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The Monthly Magazine of Scientific Socialism.

VOL. III.

(NEW SERIES)

JANUARY – JUNE, 1885.

LONDON:
THE MODERN PRESS,
13, Paternoster Row, London, E.C.

an

1885.

UNIVERSITY
TIBRARY
APR 20 104

Captain Time

JANUARY

The Meaning of Socialism : ...

Experiences of a Visit to Skye. By R. P. B. Frost ..
The Electionsin Germany. By Karl Frohme, (Deputy for Altona in the Reichstag)
The Jevonian Criticism of Marx. By George Bernard Shaw ..
Ghosts, Act I. Translated from the Norwegian of Henrik Ibsen by Frances Lörd

18

:

FEBRUARY

Social Progress and Individual Effort. By Edward Carpenter ..
Ferdinand Freiligrath. By his Daughter ..
Ghosts, Act II. Translated from the Norwegian of Henrik Ibsen by Frances Lord
Strikes. By the San Francisco International Workmen's Association ..
The Battle Hymn of the Republic. By Julia Ward Howe
Communism. By Rev. R. Heber Newton ..
Austria in 1885. A Sonnet. By Pakenham Bentty

.. .. ..

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MARCH.

Communism. By Rev. R. Heber Newton ..
Ghosts, Act III. Translated from the Norwegian of Henrik Ibsen by Frances Lord
Socialism and National Sobriety. By Rev. George Sile Reaney
Ferdinand Freiligrath, (Concluded). By his Daughter .. ..
The Unemployed. By R. P. B. Frost ..

.. ..
To-day and To-morrow. A Sonnet. By Mary Grace Walker:.
The Terriers and the Rats, and the Mice and the Cats. By the late R. B. Brough

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APRIL.

Cashel Byron's Profession. Prologue. By George Bernard Shaw .. ..


Communism. (Conclu led.) By Rev. R. Heber Newton ...

Ten Years of English Poetry (Swinburne, Morris, Rossetti, 1861-1871). By

Silvanus Dauncey .

The Jevonian Criticism of Marx (a Rejoinder). By Rev. Philip H. Wicksteed
The Coming of Liberty. By F. Trevethen Brice ...

Louis Charles Delesclúze. By W. D. Trammell...

Am I a Socialist ? By Charles A. Every

..

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TO-DAY.
No. 13. JANUARY, 1885.

The Meaning of Socialism,

FELWe come beforeee the basis of soc

TELLOW CITIZENS, T We come before you as Revolutionists, that is, as men and women who wish to see the basis of society changed.

Why is this?

Because in the society which now exists the majority of the people is miserable and oppressed. Often as it has been done, sickening as the task of doing it again is, we must, in order to make our meaning clear, lay before you a statement of the condition of those who live by labour in the present state of society.

In these Islands, as generally throughout civilized countries, a vast part of the workers, the “labourers," including all those who are engaged in the necessary work of producing food for the community, are scarcely raised above starvation, or are punished for the crime of being born poor, by being compelled to accept the cruel relief of the workhouse.

A step above these come the artisans, the inheritors of the hoarded skill of so many generations, who earn a poor livelihood, a pleasureless existence, by hard and constant toil at dull, mechanical work which is but a burden to them. The surroundings of their life are miserable and squalid ; for if they live amidst the excitement of great cities, they have to pay for this by being forced to lodge in mere hovels and hutches in the midst of such sordidness and disorder, that it would almost seem as if it had been the aim of men to make the workmen's quarters of such cities as loathsome as possible: and this livelihood, such as it is, is at the best but precarious, because a shift of the markets, a change in machinery, a hard winter-or' a soft one, some accident in short over which the workman neither singly nor collectively has any control, may throw him out of work and, after months of anxiety and wearing

Vol. III. No. 1. New Series.

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