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the next Conference. These subjects must be communicated to the various Governments forming the Union at least six months before the date of the meeting of the next Conference.

8. To submit within the same period a report to the various Governments on the work of the Pan American Union during the term covered since the meeting of the last Conference, and also special reports on any matter which may have been referred to it for report.

9. To keep the records of the International American Conferences.

ART. II. The control of the Pan American Union is vested in a governing board consisting of the diplomatic representatives of all the Governments of said Republics accredited to the Government of the United States of America and the Secretary of State of the United States, upon whom the American Republics have conferred the chairmanship of the governing board.

ART. III. Any diplomatic representative unable to attend the meetings of the board may transmit his vote, stating his reason therefor in writing. A representation by proxy is prohibited.

Any Republic having no representative accredited before the Govern. ment of the United States of America may designate a member of the governing board to represent said Republic in the Union of American Republics, and in this case said representative shall have a vote for each country represented.

ART. IV. The governing board shall hold a regular meeting the first Wednesday of every month, excepting the months of June, July, and August, and special meetings at the call of the chairman, issued on his own initiative or at the request of two members of the board.

The attendance of five members at any regular or special meeting shall be sufficient to permit the board to proceed with the transaction of business.

Art. V. In the absence of the Secretary of State of the United States of America the meetings of the governing board shall be presided over by one of the diplomatic representatives in Washington then present by order of rank and seniority and with the title of vice-chairman.

ART. VI. At the regular meeting to be held in November the governing board shall fix by lot the order of precedence among all the representatives of the American Republics forming the Union in order to create a supervisory committee. The first four on this list and the Secretary of State of the United States of America shall constitute the first supervisory committee, and the four members of the committee shall be replaced by turn, one every year, so that the committee will be totally renewed in four years. The outgoing members shall always be replaced by those following on the list, the same method being observed in the event of resignation.

The Secretary of State of the United States of America shall always be the chairman of the committee.

The supervisory committee shall hold their regular meetings the first Monday of every month, and three members shall be sufficient to constitute a quorum.

ART. VII. There shall be a Director-General, appointed by the governing board, and an assistant director, who shall also discharge the duties of secretary of the governing board.

ART. VIII. The Director-General shall have charge of the administration of the Pan American Union, in accordance with these fundamental rules, the regulations, and the resolutions of the governing board.

He shall have charge of the correspondence with the Governments of the Union through their diplomatic representatives in Washington, or directly in the absence of such representatives, and with the Pan American committees. He must attend in an advisory capacity the meetings of the governing board, of the committees, and of the American International Conferences, except in the case of resolution to the contrary.

ART. IX. The personnel of the Pan American Union, the number of employees, their appointment, duties, and all matters pertaining thereto, shall be determined by the regulations.

ART. X. There shall be in the capital of each of the Republics of this Union a Pan American committee respsonsible to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, consisting, if possible, of persons who have been delegates to some International American Conference, their duties being :

(a) To obtain the approval of the resolutions adopted by these conferences.

(b) To furnish promptly to the Pan American Union all the accurate data needed for the preparation of its work.

(c) To submit on its own initiative any projects it may deem proper to foster the interests of the Union, and to exercise such further functions as the respective Governments may deem proper.

These committees shall correspond with the Pan American Union either directly or through the diplomatic representatives in Washington.

Each Government represented in the Union is entitled to send to the Pan American Union, at its own expense, a special agent representing the respective Pan American committee, to furnish such data and reports as may be requested of him, and at the same time to obtain any information that his Government may require.

ART. XI. The Director-General of the Pan American Union shall submit at the regular meeting in November a detailed budget of the expenses for the following year. This budget, after approval by the governing board, shall be transmitted to the various signatory Governments with a statement of the annual quotas which they are to contribute, these quotas being fixed in proportion to the population of each country.

ART. XII. The Pan American Union shall issue such publications as the governing board may determine, and shall publish a bulletin at least once a month.

All geographical maps published by the Pan American Union shall bear a statement thereon that they do not constitute documents approved by the Government of the country to which they apply, nor by the Governments of the countries whose boundaries appear thereon, unless the former and the latter Governments shall have expressly given their approval, which shall in such case also be stated on the map. An identical statement shall be made on the publications of the Union save those of an official nature.

All these publications, with the exception of those determined by the governing board, shall be distributed gratuitously.

ART. XIII. In order to insure the greatest possible accuracy in the publications of the Pan American Union, each of the signatory States shall transmit directly to the Union two copies of all official documents or publications relating to matters connected with the purposes of the Union, and with the same object they shall also send one copy to each of the Pan American committees.

ART. XIV. All correspondence and publications of the Pan American Union shall be carried free of charge by the mails of the American Republics.

ART. XV. The Pan American Union shall be governed by the regulations prepared by the governing board in accordance with these statutes.

ART. XVI. The American Republics bind themselves to continue to support the Pan American Union for a term of ten years from this date and to pay annually into the treasury of the Pan American Union their respective quotas. Any of the Republics may cease to belong to the Union of American Republics upon notice to the governing board two years in advance. The Pan American Union shall continue for successive terms of ten years unless twelve months before the expiration of such term a majority of members of the Union shall have given official notice through the Secretary of State of the United States of America of the desire to withdraw therefrom on the expiration of the term.

Art. XVII. All other rules and regulations contrary to the present resolution are hereby repealed.

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RESOLUTIONS (August 11, 1910).

(The Pan American Railroad.) The Fourth International American Conference, assembled in Buenos Aires, resolves :

(1) To extend the existence, together with all its powers, of the Committee of the Pan American Railroad in Washington, to which, because of the important services it has rendered, the conference hereby expresses its acknowledgments.

(2) The resolutions adopted by the Third Pan American Conference on this same point are hereby confirmed.

(3) Taking into consideration the great moral and material significance involved in the carrying out of such an important work, the conference recommends to the permanent Committee of the Pan American Railroad in Washington that, as soon as possible, it shall gather together all the studies and technical and financial data necessary for the preparation of a final plan and estimate for the construction of said work; requests the countries interested in the execution thereof to adopt and to communicate to the permanent Committee of the Pan American Railroad the most efficient measures concerning the guaranties or subsidies they are able to offer in order to facilitate the execution of this great common aspiration so that said committee, in view of these communications, may propose a practical method of solving this problem which, if it were entrusted to the isolated action of some of the countries specially interested therein, it would be impossible to carry out, or would at least be done at a very remote date.

CONVENTION (August 11, 1910).

(The rights of literary and artistic property.) The Fourth International American Conference, assembled in Buenos Aires, resolves :

ARTICLE 1. The signatory States recognize and protect the rights of literary and artistic property in conformity with the stipulations of the present convention.

ART. 2. By“ literary and artistic works ” is meant the books, articles, pamphlets of all kinds — whatever may be the subject they deal with,

and whatever be the number of the pages thereof — dramatic or musical works; those of a choregraphic character, musical compositions with or without words; drawings, paintings, sculptures, and engravings; photographic works, astronomical or geographical spheres; plans, sketches or plastic works relating to geography, geology or topography, architecture or any science; and, finally, they also comprise every production that can be published by any printing or reproducing process.

ART. 3. The recognition of the right of property obtained in a State, in conformity with its laws, shall fully and legally have its effects in the other States, without the necessity of complying with any other formality, provided there shall appear in the work any statement showing the reservation of the property.

ART. 4. The right of property of a literary or artistic work includes for its author or successors the exclusive right to dispose of the same, to publish it, to sell it, translate it, or authorize the translation of it, and to reproduce it in any form either in its entirety or partially.

ART. 5. The following shall be regarded as the author of a protected work, except when proofs to the contrary are produced. He whose known name or pseudonym shall be expressed therein, and, consequently, the action brought by the author or his representative against plagiarists or infringers shall be admitted before the courts of the several signatory countries.

ART. 6. Authors or their successors, whether resident or foreign, shall enjoy, in the signatory States, the rights granted by the respective laws. but said rights shall not exceed the period of protection granted in the country of origin.

In the case of works consisting of several volumes which are not published together, as well as in the case of bulletins, serial or periodical publications, the term of the right of property shall commence to count with regard to each volume, bulletin, serial or periodical publication, from the respective date of its publication.

ART. 7. The following shall be regarded as the country of origin of a work; that in which it was first published in America, and, in case said publication has been simultaneously made in several of the signa

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