« 이전계속 »
Coburg: but these hopes are now blasted, | ror as well as grief. It places before our and in this sad visitation we receive a appalled imagination the frailty of life, lesson that vught to make a deep and and the uncertainty of our dearest conJasting impression upon our minds of the nections. How mortifying to human short-sightedness of man, and the vanity ambition is the reflection, that what was and weakness of all earthly grandeur. only a few hours ago possessed of youth, An occurrence, however, so deeply tra- health, beauty, and the highest rank; gical in its own nature, and in which what was so recently alive to all the enthe vital interests of the empire are so dearing charities of our nature ; now lies intimately involved, it surely is our wis- insensible to every thing that is passing dom to consider well in all its bearings, here below, deaf to the loudest invocaand seek to make a suitable improve- ftions, and indifferent to the poignant ment of it,
grief occasioned by her death. At such Insensible indeed to every thing that a sight, how baseless do all our fondest is amiable in human hature, must that visions of felicity appear. heart be, which could withhold its sym- It is this association of ideas that has pathy from any female who perishes in attached so awful a lesson, and imparted the hour of travail. In every case, even so harrowing an effect to the death of that of an obscure stranger, our feelings the Princess Charlotte. Her rank alone, are wrung by emotions, little short of identified as it was with royalty and the agony, for the mother who expires under throne, could not have produced such a such circumstances. But in the present deep impression. Even the hopes of her instance, the victim was so young, so future government, bright and cheering virtuous, so elevated in rank and accom- as they were, would not alone have been plishments, so many high interests cen- suficient to mix up so much consternatered in her, so much individual and tion with such general sorrow. Neither national happiness destroyed, and at the could her loveliness, nor her private first birth too-and her infant perishing worth, nor her exemplary conduct in with her- that infant too, a son-and the high station in which she moved, all the fond hopes of herself, of her hus. have excited this profound interest. All band, of her father, of her family, and classes of the community, iudeed, had of a whole nation at once blasted--and accustomed themselves to look forward at the very moment when they seemed to the period of her reign, as one that accomplished-all these form in the ag- should realize the wishes, which the gregate such a complicated scene of woe best and worthiest men in the country as is almost too much for the firmesi entertain on the subject of public con. nerve to sustain. lo this accumulated cerns. Every circumstance, too, as conseries of affliction, all public and private nected with the Princess, as far as ber griefs are lost-one scene of desolation life was concerned, seemed to promise overwhelms all, from the palace to the their fulfilment. She was one of the last Ineanest cottage.
persons whose demise any one could bave The first effect produced by the event contemplated, She always presented we are now bewailing, was stupifying. herself to the imagination, as abounding. It had scarcely entered into the contem- with health and gaiety, and as one whose plation of any human being. The idea path was strewed with flowers, reared was so remote, so improbable, that not by public affection. Whoever has seen withstanding the feeble tenure by which her in public, must have remarked with our existence is held, it seems never to what a zest she appeared to enjoy life, have occupied the mind for a moment. and with what a warmth of feeling she It surprised us, too, amidst preparations seemed to partake of its innocent pleafor rejoicing. It exploded with a ter- sures, In her glance, in her smile, in rible crash amongst us, while we were the movement of her lovely head, in that waiting in humble expectation of kappy of her hand or body, there was a gracetidings. Mankind are not very prone to ful display of animated life ; and numlook at the dark side of any subject: and bers can well recollect, the pleasing the nation at large had built such fond impression which she made on her first hopes upon the protracted. existence of appearance after her marriage. She the Princess, that the possibility of its visibly felt that she was universally being suddenly cut short did not once beloved, because she was conscious tbat present itself. Besides it is unnatural to she deserved it. She was therefore deassociate ideas of youth and blooming sirous at every instant to return the rehealth, with those of disease and death; gard which she inspired ; but in doing and the human mind naturally recoils at that, there was no display of baughty the thought, that happiness, as complete condescension; it was the effusion of a as perhaps falls to the lot of mere huma- tender heart, unstudied, spontaneous, nity, should lie at the mercy of every and warm. She was obviously happy adverse blasi, and be liable every hour at the marks she received of general atto be transformed into the most poignant tachment, and solicitous to communicate distress or misery. An event of this
back again that happiness. Ah! who kind, consequently, always inspires ter- that then saw her, thus lovely, thus na
fural, thus blessed with the choicest to the memory of departed virtue, congifts that Providence can bestow, the fined to the metropolis-We rejoice to idol of the country, and exquisitely learn from the public prints, that they happy in her recent marriage, could pervaded every part of the empire. The have anticipated the melancholy and country at large participated in the geneawful scene we are now recording. ral gloom, and has shewn by its acute
The last sad office of respect and friend- grief on this melancholy occasion that it ship to the manes of the illustrious Prin- is capable of the highest and most disincess; and her progeny, was performed on terested affection for the family of its Wednesday, Nov. 19th. when they were rulers; but it is not for the trappings of interred in the family vault at Windsor; royalty that they have this veneration ; and no awful ceremony of this kind, on
this tribute is reserved for virtue, and the demise of any of our rulers, or of any may our fellow subjects ever make this branches of their illustrious families, has, distinction. It is well known that the we believe, been marked by a greater, Princess, exclusive of her private virtues, possibly not so general and unequivocal was sincerely attached to the constitua testimony of unfeigned sorrow and re- tional liberties of the country. She ungret. The parochial churches in the me- derstood, revered, and loved the excellent tropolis, and many of the chapels also, system of laws and government, under exhibited the signs of public grief, by which the country has acquired such a covering pulpits, desks, and galleries, large share of practical happiness. Her with the sable emblems of mourning: father bad caused to be impressed upon Beside the shops being shut up with a her young and tender mind the greatest strictness equal to the observation of the veneration for those principles which he Sabbath, the coffee-house keepers and himself so long professed, and the opinions victualers united in the public expression which she thus early embraced, her maof feeling. The far greater part of the turer judgment fully approved, so that ordinary business of the town was sus- they "grew with her growth and strengthpended. Private houses had their win-ened with her strength,” nor could any dow-shutters closed in the same way as if earthly consideration have induced her to the master, or a near family relation, had renounce them. To a benevolent and been lost. The day proving very fine, feeling beart, she united great firmness for the season of the year, vast numbers of character. The impressions she rewere walking out after the morning ser- ceived at an early age, became stronger vice; a circumstance which, instead of and more rooted as she advanced in years; lessening, added to the appearance of like the incision that is made in a young national gloom. All that custom ordains tree, which, in proportion as the tree as the signs of external sorrow was to be grows becomes broader and deeper. In seen every where, in the public streets, closing this imperfect tribute to the illusin the parks, and not only there, but in trious dead, we wish to urge the great the more retired and obscure parts of the moral lesson that is conveyed in her sudmetropolis. Unconfined to those to whom den and premature loss. No event could a change of dress is either no considera- contain a more striking instance of the tion, or a trifling one, the same sentiment vanity of human hopes, the instability of operated with equal effect upon thousands worldly grandeur, and the frailty of huwhose condition approaches closely to man ties. But the memory of her virtues, difficulty and poverty. Among those in- public and private, will survive; and ferior classes, there were few who had after the lapse of ages, the name of the by them a scrap of black, or who could Princess will be pronounced with love and find the means of procuring it, who did respect; and her conduct be adduced as not eagerly put on the visible demonstra- a bright example to her own sex, and tions of their unaffected sorrow, The particularly to sur'i of them as shall move bells of all the churches tolled at intervals in her elevated siation. during the whole day. The charity chil- We shall have many opportunities heredren in several parishes bore the signs of after of adverting to this affecting submourning; such as the substitution of ject, when we come to review the serblack collars or cuffs, for those of other mons which have been preached and and gayer colours: some had sable bind- published on the occasion of it. -For the jogs sewed round their caps and their present, however, we take our leave, by badges. Many of the female children presenting the reader with an extract wore black ribands. The courts of law, from the one just published by Dr. J. P. the public offices, the Royal Exchange, ith, unquestionably the best that we &c. were closed. Orders were sent to have yet either heard or read on the all the dock yards to prohibit the usual mournful occasion. A more detailed transaction of business. British vessels, account of it must be reserved for our and those of all other nations, hoisted ensuing number. their colours only half-mast high. In the All these considerations, combined' different sea-ports, minute-guns were di- with esteem and love for her personal rected to be fired at night.
excellencies, bear upon the illustrious Nor were these testimonies of respect name of the much beloved and deeply la
mented Princess CHARLSTTE, the Heiress | Dissenters, she declared, in the most core of Britain. She was not more honoured dial and generous manner, that she felt for the lustre of her ancestry, nor more the respect and would shew the honourelevated by being the presumptive ex- able treatment, which her august Grandpectant of the noblest crown on earth, | father, and his two predecessors of the than she was personally the object of house of Brunswick, had uniformly detender affection when living, and of the monstrated. So far as our little informamost painful regret now that she is num- tion has extended, she and her affectiobered with the dead.
nate husband were not only a model of “ In body and in mind she was lively, love and order and rational occupation in prompt, and vigorous. Her temper was domestic life, but they manifested a secondescending, sweet, and generous: her rious reverence for sacred things, and paid conversation and manners were, to a re- honour to the public worship of God and markable degree, affable and kind. She the exercises of devotion and piety. manifested true wisdom and greatness of
" Such was
this lamented Princess. soul, in relinquishing the pageantry of Such was her rare and lovely character. courts, and the pomp of ostentatious We now know the value of this jewel by grandeur, and in choosing to spend her its irretrievable loss. How dear ought time, till she should be called to her ex- we to hold her memory! How piercing, pected high station, in the shades of a how agonizing, to her Consort, her facalm, simple and well-employed retire- mily, and her country, that unlooked for
She possesed strong sense, a fine and awful stroke, which has made such understanding, and acute penetration. a breach !-- In the estimation of our natiHer mind had the ability to deduce just onal interests, the loss is irreparable. But conclusions, in cases which would have as it respects herself, our best, our only been far from obvious to superficial per- consolation lies in the delightful hope that sons: and she equally possessed the firm- God, by his grace through the Redeemer, ness and integrity which enabled her to had given to her a sanctified heart, the act upon her convictions. Her memory pardon of her sins, and a meetness for was furnished with rich stores of know- his heavenly presence; and that he was ledge, and she was in the habit of calling pleased, in signal love, to take her, thus them forth to excellent applications. early, out of a world of sins and temptaHer acquirements, the fruits of studious tions, difficulties and woes, to the bosom toil and severe application, were such as of eternal rest, the joys of perfect holiwould have raised her from the lowest ness and full redemption." situation to be the model of her sex, and The Princess was born, Jan. 71h, 1796, the admiration of all. It is probable married, May 2nd, 1816, and died, Nov. that never, since man was formed upon 6th, 1817. the earth, was the expectant of a crown so exquisitely educated for the best dis
HIBERNIAN SOCIETY. charge of its exalted duties, or improved more excellently such eminent advan- We are always happy to report protages. She did not permit her talents to gress in the moral state of Ireland--that rust in idleness, or to decay by neglect; long and shamefully neglected country, nor did she degrade them to frivolous or In our numbers for July and August, we worthless purposes: but she was in a gave a short account of the last Annual course of activity employing and improv- Report of the Hibernian Society, and of ing her abilities and acquirements, by the proceedings which took place at the being associated in important studies with General Meeting in May. The Comher illustrious Consort, by increasing her mittee have lately presented us with qualifications to direct the education of some additional intelligence subsequently her expected offspring, and by laying up received from the Schoolmasters, Inspecvaluable treasures of historical and con- tors, and other agents of the Society in stitutional wisdom, for the future service Ireland, from which we are gratified at of her country.
Her attachment was finding every thing (except the funds of declared to those principles of equitable the Institution) in a very prosperous freedom which are the basis of public state. The number of Schools established happiness, and the glory of the British by the Society for the purposes of general constitution. But the greatest dignity in education, and circulating the Holy the character of this estimable Princess Scriptures, was 347, and of pupils 37,776. lay in her not being ashamed to avow her We subjoin a few particulars for the reverential regard to the Christian reli- satisfaction of our readers. gion. With its sacred principles, I have been informed that she had an accurate
From Mr. Bm, the Seciety's principal acquaintance, and that she avowed her
Agent in Ireland. serious approbation of them. She could Mr. B-states several instances of discriminate, and she reverenced, the sen- the most violent hostility to the Society's timents and characters of the most pious Schools, on the part of some of the among the clergy of the Church of Eng- Catholic Priests ; the efects of which Jand.
With regard to the Protestant 't were severely feli, by the withdrawing
of some of the children. But he goes on back, there were not six people who to mention, that most of them have gra- could repeat one verse in the Bible from dually returned to the Schools; and adds, their memory in all this neighbourhood, The renewal of hostilities on the part of and numbers, I belive, never heard of, the Popish Clergy, may no doubt be at- or knew there was a Bible in the world. tributed to the late Bull of the Pope Since our Society's Bibles and Testaagainst the Bible Society, as it has given ments have been in circulation, their the pretext to indulge their irreconcila- knowledge of divine things has been ble enmity to the Scriptures. However, daily increasing; and it is to be hoped we have the testimony of facts to prove, that the growing up children, attending that were the whole Hierachy to unite, our Schools, will be a blessed generation. their efforts could not totally arrest the I lately visited D-_'s School, ať progress of civilization, and emancipa- E, and asked the Testament Class tion from Popish delusions, which have different questions, as they repeated their been so considerably advanced hy the tasks, out of the first chapter of Hebrews. labours of the Society. These have - I asked a boy, “ Who was the brightopened a new, and hitherto unthought-of ness of his Father's glory?" He said process for the pacification of this part " Jesus Christ.” “ Who purged the sins of the United Kingdom, which, on trial, of the believing Hebrews?" 56 Jesus." has proved, that if allowed to proceed, " At what time did he do this?” “ Wheir it is calculated to do more for the attain- he was crucified.” “ Where was he crument of the object, than any plan hither- cified ?" "On Mount Calvary.”
" " What to devised.
is meant by the purging of our sins ?” The Priest at D- has done all he “ The forgiveness of them.' " Did he could to injure the School there, but forgive any their sing but the Hebrews hitherto without effect. He is too politic alone ?" “ Yes, every person who beto appear openly its opposer, though I | lieves, he forgives their sins." conceive thai the avidity with which the I visited F-'s School, at R Schools are now attended, in his Parish, He had 88 Pupils assembled, 16 of whom must give him no little pain. The anxiety read the second Chapter of Ephesians, of the people in the neighbourhood of and gave pertinent explanations of it. I this School to learn to read the Scrip- am glad to say, that both Master and tures, is such, that besides the Day, Pupils in general, in this county, are proschool, the master keeps a Sunday-school gressively advancing in the knowledge of for Adults, which is well attended. The the Scriptures: and I perceive, that Priest at K - has commenced a re- when the Pupils are enlightened with newed attack, but in vain. The Society's this knowledge, the Masters of such are School is not injured ; and a Sunday- much affected with the necessity and imschool grafted on it, has suffered no di- portance of it. I greatly rejoice to hear minution. On the contrary, the atten- Mr, Fm (who I knew to have been dance of the adults has been more bronght up in the Church of Rome) exnumerous; and since the denunciations plain from the Scriptures the Gospel of the Priest, 20 adults Catholic have very clearly. He said, " I bless the day intimated their full purpose to attend. that Mr. B- gave me a Bible and From D— B-, one of the Inspectors of advice how to read it. I brought it the Society's Schools.
home, but did not dare to look in it, exPriest M
of the Parish of E cept in private, lest my friends or the who has been a great enemy to our Parish Priest should hear of it; but now Schools, made application, a few days I acknowledge to all around me, that ago, for a School to be established in liis
the Scriptures are the true word of God Parish. A Catholic in this neighbour---this has made me many enemies but lrond lately paid me a visit, who got an through all my trials the Lord has de Irish Testament from the Society some- livered me." time ago. He has made great proficiency in reading it, and takes such delight in
From JH- a Schoolmaster at
D it, that he carries it in his pocket, in order to read it to every person with Some time ago, I apprehended mych whom he has any intercourse. He reads mischief would be done to the Society's to the congregation, before and after School under my care, in consequence of mass, every Sabbath-day; and to bis the Parish Priest opening a free school great surprise, Priest M
does not in his chapel, and charging his flock to forbid him. The neighbours also fre- send their children to it, else they would quently invite him to their houses to read be finally ruined. He publicly lectured the Testament to them.
on this subject for three succeeding SabI have visited many Roman Catholics baths; notwithstanding which, only one in this neighbourhood, and am glad to of my pupils left me. This child had acquaint you, that the prejudice hereto- been very sick for some tine, and its fore entertained, is done away, by the parents were made to believe it was a recourse they and their children have to judgment on it, for being at the Society's the Word of God. About eight years School. Since then a chiid at the Priest's
Free School was one day reading in a Arian principles. Mr. Cole, upon fiis Testament, which he took with him to resignation, gave up the keys into the the School: the Master struck the child bands of the Anti-Trinitarian party, and a violent blow, took away the Testa- when Mr. Jameson came, he found the ment, cursed him, and asked him if he chapel and dwelling house shut against was going to turn heretic! The child bim; he and the people were therefore told this to his parents, and they with compelled either to contest the matter at drew him and his sister from the Priest's law, or to leave the chapel. The latter School, and sent them both to mine, at mode of proceeding was adopted, in com. which they can learn the word of God. | pliance with the wish of Mr. Jameson, One of the children is sensible, and who was averse to litigation; and the commits the Scripture to memory with chapel has remained ever since in the much eagerness. And I have since had hands of Arians and Socinians. The prenine or ten of the Priest's flock come to sent Minister, the Rev. Mr. Steward, my School; some of whom he took from who was a professed Unitarian, was inme at a former time. Several of bis vited, in 1813, for three years. About people read the Scriptures. I have given August, 1816, Mr. Steward openly reaway all the Testaments which you gave nounced Socinianism, and embraced that me, and I doubt not but they will be system of doctrinal sentiments, which made truly useful. I should also men- was held by the original founders. This tion, that the Priest has remonstrated change, while in operation, alarmed with the parents of the children in the some leading persons of the congregation, stropgest manner, but all to no purpose.
at the head of whom was Mr. Joseph They told him they would not take their Pearson, (son of Mr. Peter Pearson above children from the Society's School, be- mentioned); who, in consequence, held cause they were improving in learning, a meeting on the first of September, at and they had marked a visible change in which they avowed themselves Unitarians, their conduct from what it formerly was. and hostile to the doctrines of the Holy
I am sure it will be gratifying to you Trinity; and resolved, that no minister to know that the youth of this amazingly should officiate there who did not openly wicked place are become moral: the avow, and cordially maintain, the same word of God is carefully read by many sentiments. They informed Mr. Steward both young and old, and its effects may of this resolution, and desired him to rebe easily seen. The smallest children in linquish the pulpit and dwelling house at my School will not bear to hear an oath the expiration of three months from that or a lie, without expressing their disap- time, agreeing to remunerate him for his probation. A person told me lately of prolonged services. But before the exthe seriousness of his children, and of piration of this period, Mr. 'Joseph Peartheir remarks at home, when they see son, with others of his party, unexpectany thing improper in his family. One edly broke in, and took forcible posseschild between five and six years of age, sion of the chapel; and closed the doors hearing her father swear, told him of against Mr. Steward, and the congregaGod's displeasure at his couduct, and tion assembling for worship, on the next that people who acted thus would go to
Lord's day. hell." I had this from the child's aunt, In this state of things, Mr. Benjamin who was present; and she said, that Mander, the only surviving Trustee leevery one was struck with amazement gally appointed, and who had been exat the behaviour of the child.
cludeţ with Mr. Jameson, and others, opened the Chapel, and gave Mr. Steward
possession ; having no other intention, at A CASE OF GREAT IMPORTANCE the time, than to protect Mr. Steward, TO ORTHODOX DISSENTERS. and his family of six children, from the
violence of the Unitarians, who had alThe following concise Account of the Si- ready
withheld from him the endowments. tuation of the Old Meeting House in John Street, Wolverhampton, is re
Mr. B. Mander having thus stood forspectfully submitted to the Religious the Public, took an early opportunity of
ward in a cause so truly interesting to Public.
conferring with the neighbouring MinisTHIS Meeting was built in 1701, and ters, who encouraged him to bring the was endowed and occupied by Trinitari- matter before the Lord Chancellor. No ans about 1781: during that year, the time was lost for this purpose, and his Rev. Mr. Cole, a professed Calvinist, Lordship (from whose intermediate deresigned; and the Rev. Mr. Jameson cree great encouragement is derived) has (now of Royston) accepted of an invita- ordered that the endowments be paid to tion, which was signed by two-thirds of Mr. Steward, and that he remain in posthe congregation, four of the trustees session of the Chapel, and use it for Trivoting for him, four against him, and nitarian worship, till the matter be fitwo remaining neuter. Among those nally determined by him. This is clearly who dissented were Mr. Peter Pearson, a case of great public interest to Orthoand others infected with Socinian and dox Dissenters, serving as a valuable pre