The Complete Idiot's Guide to Evolution

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Penguin, 2001. 10. 1. - 317페이지

While humans have been evolving since life on earth began, the geological, paleontological, and natural explorations of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, which revealed that the Earth was far older than had previously been imagined, that led to the questioning of biblical beliefs in creation. Even before Darwin, there were scientists who set the stage for the "survival of the fittest." The Complete Idiot's Guide® to Evolution offers a beginner's/re-learner's look at the science and the controversy surrounding it.

 

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The Evolution of an Idea
1
The Basics of Evolution
3
Why Oppose Evolution?
4
Why Is Evolution So Misunderstood?
5
Lets Get Our Terms Straight
6
Where Did You Come From?
7
Darwins First of Two Great Ideas
8
What Darwin Didnt Know
9
Natural vs Artificial Selection Whats the Difference?
157
Explaining Bravado
158
Runaway Sexual Selection Model
159
Why Panthers Are in Danger of Extinction
160
The Effect of Catastrophes on Small Populations
161
What Keeps Evolution in Motion?
162
Mutants Shuffled Genes and Mateless Maggots
165
Putting Genes Back in the Pool
166

Evolution Is Observable but You Might Not Like What You See
10
The Greek Philosophers Tackle Evolution
13
All Life Comes from the Sea
14
What Anaximander Got Rightand Wrong
15
Where Do They Belong?
16
Climbing the Ladder of Being
17
Change As Fate
18
All Change Comes to an End
19
The Legacy of the Ancient Greeks
20
The Age of Earth and the Fixity of the Species
21
The Problem of Genesis
22
Getting to Nature Through the Back Door
23
Reviving the Ladder of Being
24
The Protestant Reformation
25
Taking Creation Out of the Picture
26
Searching for a Divine Master Plan
27
John Rays Dilemmas
28
The Sacred Theory of the Earth
29
Earth Gets a History
31
The Chain of Being
32
Mr In Between
33
The Discovery of the Earth
34
The Great Fossil Hunt
35
Johann Herder and the Power of Nature
36
The Importance of Butfons Theories
37
The Albinos from Senegal and the Problem of Inheritance
39
The Love Life of Plants
43
The Ultimate Classifier
44
Plants with Open and Hidden Marriages
45
Why Is Linnaeus Important to Evolution?
46
A Glance Backward
48
Looking for Answers in All the Wrong Places
49
Whats Wrong with This Picture?
52
The Poet of Nature
53
The Advent of Darwin
55
Form Function and Catastrophe
57
Rescuing Geology from the Atheists
58
Cuvier Claims Lamarck Cant Adapt
59
Catastrophic Evidence
60
Cuviers Dilemma
62
Buckland Joins the Rearguard Action
63
Wisdom Greatness and Providence
64
Geoffrey St Hilaire and the Search for a Single Ancestor
66
Ultimately Unsound
68
The Heroic Age of Geology
71
Digging into the Rocks
72
One Too Many Catastrophes
74
Lyells Geological Epochs
75
No to Organic Progression
76
The Rules of the Game Stay the Same
77
Adam Sedgwick
78
Charles Darwin and the Voyage of the Beagle
81
Shooting Dogs and Rat Catching
82
Introduction to Adam Sedgwick
83
The Voyage of the Beagle
84
Strange Correspondences
85
The Human Hand in Nature
86
The Mystery of Mysteries
89
Australia and New Zealand And Home
90
Natures Winners and Losers
93
Evolution of a Theory
94
The Creative Uses of Competition
96
An Economic Sermon No One Wanted to Hear
97
Survival of the Fittest
98
The Key to the Puzzle
99
The Advantage of Mistakes
100
The Double Action of Selection
103
Faltering at the Finish Line
104
The Debut of Evolution
107
The Bombshell
108
Wallaces Hunt for the Mechanism of Evolution
109
Wallaces Feverish Epiphany
110
The Origin of the Origin
111
Darwin Readies to Take Evolution Public
112
The Storm Begins
113
Finding Flaws in Darwins Theory
115
The Problem of BetterEndowed Males
116
Genes and Evolution
119
The Man Who Saved Darwinism
121
Taking Up Darwins Cause
122
The Riddle of Reproduction
123
New Blood Pure Blood and Bad Blood
124
A Monk and His Pea Plants
126
Traits Lost and Found
128
Mendel Lost and Found
130
The ABCs of Natural Selection
133
The Discovery of Genes
134
Linking Genes to Disease
135
The Link Between Genes and Evolution
137
The Spice of Life
138
Who Gets to Contribute Their Genetic Legacy
139
Depleting Diversity
140
Selecting for and Selecting Against
141
Natural Selection Has Limits
142
Who Is the Fittest One of All?
145
What Does It Really Mean?
146
Surviving Is Only Half the Battle
147
Diving into the Gene Pool
149
Tracking Down Genes Through the Generations
150
Is Evolution Taking Place or Not?
151
Population Genetics
152
The Natural Process of Loss
155
What Natural Selection Is And Isnt
156
Why Do Bad Alleles Endure?
167
Eliminating Mutant Genes from a Population
168
Good Alleles
169
A Little Help from Ones Friends
170
Where Do New Species Come From?
172
Putting It Altogether The Modern Synthesis
175
The Big Picture Macroevolution
177
Whats the Difference?
178
Evolution Above the Species Level
180
Defining the Relationship
181
The Dynamics of Macroevolution
182
Looking for Common Ancestors
183
Vestiges of the GreatGreatGreatGrandfather
185
Reading the Fossils
186
Getting in Before the Crowd
187
The Truth About Cats and Dogs
188
The Role of Extinction in Evolution
189
Shaping the Patterns of Change
190
Some Species Die So That Others Might Live
191
Obits Hardly Anyone Reads
192
Memorable Mass Extinctions
193
Punctuated Equilibrium
195
Contingency vs Predetermination
196
Why Punctuated Evolution Gets So Much Attention
197
Continental Drift and Evolution
199
From Earth to Moon and Back Again
200
A Record of Violence
201
Pulling Apart the Supercontinent
202
When India and Africa Lived Together
204
The Supercontinent
205
Explaining the Cambrian Explosion
207
The Search for the Missing Link
209
Hoaxes and Frauds
211
Our Earliest Ancestors Maybe
213
The Lucy Show
214
The Handy Man
215
Homo Erectus and the Cost of a Larger Brain
216
Where Has Nellie Gone?
217
The Mystery of Turkana Boy
218
The Neanderthals Tell Their Side of the Story
219
The Neanderthals Get a Refurbished Image
220
Climbing Down from the Trees
223
The First Migrations
224
Why Did the Neanderthals Vanish?
226
Bring On the Tools
227
Humans Arent the Only Tool Makers
228
The Savanna Hypothesis
229
Walk on Your Own Two Feet
230
Why Human Evolution May Get Going Again
232
The Impact of Evolution on Society
235
The Siren Call of Social Darwinism
237
The Survival of the Fittest Revisited
238
To the Middle Class Belong the Spoils
239
Dragging the Chain of Being out of the Closet
240
Carl Vogt
241
A Dangerous Idea Lives On
242
Let Free Markets Prevail
243
Mr Marx Meet Mr Darwin
244
Vestiges of Social Darwinism
245
Eugenics The Dangers of Purity
247
Breeding Out the Undesirables
248
Panic of the Ruling Class
249
Introducing Eugenics to the World
250
Three Generations of Imbeciles Are Enough
251
Seduced by Eugenics
252
The Ultimate Eugenics Experiment
253
Whats in a Name?
254
The Ghost of Eugenics?
255
Sociobiologys Leading Advocate
256
Creationism Putting God Back into the Picture
259
Joining the Debate over Evolution
260
America After Darwin and Before Creationism
261
The Monkey Trial
262
Evolution Goes Up on Trial
263
Making Sense of the Monkey Trial
264
Creationists Have Their Say
265
How Could Life Come from Nothing?
266
New Earth and Old Earth Ages
268
Building a Better Mousetrap Intelligent Design
271
Designer on Trial
272
Irreducible Complexity
273
Poking Holes in Darwinism
274
Irreducible Complexity Does Not Compute
275
Filling the Gaps Without God
276
Proving Evolution and Disproving a Designer
277
Can Science Talk About Creation?
278
The Future of Evolution
281
The Biological Century
282
Sequencing the Human Genome
283
The Temptation to Play God
284
Mimicking Evolution
285
The Backlash
286
The Ultimate Shopping List
288
The Coming GenRich and GenPoor Divide
289
Altering the EnvironmentAltering Ourselves
290
Defeating Age and Death
291
The Search for Immortality
292
The Limitations of Cloning
294
Glossary
297
Timeline
305
Index
305
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저자 정보 (2001)

Leslie Alan Horvitz is a freelance writer, specializing in science. The editor of The Quotable Scientist and Level 4: Virus Hunters of the CDC, he is the author of three forthcoming books: The Brain: Frontiers of Science, Eureka: A History of Scientific Breakthroughs, and Hows of Blues: What We Know About Depression and Manic Depression. He lives in New York City.

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