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all who would furnish him with a subject worthy attended, or rather constituted his mental malady, of his discussion; for, what was very singular in which, I have observed, might probably have inhim, he would rarely, if ever, begin any subject cited him so often to pray ; and I impute it to the himself, but would sit silent i till something was same cause, that he so frequently, with great earparticularly addressed to him, and if that happen- nestness, desired his intimate acquaintance to pray ed to lead to any scientific or moral inquiry, his for him, apparently on very slight occasions of benevolence, I believe, more immediately incited corporeal disorder. him to expatiate on it for the edification of the ig. [Here followed an expression of surprise at his norant than for any other motive whatever. having desired a prayer from Dr. Dodd, and sev.

“One day, on a lady's telling him that she had eral particulars of thut story, already amply told read Parnell's 'Hermit' with dissatisfaction, for ante, pp. 104 et seq., and 118.] she could not help thinking that thieves and mur- “ And another axiom of his, of the same tendenderers, who were such immediate ministers from cy, was, that the pains and miseries incident to heaven of good to man, did not deserve such pun- human life far outweighed its happiness and good. ishments as our laws inflict, Dr. Johnson spoke [Vol. i. p. 521 2.) such an eloquent oration, so deeply philosophical, “But indeed much may be said in Dr. Johnas indeed afforded a most striking instance of the son's justification, supposing this notion should truth of Baretti's observation, but of which, to my not meet with universal approbation, having, it is great regret, I can give no corroborating proof, probable, imbibed them in the early part of his my memory furnishing me with nothing more life when under the pressure of adverse fortune, than barely the general tendency of his arguments, and in every period of it under the still heavier which was to prove, that though it might be said pressure and more adverse influence of Nature that wicked men, as well as the good, were min- herself ; for I have often heard bim lament that isters of God, because in the moral sphere the he inherited from his father a morbid disposition good we enjoy and the evil we suffer are admin- both of body and of mind—an oppressive melanistered to us by man, yet, as infinite goodness choly, which robbed him of the common enjoyments could not inspire or influence man to act wicked- of life 3. ly, but, on the contrary, it was his divine property “ Indeed he seemed to struggle almost inces. to produce good out of evil, and as man was en- santly with some mental evil, and often by the dowed with free-will to act, or to refrain from act- expression of his countenance and the motion of ing wickedly, with knowledge of good and evil, his lips appeared to be offering up some ejaculawith conscience to admonish and to direct him to tion to Heaven to remove it. But in Lent, or choose the one and to reject the other, he was, near the approach of any great festival, he would therefore, as criminal in the sight of God and of generally retire from the company to a corner of man, and as deserving punishment for his evil the room, but most commonly behind a window. deeds, as if no good had resulted from them. curtain, to pray, and with such energy, and in so

“ And yet, though, to the best of my remem- loud a whisper, that every word was heard disbrance, this was the substance of Dr. Johnson's tinctly, particularly the Lord's Prayer and the discourse in answer to the lady's observation, I Apostles' Creed, with which he constantly conam rather apprehensive that in some respects it cluded his devotions. Sometimes some words may be thought inconsistent with his general as- would emphatically escape him in his usual tone sertions, that man was by nature much more in. of voice 4, clined to evil than to good. But it would ill be- “ At these holy seasons he secluded himself come me to expatiate on such a subject.

more from society than at other times, at least “Yet what can be said to reconcile his opinion from general and mixed society; and on a genof the natural tendency of the human heart to evil tleman's sending him an invitation to dinner on with his own zealous virtuous propensions ? No- Easter Eve he was highly offended, and expressed thing perhaps, at least by me, but that this opin- himself so in his answer. ion, I believe, was founded upon religious princi- "Probably his studious attention to the secret ples relating to original sin ; and I well remember workings of his peculiar mental infirmity, tothat, when disputing with a person on this subject, gether with his experience of divine assistance cowho thought that nature, reason, and virtue were operating with his reasoning faculties, to repel the constituent principles of humanity, he would its force, may have proved in the highest degree say, 'Nay, nay, if man is by nature prompted to conducive to the exaltation of his piety, and the act virtuously, all the divine precepts of the gos- pre-eminence of his wisdom. And I think it pel, all its denunciations, all the laws enacted by equally probable, that all his natural defects were man to restrain man from evil, had been needless. conducive to that end; for being so peculiarly de

“ It is certain that he would scarcely allow any barred from the enjoyments of those amusements one to feel much for the distresses of others; or which the eye and ihe ear afford, doubtless he whatever he thought they might feel, he was very sought more assiduously for those gratifications apt to impute to causes ihat did no honour to hu- which scientific pursuits or philosophic meditation man nature. Indeed I thought him rather too bestow. fond of Rochefoucault maxims. “The very strict watch he apparently kept

2 (Where passages from these “ Recollections " have

been introduced in the text of the preceding volume, over his mind seems to correspond with his tho

these marks refer to the places where they are to be rough conviction of nature's evil propensions; but found.-Ed.] it might be as likely in consequence of his dread 3 (This last paragraph was originally written, " terriof those peculiar ones, whatever they were, which

fying melancholy, which he was sometimes apprehensive bordered on insanity." This Miss Reynolds softened

into the remark as it stands above.-Ed.] i (See ante, vol. i. p. 345.—ED.)

4 [See ante, vol. i. p. 333.-Ed.]


“ These defects sufficiently account for his insensibility of the charms of music and of painting, being utterly incapable of receiving any delight from the one or the other, particularly from painting, his sight being more deficient than his

“ of the superficies of the fine arts, or visible objects of taste, he could have had but an imperfect idea ; but as to the invisible principles of a natural good taste, doubtless he was possessed of these in the most eminent degree, and I should have thought it a strange inconsistency indeed in his character, had he really wanted a taste for music ; but as a proof that he did not, I think I had need only mention, that he was remarkably fond of Dr. Burney's History of Music 1, and that he said it showed that the authour understood the philosophy of music better than any man that ever wrote on that subject.

“ It is certain that, when in the company of connoisseurs, whose conversation has turned chiefly upon the merits of the attractive charms of painting, perhaps of pictures that were immediately under their inspection, Dr. Johnson, I have thought, used to appear as if conscious of his unbecoming situation, or rather, I might say, suspicious that it was an unbecoming situation.

“ But it was observable, that he rather avoided the discovery of it, for when asked his opinion of the likeness of any portrait of a friend, he has generally evaded the question, and if obliged to examine it, he has held the picture most ridiculously, quite close to his eye, just as he held his book. But he was so unwilling to expose that defect, that he was much displeased with Sir Joshua, I remember,, for drawing him with his book held in that manner, which, I believe, was the cause of that picture being left unfinished 2.

“On every occasion that had the least tendency to depreciate religion or morality, he totally disregarded all forms or rules of good-breeding, as utterly unworthy of the slightest consideration.

“ But it must be confessed that he sometimes suffered this noble principle to transgress its due bounds, and to extend even to those who were any ways connected with the person who had offended him.

“Of latter years he grew much more companionable, and I have heard him say, that he knew himself to be so. “In my younger days,' he would say, 'it is true I was much inclined io treat mankind with asperity and contempt; but I found it answered no good end. I thought it wiser and better to take the world as it goes. Besides, as I have advanced in life I have had more reason to be satisfied with it. Mankind have treated me with more kindness, and of course I have more kindness for them.'

• In the latter part of his life, indeed, his cire cumstances were very different from what they were in the beginning. Before he had the pension, he literally dressed like a beggar 4 ; and from what I have been told, he as literally lived as such ; at least as to common conveniences in his apartments, wanting even a chair to sit on, particularly in his study, where a gentleman who frequently visited him whilst writing his Idlers constantly found him at his desk, sitting on one with three legs ; and on rising from it, he remarked that Dr. Johnson never forgot its defect, but would either hold it in his hand or place it with great composure against some support, taking no notice of its imperfection to his visitor. Whether the visitor sat on a chair, or on a pile of folios 5, or how he sat, I never remember to have been told.

“ It was remarkable in Dr. Johnson, that no external circumstances ever prompted him to make any apology, or to seem even sensible of their existence. Whether this was the effect of philosophick pride, or of some partial notion of his respecting high-breeding, is doubtful

. Strange as it may appear, he scrupled not to boast, that "no man knew the rules of true politeness better than himself ;' and stranger still, that no man more attentively practised them.'

“He particularly piqued himself upon his nice observance of ceremonious punctilios towards ladies. A remarkable instance of this was his never suffering any lady to walk from his house to her carriage, through Bolt-court, unattended by himself to hand her into it (at least I have reason to suppose it to be his general custom, from his constant performance of it to those with whom he was the most intimately acquainted); and if any obstacle prevented it from driving off, there he would stand by the door of it, and gather a mob around him ; indeed, they would begin to gather the moment he appeared handing the lady down the steps into Fleet-street. But to describe his appearance-his important air-that indeed cannot be described ; and his morning habiliments would excite the utmost astonishment in my read

“His treatment of Mr. Israel Wilkes (related ante, p. 72,) was mild in comparison of what a gentleman 3 met with from him one day at Sir Joshua Reynolds's, a barrister-at-law and a man of fashion, who, on discoursing with Dr. (then Mr.) Johnson on the laws and government of different nations (I remember particularly those of Venice), and happening to speak of them in terms of high approbation : Yes, sir,' says Johnson, all republican rascals think as you do.' How the conversation ended I have forgot, it was so many years ago ; but that he made no apology to the gentleman I am very sure, nor to any person present, for such an outrage against society.

4 See post, in Miss Hawkins's Anecdotes, how differeut his appearance was after the pension.-Ep.)

5 (" He had a large but not a splendid library, near 5000 volumes. Many authours, not in hostility with him, presented him with their worke. But his study did not contain half bis books. He possessed the chair that belonged to the Ciceronian Dr. King of Oxford, which was given him by his friend Vansittart. It answers the purposes of reading and writing, by night or by day; and is as valuable in all respects as the chair of Ariosto, as de lineated in the preface to Hoole's liberal translation of that pret. Since the roanding of this period, intelligence is brought that this literary chair is purchased by Mr. Hoole. Relicks are venerable things, and are only not to be worshipped. On the reading-chair of Mr. Speaker Onslow, a part of this historical sketch was written.' Tyers.--Ep.]

1 (Miss Reynolds will hardly convince any one that Dr. Johnson was fond of music by proving that he was fond of his friend Dr. Burney's History of Music. The truth is, he held both painting and music in great contempt, because his organs afforded him no adequate perception of either.---En.]

2 [This however, or a similar picture, was finished and engraved as the frontispiece of Murplıy's edition of Dr. Johnson's works.--Ep.1

3 Mr. Elliot.-Miss REYNOLDS.

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er, that a man in his senses could think of step- offence he has given, particularly if it seemed to ping outside his door in them, or even to be seen involve the slightest disrespect to the church or to at home! Sometimes he exhibited himself at the its ministers. distance of eight or ten doors from Bolt-court, to (Ante, pp. 299, 40, 131, 252.] get at the carriage, to the no small diversion of the It is with much regret that I reflect on my populace. And I am certain that, to those who stupid negligence to write down some of his disa love laughing, a description of his dress from head courses, his observations, precepts, &c. The folto foot would be highly acceptable, and in generallowing few short sentences only did I ever take I believe be thought the most curious part of my any account of in writing; and these, which I book ; but I forbear, out of respect to his memory, lately found in an old memorandum pocket-book, to give more than this slight intimation of it; for, of ancient date, were made soon after the comhaving written a minute description of his figure, mencement of my acquaintance with him. A few from his wig to his slippers, a thought occurred others, indeed, relating to the character of the that it might probably excite some person to de- French (ante, p. 19), were taken vivâ roce, the day lineate it, and I might have the mortification to see after his arrival from France, Nov. 14, 1775, init hung up at a printshop as the greatest curiosity tending them for the subject of a letter to a friend ever exhibited.

in the country. “ His best dress was, in his early timnes, so very "Talking on the subject of scepticism :mean, that one afternoon, as he was following “JOHNSON. • The eyes of the mind are like some ladies up stairs, on a visit to a lady of fash- the eyes of the body ; they can see only at such ion (Miss Cotterel 2), the servant, not knowing a distance: but because we cannot see beyond him, suddenly seized him by the shoulder, and ex- this point, is there nothing beyond it ?' claimed, “Where are you going ? ' striving at the Talking of the want of memory :same time to drag him back; but a gentleman 3 “ Johnson. "No, sir, it is not true; in general who was a few steps behind prevented her from every person has an equal capacity for reminisdoing or saying more, and Mr. Johnson growled cence, and for one thing as well as another, otherall the way up stairs, as well he might. He wise it would be like a person complaining that seemed much chagrined and discomposed. Un. he could hold silver in his hand, but could not luckily, whilst in this humour, a lady of high

hold copper.' rank 4 happening to call upon Miss Cotterel, he “ A GENTLEMAN. I think when a person was most violently offended with her for not in- laughs alone he supposes himself for the moment troducing him to her ladyship, and still more so with company.' Johnson. "Yes, if it be true for her seeming to show more attention to her than that laughter is a comparison of self-superiority, to him. After sitting some time silent, meditating you must suppose some person with you.' how to down Miss Cotterel, he addressed himself “ No, sir,' he once said, “people are not born to Mr. Reynolds, who sat next him, and, after a with a particular genius for particular employ. few introductory words, with a loud voice said, 'I ments or studies, for it would be like saying that wonder which of us two could get most money at a man could see a great way east, but could not his trade in one week, were we to work hard at west. It is good sense applied with diligence it from morning till night.' I do n't remember to what was at first a mere accident, and which, the answer; but I know that the lady, rising by great application, grew to be called, by the soon after, went away without knowing what generality of mankind, a particular genius. trade they were of. She might probably suspect “Some person advanced, that a lively imaginaMr. Johnson to be a poor authour by his dress; tion disqualified the mind from fixing steadily upon and because the trade of neither a blacksmith, a objects which required serious and minute investiporter, or a chairman, which she probably would gation. Johnson. It is true, sir, a vivacious have taken him for in the street, was not quite so quick imagination does sometimes give a confused suitable to the place she saw him in.

idea of things, and which do not fix deep; though, “This incident he used to mention with great at the same time, he has a capacity to fix them in glee-how he had downed Miss Cotterel, though his memory if he would endeavour at it. It being at the same time he professed a great friendship | like a man that, when he is running, does not and esteem for that lady.

make observations on what he meets with, and “It is certain, for such kind of mortifications, consequently is not impressed by them; but he he never expressed any concern ; but on other oc- has, nevertheless, the power of stopping and incasions he has shown an amiable sorrow 5 for the forming himself.” i See ante, vol. 1. p. 189.-Ed.)

“A gentleman was mentioning it as a remark 2 (His acquaintance with this lady and her sister, who of an acquaintance of his,'that he never knew married Dean Lewis, continued to the last days of his but one person that was completely wicked.' life. He says in one of his letters to Mrs. Thrale, “I

Johnson. 'Sir, I do n't know what you mean know not whether I told you that my old friend Mrs. Cotterel, now no longer Miss, has called to see me.

by a person completely wicked.' Gentleman. Mrs. Lewis is not well.—26th April, 1781." It is gratify

Why, any one that has entirely got rid of all ing to observe how many of Johnson's earliest friends shame.' JOHNSON. *How is he, then, comcontinued so to the last.-ED.) 3 (Sir Joshua (then Mr.) Reynolds.-Ed.)

pletely wicked ? He must get rid too of all conLady Fitzroy.-Miss Reynolds. {See ante, v. i. p;

science. GENTLEMAN. I think conscience 104, where this

story is told of the Duchess of Argyll and and shame the same thing.' Johnson. "I am another lady of high rank: that other lady was no doubt the person erroneously designated by Miss Reynolds as been led to praise any person or thing by accident more Lady Fitzroy. She probably was Elizabeth Cosby, wife than lie thought it deserved; and was on such occasions of Lord Augustus Fitzroy, and grandınother of the pres comically earnest to destroy the praise or pleasure he had ent Duke of Grafton.—Ep.)

unintentionally given."--Piozzi's Anecdotes, p. 75 s (" He repented just as certainly however, if he had


surprised to hear you say so ; they spring from me, that peace and good-will towards man were two different sources, and are distinct perceptions: the natural emanations of his heart. ono respects this world, the other the next.' A “When travelling with a lady 3 in Devonshire, Lady. I think, however, that a person who has in a post-chaise, near the churchyard of Wear, got rid of shame is in a fair way to get rid of con- near Torrington, in which she saw the verdant science, Johnson. “Yes, 'tis a part of the monument of maternal affection described in the way, I grant; but there are degrees at which men Melancholy Tale, and heard the particular circumstop, some for the fear of men, some for the fear stances relating to the subject of it; and as she of God: shame arises from the fear of men, was relating them to Dr. Johnson, she beard him conscience from the fear of God.'

heave heavy sighs and sobs, and turning round “Dr. Johnson seemed to delight in drawing she saw his dear face bathed in tears! A circumcharacters; and when he did so con amore, de- stance he had probably forgotten when he wrote lighted every one that heard him. Indeed I can- at the end of the manuscript poem with his cornot say I ever heard him draw any con odio, though recting pen in red ink, I know not when I have he professed himself to be, or at least to love, a been so much affected. good huter. But I have remarked that his dislike “ I believe no one has described his extraordiof any one seldom prompted him to say much nary gestures or anticks 4 with his hands and feet, more than that the fellow is a blockhead, a poor particularly when passing over the threshold of a creature, or some such epithet.

door, or rather before he would venture to pass “ I shall never forget the exalted character he through any doorway. On entering Sir Joshua's drew of his friend Mr. Langton, nor with what house with poor Mrs. Williams, a blind lady who energy, what fond delight, he expatiated in his lived with him, he would quit her hand, or else praise, giving him every excellence that nature whirl her about on the steps as he whirled and could bestow, and every perfection that humanity | twisted about to perform his gesticulations; and could acquire 1. A literary lady was present, Miss as soon as he had finished, he would give a sudden H. More, who perhaps inspired him with an un- spring, and make such an extensive stride over usual ardour to shine, which indeed he did with the threshold, as if he was trying for a wager how redoubled lustre, deserving himself the praises he far he could stride, Mrs. Williams standing gropbestowed; not but I have often heard him speaking about outside the door, unless the servant in terms equally high of Mr. Langton, though took hold of her hand to conduct her in, leaving more concisely expressed.

Dr. Johnson to perform at the parlour door much “ This brings to my remembrance the unparal. the same exercise over again. leled eulogium which the late Lord Bath made on “But it was not only at the entrance of a door a lady he was intimately acquainted with, in

that he exhibited such strange manæuvres, but speaking of her to Sir Joshua Reynolds. His across a room or in the street with company, he lordship said that he did not believe that there has stopped on a sudden, as if he had recollected ever was a more perfect human being created, or his task, and began to perform it there, gathering ever would be created, than Mrs. Montagu. I a mob round him; and when he had finished give the very words I heard from Sir Joshua's would hasten to his companion (who probably mouth; from whom also I heard that he repeated had walked on before) with an air of great satisthem to Mr. Burke-observing that Lord Bath faction that he had done his duty ! could not have said more, · And I do not think "On Sunday morning, as I was walking with that he said too much, was Mr. Burke's reply: I him in Twickenham meadows, he began his anhave also heard Dr. Johnson speak of this lady in ticks both with his feet and hands, with the latter terms of high admiration. (Ante, p. 66.]

as if he was holding the reins of a horse like a “On the praises of Mrs. Thrale he used to dwell jockey on full speed. But to describe the strange with a peculiar delight, a paternal fondness, ex- positions of his feet is a difficult task ; sometimes pressive of conscious exultation in being so inti- he would make the back part of his heels to touch, mately acquainted with her. One day, in speaking sometimes his toes, as if he was aiming at making of her to Mr. Harris, authour of Hermes,' and the form of a triangle, at least the two sides of expatiating on her various perfections,—the solid- one. Though, indeed, whether these were his ity of her virtues, the brilliancy of her wit, and the gestures on this particular occasion in Twickenstrength of her understanding, &c.—he quoted ham meadows I do no recollect, it is so long since; some lines (a stanza I believe, but from what au- but I well remember that they were so extraordia thour I know not), with which he concluded his nary that men, women, and children gathered most eloquent eulogium, and of these I retained round him, laughing. At last we sat down on but the two last lines 2:

some logs of wood by the river side, and they · Virtuies-of such a generous kind,

nearly dispersed; when he pulled out of his Good in the last recesses of the mind."

pocket Grotius de Veritate Religionis,' over “It will doubtless appear highly paradoxical to which he seesawed at such a violent rate as to the generality of the world to say, that few men,

excite the curiosity of some people at a distance in his ordinary disposition, or common frame of to come and see what was the matter with him. mind, could be more inoffensive than Dr. Johnson; yet surely those who knew his uniform 3 (Miss Reynolds herself; and the Melancholy Tale benevolence, and its actuating principles-steady

was probably a poem which he had written on this virtue, and true holiness—will readily agree with

event, whatever it was.-Ep.)

4 (Mr. Boswell frequently (vol. i. pp. 56 and 325) and

Mr. Whyte (ante, vol. i. pp. 215 and 510), have described 1 See ante, pp. 141 and 379.-ED.)

his gestures very strikingly, though not quite in so much 2 Being so particularly engaged as not to be able to at- detail as Miss Reynolds. Mr Boswell's description she tend to them sufficiently:-Miss REYNOLDS,

must have seen.-Ed.)

" He always carried a religious treatise in his gin to his strict, his rigid principles of religion and pocket on a Sunday, and he used to encourage virtue ; and the shadowy parts of his character, mne to relate to him the particular parts of Scrip- his rough, unaccommodating manners, were in ture I did not understand, and to write them down general to be ascribed to those corporeal defects as they occurred to me in reading the Bible. ihat I have already observed naturally tended to

“ As we were returning from the meadows that darken his perceptions of what may be called proday, I remember we met Sir John Hawkins, priety and impropriety in general conversation; whom Dr. Johnson seemed much rejoiced to see; and of course in the ceremonious or artificial and no wonder, for I have often heard him speak sphere of society gave his deportment so contrasto of Sir John in terms expressive of great esteem ing an aspect to the apparent softness and general and much cordiality of friendship. On his asking uniformity of cultivated manners. Dr. Johnson when he had seen Dr. Hawkesworth, “And perhaps the joint influence of these two he roared out with great vehemency, · Hawkes- primeval causes, his intellectual excellence and his worth is grown a coxcomb, and I have done with corporeal defects, naturally contributed to give his him.' We drank tea that afternoon at Sir J. manners a greater degree of harshness than they Hawkins's, and on our return I was surprised to would have had if only under the influence of one hear Dr. Johnson's minute criticism on Lady Haw- of ther, the imperfect perceptions of the one not kins's dress, with every part of which almost he unfrequently producing misconceptions in the found fault. (Ante, p. 69.]

other. “ Few people (I have heard him say) under- “ Besides these, many other equally natural stood the art of carving better than himself; but causes concurred to constitute the singularity of that it would be highly indecorous in him to at- Dr. Johnson's character. Doubtless the progress tempt it in company, being so nearsighted, that it of his education had a double tendency to brighten required a suspension of his breath during the and to obscure it. But I must observe, that this operation.

obscurity (implying only his awkward uncouth “It must be owned indeed that it was to be appearance, his ignorance of the rules of politeregretted that he did not practise a little of that ness, &c.) would have gradually disappeared at a delicacy in eating, for he appeared to want breath more advanced period, at least could have had no more at that time than usual.

manner of influence to the prejudice of Dr. John“It is certain that he did not appear to the best son's character, had it not been associated with advantage at the hour of repast ; but of this he was those corporeal defects above mentioned. But perfectly unconscious, owing probably to his being unhappily his untaught, uncivilized manner totally ignorant of the characteristic expressions of seemed to render every little indecorum or improthe human countenance, and therefore he could priety that he committed doubly indecorous and have no conception that his own expressed when improper." most pleased any thing displeasing to others; for, though, when particularly directing his attention towards any object to spy out defects or perfec

II. tions, he generally succeeded better than most men; partly, perhaps, from a desire to excite ad

MISCELLANEOUS ANECDOTES OF DR. JOHNmiration of his perspicacity, of which he was not a little ambitious—yet I have heard him say, and I have often perceived, that he could not distin

The Editor is well aware of the general inacguish any man's face half a yard distant from him, curacy of what are called anecdotes, and has not even his most intimate acquaintance. (Ante,

accordingly admitted very few additions pp. 187, and 286.)

of that kind to either the text or notes of u Though it cannot be said that he was in man- this work; but there are several anecdotes cur. ners gentle, yet it justly can that he was in affec- rent in literature and society, which the readtions mild, benevolent, and compassionate ; and er may not be sorry to see in this place. to this combination of character may I believe be

Some of them stand on the authority of the ascribed in a great measure his extraordinary ce

relater; some are confirmed by, or confirmlebrity ; his being beheld as a phenomenon or wonder of the age !

atory of anecdotes already told; others “ And yet Dr. Johnson's character, singular as

again require to be noticed either for exit certainly was from the contrast of his mental

planation or correction; and all may be endowments with the roughness of his manners,

considered as fairly coming within the was, I believe, perfectly natural and consistent scope of a work the peculiar object of which throughout; and to those who were intimately

is to collect into one view all that can eluacquainted with him must I imagine have ap- cidate the biography of Dr. Johnson.peared so. For being totally devoid of all deceit, Ep. free from every tinge of affectation or ostentation, and unwarped by any vice, his singularities, those strong lights and shades that so peculiarly distin

SOME ACCOUNT OF DR. JOHNSON. guish his character, may the more easily be traced

FROM MR. CUMBERLAND'S MEMOIRS. to their primary and natural causes.

“Who will say that Johnson would have been “ The luminous parts of his character, his soft such a champion in literature-such a front-rank affections, and I should suppose his strong intel- soldier in the fields of fame, if he had not been lectual powers, at least the dignified charm or ra- pressed into the service, and driven on to glory diancy of them, must be allowed to owe their ori- with the bayonet of sharp necessity pointed at his




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