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Future property, gift cannot be made

of, 810.
Future rights, declaration of, 934, 978.
Gahāṇ-lahan. See Conditional sale.
Gain. See Wrongful gain.
Gambling, 8, 9, 10, 34, 200, note 2,

201, note 7. See Wager.
Gaming-house, 194, note 8.
Gāro Hills, 1o.
Gender, 93, 487.
General agent, 495. See Agent.
General Clauses Act, 487-490 ; Intro-

duction to, 485, 486.
General Exceptions, 115-126, and see

Arrangement of sections, pp. 76, 77.
General Explanations, 93-105, and see

Arrangement of sections, pp. 74, 75.
General legacies, 409, 410,
General lien, 530.
General proposal, 493.
General terms, bequest of thing de-

scribed in, 422.
General words understood in & re-

stricted sense, 370.
Genuineness of money, warranty of,

531, 809.
Gestures, defamatory, 48.
Gift, 509, 510, 737 ; defined, 810;

onerous, 811, 812; universal, 812 ;
promise to make a, 563; to public
servant, 151; to objects of power in

default of appointment, 379, 380.
Gifts in contemplation of death, 309,

431, 432.
Giving provocation with intent to cause

"Government of India,' 94, 488 ; no in-

junction to interfere with department

of, 988.
Government securities, 574, note 3

(where for '1863, sec. 3' read '1886,

sec. 5'), 679, note 3.
Government amps, offences relating

to, 190, 191, 192; and see Arrange-

ment of sections, p. 81.
Governor in Council, exempt from

power conferred by sec. 45 of Specific

Relief Act, 981.
Governor of a Presidency, assaulting,

screen

riot, 146.
Glanders and farcy, 9.
Gold coin not legal tender, 504.
"Good faith,' 103 and note 5; com-

munications in, 121 ; censure or ac-
cusation in, 288; right of buyer of
goods in, 605, 606; bailee delivering
goods in, 625; agent acting in, 640,

641.
Good Friday, 681.
Good-will of partnership, 522 ; sale of,

564; sold for portion of profits of
business, 648; specific performance

of contract for sale of, 953, note 2.
"Goods,' 370, note 2; defined, 594;

sale of, 594-610; documents showing
title to, 603, 605; exchange of, 809 ;
gift of, 810; and see Contents, pp.

538-540.
"Government,' 94 ; liens of, 530; con-

tract with, 592; easement claimed
over property belonging to, 905.
See Comments, Executive govern.
ment, Government of India, Post
office, Queen, Revenue, State.

137.
Governor-General exempt from criminal

jurisdiction, 4, note 1, 153, note 3.
Governor-General in Council, 482, 981.
Governors trading, 153, note 3.
Grace, days of, 680.
"Grandchildren,' 376.
Grant of license, 924.
Grant of probate and letters of admi-

nistration, 433-438. See Limited
grants.
'Gratification,' 149; to influence public

servants, 150, 151 ; accepting, to
screen offender, 175; giving or of-
fering, to

offender, 176;
taking, to help to recover stolen

property, 176.
Gratuitous bailment, 624.
Grievous hurt, 44, 216, 221; kidnap-

ping to subject to, 231; caused
while committing lurking house-

trespass or house-breaking, 266.
Gross misconduct in partnership affairs,

652.
Gross neglect, 788 and note 3.
Guarantee, 525-527, 612; consideration

for, 612; continuing, 613; revocation
of, 613, 614; obtained by misrepre-
sentation or concealment, 618; on
contract that creditor shall not act
till co-surety joins, 619. Sce Co-

surety, Surety.
Guaranteed railways, 499.
Guardian, testamentary, 356; grant of

administration to minor's, 440 ; of
property of minor mortgagor, 794 ;

ad litem, 799.
Guardianship, 229, note 2.
Guzerat, mortgages in, 731.
Habitual theft, 65.
Hackney carriages, 8, 9, 10.
Haidarábád Assigned Districts, 298,

and Addenda.
Half-blood, 300, 344-5, 337.
Harbouring, 66; deserters, 141; offend-

ers, 174, 177; persons hired for un-
lawful assembly, 147, 148; prisoners

Honour, act of, 707.
Horse, killing etc. See Mischief.
Horse-racing, 566.
Hotchpot, 300, 353,
Hours of business, 695.
House, incidents of, 750.
Housebreaking, 61, 65, 262, 263, 265,

266. See Criminal trespass.
Household effects, "household furni-

ture,' household goods, 370, note 2.
House-trespass, 61, 261, 264. See

Criminal trespass.
Howrah Bridge, 8.
Human being, definition of, 11.
Human body, offences affecting, 39,

204-234. See Arrangement of Sec-
tions, pp. 83-85.
Hundís, 659, 660, 661, 673, note 1.
Hurt, 44, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221,

243. See Grievous hurt.
Husband, harbouring or concealing his

wife, 175, 178; his obligation to sup-
port his wife, 585, note 4; of
attesting witness, bequest to, 362;
his consent to wife's becoming execu-
trix or administratix, 434, 435. See
Adultery, Divorce, Marriage, Rape.
Hypothec, 530, 731.

of state or war, 139. See Public

Servant.
Hard bargains, 559, note 3.
Hardship, contract involving unfore-

seen, 963.
Harm other than death, caused by right

of defence, 125.
Hazardous security, 844 and note 1.
Headings of chapters and parts of

Acts, xxii, note 2.
Health, disobedience endangering, 162;

offences affecting public, 194-197;
of promisor, 519, note 3; advance-
ment of, 752. See Atmosphere, Ill-
ness, Infection, Nuisance.
Heir apparent's chance of succession,

748.
Heirs, bequest to, 373; to A and his, 375.
• Her Majesty,' 488.
Hereditary priestly office, 748, note 6.
Hidden treasure, finder of, 533.
High Courts, judgments of, xviii, xxv;

defined, 339, 488; jurisdiction under
the Succession Act, 457; under their
letters patent, 933; in case of con-
tempts, 1031. See Judge, Mandamus,

Rules.
High seas, offences on, 3, 91, note 2.
Hindú administrator, 1032.
Hindú endowments, 823.
Hindú heirs, 306.
Hindú law, 496, 499, 531, 580, note 1,

738, 810, note 5, 812, note 4, 824.
Hindú widow, 71; her power to be-

queath, 314, 761; transfer by, 750,
note 1 ; declaration of invalidity of
alienation by,979; injunction against,

985.
Hindú Wills Act, 313-315.
Hindús, favour codification, xx;

empt from Succession Act, 483 and
note 1; wills of, 310, 311, 312, and
Addenda; administration to intestate,
316–321. See Undivided family.
Hire, letting for, 512; of carriage, sum-

mary jurisdiction in disputes as to,

517 ; bailment for, 621.
Hiring persons to join unlawful as-

sembly, 145; to take part in unlaw-

ful assembly or riot, 148.
Holder, 661; defined, 677; acquiring ne-

gotiable instrument after dishonour or

maturity, 693; presumption as to, 713.
• Holder in due course,' defined, 677 ;

rights of, 686, 693; holder deriving

title from, 692.
Holding over, 736; with lessor's as-

sent, 808 and note 2.
Holidays, notes and bills maturing on

public, 662 ; excluded in calculating
reasonable time, 709.
VOL. I.

6

ex-

Idiot, 12, 117, 118, 119, 122, 209 ;

cannot make a will, 355; or obtain pro-

bate, 434. See Committee, Forgery.
Idol, delivery of, 951 ; see Family idol.
Ignorance of impossibility of event on
which contingent agreement depends,

569. See Mistake.
Illegal,' 102. See Omission.
Illegal, act, contract to do, 579 ; em-
exchange of, 809; gift of, 810-812 ;
trusts relating to, 824, 840; recovery

ploying agent to do, 641 ; branch of
alternative promise, 580; commit-
ment or confinement, 179; condition,
398; consideration, 559, 693; pur-
chase of property offered for sale by
public servant, 16ļ; purpose, trans-

fer for, 874; bequest for, 347, 874.
Illegitimate. See Bastard.
Illicit intercourse, 230.
Illness, undue influence over mind

enfeebled by, 554; performance ren-

dered impossible by, 519, 579, 580.
Illustrations, xxiv, xxv, 12, 297.
Immediate relation, 687.
Immoral condition, 398; consideration,

559; custom, 978, note 3 ; purpose,

229, 232; object of agreement, 559.
Immorality, 496, 559 and note 3.
Immoveable property, 487, 552, note 1 ;

defined, 747; rules as to transfer of,
748-767; sales of, 768-773; when
combined with moveables, 597; mort-
gage of, 774-779; leases of, 800-808;
under defective title, 766 ; in pro-
perty, buyer entitled to benefit of,

3 T

of specific, 949.
Impartiality of trustee, 846.
Imperfect title, purchaser's rights

against vendor with, 956.
Implied agency, 495, 629.
Implied contract, 494; promise, 551 ; of

seller of immovable property, 769,
770; of mortgagor, 779; of lessor,

801.
Implied promise, 551; to indemnify

surety, 527, 619.
Implied trust, 840, 946.
Importing counterfeit coin, 186.
Importunity, will obtained by, 356.
Imposition of easements, 899, 900.
Impossibility of performance, discharge

of contract by subsequent, 507.
Impossible act, agreement to do, 495,

579.
Impossible condition, 398.
Impossible events, agreements contin-

gent on, 568, 569.
Impounding beneficiary's interest, 866,

867.
Imprisonment, 20, 21, 25, 104, 108,

109, 110, 111, 113, 489; in default of
paying fine, 109-111; abetting of-
fence punishable with, 133; giving
false evidence to procure conviction
of offence punishable with, 168. See

Fine, Punishment.
Improvements inade by bonâ fide holder

Incumbered estates, managers of, gó,

771; allowance for, 975, note 5.
Imputation in good faith, 288.
Inadequacy of consideration, 498, 563,

971.
Incapacity to acquire property, 109;

to take beneficially under a will,
302 ; of partner, 652 and note 7; of
judges etc. to buy actionable claims,

814. See Insanity, Intoxication.
Incest, 37.
Inchoate stamped instruments, 679.
Incidents of property, 750; of ease-

ments, 908-914.
Income, direction to accumulate, 389;

apportioned on transfer, 760.
Income-tax, 7.
Incompetent person. See Guardian ad

litem, Legal curator.
Inconsistent, clauses, 372; interest, 862.
Incorporated partnerships, 655.
Incorporation of papers by reference,

359.
Incorporeal tenements, 338 and note i.
Increase of goods bailed, 624; of ease-

ments, 884.

note 3.
Incumbered property, bequests of, 308.
Incumbrances, discharge of, on sale of

immovable property, 731; seller's

duty to discharge, 769. See Charges.
Indemnity, 449 ; to meet contingent

liabilities of deceased's estate, 466;
of partner, 521; contract of, 305, 327,
528,611,612; in case of sale of shares,
611, note 2 ; of surety, 619; of agent,
640, 641; in case of lost note, bill or
cheque, 699; of trustees, 852; from
gainer by breach of trust, 854; specific

performance with, 955, notes 2 and 5.
Indian Marine, 7.
Indian Museum, officers of, 96, note 3.
Indian Succession Act, 1865, 337-484.
Indigo factory, 649, note 1.
Indigo plant, damages for breach of

contract to supply, 588.
Indirect loss or damage, 505, 588.
Indivisibility of easements, 884.
Indorsee, defined, 679; alteration by,

701.
Indorsement, 99, 100; by one of several

executors, 462 ; defined, 678, 679;
in full,' 679; striking out, 685;
forged, 686; delivery to complete,
689; in blank, 679, 690, 692; con-
verted into full, 690; restrictive, 6go,
691; negotiation by, 690; conditional,
691 ; for part of sum due, 692 ; suit

to compel, 953. See Allonge.
Indorser, defined, 679; liability of, 684;

when a surety, 684, 685 ; discharge
of his liability, 685; after alteration,

702; estoppels binding, 714.
Infant marriage, 37, 38, 39.
Infants, 67. See Minors.
Infection, act likely to spread, 33, 194,

195.
Influence. See Bribe, Gratification,

Public servant, Undue influence.
Information to public servant, 157, 159;

to be furnished by trustee, 847. See
Agent, Contempt, Public servant,

Unlawful assembly.
Infringement. See Patent.
Injunctions, 983, 990; temporary, 983;

perpetual, 983-987; not granted
where full relief can be otherwise
obtained, 989; premature applica-
tions for, 989, note 9; to restrain dis

turbance of easements, 916.
'Injury,' 102; consent given under fear

of, 119; to goods sold, 597.
Inland emigration, 8, 9, 10.
Inland instrument, 678.
Innkeepers, 514.
Inoculation, 8, 9, 194, note 11.

Inquiry in case of rectifying instru- 72; of wills, 309, 366–384; of con-
ment, 974.

tracts, 491,500, 501. See Construction.
Insane offenders, 7, 117; persons, 67; Interpretation clause, xxii, note 5.

act done for, 118; consent of, 119; Interruption to public servant in
right of private defence against, 122; judicial proceeding, 228; of user of
obtaining signature of, 269; domicile easement, 904, 905, note 1; of bills
of, 343; partners, 652.

of lading, 1034. See Contempt.
Insanity, negatives capacity to make Intestacy, 347, 348.

wills, 355; or to contract, 553 ; of Intestate succession, 299-301.
proposer, 550 ; of principal or agent, Intimidation, 121, 290, 291.

See
634; of partner, *652." See Lucid Criminal intimidation, Insult.
Interval, Lunatic, Proposer.

Intoxication, 12, 13, 117 and note 3, 118
Insolvency, 5, 508; procedure in, 255, and note 1, 119, 269, 292; right of

note 1 ; assignment in case of, 499; private defence in case of, 122 ; de-
of agent, 520; defined, 601; of buyer stroys power to make will, 355.
of goods, 602; of principal, 634; of Inundation, causing, 259 and note 3.
partner, 652; presentment in case of, See Mischief.
696, 697; condition making interest Invalidation of wills, 303.
terminate on, 751.

Inventory of deceased's property, 463.
Insolvent, not a proper trustee, 863. Investment, of funds to provide for
Inspection, beneficiary's right of, 862. legacies, 410, 472-474; of trust funds,
Instalments, bill of exchange payable 825, 847; power to vary, 856.
by, 676 ; note payable by, 695 ; con-

I. 0. U. 533
tracts to be performed by, 959.

Irreconcileable clauses or gifts in will,
Instigation, 127 and note 3.

372.
Instructions for will of soldier or ma- Irregularity in notes or bills, 679.
riner, 361.

Irrigation, 8, 9; injuring works of,
Instrument, 747; of trust defined, 838. 258; right of government to regu-
Insubordination, abetting, 141.

late, 888, 892. See Mischief.
Insufficient securities, 780,782, 884 and • Issue,' 376.

note 1, 900.
Insult, 53, 290, 292 ; to public servant Jails, 8.

in judicial proceeding, 183. See Jainas, 482; wills of, 314.
Contempt, Intimidation.

Jews, law relating to, 295 and note 2, 301,
Insurance, 491, 509, 524; of mortgaged Joint bailors, 625.

property, 785 and note 1; by receiver, Joint debts due from partnership, 655.
819.

Joint legatees, 381.
Insurance companies, 525.

Joint liabilities, devolution of, 572.
Insurrection, 136.

Joint mortgagors, redemption by one,
Intention of testator, 371 ; of parties, 796, 1034.
974.

Joint-owners of goods, sale by one of
Interdict de vi, 529.

several, 606; bailment by one, 625.
Interest, 512; on legacies, 476, 477 ; Joint promisees, offer to one of several,

refunding of legacies to be without, 571 ; devolution of their rights, 574.
480 ; pawnee's right to retain for, Joint promisors, offer by one of several,
627 ; on note or bill, 698; on incum- 571, note 4; devolution of liabilities
brances, seller's duty to pay, 769; of, 572; any one of, may be com-
chargeable by mortgageo in posses- pelled to perform, 572, 573 ; release
sion, 784-5; cessation of, 791; when of one, 574. See Contribution.
trustee committing breach of trust Joint-stock companies, 655 and note 4.
must pay, 848. See Account, Arrears, Joint-tenancy, 381,
Mortgage, Usury.

Joint-tenant, specific performance en-
Interest in property, 748, 753.

forced against, 971.
Interest of a fund, bequest of, 423. Joint transfer for consideration, 764:
Interlineation in will, 364.

"Judge,' 94, 95; act of, 115; of High
Interlocutory injunctions, 937.

Courts, exempt from criminal juris.
International law, as to negotiable liction, 4, note 1; trading, 153, note 3.
instruments, 663, 718, 719.

Judgment, 112.
Interpleader suit, lien of plaintiff in, Judgment-creditors, 794; of trustee,
530; by bailee, 625, note 4.

865 ; specific performance enforced
Interpretation, xx; of penal laws, 71, against, 970, note 2.

Lawful consideration, 552, 559.
Lawful guardian,' 229.
Lawful purpose, 839.
Lawfulness of matter agreed on, 496.
Lease, 512, 513, 734, 736 ; formalities

of, 734, 735, 736; renewal of mort-
gaged, 779, 784; of immovable pro-
perty, 800-808; of trust property,
855, 860; rescission of contract to
take a, 975.

See Duration, For-
feiture, Holding over, Notice to quit,

Judicial acts, 115 and note 5,
Judicial proceeding, giving false evi-

dence in stage of, 166, 167; corruptly
making illegal order in a, 179; in-
sulting or interrupting public servant

in, 183. See Contempt.
Judicial separation affects wife's domi-

cile, 343.

Jurisdiction. See District Judge, High

Courts, Hire, Mámlatdárs.
Juror, 96; personating, 183.
Jus proiiciendi, 897, note 3.
Just cause, revocation of grant of pro-

bate or administration for, 445.
Justice, offences against public, 164-179;
Justice, equity and good conscience,'

xvi, xxi.
Justifiable homicide, 39.
Justification by law, 116, 117.
Jute warehouses, 8.

Kánungós, 97, note.
Karáchi, mortgage of property in, 782.
Kat-kobālā. See Conditional sale.
Keys of house, 750.
Kidnapping, 47, 228, 229, 230, 231;

of women for criminal purposes, 37.
Kindred, defined, 344; degrees of, 345,

346 ; bequest to, 373.
Knowledge, of proposer's death or in-

sanity, 550; of impossibility or un-
lawfulness of agreement, 579; of
termination of agency, 635, 636; ad.
vancement of, 752 ; presumed for
purpose of election, 759.
Kulin Bráhman, 229, note 2.

Surrender.
Legacies, 306; vesting of, 391–394;

specific, 407-410; demonstrative,
411, 412; ademption of, 413-418;
to creditors and portioners, 426 ;
when executor must pay or deliver,
470; produce and interest of, 475;
chance of obtaining, 748. See Be-
quest, Election, Interest, Invest-

ment, Lapse, Refunding.
Legal character, declarations of, 978.
Legal curator of property, service on,

799.
Legal practitioners, 7; their lien on

fund decreed to clients, 530; injunc-

tion against, 985.
Legal proceedings, agreements in re-

straint of, 564.
*Legal remuneration,' 149–150.

See
Public servant.
Legal representative, bequest to, 374;

signing note, bill or cheque, 683;
negotiation by, 692; presentment to,
696, 697. See Administrator, Exe

cutor.
Legal tender, 504.
'Legally bound to do,' 102.
Legislature, no injunction to prevent

persons applying to, 988.
Legitimate relatives, 377.
Length. See Measure.
Leonina societas, 520, note 2.
Lessee, defined, 800; rights of, 735, 802;

liabilities of, 736, 803; acquisition
of easements by, 900, 907, note 1;

of estate under Court of Wards, 749.
Lessor, defined, 800; rights and liabili-

ties of, 735, 801 ; rights of transferee
of, 804; imposition of easements by,

goo.
Letter, proposal by, 548, 549; accept

ance by, 548, 549; property in, 950;
injunction to restrain publication of,

987, 988. See Post.
Letters of administration, grant of, 433,

435-438, 455.
Letting for hire, 509, 512.
Lex loci rei sitae, 340, 438; of per-

formance, 663, 718, note i.
Liability of executor or administrator

Labour, unlawful compulsory, 233.
Labourers, breach of contract by, 63,

64; wages of, 464.
Laches. See Delay.
Lakes, right to water of, 898,
Land-holders, lien of, 530.
Land-improvement Act, 1871, 826.
Landlord and tenant, 552, note 1.
Landmark, destroying or moving, 259.

See Mischief,
Land-revenue, lien for, 530.
Lapse of legacy, 307 and note 1, 380,

381, 382.
Lapse of time, remedies barred by, 506.

See Limitation.
Larceny, distinction between theft'

and, 57, 58.
Latent ambiguity, 369.
Latent defects, seller when not respon-

sible for, 608; duty to disclose, 621,

769, 801. See Faults.
Law. See Justification, Local law,

Mistake, Special law.
•Lawful act,' 116, note 1.

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