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INDEX.

Hobbes, 2 (3), 5 (2), 6 (2), 22 (3), 27 (1).

127.
Hoffman's LeSal Outlines, 29 (2), 33 (1).
Holinshed's Chronicles, 179 (1).
Holm. See Campanius.
Holmes' Annals, 121 (4), 262 (2).
Holroyd, Judge, 216 (1), 576 (1), 578.
Holt, Ch. J., 127, 145(1), 181(1), 224

Hone Juridicas, 29 (1), 31 (1), 94 (1), 144

Horses, how known to be property, 585. Horsmanden, 282 (1).

Huberas, De Conffictn Legum, 70, 71-74,

147 (3); De Jure Civit., 149 (1), 156

(3); Prselectiones, 340(1).
Hughes, Gr. Abridg., 138 (1).
Hugo, Encyclopiidie, 14 (1), 20 (2).
Hutchinson, Collections, 219, (4); Hist, of

Mass.,120 (1), 121 (1, 4, 5), 122(1,2),

123(1), 205(5), 202(2).
Hume, Hist., 219(1).
Hiine, Darstellung iiber Sclavenhandel,

151 (3), 158 (1), 159 (1), 160 (3), 161

(1), 162(1, 2, 3, 4), 163(1), 164(1),
174 (2), 176 (1>

Iavolemus, in Dig., 3 (2).

Idol of the market, illustrated, 586 (1).

Illicit intercourse of blacks and whites,
statute law, Va., 229, 233, 240; Md.,
251 (1), 252, 253; Mass., 263; Pa.,
290; Del., 292; S. C, 302.

Immoral laws, 111 (1).

Imperial power of crown and parliament,
126, 208.

Importation. See Slaves.

Indentured servants, 219. See Servants.

India, slavery in British dominions, 203
(2); extent of English law in, 216 (1).

Indians, slavery of, 164; in Mass., 256;
Conn., 268; basis of their condition
in the colonies, 204, 215; how re-
garded as aliens, 321; when property
by colonial law, 323.

, statute law respecting; trading

with, Va., 229, 234, 236, 241; inter-
course with N. C, 293 (1), 295; not
to have Christian slaves, Va., 233;
enslavement of, sanctioned, Va., 230,
233, 235, 241; Mass., 256; Conn.,
268; R. I., 275; order of Commis-
sioners of United N. E. Col., 268 (5);
instruction of Conn., 272; N. Y., 280
(1); transportation of, ordered, Va.,
237, 241, 246; Mass., 261; Conn.,
269; B, I., servants, Va., 230, 231;

slaves, duty on export, S. C, 29$:
importation prohibited, Mass., 26-1:
N. H., 266; Conn., 271; R. I-, 2"6;
Pa., 288; their civilization, Mass.,
204 (1), 257; evidence, S. C. 305,
and see Slaves. Testimony.
Individual rights, 37; may be attributed universally, 53, 83.
Inductive method in jurisprudence, 87, 526 (2).
Ingenuus, meaning of, 214 (1).
Inhabitants of the colonies classified. 199.
Inheritance of slavery, 211. See Birth. of common law, 196.

Intermarriage of negroes and whites,
statute law, Va., 236, 240; MA, 249,
250, 251 (1), 253; Mass., 263; Pa.,
290, Del., 292; N. C, 295.
Internal law. 48.

International law defined, 9, 11, 34, 48;
nature of its authority, 10, 53; when
identified with national law, 10, 53,
97; not identical with natural law,
11; is public and private, 22,97; how
derived, 33; how divided, 44, 54 ; bow
changed, 36; discriminated from lute
of tuitions, 46; fundamental maxims
of private, 55-60; operates as a per-
sonal law, 64; determining personal
condition in the colonies, 200, 317,
329, 334; is part of the law of the
U. S., 442; how determined in each
State of the Union, 490 (2); how ap-
plied by administrative officers, 510.
Institutes. See Roman Law.
Coustumieres, 339.

Insurrections. See Servants, Slaves.

Irving, Civil Law, 27 (2).

, W., Knickerbocker's History of N. Y., 124 (1), Hist, of Columbus, 162 (4), 164(1), 167(3).
Issue, of slave. See Birth. , that had in view in this volume, 572;

statement of that between the North and South, 593 (2).

Jay, P. A., in N. Y. convention, 418 (1).

Jefferson, his views of the common law,
119 (1), 197 (2); his connection with
the Declaration of Independence, 472
(2); his first draft of, 225 (4).
Jews not permitted to hold slaves, 160.

Johnson, Judge, on powers of Congress in
the Territories, 453 (3).

Jones, Sir Wm., on Roman Law, 144 121;
on Hindoo law, 23 (1), 115 (1): on
extent of English law, 196 (2), 216*1).

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Jones, C. C, on the Religious Instruction

of the Negroes in the U. S., 263 (2).
Judicial act, what is, 507.
Judicial decisions a source of law, 25; ju-
dicial recognition of foreign law, 73;

power, of the U. S, its extent, 427;

the power described, 432; persons
who may exercise it, 487; power held
by legislative bodies, 486 (1).

power, concurrent of the States, 490;

they may restrict it, 498.
Judiciary of the U. S., 429, 504. .
Juridical, use of the term, 5 (1), 499 (3);

Society of London, 5 (1), 31 (1).

power of the States and of the

U. S., may be concurrent, 491.
Jural, use of the term, 5 (1); character of

the state, 15.
Jurisdiction defined, 22; in international
law, 316; in the Territories of the
U. S., 453.
Jurisdictions, several In the British islands,
317; national and local in the U. S.,
439; jurisdiction, presumption of, in
judicial tribunal, 501 (1).
Jurisprudence defined, 14 ; general or uni-
versal, 15, 28, 35; is mutable, 36;
a historical science, 47; described in
the Institutes.
Juristical, use of word, 5 (1); phrase-
ology, deficiency of, 52; in the slavery
discussion, 5 .
Jurists, authority of, 28.
Jus, two significations of the word, 19 (3),
146.

constitutum, 14 (1); primssvum et

secundarium, 150 (1).

in the Roman law, proprium or civile,

87, 148; naturale, 147; gentium,
148; publicum, 149.
Jus gentium, has been used in two senses,
72(2); 88(2).

slavery supported by it, 154.

Jus proprium supporting slavery in the

colonies, 212, 358, 361.
Justice, natural, recognition of, in juris-
prudence, 5, 24.
Justices of the peace, powers under the

fugitive slave law, 508 (1).
Justinian, law of, respecting freedmen, 213,
Justinian's Institutes, analysis of law iu,

145. See Roman law.
Juvenal, 151 (2).

K

Kaimes, Principles of Equity, 89 (1).

Kansas, slavery under the organic law of
proposed State, 559 (1); act organ-
izing Kansas Territory, 563 (1).

Kant, 4 (1), 13 (4), 35 ( ).

Kaufmann. See Mackeldey.

Keble's Statutes, 179.

Kenfs Coram., 13 (2), 22 (1), 27 (2), 28
(1), 33 (1), 99 (1), 133 (1), 138 (2),
140 (2), 145 (1), 161 (3), 198 (1), 204
(2), 216 (1), 404 (1), 406 (3), 407 (1),
429 (3), 432 (2), 476 (2), 481 (3);
487 (1), 490 (2), 492 (l\ 493 (1, 2),
495 (1), 496 (2), 498 (2), 499 (1, 2),
500 (1), 501 (1), 603 (1, 2), 504 (2),
509 (2), 567 (3).

Kidnapped Africans, case of in Mass., 261
(1). See Manstealing.

of Indians not sanctioned by

law, 205.

• of Africans, 261 (1).
persons in England, 219.

Kieft, Gov., oorresp. with N. E. Commis-
sioners, 268 (5).

Killing slave, law colonial respecting, Geo.,
188 (3); Va., 232; N. C, 296 (1).

King of England, power of, in the colonies,
118-125, 209, 224.

Kirchener, 337(1).

Knolles. See Bodin.

Lactantius, 2 (2), 5 (2), 156 (3)v
Lalanre, Servitudes Reelles, 157 (1), 159

Lamennais, 16 (4).

Lang, Freedom, Ac., Lands of Australia,
129 (1).

Lanjuinais, Constitutions, 417 (2), 420 (2).

Las Casas, 164 (1).

Lavie, Abrege of Bodin, 341 (1), 345. i

Law, the term used in two senses, 1; im-
plies a superior, 2; authority derived
from the state, 2; distinguished from
ethies, 3, 11, 13; its origin, 24-32;
its extent, 44-52; its effect, 18, 20.

. . definitions and divisions, natural,
5-13, 24; positive, 14; national or
municipal, 7, 12; international, 9, 11,
34, 48; internal, 48; customary, 26;
public and private, 21; personal, 23,
47; territorial, 22; universal, 18;
having universal personal extent, 50;
unwritten, 31; of nations, 17, 29, 85,
(and see Universal jurisprudence, and
International law;) natural and neces-
sary law of nations, 45; administra-
tive, 508.

of the U. S., national and local,

440-445; divided into internal and
international, 455; quasi-iuterna-

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tional, 452; contained in the Consti-
tution of the U. S, 428.

Lawrence, \V. B., Introduction to Whea-
ton's Elements, 161 (1).

Learning and Spicer's Collections, 125 (1),
278(2), 280(1), 283.

Leehford's Plain Dealing, 123 (1).
Legislative power, if limited, of Parliament,
127; of colonial Governments, 129,
223, 225; of State Governments, 519.

Leo Africanus, 1G2 (3).

Letters to Pro-Slavery Men, 160 (5).

Leyser, ad Pandect as. 62 (1).

Lieber, Political Ethics, 2 (2), 3 (1), 4 (8),
6(1), 6 (2), 7(2), 11 (2,4), 24 (1),
37(1), 414 (1), 417(1,2), 420(4);
Civil Liberty and Self-Government,
31 (1), 38(1, 2), 136(1), 814 (1), 315
(1), 420 (4), 462 (1), 469(1); Legal
and Political Hermeneutics, 567 (2).

Libertinus, Roman law of, 213.

Liberty, its definition a problem, 38; civil
and political distinguished, 130, 415;
guarantees of, 134; how attributed by
English law, 140; an effect of law,
129; favored by law, 871; connection
of, with constitutions, 420.

Liberties of the subject, statute law re-
specting, English, 380 (5); colonial,
Md., 248; Mass., 255, 258; K. L,
274; N. Y., 280; S. C, 298.

Lilburne, 179(1).

Lindley. See Thibaut.

Locke, on equality of men, 198 (1); his
constitution for Carolina, 293 (1).

Longs, Discourses, 15 (1), 20 (3), 90 (1).

Long Island, in State of N. Y., settlement
of eastern portion, 278.

Louis XIV., Code Noir, 343.

XV., Edict of, 343.

XVI., Edict abolishing serfdom,

339 (1).

Loysel's Institutes, 337 (1).

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Manning, Law of Nations, 16 (4).

Mansfield, Lord, on positive law, 27 121:
on law in the colonies of G. B., 11',
(2), 196 (2), 374; his decision in Som-
erset's case, 183(1), 189, 191,373-
382.

Manstealing, colonial statute* agaiat,
Mass., 261; N. H., 265 ; Conn., 270;R. I., 274; N. Y., 279, and «* Fr*
Persons, sale of.

Manou, law of, in India, 115 (1), 154 (2). Manumission, in Roman law, 150.

in Colonial law, 213, 214 (iL

Maritime Commerce, the law of, embraces

universal jurisprudence, 89 (1).
Marshall on Insurance, 29 (1).

, Life of Washington, 420 (1).

Martens, 11(3), 46(2).
Martyn, Peter, 164 (1).
Maryland, statute law of the colony, 247- 254.
Mason's Patent, 265(1).
Massachusetts Bay, Company of, their patent, 256 (3), 121; Colony of, united with Plymouth colony, 262.
Massachusetts, Charters and general laws, 256, 263.

Fundamentals, 258.

Records, 121 (5), 124 (2),

219 (6), 261 (1), 262.

■ Hist. Soc. Collections, 123

(1), 205 (5), 258 (2), 264. Provincial Congress Jour-
nals, 264 (1).

, slavery introduced in, 205,

258 (1); statute law of the col., 254-
265; international recognition of sla-
very in, 370.

Masse, Droit Commercial, 6 (2), 50 (1).

Master and servant, the relation of, under
English law, 135-138.

Maurenbrecher, 97 (2).

Maxims, of international private law, 55-
58, 81.

favoring liberty, 381 (2), 382 (1 k

McLean, Mr. Justice, in Prigg"s case, 60©
(1), 601 (2); in Dred Scott's case,
437, 642-545, 689; his decision on
negro citizenship in C. C, 437 (1).

Mechlin, slave case there, 335.

Mecklenburg, Declaration of Independence,
296, 402(1), 406(1),

Menander, 43 (1).

Menu. See Manou.

Mercantile law, mistaken view of its foun-
dation, 29 12).

Merchants, custom of, in English law, 174.
mention of, in Magna Charta,

141.
Merlin, Repertoire, 99 (1), 150 (1).

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Metz, case of slave at siege of, 338.

Miller, Hugh, 159 (1).

Milton, Defensio pro Populo Angl.,172 (1).

Ministerial officers, 505.

Mirrour, 127 (1), 189 (1), 211 (1).

Missouri Compromise, 563 (1), and see
Dred Scott. Mittermaier, Privatrecht, 159 (1).

Mohammedttn law in India, 115 (1). doctrine on enslaving in-
fidels, 160; as to effect of conversion,
167 (1),

Molloy, de Jure Marit. 4 (3), 188 (1), 379
(3). Molyneux, case of Ireland, 43 (2). Montesquieu, Spirit of Laws, 1 (1), 80 (2),
159 (1), 426 (2); Lettres Persanes,
376 (3). Moors, slavery of, 162, 234, 341. Morhof, Polyhistor., 16 (4).

Motlev, Rise of Dutch Republic, 204 (2). Moulton, Hist of N. Y., 206 (1), 221 (1). Muhlenbruch, Pandectorum Doctrina, 153

Mulford, Hist, of N. J., 221 (1). Municipal law, origin of the term, 7 (3);
Blackstone's definition of, 12; how
used as equivalent to national law,
222(1), 513(3).

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National Government, use of term, 408.

. law, how distinguished, 17; di-
vided into internal and international
law, 49, and see Municipal law.

municipal law of the U. S., 440.

sovereignty, how exhibited in

the Revolution. 403,

• states, distinction of, by De Tracy

and others, 417 (2).
Nations, foreign, how a source of law for some one state, 28-35. of antiquity, all allowed slavery,

154.

, law of. See International Law and

Universal Jurisprudence. Native subject distinguished from alien, 49,
64.

subjects in the colonies distin-
guished, 199.

Natural law, its recognition in jurispru-
dence, 2, 5, 11, 13, 16, 24; how
identified with universal jurispru-
dence, 93, 96; its exposition in the
Roman Civil and Canon law, 20 (1),
86, 94 (1); doctrine of, in the Insti-
tutes, 147, 148; how not the legal
basis of rights of the colonists, 197;

nor the basis of American Constitu-
tions, 413.

Natural reason, its constant recognition in
jurisprudence, 15; how applicable in
the absence of local territorial law,
200(1).

rights, how far recognized in the

national law of the U. S., 460.
and necessary law of nations, 45.

Naturalization, colonial law of, 218 (1);
statute, in Va., 233, 234, 239; Md.,
248; N. Y. 279, 282 ; S. C, 298.

powers of the States in re-

spect to, 450. Nature, law of, 1-7. Navarete, 162 (1).

Nebraska Territory, Act to organize,563(l). Negro plot in New York, 282 (1).

slavery. See Slave', Slavery.

Negroes, held in slavery in England, 176.

, basis of their legal condition in

the colonies, 215, 321, 390. , when property by the law of com-
merce, 323, 349.

free, their character described in

colonial statutes, Va., 242; N. J.,
284; Pa., 289; Del., 293; reduced
to servitude by law, R. I., 276; Pa.,
290; (see Illicit intercourse,) prohib-
ited from holding slaves, Va., 233,
240; from bearing arms in the militia,
Va., 241, 244; or training, Mass., 261;
Conn , 270; from keeping arms and
ammunition, Va., 244; Mass., 257;
Pa., 288; S. C, 300; from holding
real estate; N. Y., 281; N. J., 284. Nelson, Mr. Justice, on the fugitive slave
law, 495 (7), 501 (2), 508 (1); in
Dred Scott's case, 528 (2), 589. Netherlands, international law of, in case
of slaves, 277 (2), 335. New England, slavery introduced into col-
onies of, 206.

Great Patent of, 254 (2). United Colonies of, 268 (5).

New Hampshire, statute law of the col.,
265-267.

Hist. Soc. Collections, 267(1).

New Haven, origin of government at, 268. New Jersey, statute law of the col., 282-
286.

New Mexico, Territory of. <See Compro-
mise Measures. New York, considered a part of New Eng-
land, 124 (3).

statute law of the col., 277-282.

Hist. Soc. Collections, 229, 278.

Nodier, Jean Sbogar, 459 (2).
Normans, their alteration of Saxon ville-
nage, 136..

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Object of action, 18.

of right, 20.

, use of term, compared with subject,

20 (2>
Objective meanings of liberty, 38; of law,

78; of the word jus, 146 (1).
O'Callagan, Hist of New Netherlands, 221

Office, statute law providing who should
hold, Vo., 238; Mi, 251.

Origin of law, 24; of universal jurispru-
dence, 92, 93.

Otis, Rights of the Colonies, 198 (1).

Ownership in slaves, during the colonial
period, how far supported by uni-
versal jurisprudence, 188, 206, 8G2,
364; how far by common law of
England, 133, 225, 823, 389.

Oxford Chronological Tables, 159 (1).

Paley, Mor. and Pol. Philo., 12 (2), 315
(1), 400 (2).

Palgrave, Sir Francis, 159 (1).

Papal Bulls recognizing slavery, 160 (5).

Paris, an asylum for liberty, 342 (1).

Parish of St. John's, Ga., 406 (1).

Parliament, power of, 18 (8), 127.

Partidas, Las Siete, 344 (2).

Partus sequitur ventrem, 211 (1).

Parsons, Oh. J., on slavery in Mass., 263
(8)

Pascal, Lettres Provinciales, 24 (1).

Patents, the colonial, their force, 119.

of N. E., 254 (2); of Va., 228(1).

Paternal power, its ancient extent, 360 (5).

Patrol, statute law of, S. C, 305.

Peckius, de Re Nautica, 29 (2); de Reg.
Juris, 87 (3).

Penn, W., his proposed legislation for ne-
groes. 287 (1); views of governments,
420 (1).

Pennsylvania, statutes of col., 286-291.

Hist. Soc. Memoirs, 219 (2).

People, the political, distinguished, 390;
who so called in the Constitution, 899,
465; their action in the Revolution,
400; their power unlimited, 414.

Persons, natural and legal 41; distin-
guished from things, 19, 20, 40;
slaves when not, 42, 153.

Personal condition, 39, 41.

extent of laws, 48—51; shown in

international law, 64 ; in colonization,
116; its exhibition in the British
empire, 116, 196, 388.

laws, 23.

rights, 101.

statutes, 99.

Personality, legal, under a law of uni-
versal extent, 107.

Perthes, Life of, 413 (3).

Peters' Hist, of Conn., 268 (2).

Phillimore, J. G.. 380 (4).

Robert, Commentaries on In-

ternational Law, 11 (1), 22 ik S3
(1), 95(1), 109(1), 313 (2), 336 (2),
842(1), 344 (2), 349 (2).

Phraseology, ambiguity of legal, 52; il-
lustrated in discussion of the slavrrr
question, 575-587.

Pierce's Patent, 254 (2).

Piracy, the slave trade was not, during the
colonial period, 393.

Pitkin, Hist of U. S., 121 (1), 403 (1), 407

(2).

Political liberty, 130, 414; how deter-
mined in the U. S., 474.

Plato, recognition of lawfulness of slarerr,
154 (3).

Piatt, Judge, on concurrent judicial power,
497.

Senator, on judicial decision, 526 (3).

Plymouth colonists, their compact, 120.

colony, charters of, 254 (2),laws

of, 254-256.

Pole, case of refugee, 886.

Portugal, negro slavery in, 162.

Positive law defined, 14; the term, how
used in the discussion of slavery ques-
tions, 576.

morality, name applied to inter-

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