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II..Protecrired, or $15 per thousate House by Gen. Mide Labor of the Country each item, showin

GREELEY & MCELRATH'S VALUABLE PUBLICATIONS. Tracts on the Tariff, by Horace Greeley. $ I..THE TARIFF AS IT IS, AND THE SUBSTITUTE PROPOSED BY THE LOCo-Focos: being a full statement and exposition of the Rates of Duty fixed by the present Tariff, with the reasons for each item, showing why? each duty was made higher or lower, and how it bears upon the Labor of the Country; with the corresponding provision of the Tariff Bill reported to the House by Gen. McKAY. from the Committee of Ways and Means.

II.. PROTECTION AND FREE TRADE; OR. THE TARIFF QUESTION FAIRLY STATED: being an elementary exposition of the nature, necessity, operation and effects of a Terift' of Dates on Imports, with wise discriminations in favor of our Home Industry. Price $2 per hundred, or $15 per thousand. Reasons for Preferring Mr. Clay to Mr. Van Buren for next President. By llen. WILLIAM C. RIVES, U.S. Senator from Virginia. $ The Tariff Question in Germany,

The above named Letter of Mr. Rives and the Discussion of the German Tariff, are both printed tegether in. Sa neat Pamphlet of 8 pages, and sold at $1 25 per 100, or $10 per 1,000. It is hoped that this Tractinay receives sa very extensive circulation, Commercial Intercourse with Great Britain.

This is a Pampblet or Tract of 8 pages, showing the precise operation of the present British Tariff on the Produce and Manufactures of the United States whenever the people of this country undertake to export to England. Is Price $1 25 per 100, or $10 per 1,000 copies.

I The WHIG ALMANAC is regularly publishel every year, at the low price of 121 cents, or $i per dozSen, and is only subject to periodical postage.

Ireland ! Ireland ! A Memoir on Ireland, Native and Saxon, (Second Edition,) by DANIEL O'CONNELL, M. P., with a likeness of the Author. Price 25 cents; five copies for $1. Lectures on Geology. Doctor LYELL's Lectures on Geology, (Second Edition). It contains an engraved Frontispiece, exhibiting an deal section of part of the Earth's Crust, with expirations. Price 20 cents; five copies for $1.

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USEFUL BOOKS FOR THE PEOPLE. Farnham's Tra rols. No. I...Travels in the Great Western Prairies, the Anahaac and Rocky Mountains, and Oregon Territory :S by THOMAS J. FARNIIAM, Esq. Price 25 cents; ive copies for $1. “It is really refreshing to rise from the perusal of such a valuable and interesting work. 'there is such a fountain of freshness and originality gushing

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Griffith’s Chemistry and Dalton's Philosophy.

SNO. IV...Chemistry of the four Ancient Elemeents-Fire, Air. Earth and Water-Founded upon Lectures

delivered before her Majesty the Queen, by THOMAS GRIFFITH, Lecturer on Chemistry at St. Bartholomew's Hospital. Illustrated by upward of seventy engravings.... The Book of Philosophical Experiments, illustrating Šthe principal facts and curious phenomena of Electricity, Galvanism, Magnetism, Chemistry, Optics, Heat, &c.

with Introductory Observations on each Science, ani upwards of 300 Experiments. By J. S. DALTON. $ The above works are neatly printed on clear new type with about 150 engravings, and together are sold at the exceedingly low price of 25 cents ; five copies for $1. Political Economy. No. V ... Principles of Political Economy, or the Laws of the Formation of National Wealth, developed by means of the Christian Law of Government: being the substance of a case delivered to the Hand-loom WeaS vers' Commission, by WILLIAM ATKINSON. With an Introduction, Treating of the present state of the Science of Political Economy, and the Adaptation of its Principles to the Condition of our own Country, and the wpbuilding of its Prosperity, by Horace GREELEY, Price 25 cents ; five copies for $1. llistory of the Silk Culture:

V, Vi... The Silk Culture in the United States : embracing complete accounts of the latest and most Su s noules of Hatching, Rearing, and Feeding the Silkworm, Manuging a Cocoonery, Reeling, Spinning, su Nanut. 475 ng the Silk, &c. &c., with Historical Sketches of the Silk Business; Natural History of the

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TABLE OF CONTENTS.

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3-11 ...................... 15-16

...20

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24

Common Notes, Eclipses, &c. for 1845 ......
Census, Population of the World ..........

do. of the United States...

do. of Indians within the borders of the United States ..... Revenue and Expenditures of United States Government for 1844 Calendars adapted to all States and Terr.tories in the United States.............. > The Past and the Future. (Editorial)...................................... Were the Whigs benten by Fraud ? (Editoria').

........17 Votes for Presidents and Vice Presidents from 1798 to 1844..... New.Y rk Elections for Governor since 1789..

........1 The DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE .... Names of the Signers of do. ..........

The CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES, with the Amendments ...........................
* WASHINGTON's FAREWELL ADDRESS ..
Number of Presidential Electors from each State, and the manner in which the votes were cast in 1844. ...
President and Cabinet Officers with their Salaries........
Judges of Supreme Court and Salaries.....
United States Senators, 28th Congress........
Members House of Representatives, 28th Congress....
STATE DEPARTMENT.
Salaries and number of Clerks in Secretary of State's office.......

do. do. do. Patent office..... ........................................

do. of Ministers and Consuls and Diplomatic Agents in different parts of the world.............. TREASURY DEPARTMENT.

Salaries and Clerks...........
Falaries and Officers of the Customs in the several States.......
Registers and Receivers-Land Offices........

........41 Surveyors .........

United States Mints, Officers and Salaries...
WAR DEPARTMENT.

Number of Clerks and Solaries......
Storekeepers, Masons, Carpenters, Bincksmiths, Inspectors, Physicians, Interpreters, Farmers, Gun.

smiths, Agents, &c. &c. &c. with Salaries... ARMY-Infantry, Dragoons, Riflemen, &c. .......... Military Academy ...... ..

Army List-Pay of the Army-Rank and Grade.......
NAVY DEPARTMENT.
Clerks Secretary's Department.....

.....4 Navy List-Grude and Pay, Commanders, Surgeons, Lieutenants, Pursers, Chaplains, Engineers, &c.44-45

Vessels of War in United States Navy, names and number of guns... 3 Post OFFICE DEPARTMENT. )

Clerks, &c. in Department......
Number of Offices in each of the States, amount of Postage received and amount paid Contractors

in each State..... JUDICIARY DEPARTMENT.

Judges, District Attorneys, &c. with Salaries..... MISCELLANEOUS.

Governors of Territories, Expenses of Public Printing, Salaries of Members of Congregs, &c............ Times of holding Elections in the different States.....

46 TARIFF OF DUTIES on articles imported into the United States, alphabetically arranged...........47-52 Mr. Clay's Speech at Ashland on the 4th of December, 1844 ........ Presidential Election Returns of all the States...........

.................53-623 Hummuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuu

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An Almanac for the year of our Lord 1845 : being the first after Bissertile, and wiil the 4th of July, the

69th year of American Independence, containing all the customary Calculations, in Equal or Clock Time.

Calculations by David YOUNG, Philom.

COMMON NOTES FOR 1845.” § 1. Venus ( ! ) will be the Morning Star until May 16th, then Evening Star until March 2d, 1846.

2. The Moon will run highest, this yeur, about the 20th degree of (II) Gemimi, and lowest about the 20th degree of ( 6 ) Sngittarius.

3. Latitude of Herschel (H) about 42 30' south this year. 24. Longitude of the Moon's Ascending Node (2) in the middle of this year, 7 signs, 23 degrees.

5. Mean obliquity of the Ecliptis in the middle of this year, 23° 27' 31". True obliquity, same time, 23° 271 328. CHRONOLOGICAL CYCLES.

MOVEABLE FEASTS. 3 Dominical Letter ........

Easter Sunday.......

..March 23 Golden Number, or Lunar Cycle....

3 Rogation Sunday......

..... April Epact, or Moon's age Jan. 1st......

22 Ascension Dny ......

......May Solar Cycle.......

6 Whit Sundiy, (Pentecost)

..My Roman Indiction..

3 Trinity Sunday....

..May Julian Period.... 6558 Advent Sunday .......

Nov.

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ECLIPSES AND TRANSIT IN THE YEAR 1845. S There will be four Eclipses this yenr, two of the Sun and two of the Moon, and a Transit of the planet

Mercury across the Sun's disc. Of these permit me to speak in the order of time. S I. There will be an Eclipse of the Sun on the 6th of May, in the morning, altogether invisible throughout the grenter portion of the United States, but pirtly visible in the north-eastern parts. At Boston the sun will rise. 5.17 digits eclipsed on the northern limb, at 4h. 51m., and and the Elipse will end at 5h. 28ın At New. York the Sun will rise. 2. 23 digits eclipsed, at 4h. 54m, and the Eclipse will end at 5h. 6m. The Eclipse will be invisible at Baltimore, Washington and in the parts further south and west. It will be visible in Green. Sland, in the British Islands, in the greater part of 1 urope and in part of Asia.

II. There will be a Transit of the planet Mercury across the southern limb of the Sun on Thursday the 8th of May. visible throughout America, beginning at New York at 11h, 23m. 24s. In the morning, and ending Sat 5h. 52 m. 48m, in the afternoon. Begioning at New Orleans at 10n, 19m. 29s, in the morning, and ending ut 4h. 48ın. 469. in the afternoon. The apparent diameter of Mercury, on this occasion, will be to that of the Sun as 1 is to 164. Hence the reader may judge for himseit whether or not he will be uble to detect the sister planet in her passage between him and the fountain of light, without the assistance of a telescope. 3 III. There will be an Eclipse of the Moon at the time of her full on the 21st of May, in the morning, invisi.

ble in America... SIV. Toere will be an Eclipse of the Sun at the time of New Moon on the 30th of October, in the evening

invisible in America. Visible in Australia and New Zealand. This Eclipse will be central and annular on
the meridian in longitude 174° 42' eust from Greenwich, und latitude 75° 39' south.
V. There will be an Eclipse of the Moon on Thursday, November 13th, in the evening, visible.

Boston. New York. Bultimore. Kaleigh. Charleston. Cincinnati. N. Orleans
H. M.
H. M .
H. M.

H. M. H. M.
6 14

6 49 944

8 28 Duration of the Eclipse, 3h. 18m. Magnitudo, 11.028 digits on the northern limb.

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Beginning..... Middle ........ End ..........

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CENSUS. ---1840.

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POPULATION OF THE STATES AND TERRITORIES OF THE UNITED STATES.
ons-Males......

................... 286 Slayes-Males.
........7,259,266 SI 3-Males......

.......1,246,408 Females....... ......6,939,343

.1.240,8033 Total free white persons....... .14,189,108! Total slaves ....... Free colored persons-Males..

186,467
Females ......
199,178 Aggregate total......

062,566 Total free colored persons ....

386,245] White persons included in the foregoing, who are deaf and dumb, under 14 years of age.........:

1.919 of 14

and under 25 2,036 over 25

2,7002 blind

5,024 insane and idiots at the public charge............ 4,329 private charge.....

10,1793 Total number of persons employed in mining ..........

15,203 agriculture ......

3,717,756 commerce .......

117,575 manufactures and trade.

791,545 navigation of the ocean.......

56,025 canals, lakes and rivers.....

33,067 learned professions.......

63,236 Slaves and colored persons included in the foregoing, who are deaf and dumb...

66 blind .............

1,8923

.:::Acharge. " insane and idiots at private charge.... 2,093)

public charge..... 8333 Total number of pensioners for revolutionary or military services...... Number of white persons over 20 years of age who cannot read and write....

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CENSUS OF INDIANS RESIDING WITHIN THE BORDERS OF THE U. STATES. Natives of the country west of the Mississippi River....

..168, 682 SRemoved by the United States Government west of the Mississippi..... Remaining east of the Mississippi River......

Total....................................................
Total.

.......... 85.494

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POPULATION OF THE WORLD.
Divisions. Square miles. Population. Pop.sq.m. Divisions. Square miles.
Europe........... 2,793,000 227,700,000 82 America .........11.046,000
..12,118,000

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390,000,000 Asia ........

Australasia....... 3,100,000 Africa ...... 8,516,000 60,000,000

Grand total... 37,573,000

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REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE OF THE UNITED STATES, FOR THE

YEAR ENDING SEPT. 30, 1844.

REVENUE.

Six mos. to, Qr. end'gi Qr. ending,
From what sources.

April 1. Julv 30. Sept. 30. Total. Customs.........

$11,470,416 $8,471,000 $10,750,000 $30.-91,4165 SLands ......

1.137.814500.500 450.000 2.088.314 3 Miscellaneous ........

70.537 50.000 25.500 146.037 Loan of 1843.....

4.241

4.241 Treasury notes.......

1.919.800 25.0001

1.944.8013 Total.....

$14,602,798 $9,046,500 $11,225,500 $34,874,798

EXPENSES. Civil, Miscellaneous, Foreign ...

$3,016,5691 $1,280,7781 $1,411,0511 $5,708,399 Milltary .................

3.621.513 1.692.978 3.277.996 7.592.487 Naval ......

2.835.4871 1.300.4811 1.906.206 6.032.1693 Interest of deht ....

551.879! 537.808 81.40-1 1.171.0912 Paid loan of 1841 ..

234.600 234.6003 3 Treasury notes and interest.

3.403.963/ 1.063.983/ 322.5811 4.597.530 Total.

$13,419,406 $5,876,038 $7,233,844) $25,529,176 Excess of revenue...

1 1.183.3921 3.170.462 3.991.6.61 9.345.6223 To have a respect for ourselves, guides our “I was terribly put out about it," as the morals; and to have a deference for others, fellow remarked who was kicked down stairs Sour manners.

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