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981 Answers to Queries.- Literary Notices, &c. 982 Sermons; Mason on Self-Knowledge ;, as attempt the acquisition of it by their own Law's Serious Call; Doddridge's Rise exertions: and Progress of Religion in the Soul; thropists, political and private, suggested by

Preparing for publication, Lives of Philanand Kempis's Christian Pattern, re

Foster's Essay on Decision of Character. vised and improved by Wesley. Sequel to an unfinished manuscript of Henry

By carefully perusing the above Kirk White's, designed to illustrate the conworks, and importunately praying to trast afforded by Christians and Infidels at the

close of life. Almighty God for divine illumination,

In the Press,

and speedily will be published, Ignoramus may be made “wise unto An Historical Sketch of the United States of salvation, through faith which is in America, with personal observations, made Christ Jesus”—and ultimately fitted during a residence of several years in that for the enjoyment of the regions of country, by Isaac Holmes, in 1 vol. 8vo.

The 10th Quarterly Number of the Investiimmortality.

gator will be published on the First of October.

The Heir of Kenningmuir, a tale, in 3 vols, ANSWER TO A QUERY ON ASRONOMICAL by Thomas Angus Lyle, Esq. BOOKS, &c.

The Rev. T. Durant, of Poole, has in the

Press, a second edition, with corrections, of In answer to the query of T. B. E. W. Memoirs and Select Remains of an only son,

in 2 vols. 12mo. of your July Magazine, (col. 694,) the

An Abridgment of Blackstone's Commentamost eseemed Astronomical Tables ries on the Laws of England, in a Series of are those of Delable and Buckhardt, Letters from a father to his Daughter, chiefly and these in Leland's Astronomie intended for the Use and Advancement of Feand in English, in Vince's Astronomy, F.A. and F.L.S.

male Education, by a Barrister at Law, F.R. and in Hutton's Mathematical Dic

The Cento, a volume of prose selections, tionary, (particularly art. Planet, from the most approved works of living auwhere the Planetary Motions, Dis- thors, will be published in the course of the tances, &c. are placed in one table.)

ensuing month. J, H.

Just Published, The Returning Sinner assured of a successful reception at the foot of the Cross, third edition, by S. Nichols.

The 4th edition, boards, Friendly Hints, REPLY TO A QUERY ON THE KING OF principally addressed to the youth of both POLAND'S SPEECH,

sexes; uniting subjects the most pleasing and

instructive, relative to the duties of this life, MR. EDITOR.

and the joys of Immortality; interspersed with SIR-I have waited until your num

striking anecdotes, by J. Doncaster.

Letters to a Member of Parliament on the ber for June was published, to see Character and Writings of Baron Swedenborg, whether there would be any reply to by the Rev. J. Clowes. the query proposed by S. H. col. 486. A few Plain Answers to the Question, respecting the King of Poland's

Why do you receive the Testimony of the

Hon. "E. Swedenborg.?”. 4th edition, speech. As no reply has been given,

Mr. Shoveller has just published a second I take the liberty of informing her, edition, (much improved,) of bis Plain Diathat she may find it (whether it is the logues, designed to relieve from various diffione she requires I am not certain) calties connected with the Doctrines of Prein the Arminian Magazine for 1785, severance, and the Law of God, as it relates to

destination, Spiritual Inability, Christian Perpage 97. The volume mentioned is the Believer; and to correct some popular the only book in which I have ever abuses of those subjects. seen a speech of the King of Poland.

Lector.

Average Price of Grain per Quarter, for the 12

Districts, from the Gazette.

Wheat. Barley. Oats. Rye. Beans.fPeas. Literary Dotices.

s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d.

Aug.24.41 11 18 7 18 0 20 0 24 5 24 7 Preparing for the Press, in 1 vol. 8vo.

31.38 919 8 17 419 11 23 9 24 0 Essays and Sketches, in prose, by George Sept. 7.38 8 21 2 17 819 823 2 24 3 Milner, Jun. author of Stanzas written on a

14. 39 4 22 11 18 0 18 1 23 2 25 T Summer's evening, and other Poems.

The Rev. B. Andrews, of Trowbridge, in- Average Prices of Sugar Number of Bankrupts. tends putting to the press, as soon as a sufficient number of subscribers is obtained, A Aug.28, 278. 7 d. cwt. Aug. 27, 31, 18 Greek Lexicon, for the Septuagint, New Tes- Sept. 4, 29 3 Sept. 3, 7, tament, and Apocrypha, in which the signifi

11, 2909

10, 14, - 18 cations of the words will be given in Latin and 18, 29 1

17, 21, - 13 English. An introduction to the Greek Lan

24, guage will be prefixed, for the benefit of such

Total

71

$6

- 17

5

312 pm.

Price of Stocks, London, September 25. Prices of Foreign Stock in London, September 25. 3 per Ct. Cons.8115 Ex. Bills, 2d. £500, French 92f. 50c. Ex. 25f. 45c. New 4 per Ct. 1007 Š

5 4 3 pm.

Russian 6 per Cent. 82; Ex. 12
Impl. 3 per Ct. 80]
Do. small, 7 5 pm.

Ditto (Metallic) 82
India Bonds, 48 46 Lottery Tickets, £22.

Ditto of 1822, 87 pm.

15s.

Neapolitan 76%

Austrian 82.
Ex. Bills, 2d. £1000, India for Acct. 253}
Cons. for Do. 81) Ž

Spanish of 1820, 70

Ditto of 1821, 65
Price of Irish Stocks, September 20.

Prussian 9091

Ditto of 1822, 814 Bank Stock, 2481

Danish in £ sterling 89 Gov. Deb. 3} per Cent. 93 3}

Ditto in Marcs Banco 86 Gov. Stock, 3, per Cent. 92

Columbian 6 per Cent. 86. * Do. Stock, 4 per Cent. $

Chilian 6 per Cent. 843 Do. Deb. 5 per Cent. 5.

American 6 per Cent. 93 to 99% Do. Stock, New 4 per Cent. 1 Å

Ditto 5 per Cent 97
Grand Canal Loans, (6) 713

Ditto 3 per Cent 67
Ditto (4) 47}

Ditto Bank Shares £22. COMMERCIAL REPORT, LIVERPOOL, 24th SEPTEMBER, 1822. There is great steadiness in the consumptive demand for produce in general; and although the operations of the market have been chietly confined to the iransactions of the dealers and consumers, yet in some instances a speculative inquiry has arisen for several articles, no doubt arising from a conviction, that the prevailing low rates will eventually check the production in some degree.

The sales of Cotton, since our last, have been on a most extended scale ; amounting to upwards of 55,000 packages, a quantity unprecedented during so short a space of time; and although it must be allowed, that a great proportion of the above quantity was in a measure forced on the market, yet during the last week an improvement in price, as well as in demand, has taken place. There was an animated inquiry for all kinds of Cotton during the week, both by the trade and speculators, further assisted by some orders for export: the holders have in consequence obtained a small advance in Boweds, Orleans, and Maranbams. Pernams have likewise participated in the improvement. For Sea-Islands, a speculative inquiry has appeared, and considerable business bas been done in them. On the 20th inst. were offered by auction, 1025 Demeraras, of which 796 was sold from 7 d. to 11 d. the quality, ordinary to fine ; 206 Barbadoes, 164 sold from 7d. to 8d. ordinary to fair ; 28 West-Indies, 24 sold from 7d. to 8d. middling to good; 1259 oflered, 984 sold.

The sale was not numerously attended, but went off at full prices, particularly the inferior qualities. The following is the result of the sales by private treaty:d. d.

d. d. 7745 Bags of Bowed, from 5 to 8 583 Bags of Bahias, from 8f to 9 225 Tennessees, 64 to 74 25

Paras,

82 1689 Orleans, 6) to 10 184 Mina Novas,

8 722 Sea Islands, 102 to 177 10

Mina Geraes, 1358 Pernams, 9. to 10% 59

Demeraras,

8 to 10} 12 Smyrnas,

7.

10

Barbadoes, 10 Surats,

100 West-Indies, 81 2056 Maranhams,

3 to 9 Sugars.-- There was a good demand for British Plantation Sugars during the week, and upwards of 1000 casks sold at an advance of 1s. to 2s. per cwt. 400 bags of East India also brought rather better prices, low and middling white, 70s. 6d. to 73s.; good, 74s. 3d. to 75s. Bd. 200 chests and boxes Brazil Sugar, brought to auction on the 19th instant, were all sold. Low to good Brazil, 17s. to 19s. 6.; yellows, 19s. 9d. to 21s. 9d.; low to middling white, 23s. 6d. to 30s. up to 33s. for good white.

Tobacco.—Middling and good qualities of Virginia and Kentucky, stemmed, have been in good demand.

Dry Salteries.-Montreal Pots sell at 36s. to 37s. Pearls at 42s. per cwt. The business done in Dyewoods during the last eight days, has been very considerable, consisting of 100 tons Jamaica Logwood, £8. 2s. to £8.5s. 50 tons Campeachy, £9. 5s. to £10. 60 tons of Caba Fustic, £10. 10s. 200 tons of Spanish Fustic, £6. to £9. per ton. Nicaragua Wood fetches now $50. per ton. In Mediterranean produce, 30 tons of Sicily Brimstone have been taken at £22. 15s. to £23. per ton; and some small lots of Sumach, at 9s. 6d. to 20s. per ton.

Notwithstanding the heavy imports of hides, the demand continues unabated, and the sales of last week were, 15,200 Buenos Ayres Dry Cow and Ox, at 10 d. to 12 d. per Ib.; 1900 Salted, at 6 d. to 6 d. per lb.; and 36,700 Buenos Ayres Horse Hides, at 5s.6d. to 6s. per hide. The imports of German and Dutch Bark have nearly closed, and the prices are looking

up

Corn Market.–Our market remains very inactive; prices, however, are fully supported for the fiper descriptions of Wheat, but inferior qualities may be bought at rather lower rates. There has been a little inquiry for bonded grain, but holders prefer exporting on tbeir own account rather than accept the prices offered.

LONDON : PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY H. FISHER,

THE

Imperial Magazine;

OR, COMPENDIUM OF RELIGIOUS, MORAL, & PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE.

NOV.]

"SOCIAL REFINEMENT HAS NO EXISTENCE WHERE LITERATURE 18 UNKNOWN.” [1822.

occur

THE PHYSICAL AND MORAL WORLD. in the briers and thorns which teem

from its surface all over, nor in the No. 11.-Of Physical or Natural Evil, noxious quality of plants which every as a Consequence of Moral Evil. wbere abound, nor in the ferocious

nature of animals, which have cast off HAVING in the preceding number de- their allegiance to their rightful sovemonstrated the existence and general reign, and have usurped dominion nature of moral evil, it must surely over him; but in matters which more appear evident to every one, that if immediately concern the happiness there be a Moral Head over this part and well-being of man in this life. of the universe, moral evil, which is Man, on account of sin, is exposed to sin, must be attended with physical diseases, diseases too, of a long and evil, which is punishment. Accord lamentable train.

Diseases now, ingly, we see and feel this indeed to seem to have their origin from the be the case; which is a demonstra- very constitution of his animal frame; tion (glory be to the Just One!) so that not an individual is exempted that the moral, as well as the physi- from them, but all are liable to be cal, part of the universe, has a Law- seized at one period or another. Some giver and a Judge.

diseases are now conveyed froni paCertainly indeed, but not more cer- rent to child, like an hereditary postainly, is bis eternal power and god session; which may appear in the head, in a physical sense, demon- earliest days of infancy; or strated by the works he has made; equally at all ages; or lark in the than it is, in a moral sense, by the constitation unsuspected even to the manner in which he continually exe- latest old age, when at last they will cutes his providence ; which is con- break out with the utmost violence, stantly and invariably, could we only and put an end to life. Some diseases comprehend it fully, a most decided are now born with us, and others are approval of that which is right, and as sucked in with the nurse's milk. There decided a testimony against that which is now no stage of life, nor sex, ex

empted from them, whether infancy, All the train of physical evils to youth, or old age, male or female. which the inhabitants of this globe are The climate itself, under which people exposed, from that which occasions live, may now produce diseases, bethe slightest uneasiness we can well cause the balance between men and conceive, up to the extinction of life the variable temperatures of the globe, itself, derive their origin from moral and mutability of the weather, is evil. It was sin

nearly destroyed ; so that the heaven

over head sometimes becomes to him “ Brought death into the world, with all our

as brass, and the earth iron. An im

mense number of diseases may also " Wherefore, as by one man sin be produced by impure air, or such entered into the world, and death by as is loaded with putridity, marshy, sin; and so death has from that fatal and other noxious vapours.

The period, with a demonstration which same thing may happen likewise from can never be controverted, passed corrupted aliment, whether meat or through, from this one root to all the drink; though even the best and branches, in all succeeding genera- most nutritious aliment will hurt, if it tions, for that all have sinned.Rom. be taken in too great quantity ; not to v. 12.

mention poisons, which are endowed Every thing now bears evidence with such pernicious qualities, that that God hath smitten the earth with even when taken in a very small quan

Not only is this to be seen | tity, they produce the most grievous No. 46.-VOL. IV.

is wrong

> woe.

a curse.

3 R

diseases, or perhaps even death itself. I amalgamated into one consistent symAnd also, to what innumerable acci- metrical scheme, wbich scheme or dents and dangers are mankind now whole is the Mystery of Good and Evil, exposed, by storms and tempests, which at first lay hid in the forbidden hurricanes and earthquakes, and thun- tree; but now being evolved, it apder and lightning ; which are so many pears to natural reason, as if it had physical evils in the hand of the Judge been the original ordination of things : of all the earth, and are occasionally as if things never had existed, with reemployed to admonish the inhabit- spect to this globe, in any other condiants thereof to consider their ways. tion. Hence the difficulty to be en

Hitherto, however, we have mention- countered in reasoning with men who ed only the dangers which come from see things only with their fleshly orwithout; but those are not less, nor gans, but have not spiritual penetrafewer in number, which come from tion to discern, nor moral ingenuity within. At every breath, man pours and candour to admit, even when deforth a deadly poison both to himself lineated to their view, the whole of and others. Neither are the effluvia the scheme as it actually existed from of the lungs alone hurtful : there flows the beginning. But as the apostle said out from every pore of the body a most of the gospel, “ If our gospel be hid, or subtile and poisonous matter, perhaps vailed, it is vailed only to them that of a putrescent nature, which being destroy themselves :” so may we say long accumulated, and not allowed to here ; for there is no subject with diffuse itself through the air, infects which we are acquainted more clearly the body with most grievous diseases; demonstrated than this of Moral and nor does it stop here, but it produces Physical Good and Evil. a contagion which spreads devastation But did our limits permit, we might far and wide among mankind. The prosecute the subject still further, in solid parts of the body sometimes order to bring out some important become flabby, soft, and almost dis- developments which yet remain on solved, and unfit for their proper this subject. uses; and the fluids are sometimes Passing these, however, at present, inspissated, and formed even into the we go on to inquire how the scale of hardest solid masses. As the heart grace, which is the device of infinite itself, in a moral sense, is compared wisdom for rescuing mankind from to the hardest stone, so, literally, in a | their morally lapsed condition, comes physical view, we have seen it ossi- to be formed. Be it therefore rememfied, and converted into bone ; hence bered, that the subject we are treating, impeded actions of the organs, vehe- is moral evil; and that there is but one ment pain, various and grievous dis- method only for the removal of it. eases. Lastly, some animals are now We can easily conceive of a thing to be reckoned among the causes of which is foul being made clean by diseases to others; namely, such as washing, scouring, and such like opesupport their life at the expense of rations, according to the nature of others; and these either invade us the material. But this is not the case from without, or take up their resi- with moral evil. The pollutions of dence within the body, gnawing the the body may be removed by such bowels while the person is yet alive, means, but those of the soul never not only with great danger and dis- can. Moral evil can never be removtress to the patient, but sometimes ed by external violence, or mechanieven producing death itself.*

cal force. The wise king of JerusaHaving thus demonstrated the exist- lem bad the true and philosophical ence of physical, as well as moral view of this subject when he said, evil, we now remark, in the words of “Though you bray a fool in a mortar, our author, or nearly so, that by rea- among wheat, with a pestle, yet will son of the blending above mentioned, not his folly depart from him." No; the scheme of contrast which nature such means are inadequate to the end. originally exhibited, and the new con- The source of moral evil consists, as trast of sin, disease, and death, by we have remarked, in the total inverwhich she was afterwards tainted, are sion or perversion of all the powers of

the mind. Now the question is, How See Edinburgh Practice of Physio, Vol. I. are these to be restored ? As the thing Page 4. Theory of Medicine.

can never be effected by mechanical 989

The Physical and Moral World.

990

means, which act merely upon mate ascribed to the resurrection of the Sarial body; so neither will it yield to viour, by which he was declared to be the the mere speculations and theories of Son of God with power ; with the moralists; for these, it will be found, greatest power of evidence of his diare as inapplicable to the circum- vine mission; and with power to resstances of the case, as are the mecha- cue his people, and to defeat their nical powers above mentioned. What foes. For, " for this cause was the Son reformation did ever moralists or their of God manifested, that he might destroy theories, even the best, produce in the works of the devil.In a fifth rethe earth? It is too much to say, spect, it may be ascribed to his ascenthat their help has been but small, sion : For if, when we were enemies, that they have done nothing, that they we were reconciled to God by the death have left men where they found them; of his Son; much more, being reconfor they have rendered matters a ciled, by his death, namely, we shall great deal worse. All the little traces be saved by his life ; by the life that he of moral principle which were written now lives in heaven at the right hand upon the heart of men, and all the of God: For he is our advocate with knowledge of God, which might be the Father: and as a merciful and faithderived from his works, or handed ful high priest, he ever liveth to make down by tradition, they have darken- intercession for us.' In a sixth view, ed, perplexed with a thousand doubts, it may be ascribed to the descent and and placed their disciples in a situa- influences of the holy Spirit: “ For if tion worse than they were before. ye, being evil, know how to give good Neither master nor scholar could ever gifts unto your children, how much more arrive at any certain principles, by will your heavenly Father give his holy which they might trace back their Spirit unto them that ask him. It is the way to God. This is the peculiar spirit that quickeneth, the flesh profiteth work of the gospel; and as it is the nothing. And verily, verily, I say work of the gospel only, so it is the unto thee, Except a man be born of water gospel alone, without human aid, and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into which effects the whole. This is the the kingdom of God.And, lastly, in a instrument of power over moral cor- seventh view, it may be ascribed to ruption, though weak in the eyes of the Word of God, which is the record flesh. It is not by swords of steel, God hath given of his Son ; and by nor the battle-axe of the warrior, nor which believers are regenerated or yet the theories of men; but by my born again, not of corruptible seed, but word, saith the Lord. The words of by the word of God, which liveth and Jehovah are living and powerful; abideth for ever.To all these partitheir effects are like those of a hammer culars, in their different bearings, may which breaks, or a fire which burns and the effects produced by the gospel be consumes whatever combustible matter ascribed, in regard to God. By these is opposed to it; nothing can with bis love is manifested in a manner stand their force.

that affects the heart : “For when we But it may be asked, What is it in were yet without strength, in due time or about the gospel, which produces Christ died for the ungodly.But this such amazing effects as have been is not the manner of men: ascribed to it?

scarcely for a righteous man will one In answer to which, in one view, we die ; yet peradventure for a good man, may say, It is the love, and not the a benevolent man, whose diffusive wrath, of an offended God: “We love goodness has been felt all around, him because he first loved us." In an- some, smitten with a sense of his disother view, we may say, It is by his interested love, would even dare to gifts of kindness: For God so loved die.But what is all this to the exthe world, that he gave his only begotten ample of God? “ For God commendeth Son, that whosoever believeth on him his love towards us,” in higher strains, might not perish, but have everlasting and well he may, “in that while we life.In a third view of the subject, were yet sinners, Christ died for us." it may be ascribed to the death of the Now we are informed, that this is the Saviour: for, Herein is love, not doctrine which reconciles sinners to that we loved God, but that he loved us, God : for it runs, " When we were eneand sent his Son to be a propitiation for mies, we were reconciled to God by the our sins.” In a fourth view, it may be death of his Son." This manifestation

For

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