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Nicotia, dearer to the Muso
Than all the grape's bewildering juice,
We worship, unforbid of thee;
And, as her incense floats and curls
In airy spires and wayward whirls,
Or poises on its tremulous stalk
A flower of frailest reverie,
So winds and loiters, idly-free,
The current of unguided talk,
Now laughter-rippled, and now caught
In smooth dark pools of deeper thought.
Meanwhile thou mellowest every word,
A sweetly unobtrusive third ;
For thon hast magic beyond wine
To unlock natures, each to each ;
The unspoken thought thou canst divine;
Thou fill'st the pauses of the speech
With whispers that to dreamland reach,
And frozen fancy-springs unchain
In Arctic outskirts of the brain:
Sun of all inmost confidences!
To thy rays doth the heart unclose
Its formal calyx of pretences,
That close against rude day's offences,
And open its shy midnight rose.


Thou holdest not the master-key
With which thy sire sets free the mystic gates
Of Past and Future: not for common fates
Do they wide open fling,
And, with a far-heard ring:
Swing back their willing valves melodiously:
Only to ceremonial days
And great processions of imperial song,
That set the world at gaze,
Doth such high privilege belong:
But thou a postern-door can’st ope
To humbler chambers of the selfsame palace
Where Memory lodges, and her sister Hope
Whose being is but as a crystal chalice,
Which, with her various mood, the elder fills
Of joy or sorrow,
So coloring as she wills,
With hues of yesterday, the unconscious morrow.


Thou sinkest, and my fancy sinks with thee:
For thee I took the idle shell,
And struck the unused chords again,
But they are gone who listened well;
Some are in heaven, and all are far from me:
Even as I sing, it turns to pain,
And with vain tears my eyelids throb and swell:
Enough; I come not of the race
That hawk their sorrows in the market-place:
Earth stops the ears I best had loved to please,
Then break, ye untuned chords, or rust in peace!
As if a whitehaired actor should come back,
Some midnight to the theatre void and black,
And there rehearse his youth's great part
'Mid thin applauses of the ghosts, –
So seems it now: ye crowd upon my heart,
And I bow down in silence, shadowy hosts!


R. Elitor: The reading of Mr. Henry C. burned up completely—that is, to have

Carey's notes in your Magazine sug- evaporated all away, and recondensed gested to me some questions touching that into planets, comets, and the zodiacal light. gentleman's views upon International (By the way I would inform whomsoever Copyright. These questions I put, by it may concern, that the spots observed Jetter, to Mr. Carey. He has been so upon the sun are nothing more nor less than kind as to forward me his pamphlet con- huge meteorolites which have formed from taining his answer to Senator Cooper's in- the gases and mineral vapors sent off from quiries concerning the Copyright Treaty. the flaming orb, and fallen back into the In a note accompanying the pamphlet Mr. abyss; hence the reason why the sun was Carey says:—- You will find in the pam- not exhausted myriads of centuries agophlet that accompanies this, a reference the “Monthly” is copyrighted; so have to Mr. Kirkwood, school-teacher, who has a care, Nir. IVorld, how you be approgiven to science a highly important law, priating this my fact !) The earth is but is yet entirely unknown. Read that without light, save that from close stoves, pamphlet, and you will find an answer to tallow candles, and from the far away your questions on copyright; after which glimmering stars. Suppose the Yankees you can tell me whether they are answered own the western hemisphere, and the satisfactorily. Your view of the copy- English own the eastern hemisphere, conright matter is the common one, but it is stituting this darkened earth. Suppose not, you may be assured, the correct one. Henry Paine to be an Englishman, dwellIn writing as I have, I have gone in oppo- ing upon his portion of the eastern half sition to all the popular prejudices.”

of the sphere.

Suppose that Paine has Since those questions have reference to discovered the process of making fire out a matter of public interest, I indicate of water-that he has, in fact, found or publicly my opinion as to how they are manufactured something which answers met in Mr. Carey's pamphlet.

every way for the sun to his side of the First, an inference from a statement of earth. The light-light white and light the gentleman in his note to you, Mr. analyzed--of this substitute for the sun Editor, published in your issue of last is, exclusively, English property. Suppose September--namely, the statement that the English should, by an agreement behe had ncrer, until then, written for pub- tween themselves and some individual, or lication a line on copyrightthere is a some company of individuals, among us, possibility of his not having examined see fit to pass a tube through the carth, thoroughly the subject, preparatory to his such as would convey to this individual writing upon it in accordance with the re

or company portions of their red and blue quest of Senator Cooper.

light. We western hemispherists have The premises taken by Mr. Carey in just as much right to use these (direct) his pamphlet are, that the ideas contained red and blue lights, as the individual or in a book, the facts which constitute its company owning them has a mind to grant body, are the common property of the us; but we have no right, present or prosworld; and that, therefore, no mere clother pective, either to pass a tube for their conof the book's body, no mere arranger of veyance from their fountain in England, those ideas, has any exclusive right in the or to reflect them (translate them-note book. These premises are false entirely. Mrs. Stowe's case) from their reservoir The world has not a jot of ownership in

here. The purchaser of them may exa fact, unless by discovery, or by purchase, periment with them in whatever way he or by gift, any more than it has to a piece chooses, so long as he confines his operaof gold which has been quarried, or to a tions to his own domain-he may combine steam-engine which has been invented, by them into purple ; which purple light will an individual. Yet, the world has laid be his own exclusive property. Neither claim to such ownership from time iin- the “sovereign people" of Yankeedom memorial; and Mr. Carey is but continu- nor the representatives of Mr. Paine in ing the rule of his masters and his compeers England can have, naturally, the smallest -the self-appointed judges in the case-- share in it. in allowing the claim. It is high time So, precisely, of a book-its body, which that these judges were impeached. I constitutes it a book, not by any means clothe myself with authority, and pitch. its clothing, is the undivided possession of eyes foremost, into the impeachment of its producer, whether this producer be them, thus :-Suppose the sun to be

English, American, French, or Hindoo

its facts, taken singly, are his, if discovered rauders, and to steal (I can call it by no by him; so the several facts, though not truer name), to steal whatever may serve his separately, when fused into one fact, his purpose, and from whatever source are his, if the fusion has been done by which may lie in his way-in effect, the himself-the book is his, and nobody's English book-makers are invited to purelse, whether appearing in his own lan- loin the ideas of our original thinkers, and guage or translated into another; this, in

our readers, the sovereign people, are spite of the decision of Mr. Carey, and of invited to purloin, through their publishthat judge of Mrs. Stowe's cause, that it ers, the English stolen property. Here, is the dress of a book which constitutes it one remark upon Mr. Carey's complaint, property. Let us find the pith of such that the House of Representatives is decision—Uncle Tom's Cabin " has been denied the privilege of acting in the trial translated into the German; has the for an international copyright-It is the translator gained property in the work by people of the United States, who are the the process ? No; any German publisher direct trespassers upon the rights of Eng. has a right to copy and issue it; any lish authors, and the indirect trespassers American publisher has a right to retrans- upon the rights of our authors; the memlate and issue it; then, where is Mrs. bers of the House of Representatives are Stowe's property, even in the clothing of the attorneys, merely, of these trespassers her book ? It has taken to itself the

-attorneys should not, certainly, be judges wings of a quibble of law, and flown in the cases of their own clients. I insist away!

upon it that the people are not (unless as Of course, I am ready to admit, and I

criminals-I beg their pardons !) entitled am sorry to have to admit, the truth of

to any voice in the matter of international Mr. Carey's statement, to the effect that

copyright—this is, rather, a matter of a great part of the matter of modern po- State, and comes for settlement more propular books is but the rehash and the

perly before the tribunal of the States, newly-clothing of old ideas-ideas whose than before that of the people. rightful owners have lived and died in

I have, Mr. Editor, fulfilled my original poverty; and it is the very continuance design--that of simply indicating my opinin abiding by the decision exposed, as ion as to how my questions, proposed to above, which makes the necessity of such MIr. Carey, are met in his pamphlet. It admission. Let it be conceded, as it is,

appears to me that the subject of that that every original idea may be laid hold

pamphlet is entitled to a full investigaof with impunity, by every prowler about, tion; and I hope to see soon in your whether English or American; whether

Magazine, an article answering such end. literary or lay; and there must be, cer- Yours cordially, tainly, very little to encourage any one to

G. W. E. originate; on the contrary, he will be in- Phillips, Me., Jo qary 21, 1834. duced to enlist in the ranks of the ma


LITERATURE. AMERICAN.—We make it a point to read all the new American novels that come out, with the hope of by-and-by lighting upon one which deserves to be called American. But, the coming novel has not yet appeared; and we almost fear, that, like the American drama, which we have been looking for, it will not come at all. Our climate, or our institutions, onust be at fault; we have too much national pride to impute our short-comings in these departments of letters to inferiority of organization in the American mind;

and we may always be dependent upon the old world for these luxuries, as we are for olives and claret. The title of the last native attempt at novel-writing is by no means promising. English Serfdom anıl American Slarery, or Ourselves as Others See Us, does not awaken brilliant anticipations—the title is too suggestive of partisanhip and prejudice; but Mr. Chase, the author, shows in his preface that he properly appreciates the advantages of fiction in embodying great truths, and fully comprehends the duties and responsibilities of the novelist, let his own per

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formance be as it may. The Hon. Lucien B. Chase is a lawyer, who, though yet young, distinguished himself at the bar, in Tennessee, and twice represented that State in Congress, and, like most Northern men who have gone to the South-West, has thoroughly identified himself with the people among whom he sought his fortune. In the novel before us he has attempted to exhibit the odiousness of English serfdom, and the beneficence of our own system of black slavery; he has signally failed to do either, from not properly understanding the nature of his subject, rather than from a lack of literary ability. His example of English serfdom is a pure figment of his own fancy, and consequently fails to create the feelings which he aimed at. He exhibits to us the horrors and atrocities of the impressment system, which was an accidental necessity of the British government some half a century ago. The scene of his story is England, in 1853 ; but no such event as that upon which the main interest of his novel binges, has occurred. or could have occurred, in any part of the British dominions during the past forty years; and, even when such offences were committed, they were in opposition to the law, and not sanctioned by it. Mechanics are no more impressed and forced on board of men of war in England, now-a-days, than hereties are roasted in Smithtield, or the heads of traitors exposed on the top of Temple-bar, as they were in the time of Goldsmith and Johnson. Mr. Chase's other example of serfdom is an unfortunate one for his own side of the story; his independent, highmettled, and hard-working serf, who appears to live in rather better style than our own farmers, and who has pride enough to be a Virginian, turns out to be the heir of a dukedom, while the supposed duke is a cowardly, drivelling knave, and-one of the people! There is very little of American slavery in the book, though a considerable talk about the subject, chiefly based on the “ Household Words." Mr. Chase has made the saine mistake that Cooper did, in his first novel, in attempting to describe the manners and habits of a people to whom he is evidently a stranger. Let him take example by Cooper's second attempt, and confine himself to the scenes and the people where he is at home and to the “ manor born," and we have no doubt he will succeed better. Even though the impressment of seamen were still the practice of England, the navy would be an unfortunate contrast to offer to our own institutions; for the navy of England is a much more republican insti

tution than our own. and the English are not half so much serfs as the sailors in our own service. The Hon. F. P. Stanton, of Tennessee, who was a congressional coadjutor of Mr. Chase's, who was also chairman of the naval committee, said, in his lecture before the New-York Mercantile Library, last month, “ It must never be forgotten, that a navy cannot be organized upon democratic or republican principles." A slight acquaintance will Burke's Peerage would have supplied Mr. Chase with a commodity of names" much better adapted to English lords than those he has invented for his aristocratic characters.

A short work on slavery, or, as the author denominates it, the bound labor system of the United States, has been sent forth by M. M. A. Juge, under the name of The American Planter, The author is an intelligent foreigner, who, unlike most foreigners, considers the bound labor interest as of the first importance to the economy of human society. Whatever may be its historical basis, he

Sars its necessity is yet so urgent, its utility so great, and its vitality so vigorous, that it is now intimately connected with the prosperity and social culture of the whole world. This view he developes at considerable length, and with no little show of argument. At the same time, he does not uphold the abuses of slavery, and proposes a scheme by which he supposes society can reap all the advantages of bound labor, without the disadvantages of a condition of perpetual servitude. Our limits will not permit us to enter into the discussion, but we may state, that we do not believe the conclusions of M. Juge will be accepted, either by the abolitionists or the slaveholders. They will not be, certainly, by the abolitionists, who are uncompromising in their assertion of the moral principles opposed to slavery, while the slaveholders, who largely profit by the present system, do not care to listen to any suggestions as to its improvement or future termination. Besides, his plan for the successive importation and exportation of negroes to and from Africa. under a complicated arrangement of laws, will seem to both parties, quite impracticable.

We know of few better writers as to style than IIENRY JAMES, whose last publication, entitled The Church of Christ, not an Ecclesiasticism, is an admirable specimen of his peculiarities of manner and thought. It is in the form of a letter addressed to a member of the soi disant New Church.” but has a general application and interest; for, in de

molishing the sectarian tendencies of the and overwhelming sense of our own deficiencies, of Swedenborgians, it fights equally against

our own relative nothingness and vanity, and of God's the exclusive pretensions of all other de

boundless sufficiency-but rather in one's intellectual nominations. Mr. James's fundamental

acquisitions, in the sentiment of possessing a superior

illuinination to other people. view is, that the Church of Christ is not an ecclesiastical hierarchy, with an in- But if he has no right to defame his separable external organization, but a neighbor's family worship, on the ground spiritual economy, identical with all that of its utter unconsciousness of the truths he is humble and tender and excellent in the holds, what right has he to suppose that human soul, and which consequently must the Lord views his social worship with any never be confounded with particular per- more complacency than that of the Bapsons, places, or rituals. If the church, tists, Catholics, Unitarians, Presbyterians, according to Mr. James, be an external and Mohammedans ? If he has no right constitution, an organization of clergy and in his private worship to stigmatize that laity, through which alone the divine life of his neighbor, as worthless, formal and is communicated, then the Roman Catholic dead, what right has he to do so in his Church has the best claim to the title of public worship ? Ile would be ashamed the only true church. But if it be, what to go before God to say, “I am a much Christ designed it should be, a spiritual better man than Smith or Joncs, my church, consisting of all persons, who at neighbor;” and he would be equally any time or in any land, work the works ashamed to claim a similar superiority for of charity, having but one priesthood, the his Church. It is an insult to God to priesthood of goodness, and but one bap- suppose that he is a respecter of persons tism and communion, that which unites --that any one of His creatures is at a instead of dividing the household of faith, less infinite remove from God or a greater then all exclusive pretensions, on the part nearness to God than another; and no of any assemblage of worshippers, that it sect has a right to glory over another in alone has the approbation of God, is a the sight of Heaven. Neither Protestant falsehood and cheat. Mr. James does not nor Catholic has the slightest reason for deny the propriety of an external visible boasting, save on the ground of a spiritual worship; on the contrary be says, that it superiority, or a more eminent life of charis inevitable that those who sympathize ity, -and eminence in that life is scarcely with each other's views of Christ's doctrine consistent with ecclesiastical or any other should come together at suitable times sort of boasting, being identical, in fact, and places for social worship; nothing with the greatest humility. could be more delightful than an assembly The only true, new, and everlasting of this sort, when animated by a spirit of Church, then, according to Mr. James, is charity towards all other similar assem- that church which is constituted of the blies. But what he complains of, as an regenerate life in all her members, or a unsuitable and indecorous thing, is this heart full of love to God and love to man. company's arrogating to itself the author.. It is identical with what the mystical ity and name of the Lord, in a sense Scriptures call the New Jerusalem, meairwhich prejudices the right of any other ing by that carnal symbol nothing indeer worshipping assembly to do the same appreciable to the carnal eye, nor at all thing. He says;

germane to the carnal heart, but a truly

divine life in the soul of man. It is also " I believe very fully in the interior truths of the called a new church, both because it is the Scripture as they are unfolded by Swedenborg, and I

crown and fulfilment of all past churches, instruct my family in the knowledge of those truths,

and because a church in the spiritual idea so far as their tender understandings are capable of receiving them. Have I thereupon the right to say

invariably signifies a regenerate life in that any family worship is one wbit truer or inore man, or the life of charity. This church acceptable in a heavenward way than that of my next is not aristocratically constituted like the dor neighbor, who never heard of any interior sense Romish Church, nor yet democratically La the scripture, or if he has, deems it a very great snare like the Protestant churches. It is not and delusion, and steadily worships, notwithstanding,

made up of clergy alone, nor of clergy and coording to the plenary Presbyterian platforin? Assuredly not. Shall the truth of any man's reverence

people jointly; but simply of goudness and worship of the great Being who creates, and re- and truth in the soul of every individual dtems, and preserves hiin, hinge apon his possessing member. a deitate conceptions of tbe divine perfections, and Mr. James adds: <thering a bouage therefore which shall be worthy of the perfoctions? God help the best of us in that " In short, the true or final church is not in the leust

2e! say I. For this is to place worship on a new degree an ecclesiasticism, is not in any outward sense sound entirely-no longer in a sense of the profound a hierarchical institution. Were it so, it would have s mats of the beart--no longer in the deep and cordial existed from the beginning of the world, for the world


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