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laid out all my present stock of time on you. O! assurance of happiness for ten thousand times ten
was in my last. Mr. Fitzherbert has put off bis
coming here till August. My dear Miss is very
well. She bids me send you her love, and tell “Tissington, 23d July, 1755.
you she must consider some time about writing DEAR SIR,-To answer your questions—I you before she can execute properly, can say that I love your letters, because it is very « Do not treat me with so much deference. I true that I do love them; and I do not know any have no claim to it; and, from a friend, it looks one reason why I may not declare this truth; so too like ceremony-a thing I am at this time much do I think it would be for my reputation, more particularly embarrassed with. Perhaps that I should choose to declare it, not only to you, you never knew a person less apt to take offence but to all who know you. Ask yourself why I ihan myself; and if it was otherwise in general, I value your affection ; for you cannot be so much am sure you would not have cause to apprehend a stranger to yourself as not to know many rea- the giving it, but would always be a particular sons why I ought highly to value it; and I hope exception to my taking it. you are not so much a stranger to me as not to “ See how far the pleasure of conversing with know I would always do as I ought, though, per- you has overcome my present dislike to writing; haps, in this case the doing so has not the merit and let it be a farther proof to you of my being, of volition-for in truth I cannot help it. So dear sir, your affectionate friend, and obliged much in reply to the two first sentences in your humble servant,
“H. BOOT BY 2. last letter. It is no unpleasing circumstance to “How does Miss Williams and her father? me that the same messenger who has taken a let- My regards to her.” ter to the post-house at Ashbourn from me to you, has twice brought back one from you to me.
LETTER XXIV. Possibly, while I am now replying to your last,
Tissington, 29th July, 1755. you may be giving me a reply to mine again. “DEAR SIR,—As it happened your rebuke for Both ways I shall be pleased, whether I happen my silence was so timed as to give me pleasure. to be beforehand with you, or you again with me. Your complaints would have been very painful to
“I am desirous that in the great and one me had I not been pretty certain that before I thing necessary you should think as I do; and I read them you would receive a letter which would am persuaded you some time will. I will not take away all cause for them. I could not have enter into a controversy with you. I am sure I borne them under the least consciousness of havnever can this way convince you in any point ing merited them. But, quite free from this, such wherein we may differ; nor can any morial con- marks of your friendship were very pleasing. vince me, by human arguments, that there is not You need not make use of any arguments to a divine evidence for divine truths l. Such the persuade me of the necessity of frequent writing; apostle plainly defines faith to be, when he tells I am very willing to acknowledge it in a corresponus it is the substance of things hoped for, the dence with you, though I never so little liked to evidence of things not seen.' Human testimnony write, in general, since I could write, as for some can go no farther than things seen and visible io time past. Both my mind and body are much inthe senses. Divine and spiritual things are far disposed to this employment. The last is not so above; and what says St. Paul ? "For what man easy in the posture which habit has fixed when I knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of write, and consequently the mind affected too. man which is in him ? Even so the things of God To you I always wish to appear in the best light; knoweth no man, but the spirit of God.' Do but you will excuse infirmities; and to purchase read the whole chapter; and, if you please, Mr. your letters I shall think my time happily bestowRoinaine's Sermon, or Discourse, lately published, ed. If but one line can give you pleasure or sus"On the benefit which the Holy Spirit of God is pended pain, I shall rejoice. How kind was your of to man in his journey through life. I utterly last little letter! I longed to return my immediate disclaim all faith ihat does not work by love, love thanks: but Mr. Fitzherbert's mother, an old lady, . that
bigoted to forms, prevented me; and has preventTakes every creature in of every kind ;'
ed me till now. She came here, is here, and
stays some time. I continue much better in my and believe from my soul that in every sect and
health, thank God! alert and cheerful ; and have denomination of Christians there are numbers,
stood storms and tempests, rain and cold, unburt. great numbers, who will sit down with Abraham, I observe the good doctor's rules, and have found Isaac, and Jacob, and the promise you quote be them efficacious. Mr. Fitzherbert had appointed gloriously fulfilled. I believe and rejoice in this
his time for being here as next week, but has 1 (It must not be inferred frors this that Dr. Johnson
changed it to near three weeks hence. Tell me had in his letter maintained a contrary doctrine. He some literary news- mean of your own; for I probably combated some of Miss Boothby's peculiar ten- am very indifferent to the productions of others, ats, which she defends, as is common in such controversits, by assertions which her antagonist would not have 2 At the end of this letter Dr. Johnson wrote, answer thought of denying. -Ed.]
but interested warmly in all yours, both in heart "I am at present preparing to receive Mr. and mind.
Fitzherbert, Mr. and Mrs. Alleyne, Mr. Gernier, “I hope our difference is only in words, or that &c. If you have been in town this week, probain time our sentiments will be so much the same bly you have seen Mr. Fitzherbert. I hope he as to make our expressions clear and plain. As would not neglect to inquire after the most valuyou say, every moment brings the time nearer in able acquaintance he has there. Our scene here which we must think alike. O may this time (or will be much changed. But all is, and ought to rather end of time to us) which will fully disclose be, variable in this life; and I expect the change truth, also with it disclose eternal happiness to us! with much inward tranquillity. The interval of You see I cannot help praying for you, nor shall rest and quiet I have had has greatly contributed I ever, as I am truly, dear sir, your affectionate to the amendment of my health. I walked a mile friend,
и Н. ВоотнBY. yesterday without great fatigue; and hope I shall “ My little flock all well; Miss much at your be able to support the labours to come. I am not service, and has a high regard for you. If you careful, however, for the morrow. That is in the mention me at the doctor's, mention me as one hands of the almighty and all-merciful God. who is always glad of paying regard there, and There I trust; and pray-Give me this day my hearing well of them."
daily bread.' LETTER XXV.
“Miss is still tuning-no wonder that you have
inspired her with awe. She is disturbed she does
" 30th July, 1755. nol write; yet cannot satisfy herself with any DEAR sir, — Why, my good friend, you are so mental composition. She has yet been working bountiful and so kind that I must thank you, and for you. I leave her to herself, and hope she will say I am truly grateful, though I have not timne produce something. for more, as I have been obliged to write several “Remember that the more people I see the letters 10-day, and cannot easily write much. more I shall rejoice in a letter from you. TurtleYour account of Mr. Williams's departure was feasts and venison-feasts I delight not in. 'Treat very sweet to me i. He is happy without doubt, me sometimes, as often as you can, with what and, instead of condoling with, I most heartily will be really a feast ; and in the best manner I rejoice with Miss Williams from this assurance, am able I will thank you, and be ever, as now, which I trust she has as strongly as I, and then dear sir, your grateful and affectionate friend, she must be every moment thankful.
“H. BOOTHBY." "I am not so well as I have been. The damp weather has affected me. But my dear children
LETTER XXVII. are all well; and some sunshine will revive me again. This is only to let you see I think of you,
" Tissington, 20th August, 1755. and, as I ought, receive every instance of your
“Dear sir,-Every where I find myself in regard when I assure you it increases mine, and
your thoughts-at Oxford-in town. How shall makes me more and more, dear sir, your grateful
I reward this kind attention to a friend, this tenand affectionate friend, “H. BOOTHBY.
der solicitude for her health and welfare? Your “ I will tell you some time what I think of partiality will I know make you reply, •By neAnacreon 2.”
glecting no means to procure and preserve them.'
This is what I am sensible I owe to the most LETTER XXVI.
inconsiderable creature whom it pleases a good "13th August, 1755.
Providence to benefit in the last degree by me; DEAR SIR,-You was at Oxford then ? And and much more to a friend. Pain and sickness I was vain enough to conclude you was not in do most certainly produce the consequences you town, or I should have heard from you sooner, and observe; and often do 1 reflect with the greatest you have not lessened my vanity by thinking of wonder and gratitude on all those various occaand writing to me, in a place where so many ob- sions in which it has pleased God to visit me with jects suited to your taste would be courting your these, that he should never leave me without that attention-so many of the learned seeking your medicine of life—a friend. conversation. This is a new obligation, of which “I am glad you saw Mr. Fitzherbert, and that I am very sensible. Yet I had rather seen a letter he repeated his invitation to Tissington. He and dated from Lichfield, because then I should have his company arrived here on Thursday last, all at hoped soon to see Mr. Johnson himself, and for a loss what to do with themselves in still life. an opportunity of conversing with him.
They set out yesterday to Derby race, and return
on Friday, with some forty more people, to eat a 1(When the term “ sroeet” is applied on such an occa
turtle; weight, a hundred and thirty. This feast sion, it is not surprising that we meet strange expressions scattered through the correspondence.-ED.
I, who, you know, love eating, am preparing for 2 (Had he sent to Miss Boothby the translation of them. It will be a day of fatigue. But then how Anacreon's Dove, which he gave to Mrs. Thrale in 1777 ? sweet and comfortable it will be, to lie down and When dictating it to that lady he said, "I never was
rest at night! The sleep of a labouring man is much struck with any thing in the Greek language till I read that, so I never read any thing in the same language sweet, whether he eateth little or much. My since, that pleased me as inuch. I hope my translation," business is to prepare a feast, not to eat. During continued he, " is not worse than that of Frank Fawkes."
the time of our having been here alone, I have Seeing her disposed to laugh, “Nay, nay," said he, “Frank Fawkes has done them very finely."
found great good from rest and quiet, and the had finished writing, “But you must remember to add,” strength gained in this interval of repose enables said Dr. Johnson, " that though these verses were planned, me to support the hurry of company, and the and even begun, when I was sixteen years old,
necessary cares for their reception and entertaincould find time w make an end of them before I was sixty-eight"-Ed.)
ment, much better than I could do for a long time
before I left London. But I am not so well as I the world ye shall have tribulation - Seek, and was a fortnight since. The pain in my side is you will surely find.' You do me the honour to increased, as I find it will be on all occasions call me your monitress; and you see I endeavour where I am obliged to prolong exercise to the least to execute the duty of one. Peace and happiness degree of fatigue, and in my present situation here and for ever do I most ardently wish you ; there is no avoiding these sometimes. But I have as I am truly, dear sir, your greatly obliged and respite seasonably, thank God, as now.
And affectionate friend,
“H. BOOTHBI. next week Mr. Fitzherbert and his guests go to " Miss's love. dance at Buxton, and see the Peak. You will “N. B.- I intended to have concluded this, perhaps think a tour round the Peak would be no where I talked of a longer letter on the other side, bad thing for me; and I should think so too; but but went on imperceptibly as it were. Rememas this will be ordered, or disordered, by the un- ber you are a whole sheet in my debt after you certainty and irregularity of the directors, it will receive this." be a rash attempt for me; and, besides, they have only vehicles sufficient for themselves; so that I
LETTER XXVIII. shall have another resting time, before they return
"8th September, 1755. again to stay a few days; and then they all go to “ DEAR SIR,--It is as impossible for me to forLichfield race, from whence Mr. Fitzherbert and
bear writing, as it is to say a tenth part of what Gernier only return back. Now, I have not only I would say. Two letters I have from yon detold you the state of my health, but of affairs mand a vast deal; yet not more than I am willing here, that you may know both how I do, and to give, was I able; but Mr. Fitzherbert has been what I do,
at home above a week, and company, &c. have “And, while I am writing all this, I really feel prevented my doing any thing but altend to doashamed; conscious how Titile I 'merit to be
mestic employmenis. I do not allow you to be thought of consequence enough for any body to a judge with regard to your conferring obligations. desire such information concerning me, particu- | I am to judge and estimate in this case. But, larly you, who I am persuaded might select a now you know my thoughts, if the repetition friend among the most worthy. Do not call this displeases, I shall avoid it. feigned humility, or, in other words, the worst “ Your letters are indeed very different from sort of pride. "Tis truth, I assure you.
the common dialect of daily correspondence, and "Will you come into Derbyshire? But why as different from the style of a school dogmalist. do I ask ?' You say you will. In the mean time, Much sense in few and well-chosen words. Daily I will endeavour, with God's blessing, to lay in a correspondence does not commonly afford, nor a stock of health, that I may have the pleasure of school dogmatist, delicate praise. So much for walking with you in Dovedale, and many other your letters. As to what you say of mine, dear pleasures I hope for.
sir, if they please you, I am perfectly satisfied. “You desire longer letters ; here you have one And, high as I rate your judgment, it gives -but such a one as I am afraid will not make you me more pleasure to think I owe much of your repeat that desire. However, it will be a proof applause to the partiality of a kind friend, than of my willingness to gratify your request when- I should receive from unbiassed criticism; were ever it is in my power, and that I never say little it publickly to pronounce me superior to all to Mr. Johnson by choice, but when I can hear the Arindas, Sevignés, &c. in epistolary excel him talk.
lence. “ The least degree of your quiet is a treasure “I have been fourteen miles to-day, was out by which I shall take the utmost care of—but yet, eight in the morning (some hours before your day from very certain experience, and the truest re- begins), despatched several important things, am gard to your peace, I must advise to take it out
tired, but could not suffer another post to go of all human hands. Young's experience strongly without an assurance that I am, dear sir, your af. speaks with mine
fectionale friend, and obliged one too, • Lean not on earth ; 't will pierce thee to the heart;
“H. BOOTHBY." A broken reed, at best; but oft a spear; On its sharp point Peace bleeds, and Hope expires.'
LETTER XXIX. Yet such has been the amazing mercy of God to
"Tissington, 20th Sept., 1755 me, that now I can say—It is good for me that I have been afflicted.' Looking over some old
“ DEAR SIR, –Were I at liberty, it would not papers lately I found two lines I had scratched by their scarcity: You should have them, till you
be in my power to enhance the value of my letters out, which were prophetic of what has since
cried out · Hold your hand. But you cannot happened to me
imagine the half of what I have to do; and I · Variety of pain will make me know,
assure you I have on your account put off writing That greatest bliss is drawn from greatest woe.'
to others from time to time, till now I am ashamed. But this, perhaps, you say, is far from being a Be silent at Dr. Lawrence's as to me, for I have dissuasive. Why, as to the event here, 'i is been long in debt there : I intended to have paid indeed the contrary. But, in general, the disap- to-day, but you won't let me. This way I conpointment and pain is certain, the event not so. sider I must go to Derby on Monday, to stay There is no peace but that one which the Prince some days—no writing ihen-and, therefore, I of Peace, king of Salem, left to his disciples- must write to Mr. Johnson now, and defer the • Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto rest—why I must write to Mr. Johnson, rather you; not as the world giveth, give l unto you.' than to others, he may find out.' No; for in another place, our Saviour says, 'In “ You do not pity me, when I am whirled
DR. JOHNSON TO MISS BOOTHBY.
round by a succession of company; yet you are
“In less than a month we are to be in Cavenanxious for my health. Now this is, though per- dish-square. Mr. Fitzherbert has fixed Friday haps unknown to you, really a contradiction. se'nnight for going to town himself, and we are to For one day's crowd, with the preceding necessa- follow soon after that time. Need I say, I shall ry preparations to receive them, the honours, as be glad to see you ? No-you know I shall ; it is called, of a large table, with the noise, &c. and, unless duty 3 calls to Lichfield, I wish rather attending, pulls down my feeble frame more than to have that visit deferred, till it may give me an any thing you can imagine. To that, air, gentle opportunity of seeing you here on our return in exercise, and then quiet and rest, are most friend- the summer. Consider of this, and contrive so, ly. You have often declared you cannot be alone; if possible, as that both in summer and winter i and I, as often, that I could not be long, unless I may have the pleasure of your conversation ; was some hours in every day alone. I have found which will greatly cheer the gloom of one season, myself mistaken ; for yet I am in being, though and add to the smiles of the other. Such influfor some time past I have seldom had one half ence has such a friend on, dear sir, your obliged hour in a day to myself ; and I have learned this and affectionate humble servant, profitable lesson, that resignation is better than in
“H. BOOTHBY." dulgence ; and time is too precious a thing for me “My dear Miss Fitzherbert is well, very well, to have at my own disposal. Providence has gi. and has never given me one alarm since we came ven it to others, and if it may profit them, I shall here. She sends you her love very sincerely." rejoice. It is all I desire.
“ I can only be sorry that the text in the Corinthians 1 does not prove to you what I would
" Saturday 4, (27th Dec. 1755.) have it, and add to my prayers for you that it may · DEAREST DEAR, -I am extremely obliged to prove it.
you for the kindness of your inquiry. After I had “ Miss Fitzherbert is very well, and all my dear written to you, Dr. Lawrence came, and would flock. She sends her love to you.
have given some oil and sugar, but I took rhenish “ You will prolonge your visit to this part of and water, and recovered my voice. I yet cough the world, till some of us are so tired of it that we much, and sleep ill. I have been visited by anshall be moving towards you. Consider, it is al- other doctor to-day ; but I laughed at his balsam most October. When do you publish? Any of Peru. I fasted on Tuesday, Wednesday, and news relating to you will be acceptable : if it is Thursday, and felt neither hunger nor faintness. good, I shall rejoice ; if not, hope to lessen any I have dined yesterday and to-day, and found litpain it may give
you by the sharing it, as, dear tle refreshment. I am not much amiss; but can sir, your truly affectionate friend,
no more sleep than if my dearest lady were angry “ H. BoothBy." at, madam, your, &c. LETTER XXX.
LETTER XXXI. " Tissington, 11th October, 1755.
“Sunday night, (December, 17555.) “ DEAR SIR, I have been so great a rambler “MY DEAR SIR, -I am in trouble about you ; lately, that I have not had time to write. A week and the more, as I am not able to see how you at Derby; another between Stafford and some do myself-pray send me word. You have my other relations. The hurrying about proved too sincere prayers; and the first moment I can, you much for my strength, and disordered me a good shall see, dear sir, your affectionate friend, deal; but now, thank God, I am better again.
“ H. BOOTHBY." Your letter I met here, as I always do every one “I beg you would be governed by the good you write, with much pleasure. I expected this doctor while you are sick ; when you are well, pleasure; and as I should have met disappoint-do as you please.” ment if I had not had a letter, so the pleasure of one was increased. Few things can disappoint me : I look for no satisfaction from them ; but
“ 30th December, 1755. you may greatly, as you have given me a confi
“ DEAR MADAM,- It is again midnight, and dence in your highly valued friendship. Com- I am again alone. With what meditation shall 1 plaints for want of time will be one of those which amuse this waste hour of darkness and vacuity ? must be made by all, whose hope is not full of If I turn my thoughts upon myself, what do I immortality; and to this, the previous review of perceive but a poor helpless being, reduced by a life, and reflections you have made, are necessa- blast of wind to weakness and misery? How my ry. I am persuaded you had not time to say present distemper was brought upon me I can more, or you could not have concluded your last
give no account, but impute it to some sudden as you did. A moment's reflection would have prevented a needless wish.
3 (His mother was still alive and resident in Lichfield, “ Have you read Mr. Law ? not cursorily, but but he never again visited that town during her life. See with attention ? I wish you would consider him.
ante, vol. i. pp. 124 n. and 161.-Ed.) •His appeal to all that doubt, &c.' I think the
4 (Probably Saturday, 27th December, 1755. These
undated notes it is not easy to arrange; but the order the most clear of all his later writings; and, in re- Editor has assigned to them seems probable, and is concommending it to you, I shall say no more or less
sistent with the contents. It seems that while Johnson
was labouring under some kind of feverish cold, Miss than what you will see he says in his advertise
Boothby herself fell ill of a disease of which she died in ment to the reader.
5 In Dr. Johnson's handwriting.-WRIGHT. (Proba1 (Ante, p. 478.-ED.)
bly Sunday, 28th Dec. 1755. Miss Boothby seems to 2 By prsiong she must mean delay.--Ed.)
have come to town in the preceding month.-ED.) VOL. II.
DR. JOHNSON TO MISS BOOTHBY.
succession of cold to heat ; such as in the common fer the rest, till I am more able. Dear sir, your road of life cannot be avoided, and against which affectionate friend,
“ H. BOOTHBY. no precaution can be taken.
“Give Cooper some tickets. “Of the fallaciousness of hope and the uncer- “I am glad you sent for the hock. Mr. Fitze tainty of schemes, every day gives some new herbert has named it more than once, proof; but it is seldom heeded, till something “ Thank you for saving me from what indeed rather felt than seen awakens attention. This might have greatly hurt me, had I heard or seen in illness, in which I have suffered something, and
a paper such a feared much more, has depressed my confidence
“ DR. JOHNSON TO MISS BOOTHBY. and elation; and made me consider all that I had promised myself, as less certain to be attained or
" Wednesday, December 31, 1755. enjoyed. I have endeavoured to form resolutions
“ My sweet ANGEL,- I have read your of a better life; but I form them weakly, under book, I am afraid you will think without any the consciousness of an external motive. Not
great improvement; whether you can read my that I conceive a time of sickness, a time improp- notes, I know not. You ought not to be offended; er for recollection and good purposes, which I
I am perhaps as sincere as the writer. In all believe diseases and calamities often sent to pro
things that terminate here I shall be much guided duce, but because no man can know how little his by your influence, and should take or leave by performance will answer to his promises ; and your direction ; but I cannot receive my religion designs are nothing in human eyes till they are
from any human hand. I desire however to be realized by execution.
instructed, and am far from thinking myself “ Continue, my dearest, your prayers for me,
perfect. that no good resolution may be vain. You think, I looked into it
. I should not have written what
“I beg you to return the book when you have I believe, better of me than I deserve. I hope to be in time what I wish to be; and what I have
was in the margin, had I not had it from you, or hitherto satisfied myself too readily with only
had I not intended to show it to you. wishing.
“ It affords me a new conviction, that in these “ Your billet brought me, what I much wished
books there is little new, except new forms of to have, a proof that
I am still remembered by expression ; which may be sometimes taken, you at the hour in which I most desire it.
even by the writer, for new doctrines. “ The doctor 1 is anxious about you. He thinks
“I sincerely hope that God, whom you so you too negligent of yourself ; if you will promise much desire to serve aright, will bless you, and io be cautious, I will exchange promises, as we
restore you to health, if he sees best. Surely no have already exchanged injunctions. However,
human understanding can pray for any thing temdo not write to me more than you can easily bear; poral otherwise than conditionally. Dear ångel, do not interrupt your ease to write at all.
do not forget me. My heart is full of tenderness. “ Mr. Fitzherbert sent to-day to offer me some
“It has pleased God to permit me to be much wine; the people about me say I ought to accept
better ; which I believe will please you. it. I shall therefore be obliged to him if he will
“Give me leave, who have thought much on send me a bottle,
medicine, to propose to you an easy, and I think “There has gone about a report that I died to
a very probable remedy for indigestion and luday, which I mention, lest you should hear it and
bricity of the bowels. Dr. Lawrence has told me be alarmed. You see that I think my death may
'Take an ounce of dried orange peel alarm you ; which, for me, is to think very highly finely powdered, divide it into scruples, and take of earthly friendship. I believe it arose from the one scruple at a time in any manner; the best death of one of my neighbours. You know Des way is perhaps to drink it in a glass of hot red Cartes’ argument, 'I think, therefore I am. It port, or to eat it first, and drink the wine after it. is as good a consequence,‘I write ; therefore I am If you mix cinnamon or nutmeg with the powder, alive. I might give another, 'I am alive ; there
it were not worse ; but it will be more bulky, and fore I love Miss Boothby ;' but that I hope our
so more troublesome. This is a medicine not disfriendship may be of far longer duration than life.
gusting, not costly, easily tried, and if not found I am, dearest madam, with sincere affection, useful, easily left off 4. yours,
" Sam. JOHNSON."
“I would not have you offer it to the doctor as
mine. Physicians do not love intruders; yet do “ MISS BOOTHBY TO DR. JOHNSON,
not take it without his leave. But do not be
(“ December, 1755 2.) easily put off, for it is in my opinion very likely to “ MY DEAR SIR, -Would I was able to reply help you, and not likely to do you barm: do not fully to both your kind letters ! but at present I take too much in haste; a scruple once in three am not. I trust we shall both be better soon, hours, or about five scruples a day, will be suffiwith a blessing on our good doctor's means. Í cient to begin ; or less, if you find any aversion. have been, as he can tell
you, all obedience. As I think using sugar with it might be bad ; if syan answer to one part of your letter, I have sent rup, use old syrup of quinces ; but even that I you a little book 3. God bless you. I must de- do not like. I should think better of conserve of
sloes. Has the doctor mentioned the bark? In i(Dr. Lawrence.-Ep.) 2 In Dr. Johnson's handwriting.–WRIGHT.
powder you could hardly take it; perhaps you 3 [Probably not one of Law's works, mentioned in the might take the infusion. letter of the llth October. Dr. Johnson told Mr. Bos- Do not think me troublesome, I am full of well (ante, vol. i. p. 24) that Law's Scrious Call was the first book that ever awoke him to a sense of real religion.
I love you and honour you, and am very The work, whatever it was, lent him by Miss Boothby, he does not seem to have approved.--Ed.)
4 (See ante, vol. i. p. 512.-ED.]