting experiment was lately made this circumstance that the rarity of accidents in the Union Canal, at Edinburgh, with

a large boat, 28 feet long, constructed with | John Deere Thomas, D.D. Rector of Kirby, an internal movement, upon the principle of a Misperton, 2 vols. 8vo. model invented by a Mr. Wright. The boat Angelica, or the Rape of Proteus, a Poem, had twenty-six persons on board; and although by Lord Thurlow. drawing lifteen inches of water, she was pro- Poems on several occasions, by Lord Tharpelled by only four men at the rate of between low, second edition. four and five miles an hour; while the agitation To be published by subscription. Dissertaof the water being confined entirely to the tions, introductory to the Study and Right centre of the canal, was observed to subside Understanding of the Language, Structure, long before it reached the banks, and conse- and Contents, of the Apocalypse. By Alexquently obviating its bitherto destructive ten- ander Tilloch, LL.D. dency in washing them into the canal.

Preservation from Lightning.–Sir H. Davy, in his fourth lecture at the Royal Institution, recommends the following means of escaping

Ireland.-The distresses of the inhathe electric fluid during a thunder-storm. "He bitants in this afflicted country still observed that in countries where thunder- continue to excite the sympathy of the storms are frequent and violent, a walking- English nation, and to call forth its cane might be fitted with a steel or iron rod to benevolence. In almost every part, draw out at each end, one of which might be liberal contributions have been made. stuck into the ground, and the other end elevated eight or nine feet above the surface. In the metropolis alone, the subscripThe person who apprehends danger should fix tions have amounted to £220,000. the cane, and lie down a few yards from it. By this simple apparatus the lightning descend's Average Price of Grain per Quarter, for the 12 down the wire into the earth, and secures him

Districts, from the Gazette. froin injury.

Wheat. Barley.Oats. Rye. Beans. Peas. Candles.-An invention has just been brought

s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d.) s. d. to perfection, for the cutting, spreading, and

Jane22.42 5 17 0 18 618 5 24 3 24 3 twisting, of the wicks of candles; by which

29. 42 6 18 4 18 10 15 6 25 11 26 10 piece of machinery a siugle person can cut, July 6.42 6 19 4 19 018 2 27 0 26 11 spread, and twist, five rods in one minute, by

13.43 120 2 19 318 3 27 10 28 8 which more than one half of the manual labour in the making of candles will be saved.

Average Prices of Sugar Number of Bankrupts.
June 26, 29s. 0 d. cwt. June 25, 29, 14
July 3, 28 5

July 2, 6, 17
Literary notices.

10, 30

9, 13, 24 17, 31 1

16, 20, 14 This day is published, New Correct Tables, upon a plan never before attempted, for tinding

Total

76 at one view, the Amount of any Quantity of Goods, bougbt or sold by the Hundred Weight or Ton, to a single Farthing, and Price of Stocks, London, July 26. from One Fartbing to Ten

Pounds per Cwt.
Bank Stock, 248 | India Bonds 63 64

pm.
To which are added, Tables of English 3 per Ct. Rd. 801 / 1 Ex. Bills, 2d. £1000,
Weights and Measures, and the New List of 3 per Ct. Cons. 798 80
Commercial Stamps. By William Wright. 3. per Cent. 91 %* Do. £500, 5 6 pm.

Baptism Discussed ; containing Scrip- 1 4 per Cent. 98% į š Do. small, 57 ture Principles, Precepts, and Preve- New 4 per Cent. 98.3 | Lottery Tick. £24 18 dents, in favour of the Baptism of Infants and Long An. 20% Cons. for Acc. 80 797 little Children. By Daniel Isaac. 12mo. Impl. 3 per Ct. 79 80 80% Queries addressed to those wbo deny the

Price of Irish Stocks, July 20.
Doctrines of the Trinity, and the Atonement of Bank Stock, 25024
Christ. 18mo. By W. Carpenter.
The Christian Youth's Instructor, or Bible Do. Stock, 5 per cent. 41

Gov. Stock, 33 per Cent. 917
Class Book; being a Selection of the most im.

Do. Deb. 3) per Cent. 907 portant parts of the sacred Scriptures, in the

Do. Deb. 5 words of the authorized text. Designed for Royal Canal Stock, 213

Cent. 43

per the use of Schools (particularly Sunday Schools) and Families. By the Rev. A. E. Prices of Foreign Stock in London, June 26. Farrar. 12mo.

French 5 per cent. 91 75 92
In 1 vol. 8vo. Poetical Essays, by A. J. Prussian 5 per Cent. Bonds 884 89
Mason, embellished with engravings.

New Ditto 86
The Letters of Julius, vol. II. 12mo.

Columbian Old Bonds
The Sunday School, a poem, in six books, Ditto 6 per Cent. Bonds 84
by Abraham Watmough, 1 vol. 12mo.

Spanish 5 per Cent. Bonds 624 63
The History and Conversion of a Jewish | Ditto New Dito 61%
Boy, 1 vol. 12mo.

Danish 5 per Cent. Bonds 86% 7.
No. JV. of Zoological Researches in the Neapolitan 5 per cent. Bonds 711
Jsland of Java, &c. &c. with Figures of Native Russian 5 per cent. (Metallic) 78
Quadrupeds and Birds. By Thomas Horsfield, Ditto New Bonds 8ìs
M.D. F.L.S. Royal 4to. 21s.

Austrian 5 per cent. (Metallic) 78.
Lately published: Sermons by the late Rev. 1 Chilian 6 per Cent. Bonds 7934.

8

23,

56 pm.

pm.

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