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Table 3. United States Trade With Principal Countries of Eastern Europe, 1947, 1956, and 1957—Continued

[Thousands of dollars]

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Table 3. United States Trade With Principal Countries of Eastern Europe, 1947, 1956, and 1957—Continued

[Thousands of dollars]
Commodity

TRADE WITH THE U. 8. 8. R.

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All other Imports

■ TJNRRA shipments are included in commodity data for 1947 exports.

> Commodity data are reported on the basis of imports for consumption.

> Loss than $500.

• Includes an estimate of low-value shipments (under $250 each).

• East Germany not reported separately prior to 1962.

• Shipments under the President's program for relief of distress caused by severe winter weather conditions in Eastern Europe.

1 Poliomyelitis vaccine.

• Wool rags only.

'Mainly wool rags.

10 Not Included in export statistics for 1966 and 1967.

United States Licensing and Exports of All Grades of Iron and Steel Scrap (excluding Canada) (in tons)

Lieentinf, 1958 Exporti, 1BSB Country through March through March

Mexico 217,707 78,871

Argentina _

Japan 55,543 128,115

United Kingdom

European Coal and Steel Community 804, 574 502, 008

Austria 11,282 19,667

Spain... 22,760 10,661

Other 3,950 641

Total 1,115,816 739,963

Table B.—United States Exports to and Imports From Countries of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Bloc in Asia, 1947, 1950, and 1952-57

[Thousands of dollars]

[graphic]
[table]

'Exports exclnde "special category" classes.

• Data for 1947 and 1950 exclude trade with East Germany which was not reported separately prior to January 1952.

< Less than 1500.

< Data for 1947 and 1950 exclude trade with North Korea which was not reported separately prior to January 1952.

• Figures shown include printed matter under general license and shipments to diplomatic missions of friendly foreign countries.

« Adjusted to exclude Outer Mongolian products.

'Partly estimated total of Outer Mongolian products, originally reported with data for China.

Footnotes continued on top of p. 64.

Footnotes continued from p. 63.

Note.—Exports are shown by country of destination. Imports are credited to the country In which the merchandise was originally produced, not necessarily the country from which purchases and shipments were made. General imports represent merchandise entered immediately upon arrival into merchandising or consumption channels plus commodities entered Into bonded customs warehouses for storage.

United States exports to North Korea were embargoed July 1950, and those to Communist China, Manchuria, and Outer Mongolia were embargoed the following December. On March 1, 1951, general export licenses to Eastern European countries were revoked and the requirement of prior approval by license was extended to cover all exports to this area. Imports from North Korea and Communist China, Including Manchuria, were placed under license control December 17, 1950, by Foreign Assets Control Regulations of the Treasury Department. Pursuant to the Trade Agreement Extension Act of 1951, benefits of trade agreement tariff concessions were withdrawn from the U. 8. S. R. and its satellites and an embargo was Imposed on the Importation of certain furs from China and the U. S. S. R.

Controls over Imports of Chinese merchandise are exercised by the Treasury Department under Foreign Assets Control Regulations Issued Dec. 17,1950. Under these regulations the importation of Chinese goods Is prohibited without license by the Treasury Department, and It it against the present policy of that agency to license such imports. Some Items of Chinese origin, however, continue to appear In the statistical records of United States imports. For example, dutiable Chinese merchandise brought into the United States and stored In bonded customs warehouses prior to the effective date of the Import control regulations Is counted In Import for consumption statistics at the time of withdrawal from warehouse. Dutyfree merchandise permitted entry for customs Inspection but subsequently rejected when determined to be of Chinese origin, may also be counted In the statistics. In addition, the figures may Include Imports licensed to avoid undue hardship to firms and individuals who acquired the Chinese merchandise In good faith and Imports, from third countries, of Chinese products In which all Chinese Interests had ceased by Dec. 17,1950. In united States Import statistics goods of Chinese origin are credited to China regardless of the country from which they came.

Table C.—United States Exports to Eastern Europe by Principal Commodities, 1956 and 1957

[Value In thousands of dollars]

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'Adjusted to Include exports to Latvia valued at $977,000 consisting of raw hides and skins, except fur, valued at $358,000 and Inedible tallow, $619,000. There were no exports to Latvia, Estonia, or Lithuania In 1956, nor to Estonia or Lithuania In 1957.

Table D.—United States Imports From Eastern Europe by Principal Commodities, 1956 and 19S7

(Thousands of dollars]

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i Adjusted to Include imports from Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania valued at $268,000 consisting of fertilizers and fertilizer materials, $262,000; vehicles, except agricultural, $2,000; and other Imports, $4,000. » Commodity data are reported on the basis of Imports for consumption. 'Less than $500.

Senator Malone. The reason I ask for that is that we have made quite a play that we do not trade in strategic and critical materials with the Soviet bloc, or so that such materials will be available to the Soviet bloc, have we not?

Secretary Dulles. There is a common list that is agreed upon by an interallied group in Paris of strategic materials and none of us trade in those.

Senator Malone. In 1955 I was in Paris, I was in Geneva, spent 2K montbs behind the Iron Curtain, and I have information for you. I had a list of those materials and many countries were trading in those materials.

I do not know whether your Secret Service organization knew it or not. I hope they did. I was in Austria and anything that was shipped to Austria went on through if Russia really wanted it.

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