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Variations in personal capacity

49

Artificial persons

50

Limitations of capacity

51

1. Infants. General statement ..

51

Contracts generally voidable, not void: and qu. whether in any

case void at common law ...

52

Special classes of contracts considered on this point

53

Avoidance of infant's contract

59

Infants' Relief Act, 1874

60

Liability on obligations incident to property

64

On beneficial contract..

66

For necessaries ..

67

What are necessaries ..

67

Certain contracts of infants binding by custom

73

By statute

73

Liability of infants on wrongs collateral to contract

74

In equity, on representations of full age

75

Subsequent contract after full age prevails

78

2. Married Women. Can contract only as to separate property 78

Ius mariti and survivorship ..

79

Cannot revive barred debt by acknowledgment

80

Exceptions at common law ..

81

Custom of London as to married woman trading alone

82

Agreements for separation between husband and wife alone 83

Statutory exceptions : judicial separation, &c.

83

Equitable doctrine of separate estate

84

Married Women's Property Act, 1882

85

3. Lunatics and Drunken Persons. Undisputed points

History of opinions as to contract of lunatic, &c., in general 88

Modern law: contract not void but voidable

89

Indian Contract Act

94

4. Convicts, fc.

94

Extension of capacity.

95

1. Agency ..

95

Authority of Agent

96

Contracts by authorized agents

97

When agent known to be such, there is contract with principal

If principal named, prima facie no contract with agent .. .. 97

If principal not named, prima facie there is contract with agent 97

These rules subject to evidence of contrary intention ..

99

When agent not known to be such, there is generally contract

with undisclosed principal

100

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CHAPTER III.

FORM OF CONTRACT.

133

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138

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141

Position of informal contracts in ancient law

Formal and informal contracts in Roman law

Similar doctrine of old English law in Bracton, &c.

Remedies on contracts : debt on covenant or simple contract

Action of account

Introduction of assumpsit to supply remedy on executory agree-

ments ...

Modern law: requirements of form exceptional

Contracts of Record ..

Contracts of Corporations : old law

Modern exceptions to requirement of seal

Trading corporations : Contracts in course of business

Non-trading corporations : Contracts necessary and incidental to

corporate purposes

Municipal corporations, &c.

Appointments of officers

142

144

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