« 이전계속 »
A whole-length, in a cocked hat, ruffles on the hands, holding a stick behind his back
There is a whole-length figure in Cambridge's works, 4to., drawn and engraved by Besland. ]
BUST BY NOLLEKENS, (1781. Never cut in marble; the first cast from the
mould is now the property of Hon. Agar Ellis.
W. T. Fry 1815)
the possession of the younger Dr. Chas. Burney (copied and engraved by Richter Richter
17971 Let me add, as a proof of the popularity of his character, that there are copper pieces struck at Birmingham, with his head impressed on them, which pass current as halfpence there and in the neighbouring parts of the country,
(In this list are enumerated, it is believed, all the original portraits of Dr. Johnson, but only the most remarkable of the engravings taken from them. The valuable and interesting collection of Henry Smedley, Esq. in which will be found almost every print of him which has been published, contains more than one hundred distinct plates, which have been executed at different times.
An illustrated copy of Boswell's Life, belonging to Mr. Smith, of the British Museum, in addition to numerous rare iinpressions of portraits of Dr. Johnson, is embellished with views of all the houses in which he resided ; many of them drawn by Mr. Smith himself.-J. MURRAY, JUN.]
CONTENTS OF THE GENERAL APPENDIX.
I. Recollections of Dr. Johnson, by Miss Reynolds
497 III. Miscellaneous Letters of Dr. Johnson
510 IV. Unpublished Prayers by Dr. Johnson
517 V. Account of Dr. Johnson's last Dinner at Streatham
518 VI. Poetical Review of the Character of Dr. Johnson, by J. Courtenay, Esq. 518 VII. Character of Dr. Johnson, by Dr. Horne
525 VIII. Diary of Dr. Johnson's last Illness, by Mr. Hoole
526 IX. Some Account of Francis Stuart
530 X. Lesson in Biography; or, How to writes one's Friend's Life, by A. Chalmers, Esq.
532 XI. Mr. Boswell's Original Dedication and Advertisements of the Tour to the Hebrides
534 XII. Catalogue of Dr. Johnson's Prose Works
ceived a paternal affection (particularly for two of
them, Miss Carter and Miss Mulso, now Mrs. RECOLLECTIONS of Dr. Johnson by Miss Chapone), previous to their acquaintance with Reynolds.
Richardson, and it was said that he thought him
self neglected by them on his account. MR. PALMER's papers contain two manu
“ Dr Johnson set a higher value upon female scripts ! one of Miss Reynold's Recollec- friendship than perhaps most men 3, which may tions, both in her own handwriting, nearly by his acquaintance with those ladies, if it was
reasonably be supposed was not a little enhanced the same in substance, but differing a good not originally derived from them. To their socideal as to the order, and something as to
ety, doubtless, Richardson owed that delicacy of the handling, of the various topics. Miss sentiment, that feminine excellence, as I may say, Reynolds's best style was, as Dr. Johnson that so peculiarly distinguishes his writings from himself hinted to her, not a clear one, and those of his own sex in general, how high soever in those rambling Recollections scattered they may soar above the other in the more digniover separate sheets of paper, there is a good fied paths of literature, in scientific investigations, deal of tautology and confusion, through and abtruse inquiries. which the Editor has had some difficulty in
“Dr. Johnson used to repeat, with very appadiscovering any thing like order. He has,
rent delight, some lines of a poem written by Miss
Mulso : however, made an arrangement which, if not
"Say, Stella, what is love, whose cruel power quite satisfactory, is at least intelligible.
Robs virtue of content, and youth of joy ? These Recollections tell little that is new, What nymph or goditess, in what fatal hour, but they confirm and explain, and occa
Produced to light the mischief-making boy?
Some say, by Idleness and Pleasure bred, sionally throw a useful light on some interest- The smiling babe on beds of roses lay: ing points of Dr. Johnson's manners and There with soft honey'd dews by Fancy fcd,
His infant beauties opend on the day.4' character: and although they have not the
“ Dr. Johnson had an uncommon retentive advantage of having been written while the matters were quite fresh in Miss Reynolds's worthy of observation. Whatever he met with
memory for every thing that appeared to him mind, the long and cordial intimacy between her and Dr. Johnson entitles them required a revisal to be able to repeat verbatim.
in reading, particularly poetry, I believe he seldom to as much confidence as can be placed in if not literally so, his deviations were generally Recollections.-ED.
improvements. This was the case, in some re
spects, in Shenstone's poem of the ‘Inn,' which I :The first time I was in company with Dr. learned from hearing Dr. Johnson repeat it; and Johnson, which was at Miss Cotterel's, I well I was surprised, on seeing it lately among the remember the flattering notice he took of a lady authour's works for the first time, to find it so difpresent, on her saying that she was inclined to ferent. One stanza he seems to have extempoestimate the morality of every person according rized himself : as they liked or disliked Clarissa Harlowe. He "And once again I shape my way was a great admirer of Richardson's works in Through rain, through shine, through thick and thin,
Secure to meet, at close of day, general, but of Clarissa he always spoke with
A kind reception at an inn.' the highest enthusiastic praise. He used to say that it was the first book in the world for the
“ He always read amazingly quick, glancing knowledge it displays of the human heart 2.
3 ["In his conversation with ladies, he had such a fe" Yet of the author I never heard him speak licity as would put vulgar gallantry out of countenance. with any degree of cordiality, but rather as it im- of the female mind he conceived a higher opinion than pressed with some cause of resentment against many men, and, though he was never suspected of a
blamable intimacy with any individual of them him; and this has been imputed to something of
ante, p. 432), had a great estcem for the sex. The defect jealousy, not to say envy, on account of Richard- in his powers of sight rendered him totally insensible to son's having engrossed the attentions and affec- the charms of beauty ; but he knew that beauty was the tionate assiduities of several very ingenious lite.equal complacency 'as flattered every one into a belief
attribute of the sex, and treated all women with such an rary ladics, whoin he used to call his adopted that she had her share of that or some more valuable endaughters, and for whom Dr. Johnson had con- dowment. In his discourses with them his compliments
had ever a neat and elegant turn: they were never di
rect, but always implied the merit they were intended to 1 (Mr. Gwatkin's copy of these Recollections seems to attest.”—Harokins's Life, p. 309.-Ep.) have been extracted and abridged from the originals by 4 (Johnson paid the first of those stanzas the great and another hand.-ED.)
undeserved compliment of quoting it in his Dictionary, 2 (See ante, vol. 1. p. 245.-ED.)
under the word "QUATRAIN."-Ev.]
his eye from the top to the bottom of the page in its first coming out, to testify her admiration of it, an instant. If he made any pause, it was a com- exclaimed, “I never more shall think Dr. Goldpliment to the work; and after seesawing i over smith ugly.' In having thought so, however, she it a few minutes, generally repeated the passage, was by no means singular; an instance of which especially if it was poetry.
I am rather inclined to mention, because it in“One day, on taking up Pope's 'Essay on volves a remarkable one of Dr. Johnson's ready Man,' a particular passage seemed more than wit: for this lady, one evening being in a large ordinary to engage his attention ; so much so party, was called upon after supper for her toast, indeed ihat, contrary to his usual custom, after he and seeming embarrassed, she was desired to give had left the book and the seat in which he was the ugliest man she knew; and she immediately sitting, he returned to revise it, turning over the named Dr. Goldsmith, on which a lady s on the pages with anxiety to find it, and then repeated, other side of the table rose up and reached across
to shake hands with her, expressing some desire * Passions, thongh selfish, if their means be fair,
of being better acquainted with her, it being the List under Reason, and deserve her care: Those that, imparted, court a nobler aim,
first time they had met; on which Dr. Johnson Exalt their kind, and take some virtue's name.' said, • Thus the ancients, on the commencement
Epis. ii. v. 96.
of their friendships, used to sacrifice a beast be
twixt them.' His task, probably, was the whole paragraph, but
“Sir Joshua, I have often thought, never gave these lines only were audible. “He seemed much to delight in reciting verses,
a more striking proof of his excellence in portraitparticularly from Pope. Among the many I have painting, than in giving dignity to Dr. Goldsmith's had the pleasure of hearing him recite, the conclu- countenance, and yet preserving a strong likeness, sion of the ' Dunciad ;' and his Epistle to Jervas, if I may be allowed to make that distinction,
But he drew after his mind, or rather his genius, seemed to claim his highest admiration.
assimilating the one with his conversation, the "Led by some rule that guides, but not constrains, other with his works.
Aud finish'd more through bappiness than pains2,' “ Dr. Goldsmith's cast of countenance, and inhe used to remark, was a union that constituted deed his whole figure from head to foot, impressed the ultimate degree of excellence in the fine arts.
every one at first sight with an idea of his being a “Two lines also from Pope's • Universal Pray: low mechanic-particularly, I believe, a journeyer' I have heard him quote, in very serious con
man tailor. A little concurring instance of this I versation, as his theological creed :
well remember. One day at Sir Joshua Rey
nolds’s, in company with some gentlemen and . And binding Nature fast in fate,
ladies, he was relating with great indignation an Left free the human will.'
insult he had just received from some gentleman “Some lines also he used to repeat in his best he had accidentally met (I think at a coffee-house). manner, written in memory of Bishop Boulter 3,
•The fellow,' he said, “ took me for a tailor !' on which I believe are not much known.
which all the party either laughed aloud or showed Some write their wrongs in marble ; he, more just,
they suppressed a laugh.
Dr. Johnson seemed to have much more kind-
ness for Goldsmith, than Goldsmith had for him. Swept from the earth, and blotted from his mind. He always appeared to be overawed by Johnson, There, secret in the grave, he bade them lie,
particularly when in company with people of any And grieved they could not 'scape the Almighty's eye.'
consequence, always as if impressed with some “ A lady who had learnt them from Dr. John- fear of disgrace, and indeed well he might. I son thought she had made a mistake, or had forgot have been witness to many mortifications he has some words, as she could not make out a reference suffered in Dr. Johnson's company: one day in to there, and mentioned it to him. No,' he said, particular, at Sir Joshua's table, a gentleman to • she had not ;' and after seesawing a few mi- whom he was talking his best stopped him, in the nutes, said something that indicated surprise, that midst of his discourse, with Hush! hush! Dr. he should not have made the same remark Johnson is going to say something.? before.
“At another time, a gentleman who was sitting “Some time after, he told the lady that these between Dr. Johnson and Dr. Goldsmith, and lines were inserted in the last edition of his Dic- with whom he had been disputing, remarked to tionary, under the word sport 4.
another, loud enough for Goldsmith to hear him, “Of Goldsmith's Traveller he used to speak in • That he had a fine time of it, between Ursa major terms of the highest commendation. A lady 5 I and Ursa minor 7 !' remember, who had the pleasure of hearing Dr. “Mr. Baretti used to remark (with a smile) Johnson read it from the beginning to the end on that Dr. Johnson always talked his best to the las
dies. But indeed that was his general practice to (A lady said pleasantly of Dr. Johnson's strange movement, or oscillation while reading, that "his head 6 Mrs. Cholmondely.-Miss REYNOLDS. swung seconds."— Miss Hawkins's Memoirs, vol. ij. p. 7 (The Editor bas preserved this specimen, as a striking 216.-Ep.)
instance of the easy fabrication of what are called anec 2 Epistle to Jervas.-Miss REYNOLDS.
dotes, and of how little even the best authorities can be 3 By Dr. Madden. See ante, v. i. p. 137.-Ep.)
relied on in such matters. The real anecdote was of 4 [They are so. We see in this case, and that of Miss Doctor Major and Doctor Minor (see ante, vol. i. p. Mulso (ante, p. 491), that Dr. Johnson's personal partial- 353), by no means so happy as the fabrication, and the ities induced him to quote in his Dictionary authors who title of Ursa Major was applied to Johnson by old Lord “had no business there." See ante, v. i. p. 137, the mo- Auchinlech (ante, p. 459). From these two facts the tive of bis gratitude to Madden.-Ed.)
pleasant fallacy quoted by Miss Reynolds was no doubt 6 (Miss Reynolds herself.-Ep.]