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104. Of international law regarded as a department of private law, . 97

105. Impropriety of the term conflict of laws, ... 97

106. In having international recognition laws have a personal extent, . 98

107. Their international recognition is not dependent on their personal

character, . . . . . . . 98'

108. Laws of personal condition or status may receive international re-

cognition, ....... 100

109. Personality or legal capacity a necessary topic of private interna-

tional law, ....... 101

110. Relations incident to status are internationally recognized when as-

cribed to universal jurisprudence, .... 102

111. Principles of a universal jurisprudence may be applied to a partic-

ular class of persons, ...... 103

112. How far conditions of freedom or of bondage can be attributed to

universal jurisprudence, ...... 103

113. Conditions supported by universal jurisprudence become conditions

under the law of the forum, ..... 104

114. Conditions not so supported may still be sustained by what is called

comity, ........ 104

115. The recognition of chattel slavery under comity limited by universal

attribution of personality, ..... 105

110. The recognition of the bondage of legal persons limited by the uni-

versal attribution of individual rights, .... 107

117. Slavery created by foreign law recognized where liberty is not uni-

versally attributed, ...... 109

118. May still not be recognized, though a bondage exists under the local

law ..... HO

SEC. PAGE

152. Of the jus gentium and jus civile or jus proprium; recognition of

naturalis ratio, ....... 148

Of the attribution of chattel slavery to jus gentium by the Roman

jurists.

153. The Romans held slavery arising from captivity to be based on

natural reason, . . . . . . .149

154. The Romans ascribed all slavery to the jus gentium and to natural

reason, ........ 151

155. Illustration of the meaning of constitutio juris gentium in the Roman law, ....... 152

156. In Roman law slavery was the chattel condition of a natural person, 153

157. The same doctrine recognized in the jurisprudence of all the an-

cient states, ....... 154

Of changes which have taken place in universal jurisprudence affect-
ing personal condition.

158. How the fact of such change may be known, . . . 155

159. Changes occurring in international law are not simultaneous among

all nations, ....... 155

160. Effect of Christianity in modifying slavery under the Roman

empire, ....... 156

161. By this modification slavery was no longer attributable to univer-

sal jurisprudence, ...... 157

162. Similar effect of Christianity on slavery among the nations of north-

ern Europe, ....... 157

Of universal jurisprudence supporting the slavery of Negroes and
Indians.

163. Of difference of religious creed as a foundation of chattel slavery

in modern times, . . . . . .159

164. Chattel slavery of infidels and heathens supported by universal ju-

risprudence, . . . . . . .160

165. In the fifteenth century the holding of heathen negroes as slaves

was so supported, ...... 161

166. The traffic in negro slaves was recognized by all the maritime na-

tions of Europe, ...... 163

167. Modern universal jurisprudence supporting chattel slavery has had

limited personal extent, ..... 164

168. Effect of a conversion to Christianity upon slave-condition, how to

be known, ....... . 165
CONTENTS. XX111

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