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140

But here's a parchment with the seal of Cæsar;
I found it in his closet, 'tis his will :
Let but the commons hear this testament-
Which, pardon me, I do not mean to read
And they would go and kiss dead Cæsar's wounds
And dip their napkins in his sacred blood,
Yea, beg a hair of him for memory,
And, dying, mention it within their wills,
Bequeathing it as a rich legacy
Unto their issue.
Fourth Cit. We'll hear the will : read it, Mark

Antony.
All. The will, the will! we will hear Cæsar's

will. Ant. Have patience, gentle friends, I must not

read it
It is not meet you know how Cæsar loved you.
You are not wood, you are not stones, but men;
And, being men, hearing the will of Cæsar,
It will inflame you, it will make you mad :
'Tis good you know not that you are his heirs;
For, if you should, O, what would come of it !
Fourth Cit. Read the will; we'll hear it,

Antony;
You shall read us the will, Cæsar's will.

Ant. Will you be patient? will you stay awhile ?
I have o'ershot myself to tell you of it:
I fear I wrong the honourable men
Whose daggers have stabb'd Cæsar; I do fear it.

Fourth Cit. They were traitors : honourable men! All. The will ! the testament !

Sec. Cit. They were villains, murderers : the will ! read the will. Ant. You will compel me, then, to read the will ?

138. napkins, handkerchiefs.

150

160

Then make a ring about the corpse of Cæsar,
And let me show you him that made the will.
Shall I descend ? and will you give me leave?

Several Cit. Come down.
Sec. Cit. Descend.
Third Cit. You shall have leave.

[Antony comes down. Fourth Cit. A ring; stand round. First Cit. Stand from the hearse, stand from

the body. Sec. Cit. Room for Antony, most noble Antony. 170 Ant. Nay, press not so upon me; stand far off. Several Cit. Stand back; room; bear back. Ant. If you have tears, prepare to shed them

now.

180

You all do know this mantle : I remember
The first time ever Cæsar put it on;
'Twas on a summer's evening, in his tent,
That day he overcame the Nervii :
Look, in this place ran Cassius' dagger through:
See what a rent the envious Casca made :
Through this the well-beloved Brutus stabb'd;
And as he pluck'd his cursed steel away,
Mark how the blood of Cæsar follow'd it,
As rushing out of doors, to be resolved
If Brutus so unkindly knock'd, or no;
For Brutus, as you know, was Cæsar's angel :
Judge, O you gods, how dearly Cæsar loved him !
This was the most unkindest cut of all;

177. Nervii, a warlike Gallic which keeps him, whose voice tribe, crushed by Cæsar in speaks through his highest 58 B.C.

intelligence (ii. 1. 66). But 185. Cæsar's angel, his 'good the belief shaded off into genius'; alluding to the belief metaphor, and at times he which evidently coloured Shake- can speak of our speare's psychology, that every genius,' the source of temptaman has his dæmon' or spirit tions.

worser

190

For when the noble Cæsar saw him stab,
Ingratitude, more strong than traitors' arms,
Quite vanquish'd him : then burst his mighty

heart;
And, in his mantle muffling up his face,
Even at the base of Pompey's statuë,
Which all the while ran blood, great Cæsar fell.
O, what a fall was there, my countrymen !
Then I, and you, and all of us fell down,
Whilst bloody treason flourish'd over us.
O, now you weep, and I perceive you feel
The dint of pity: these are gracious drops.
Kind souls, what, weep you when you but behold
Our Cæsar's vesture wounded ? Look you here,
Here is himself, marr'd, as you see, with traitors.

First Cit. O piteous spectacle !
Sec. Cit. O noble Cæsar!
Third Cit. O woful day !
Fourth Cit. O traitors, villains !
First Cit. O most bloody sight !
Sec. Cit. We will be revenged.

All. Revenge! About! Seek! Burn! Fire ! Kill! Slay! Let not a traitor live!

Ant. Stay, countrymen.
First Cit. Peace there ! hear the noble Antony.

Sec. Cit. We'll hear him, we 'll follow him, we 'll die with him.

Ant. Good friends, sweet friends, let me not

200

210

stir you up

To such a sudden flood of mutiny.
They that have done this deed are honourable :
What private griefs they have, alas, I know not,
That made them do it: they are wise and

honourable,
And will, no doubt, with reasons answer you.
198. dint, impression. 217. griefs, grievances.

220

230

I come not, friends, to steal away your hearts :
I am no orator, as Brutus is;
But, as you know me all, a plain blunt man,
That love my friend; and that they know full well
That gave me public leave to speak of him :
For I have neither wit, nor words, nor worth,
Action, nor utterance, nor the power of speech,
To stir men's blood : I only speak right on ;
I tell you that which you yourselves do know;
Show you sweet Cæsar's wounds, poor poor dumb

mouths,
And bid them speak for me: but were I Brutus,
And Brutus Antony, there were an Antony
Would ruffle up your spirits, and put a tongue
In every wound of Cæsar, that should move
The stones of Rome to rise and mutiny.

All. We'll mutiny.
First Cit. We'll burn the house of Brutus.
Third Cit. Away, then! come, seek the con-

spirators. Ant. Yet hear me, countrymen; yet hear me

speak. All. Peace, ho! Hear Antony. Most noble

Antony ! Ant. Why, friends, you go to do you know not

what :
Wherein hath Cæsar thus deserved your loves ?
Alas, you know not: I must tell you, then :
You have forgot the will I told you of.
All. Most true. The will ! Let's stay and

hear the will.
Ant. Here is the will, and under Cæsar's seal.
To every Roman citizen he gives,
To every several man, seventy-five drachmas.

247. drachmas, the sum was Greek coin, as approximately stated by Plutarch in terms of this equivalent to the Roman denarius. 253. orchards, gardens. Theobald needlessly proposed

240 250

Sec. Cit. Most noble Cæsar! We'll revenge

his death.
Third Cit. O royal Cæsar !
Ant. Hear me with patience.
All. Peace, ho !

Ant. Moreover, he hath left you all his walks,
His private arbours and new-planted orchards,
On this side Tiber; he hath left them you,
And to your heirs for ever, common pleasures,
To walk abroad and recreate yourselves.
Here was a Cæsar! when comes such another?

First Cit. Never, never. Come, away, away!
We'll burn his body in the holy place,
And with the brands fire the traitors' houses.
Take up the body.

Sec. Cit. Go fetch fire.
Third Cit. Pluck down benches.
Fourth Cit. Pluck down forms, windows, any

thing. [Exeunt Citizens with the body. Ant. Now let it work. Mischief, thou art afoot, Take thou what course thou wilt!

260

Enter a Servant.

How now, fellow ! Serv. Sir, Octavius is already come to Rome. Ant. Where is he? Serv. He and Lepidus are at Cæsar's house.

Ant. And thither will I straight to visit him : He comes upon a wish.

Fortune is merry, And in this mood will give us any thing.

270

254. On this side Tiber. So to read on that side. North. The gardens were in fact on the opposite (i.e. right)

255. pleasures, pleasaunces,

pleasure-grounds. bank, near Janiculum. (Cf. Horace's 'Trans Tiberim longe 256. To walk abroad, to cubat is, prope Cæsaris hortos '). walk about (in).

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