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CHAPTER XVIII.

OF OFFENCES RELATING TO DOCUMENTS AND TO TRADE OR

PROPERTY-MARKS.

SECTIOX

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463 464 465 466 467

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468

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Forgery.
Making false document
Punishment for forgery.
Forgery of Court-record or public Register
Forgery of valuable security or will
Forgery for purpose of cheating
Forgery for purpose of harming reputation
'Forged document' defined
Using forged document as genuine.
Making or possessing counterfeit seal, &c., with intent to forge valuable

security or will
Making or possessing counterfeit seal, &c., with intent to forge other

documents
Possession of valuable security or will known to be forged with intent to

use it as genuine
Counterfeiting mark used for authenticating valuable security or will
Counterfeiting mark used for authenticating other documents
Fraudulent cancellation &c. of will

469 470 471

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472

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473

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474 475

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TRADE AND PROPERTY-MARKS.
Trade-mark.
Property-mark

479
Using false trade-mark
Using false property-mark
Using false trade or property-mark with intent to deceive or injure

482 Counterfeiting trade or property-mark used by another, with intent, &c. 483 Counterfeiting property-mark used by public servant

484 Fraudulent making or possessing die for counterfeiting property or trade-mark

485 Knowingly selling goods marked with counterfeit property or trade

mark
Fraudulently making false mark upon package
Using such false mark
Defacing property-mark with intent to cause injury

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Breach of contract of service during voyage or journey .
Breach of contract to attend on and supply wants of helpless persons
Breach of contract to serve at distant place to which servant is con-

veyed at master's expense

492

CHAPTER XX.

OF OFFENCES RELATING TO MARRIAGE.

SECTION

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Cohabitation caused by man deceitfully inducing belief of lawful mar

riage
Remarriage during life-time of husband or wife
Same offence with concealment of former marriage
Fraudulently going through marriage ceremony
Adultery
Enticing, taking away, or detaining with criminal intent married

493 494 495 496 497

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woman

498

CHAPTER XXI.

OF DEFAMATION.

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ib. exc. 3 ib. exc. 4

Defamation

499 Imputation which public good requires to be made.

ib. exc. I Pablic conduct of public servants

ib. exc. 2 Conduct touching public question Publication of reports of proceedings of Courts Merits of case decided in Court, or conduct of persons concerned ib. exc. 5 Merits of public performance .

ib. exc. 6 Censure passed in good faith by person having lawful authority over another.

ib. exc. 8 Accusation preferred in good faith to duly authorised person Imputation made in good faith for protection of maker's

interests. Caution intended for good of person to whom it is conveyed or for public good.

ib. exc. 10 Punishment for defamation

500 Printing or engraving matter known to be defamatory

501 Sale of printed or engraved substance containing defamatory matter

502

ib. exc. 7

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ib. exc. 9

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CHAPTER XXII.

OF CRIMINAL INTIMIDATION, INSULT AND ANNOYANCE.

Criminal intimidation
Insult with intent to provoke breach of peace
Circnlating false report .
Punishment for criminal intimidation
Criminal intimidation by anonymous communication

503 504 505 506 507

.

SECTION

508

Inducing one to believe that he will by offender's act become object of

divine displeasure. Word or gesture intended to insult woman's modesty Annoyance by drunken person

509 510

CHAPTER XXIII.

OF ATTEMPTS TO COMMIT OFFENCES,

Punishment for attempting to commit offences punishable with trans

portation or imprisonment

511

ACT No. XLV OF 1860.

PASSED BY THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL

OF INDIA.

(Received the assent of the Governor-General on the 6th October 1860).

THE INDIAN PENAL CODE

[As amended by Acts Nos. VI of 1861, XIV of 1870, XXVII of 1870, XIX of 1872, X of 1873,

and VIII of 1882].

CHAPTER I.

INTRODUCTION.

ment.

WHEREAS it is expedient to provide a general Penal Code Preamble. for British India; It is enacted as follows:

1. This Act shall be called THE INDIAN PENAL CODE, and Title. shall take effect on and from the first day of January 1862 1 Commencethroughout the whole of the territories? which are or may Local become vested in Her Majesty by the statute 21 and 22 extent. Victoria, chapter 106, entitled “ An Act for the better government of India,' except the Settlement of Prince of Wales' Island, Singapore and Malacca 3.

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see above, pp. 5, 6.

3 This exception is practically repealed by Act V of 1867, which extends the Code to the Straits Settlement. As to the operation of the Code in places outside British India, see above, p. 3.

Offences 2. Every person shall be liable to punishment under this committed Code and not otherwise for every act or omission contrary to within British the provisions thereof, of which he shall be guilty within the India.

said territories on or after the said first day of January 1862 1.

Offences 3. Any person liable, by any law passed by the Governorcommitted General of India in Council, to be tried for an offence combeyond, but triable mitted beyond the limits of the said territories, shall be dealt within British

with according to the provisions of this Code for any act India. committed beyond the said territories, in the same manner as if

such act had been committed within the said territories 3. Offences 4. Every servant of the Queen * shall be subject to punishcommitted

ment under this Code for every act or omission contrary to the by servant of Queen provisions thereof, of which he, whilst in such service, shall be within allied

guilty on or after the said first day of January 1862, within State.

the dominions of any Prince or State in alliance with the Queen by virtue of any treaty or engagement heretofore entered into with the East India Company, or which may have been or may hereafter be made in the name of the Queen

by any Government of India. Saving of 5. Nothing in this Act is intended to repeal, vary, suspend, certain laws. or affect any of the provisions of the Statute 3 & 4

William IV, Chapter 855, or of any Act of Parliament passed after that Statute in any wise affecting the East India Company, or the said territories, or the inhabitants thereof; or any of the provisions of any Act for punishing mutiny and desertion of Officers and Soldiers in the service of Her Majesty, or of any special or local law 6.

1 The meaning is that for acts and omissions theretofore treated as criminal offences, every person should in future be liable to punishment under the Code and not otherwise, provided such act or omission be contrary to its provisions, 3 Mad. H. C. Rulings, xvi, xvii.

2 Secs. 32, 33.
3 See 8 Bom. H.C., Cr. Ca. 92.

· See sec. 14, below.

5 It is hard to see which of the unrepealed sections of this statute could in the absence of this saving have been affected by the Code. Possibly secs. 52, 73, 76, 80.

As to the effect of the last seven words see 3 Mad. H..C. Rulings, xvii, xxi. For lists of special and local laws, see above, pp. 7-10.

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