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at many levels depending on the project and country involved. They may relate to the support and duties of an individual Volunteer or a group or groups of Volunteers providing specified Volunteer services. I am enclsoing several examples of this type of agreement for your information.

I hope the above information will be sufficient for your purposes. Please do not hesitate to contact me if I can provide you with any further information. Sincerely yours,

JOSEPH H. BLATCHFORD, Director.

EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTS WITH FOREIGN STATES TO ESTABLISH PEACE CORPS

PROGRAMS
Country

Date Program Agreement Signed
Afghanistan

September 6 and 11, 1962. Antigua

December 19 and 28, 1966. Barbados.

July 15 and August 9, 1965. Bolivia...

June 19, 1962. Botswana.

May 14, 1971. Brazil.

November 11, 1961. British Honduras.

July 26 and August 15, 1962. Burundi..

(Presently being negotiated.) Cameroon

July 23 and September 10, 1962. Central African Republic.-- September 9 and November 24, 1966. Ceylon.-

November 21, 1962. Chad..

August 31, 1966. Chile.

October 3 and 4, 1962. Costa Rica.

November 21 and 23, 1962. Cyprus.-

August 23, 1962. Dahomey

June 30 and July 3, 1967. Dominican

December 16, 1966 and January 11, 1967. Dominican Republic

May 2, 1962. Ecuador -

August 3, 1962. El Salvador

August 11 and November 13 and 20, 1967. Ethiopia

May 23, 1962. Fiji..

June 25, 1968. Gabon.

October 4, 1962. Gambia,

November 26 and December 5, 1966. Ghana.

July 19, 1961. Grenada

December 19, 1966 and December 16, 1967. Guatemala

December 28 and 29, 1962. Guinea

December 11 and 14, 1962. Guyana.

May 31 and June 7, 1967. Honduras

July 16 and 20, 1962. India..

November 13 and 21, 1962. Indonesia

March 8 and 14, 1963. Iran..

May 27, 1964. Ivory Coast

April 5 and 21, 1962. Jamaica

February 15 and 22, 1962. Kenya.

August 26, 1964. Korea..

September 14, 1966. Lesotho

September 22, 1967. Liberia

March 5 and 8, 1962. Malawi.

March 4 and April 20, 1965. Malaysia.

September 4, 1961. Malta.

April 29 and June 24, 1970. Mauritania

September 19 and October 17, 1966. Mauritius

March 18, 1971. Montserrat.

April 3 and May 16, 1968. Morocco..

February 8 and 9, 1963. Nepal..

August 24, 1962. Nicaragua

May 23 and 25, 1968. Niger..

July 23, 1962. North Borneo..

October 25, 1962. Pakistan..

May 31, 1962. Panama.

October 30, 1963.

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Country

Date Program Agreement Signed Paraguay

November 4, 1966. Peru...

January 25, 1962.
Philippines

October 11 and 31, 1961.
St. Christopher Nevis and December 19, 1966 and January 10, 1967.

Anguilla
St. Lucia.

October 19, 1965 and November 10, 1965. St. Vincent

December 16, 1966 and January 18, 1967. Sarawak

October 25, 1962. Senegal..

January 10 and 17, 1963. Sierra Leone.

December 29, 1961. Somalia Republic.

March 29 and April 17, 1962. Swaziland.

November 11, 1970. Tanzania

July 17 and 21, 1961. Thailand

November 20 and 28, 1961. Togo.-

September 5, 1962. Tonga

May 17 and 27, 1968. Tunisia

February 7 and 13, 1962. Turkey

August 27, 1962. Uganda

November 16, 1964. Upper Volta

(Presently being negotiated.) Uruguay

July 31, 1963. Venezuela

April 14 and May 28, 1962. Western Samoa.

October 1, 1970. Zaire (the Congo).

October 12, 1970.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Washington, D.C., April 7, 1972.
Hon. SAM J. ERVIN, Jr.,
Chairman, Subcommittee on Separation of Powers, Committee on the Judici-

ary, U.S. Senate, Washington, D.C. DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: This is in response to your letter of March 30, which, noting that Government agencies routinely enter into executive agreements with foreign states, requested a list of all executive agreements since World War II in which this Agency has participated, along with the purpose of and authority for the agreements.

The foreign assistance activities of the Agency for International Development (A.I.D.) and its predecessor agencies are undertaken pursuant to diplomatic-level agreements entered into on behalf of the United States by the Secretary of State or the Ambassadors or other diplomatic representatives to the aid-receiving countries. The purpose of these agreements, called basic bilateral agreements, is to establish the ground rules for the United States nonmilitary foreign aid program in the recipient countries.

I understand that the State Department has previously prepared a list of international agreements other than treaties covering the period from 1946 to 1968, and that it has, at your request, been brought up to date to April 1972. I am informed that they expect to deliver this material to your Subcommittee on or about April 7. The listing includes the basic bilateral agreements referred to above, with both an identification of each agreement and a statement of the authority under which it was executed on behalf of the United States.

Specific programs and projects for assistance are conducted by A.I.D. in accordance with working-level agreements normally executed by the Mission Director or other A.I.D. representative in the A.I.D. receiving country. These agreements, entered into pursuant to the basic bilateral agreement, are standardized in format. The attached copies of Project Agreement for Masai Livestock and Range Management in Tanzanic (Project No. 621-11-093), Loan Agreement for the Pakistan Commodity Import Program for FY 1970 (Loan No. 391-H-148), and Loan Agreement for The Korea Institute of Science and Technology (Loan No. 489–H–054) are illustrative. There are many hundreds of such operational agreements and their compilation would be a monumental undertaking. We assume that they do not fall in the purview of your request.

I trust that this letter, its enclosures, and the list being prepared by the

State Department will provide your Subcommittee with the information desired from this Agency. Please let me know if I can be of any further assistance in this regard. Sincerely yours,

MAURICE J. WILLIAMS

(For John A. Hannah).

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY,

Washington, D.C.
Hon. SAM J. ERVIN, Jr.,
Chairman, Subcommittee on Separation of Powers, Committee on the Judici-

ary, U.S. Senate, Washington, D.C. DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: This is in reply to your letter of March 30, 1972, in which you requested a list of all executive agreements since World War II in which this Department has participated along with the purpose of and authority for the agreements.

Enclosed is a list which has been prepared based on information which we have located in the files of the Department. It may be that there are other agreements, which were entered into since World War II, which could be located if there were more time to review the files, some of which are in dead storage. Based on advice from Mr. Edmisten of your staff, we have not included in the list any agreements in the negotiation of which this Department rendered assistance but which were signed by the President or representatives of other U.S. Government agencies.

If you wish further information as to any of the agreements on the enclosed list, please let us know.

Sincerely,

LIST OF EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTS WITH FOREIGN STATES, SINCE WORLD WAR II,

IN WHICH THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS PARTICIPATED

1. The Department (ARS-APHIS) entered into two cooperative agreements with foreign countries under the first section of the Act of February 28, 1947, as amended, 21 U.S.C. 114b, for the control and eradication of foot-and mouth disease, rinderpest, screw-worm, and other communicable diseases of animals. These agreements are still in effect. One of the agreements was with the Government of Mexico, signed April 2, 1947, and was for the purpose of forming the Mexico-United States Commission for the Eradication of Foot-and-Mouth Disease and Rinderpest. It has been modified from time to time over the years but is still in effect with respect to the basic provisions. The other agreement was with the Government of Nicaragua, signed on March 24, 1972, by Nicaraguan officials and the United States Ambassador, who signed on behalf of the Department of Agriculture officials. The purpose of this agreement was to cooperate in the control and eradication of foot-and-mouth disease and rinderpest.

2. The Department entered into an agreement with Costa Rica under the Act of July 6, 1968, 21 U.S.C. 114d-2, for the purpose of the control and eradication of foot-and-mouth disease and rinderpest. This agreement is considered inoperative by the Department because of the repeal of the Act of July 6, 1968, by Public Law 92–152, approved November 5, 1971. Another agreement with Costa Rica, únder authority of the first section of the Act of February 28, 1947, as amended, 21 U.S.C. 114b, has been signed by Agriculture officials but has not yet been signed by Costa Rica officials.

3. The Secretary of Agriculture, in January 1966, signed a multilateral agreement in behalf of the United States with Mexico, India, Spain, UAR, and . the Sudan to provide for the establishment of the International Institute for Cotton for the purpose of carrying out cotton market development programs throughout the world. The UAR and the Sudan never ratified the agreement and did not become members. Uganda, Tanzania, Greece and Brazil have since joined the Institute. The agreement was signed pursuant to authority provided in section 104 (b) (1) of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, as amended (7. U.S.C. 1704 (b) (1) ), and section 601 of the Agricultural Act of 1954, as amended (7 U.S.C. 1761). Amounts needed to meet

U.S. obligations are provided with funds appropriated to the Department of Agriculture for market development activities abroad and with foreign currencies set aside for use under 7 U.S.C. 1704 (b) (1) which are purchased with such appropriated funds.

4. The following executive agreements have been entered into between the Commodity Credit Corporation, a corporate agency of the United States, and the Cuban Sugar Stabilization Institute, an agency of the Cuban Government:

a. Purchase and Sale Contract for the 1946 and 1947 Cuban Sugar Crops, and molasses and alcohol, dated July 16, 1946. Purpose of the agreement was to obtain at fair prices adequate supplies of sugar, molasses and alcohol. Authority for the agreement was the Commodity Credit Corporation's charger.

b. Supplemental Agreement for the Purchase and Sale of Cuban Refined Sugar of the 1947 crop, dated August 6, 1947. Purpose of the agreement was to purchase at fair prices Cuban fine granulated refined sugar of the 1947 crop for consumption in the United States. Authority for the agreement was the Commodity Credit Corporation's charger.

c. Purchase Contract for 1948 Cuban Raw Sugar, dated March 19, 1948. Purpose of the purchase was to obtain sugar to meet the requirements of programs for the feeding of occupied areas or countries receiving or to receive United States aid. Authority for the agreement was the Commodity Credit Corporation's charter.

5. An estimated 50 agreements were signed on various dates from about 1950 through 1971 for the sale by Commodity Credit Corporation of nonfat dry milk, cheese, wheat and cottonseed oil to agencies of the Governments of Japan, Mexico, Italy, India, Brazil, and possibly other countries, for use in school lunch programs and welfare programs in such countries. The authority for these agreements appears in section 4 and 5 of the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714b and 714c) and section 407 of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1427).

6. CCC made sales of wheat from its inventories for unrestricted use directly to the Government of the Union of South Africa pursuant to agreements signed in 1954, 1955, and 1958. It also made sales of wheat in 1954 to the Government of Spain for foreign currencies. The foreign currencies were purchased from CCC by other U.S. Government agencies. CCC possibly has had sales agreements with other foreign countries for the sale of agricultural commodities prior to these dates. Authority for these agreements is contained in sections 4 and 5 of the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714b and 714c) and section 407 of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1427).

7. Agreement dated June 27, 1963, was entered into between the Secretary of Agriculture, for the Government of the United States, and Drajkumar Nehru, for the Government of India, relating to the barter and exchange of cotton and other agricultural commodities for various strategic and critical materials through commercial trade channels. The authority for this agreement appears in sections 4 and 5 of the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714b and 714c). There apparently were about three other such agreements with the Government of India made in the late 1950's, but the information on such agreements is contained in files which are in the Archives.

8. An agreement and Protocol dated October 11, 1967, was entered into between Commodity Credit Corporation and the Governments of Kuwait, Qatar, and Lebanon providing for the settlement of claims by such parties against Intra Bank, S.A.L., Beirut, Lebanon, and the reorganization of such bank and creation of a commercial investment company to take over the non-banking assets of Intra Bank. Intra Bank, the largest commercial bank in Lebanon, had been closed by the Lebanese Government because it was unable to pay the demands of depositors in due course. The authority for the execution of such agreement and protocol by the Commodity Credit Corporation appears in section 4 of the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714b).

9. An agreement dated December 20, 1971, was entered into between Commodity Credit Corporation and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt regarding the consolidation and rescheduling of a past due debt owed to Commodity Credit Corporation by the Bank of Egypt under the Export Credit Sales Program and to arrange for new credits under that program. The authority for this agreement appears in section 4 of the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714b) and section 4 of the Food for Peace Act of 1966 (7 U.S.C. 1707a).

10. A Cooperative Agreement was entered into between the Province of British Columbia, acting through its Department of Lands and Forestry, and the Soil Conservation Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture on October 1, 1958. The agreement was amended August 9, 1960. The original agreement is for the purpose of "coordination of surveys and reports for Columbia Basin now survey network in British Columbia and the United States.” The amendment adds "that portion of the Yukon River Basin located in British Columbia.” The authority for this Cooperative Agreement is the Soil Conservation Act of April 27, 1935, 49 Stat. 163, U U.S.C. 590a -f; the Act of October 1, 1890, Ch. 1266, 26 Stat. 653; and Reorganization Plan No. IV, effective June 30, 1940, 5 U.S.C. 133t (1964 edition), section 8.

11. This Department entered into an agreement with the Government of Iran in October 1969 to furnish a technical consultant on a reimbursable basis to provide advice on problems of crop insurance. The agreement was signed under the authority of section 607 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1901, as amended (22 U.S.C. 2357).

U.S. ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION,

Washington, D.C., April 6, 1972 Hon. SAM J. ERVIN, Jr., Chairman, Subcommittee on Separation of Powers, Committee on the Judioi

ary, U.S. Senate. DEAR SENATOR ERVIN: This is in response to your letter of March 30, 1972, requesting information about executive agreements for the forthcoming hearings of the Subcommittee. Executive Agreements in which the Atomic Energy Commission participates are included in the State Department's "Treaties and Other International Acts Series" (TIAS). A list is enclosed and, as you will see, it covers the following groups :

(a) Agreements for Cooperation in the civil uses of atomic energy ;

(b) Safeguards agreements, primarily trilateral agreements among the United States Government, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and another country for the IAEA to assume responsibility for the application of safeguards against diversion to military use of items transferred under the civil Agreement for Cooperation with that country;

(c) Agreements for mutual defense purposes ;

(d) Agreements covering grants under the "Atoms for Peace” program for research and training equipment and material, and also several special purpose agreements (uranium reconnaissance, air sampling and visit by Tshe N.S. “Savannah” to foreign waters and ports).

As a part of broader scientific and cultural agreements with the USSR and Romania, the Commission has participated in Memoranda on Cooperation provided for in the overall Exchanges Agreements between the Governments (TIAS 4362, 5582, 6570 and 6878 and TIAS 6604 and 7023, respectively). Such memoranda were concluded with the USSR in November 1959, May 1963, July 1968 and February 1970 and with Romania in November 1968 and September 1971. Also under the Exchanges Agreement a desalination agreement was concluded between the U.S. and the USSR in November 1964 and was renewed in 1966 for a further two-year period. We would be pleased to provide such further information as you may desire. Sincerely,

R. E. HOLLINGSWORTH, General Manager.

USAEC PARTICIPATION—U.S. EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTS

I. AGREEMENTS FOR COOPERATION IN THE CIVIL USES OF ATOMIC ENERGY

(AS HAVE BEEN AMENDED OR SUPERSEDED)

Purpose.-establish basis for cooperative activities, permit the export of certain equipment and of special nuclear material, and provide for safeguards to ensure the peaceful uses of such exported items.

Authority.-Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended.
A. Research level applications, including fueling of research reactors :
Argentina (TIAS 3299, 4527.
Austria (TIAS 3600, 4402, 6136).
Brazil (TIAS 3303, 4255, 4539, 5110, 5676, 6126).

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