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of Napoléon, recuil. par ordre chronolo- any preconceived plan of human action gique, de ses Lettres, Proclamations, has to do with the development of events. Bulletins, Discours sur les matières -The lovers of Montaigne will find no civiles et politiques, etc., Formant une little pleasant reading in M. Etienne Cathistoire de son regne écrite par lui alan's Manuel des nonnètes gens, which même, et accompagnée de notes histo- is an attempt to inform the practical phiriques. The first volume only has thus far losophy of the great French essayist. He appeared, commencing with the campaign gathers together, as he says, the elements in Italy of 1796, and ending with the bat- which properly constitute the philosophy tle of Austerlitz; but as this is confined to of Montaigne. interpreting and developing inilitary details altogether, while the work them, and introducing such maxims and promises full particulars of all that the sentences as may be entitled to special regreat chief said or did, in war, politics and gard, either for their excellent sense or the administration, there is no telling when propriety of their expression. His book we shall reach the last volume. It will takes its name from a mot of Cardinal du be, however, an unquestionably valuable Perron, that Le livre des Essais doit ètre, contribution to history. It will give us le brèviaire des honnètes gens.” Napoleon as he appeared in his own works, - The Atheneum Française, under the and not as he is estimated by writers. By head of studies of “ Anglo-American Fethe way, there is a curious passage in the male Poets,” gives an elaborate account, meinorial, in which he speaks of the dif- with translations, of the life and writferent views that had already been taken ings of Lucretia Maria Davidson, by M. during his lifetime, of his character and THALES BERNARD; who begins by averpolicy. “I am disputed on every hand," ring that • America is the daughter of he says, -" the thoughts of my battles, the France," and that the latter, having warmintention of my orders, are all decided ly received " Cooper, Emerson, Poe and against me. They often ascribe profun- Prescott,” ought not to slight the obscure dity and sublimity to things which on my names of our literature. He then narpart were the most simple in the world: rates the principal incidents of Lucretia's they impute to me projects which I never history, interspersing the recital with entertained; and they question whether translations of her verses into prose. I did not contemplate a universal monarchy. -The book of the month in Paris is They reason tediously about the point, whe- the Souvenirs of M. Killemain, the disther my absolute authority or arbitrary acts tinguished historian and professor, who, spring from my character or my calcula- like Dr. Veron, Dumas, Lamartine, and tions, whether they were produced by my all other Frenchmen, does not consider bis inclination or the force of circumstances, literary life complete without an autobiogwhether my constant wars came from my raphy. Having been connected for the taste or were simply defensive, —and whe- last fifty years with many of the most ther my inordinate ambition, so reproach- important personages of the age, a man ed, arose from avidity of conquest, lust of himself of character and standing as a glory, love of order, or devotion to gene- writer of remarkable talent, his book is ral happiness," &c. He then says subse- at once piquant and reliable. We shall quently, that “ these men in their posi- give some account of it. as soon as it tive affirmations are more skilful than I, reaches this side of the Atlautic. for I should be often greatly enbarrassed

-The Swiss Reriew narrates an anecto say what my full purposes were. I did dote of Bêranger, the great song-writer not strive to bend circumstances to my of France, which is an honorable testiideas, but allowed myself to be led by mony to the character of the venerable circumstances; for who can beforehand poet. Ho had placed all his savings, to meet fortuitous occurrences, wholly unex- the amount of about thirty thousand pected accidents? How many times have francs, at interest in the hands of a merI been compelled to change essentially ? cantile friend. who came to him one day, I pursued general views, rather than any and returned the money. But why do predetermined plans. The man of com- you do so ? asked the poet. Because, was mon interests, what I thought to be for the reply, “ My house is likely to fail, and the good of the greatest number, these as you are old and poor, I have thought were the works to which I was anchored, you ought to be secured in time," NO! but around which I floated for the greatest returned Béranger, I am only one of your part of the time at hap-hazard." This creditors, and must take my chance with confession is curious, because it shows how the rest. The consequence was, that aftur much genius is, after all, a mere ability to the failure he received merely his ten per take advantage of events, and how little cent, which was the regular division of thu


assets of the firm. He lives now on the covering his pigeons was by the infiltrascantiest pittance derived from the sale of tion into the wounds and the surrounding his works. Is there a merchant among parts of the lactate of iron and iodine of us who would have acted as honorably? potassium, both in a state of aqueous soWe fear not.

lution. He caused them to penetrate by -The ABBE FALLAR has written a means of a small syringe, and in nearly history of the Church in North America, every instance succeeded in saving the life entitled. Mémoires particuliers pour of the poisoned animal. A committee, servir à l'histoire de l' Eglise dans l'. consisting of Daméril. Magendie, Flourens Amerique du Nord. It is not however, and Deleure, was appointed to consider a regular history, so much as a contribu- the subject of his paper. tion to history, as its name imports; and is occupied chiefly with the biography of GERMAN.–From the press of Arnim at important personages, and monographs Berlin, we have three characteristic Gerof the principal ecclesiastical establish- man tales (Drei Märchen), or legends, as ments, especially in Canada. Sister Bour- they are more properly called, which are geoys, the founder of the first congrega- full of fantastic spirit and humor. The tion established at Villemarie for the edu- first of them “ The daughter of the King cation and conversion of the savages, and of the Moon,” which is to be read at night Ma’mselle d'Youville, founder of the com- as the anonymous author advertises us, is munity of the Sisters of Charity, furnish almost as wild as the best stories of Hoffthe materials for his first three volumes, man, with a touch of the graceful legenwith incidental references to the fortunes of dary feeling of Tieck. They are all, howthe establishments to which they belonged. ever, so marked by local peculiarities that

--A classic romance under the name of they would hardly repay translation into Olympia has been published by M. Louis English. SAGLier, with a view to the illustration - There is in course of publication now of female life among the ancient Greeks. in Germany, a work on the Memorials of Olympia is a Spartan, who is painted in the Old Christian Architecture in Corthe three-fold character of a young girl, stantinople, from the filh to the twelfth a wife, and a mother. We first encounter century. (Alt-christliche Baudenkmale her participating in the games of the gym- Constantinopels vom V.—XII. Jahrhunnasium, with her young female compan- derte.) This magnificent work will exions; we next find her accepting a hus- hibit in forty plates of the largest folioband obediently from the hands of her size, either engraved, lithographed, or in father, although she was in love with colored impressions, delineations of varisomebody else; and then we see her, as ous architectural remains, particularly the wife, rejecting a base proposal of her views and details of Agios Johannes, husband, and yet as the mother disclos- Agios Sergius and Bacchus, Agia Sophia, ing to the State a conspiracy in which her Agia Irene, Agia Theotokos, Agios Panonly son was implicated. The object of tokrator, as well as of the hall of the Hebthe author, in this two-fold dilemma, is domon, and, for comparison, churches in to show the despotism of the idea of the Asia Minor from the work of Texier. The State, in ancient times, and at the same importance of the Byzantine style has time to depict the sentiment of the true long been acknowledged by modern Art. woman trampling over the law as present- There have notwithstanding, hitherto ed in the proposition of her husband. been wanting geometrical surveys of the The work is written with facility and ele- most prominent monuments of this style, gance, but the details are not always of to enable the student to appreciate its the most edifying kind, out of France. peculiarities and minor details. Deeply

- A report of the proceedings of the as this want has been felt, there stood obAcademy of Sciences in Paris, on the 5th stacles almost insurmountable in the way December, speaks in the most favorable of its being remedied, particularly with terms of a paper read by Dr. D. Brainard, regard to a geometrical survey of St. SoPresident of the Rush Medical College of phia's Cathedral at Constantinople. GerChicago, on the treatment of bites made man assiduity and perseverance has at last, by venomous serpents. His experiments, under the auspices of the King of Prussia, it appears, were made generally on pigeons, succeeded in clearing those obstacles, and which he caused to be bitten by serpents effecting a most accurate survey of that proknown technically as of the species of totype of Byzantine Architecture, descendcrotolapherus trigeminus, rigidly observ- ing to the minutest particulars, and also ing the effects, and then applying his of the rest of the Christian architectural remedies. Dr. Brainard's mode of re- remains of Constantinople.


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- Between 1762 and 1766, AUGUST in regard to the ancient Irish, British, Ludwig von SCHLÖZER prepared a Rus- Cambrian, and Cornish dialects. It is sian Grammar during his stay in St. divided into six parts: the first treats of Petersbury. This first part, as well as the letters and their permutations from one commencement of the second, was printed dialect to another; the second treats of for the Imperial Academy of Sciences of the noun and pronoun; the third of the that place; the work had proceeded as verb; the fourth of particles; the fifth far as the eleventh sheet, when its con- of derivation and composition; and the tinuation was prohibited, and the whole sixth of the construction of prose and edition suppressed. A copy of these ele

The different dialects are comven sheets, which nearly comprehended pared with each other, in every respect, what had been completed in MS. is, there- and their analogies and diversities clearly fore, a rarity; and one single copy only marked. is, as far as we are aware, at present extant. This work, as is well known, was

A SPECIAL EDITORIAL NOTE FOR THE the first to venture on a scientific treat

PEOPLE SOUTII OF MASON AND DIXON'S ment of the Russian language, and is there- LINE. fore to be published by the family of the author.

A Southern paper, in giving a very - The sixth and concluding part of the favorable and discriminating criticism of first volume of J. VENEDEY's History of our February Number, adds to it the folihe Germans from the earliest times to lowing P. S. :the present (Geschichte des deutschen

"In acknowledging the receipt of the January Volkes von den ältesten Zeiten bis auf number of “Putnam," we commended it to public die Gegenwart), has just been issued. It patronage on the ground that it was wholly an Ameembraces German antiquity from the first

rican publication. We have recently received a comappearance of Germans on the stage of

munication declaring that this is an error--that Puthistory, to the downfall of the Carloving

nam is wholly a Northern publication, and that

Southern writers, who propose to contribute to its ians. The second volume, already com- columns, are not only excluded, but treated with nepleted in MS, will contain the history of glect and discourtesy. We hope that there is some the German Emperors and the contest of error or mistake in the case, and that Putnam will be the Popes against the empire. The third able to place himself rectus in curia with his South volume will comprise the history of the

ern readers and contributors." Reformation to the Westphalian Peace; The personal feeling manifested in this the fourth volume will contain modern complaint will be sufficient to divest it of history. This work is distinguished by all force, for it was evidently written by diligent research, and a vigorous and some person who fancied he had been negraphic style.

glected by us, or that his merits had not ---Another volume, the fourth of BER

been properly appreciated. And we do THOLD AUERBACH's Village Stories of the not pretend to say that he was not quite Black Forest, (Schwarzwälden Dorf- right in thinking so. We know very well, geschichten), has just appeared.

that a good many worthy people, and ex- The correspondence of Goethe must cellent writers, have had to wait much bc inexhaustible; for in addition to his longer for a reply to their communications Briefwecksel with Schiller, Zelter, Bet- than was at all agrecable to our own sense tiner, Carus, and others, we

of propriety ; but the seeming neglect presented with his letter, to Councillor which they might with reason complain Schuetz, Briefwecksel Zwischen Göthe of. has been a matter of absolute necesa. Staatsrath v. C. L. F. Schultz. sity ; for we make it a point to read the

— The comparative study of languages, articles that are sent to us before deciding which more than any thing else has fur- whether or not they can have a place in nished a key to the origin of races, is no- our Monthly, and we have adopted the where prosecuted with so much industry democratic principle of, first come first and vigor as in Germany.

served. Reading manuscripts, in nine mar and vocabularies of Bopp, and other cases out of ten illegibly written, and learned authorities, have solved many writing letters to their authors, requires a questions on which tradition is silent, and good deal of time; and then, too, when an become among the most curious monu- article may be regarded as desirable on ments of nations. One of the latest works account of its literary merits or its subof this kind is the Grammatica Celtica ject, the exigencies of the Monthly may of Dr. J. C. Zeuss, of Leipzic, who has prevent its immediate use; it may be too gathered from the various libraries of long. or too short, or it may be too similar Europe, the most interesting particulars in its character to another article which



The gram

had been accepted before it; all these con- would not be to our pecuniary disadvansiderations must often perplex the editor tage. But our great aim in the conduct of a magazine, and prevent his giving an of this Magazine has been to make it, first, instant reply to a correspondent, and also purely American and original; and, next, compel him to reject communications to render it as profitable to the public and which would be otherwise desirable. But ourselves as it could be done. We have it was not for the purpose of saying these thus far, abundant cause for being satisvery obvious truths that we have noticed fied with our exertions, and for entertainthe Southern complaint in question. We ing increased hope in the literary resources are accused of not being American because and intellectual activity of our thriving we are Northern. The South, or at least nation. Wherein we may possibly have that part of it which is embodied in the erred, has been in giving place to conperson of our particular friend in question, tributions from the far East, the far will not permit us to enjoy the common West, the far North, and the far South, instincts of patriotism, but will cut us off that our Magazine might properly reprefrom our inheritance, because we happen sent the whole Union, which, if written to live on the wrong side of Mason and nearer our own door, might not have been Dixon's line. It was a son of New Eng- accepted. land who uttered the patriotic sentiment, “I know no North, nc South ; " but our Southern friends say they

know no

BOOKS RECEIVED. North, only a South." There are number

THE AMERICAN PLANTER ; or the Bound Labor In

terest of the United States. By M. A. Juge. New. less publications calling themselves after

York: Long & Brother. 1854. the South, to indicate their sectional cha

The PhilosopNLY OF Passics. By Andrew Brown. racter and their antagonism to the North. New-York: Redfield. 1854. The Southern Quarterly, the Southern Ax OUTLINE OF THE GEOLOGY OF THE GLOBE, and of Literary Messenger, and so on; but if the United States in particular. By Edward Hitch

cock, D. D. Boston: Phillips, Sampson & Co. 1853. there be a single periodical or other insti

THE COMPLETE POETICAL WORKS OF Thomas Caup. tution north of Mason and Dixon, whose

BELL, with an Original Biography and Notes title breathes such an un-American and

Edited by Epes Sargent. Boston: Phillips, Sampsectional spirit, we are ignorant of its ex- son & Co. 1654. istence. As to the particular charge OUTLINES OF A MECHANICAL THEORY OF STORY against ourselves, nonsensical as it will By T. Bassuett. New-York: D. Appleton & Co. sound to every body who has been in the

HUMAN ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY, AND HYGIENE By habit of reading our Magazine, we have

T. S. Lambert. Hartford: Brockett, Hutchinson only to reply, that the present number of & Co. 1854. the Monthly contains four articles which LINNT LOCKWOOD. A Novel. By Catherine Crow. were sent to us from as many slave States, New-York: D. Appleton & Co. 1954. and that every number of the work, from


Vol. I, No. I. New-York: II. Dyer, 1854. the beginning, has contained one or more

HYDROPATIIIC COOK-BOOK, By Dr. R, T. Trall. articles from the pens of Southern writ

New-York: Fowlers & Wells. 1851. Our sole aim is to publish the best POEMS, SACRED, PASSIONATE, AND LEGENDARY. BY literary productions which the country Mary E. Hewett. New-York: Lamport, Blakecan afford ; and whether they come from

man & Law. 1854.

A SCHOOL COMPENDIUM OF NATURAL AND EXPERIMaine or Missouri, Vermont or Virginia, is a matter of not the slightest weight in

MENTAL PHILOSOPHY. By Richarl Green Parker.

New-York: A. S. Barnes & Co. 1854. deciding on their availability. As to our BENEDICTIONS, or the Blessed Life. By Rev. Jobn mere personal interests, we can very well Cumming. D.D., F.R.S.E. Buston: J. P. Jewett afford to be perfectly independent of all & Co. 1854. sectional preferences, for at least seven

POEMS, DESCRIPTIVE, DEAMATIC, LEGENDAEY, AND eighths of our circulation is in the free CONTEMPLATIVE. By W. Gilmore Simins. 2 vols.

New-York: Redfield. 1854. States; and, if we could be influenced by

LITTLE BLOSSOMS REWARD. A Christinas Book for any such paltry motives as the "somebody

Children. By Mre. Emily Bare. Illustrated down South" imputes to us, the result Boston: Phillips, Sampson Ca



A Magazine of Literature, Science, and Art.




(Continued from page 319.)

A calm ensued; when, still confident that SKETCI FIFTH.

the stranger was an Englishman, Porter

despatched a cutter, not to board the THE FRIGATE, AND SHIP FLYAWAY.

enemy, but drive back his boats engaged

in towing him. The cutter succeeded. * Looking far forth into the ocean wide,

Cutters were subsequently sent to capture A goodly ship with banners bravely dight,

him; the stranger now showing English And flag in ber top-gallant I espide, Through the main sea making her merry flight."

colors in place of American. But when

the frigate's boats were within a short ERE RE quitting Rodondo, it must not be distance of their hoped-for prize, another

omitted that here, in 1813, the U.S. sudden breeze sprang up; the stranger frigate Essex, Captain David Porter, came under all sail bore off to the westward, near leaving her bones. Lying becalmed and ere night was hull down ahead of the one morning with a strong current setting Essex, which all this time lay perfectly her rapidly towards the rock, a strange becalmed. sail was descried, which-not out of keep- This enigmatic craft- American in the ing with alleged enchantments of the morning, and English in the evening-her neighborhood-seemed to be staggering

sails full of wind in a calm-was never under a violent wind, while the frigate again beheld.

An enchanted ship no lay lifeless as if spell-bound. But a light doubt. So at least the sailors swore. air springing up, all sail was made by the This cruise of the Essex in the Pacific frigate in chase of the enemy, as supposed during the war of 1812, is perhaps the -he being deemed an English whale-ship strangest and most stirring to be found in -but the rapidity of the current was so the history of the American navy. She great, that soon all sight was lost of him; captured the furthest wandering vessels; and at meridian the Essex, spite of her visited the remotest seas and isles; long drags, was driven so close under the foam- hovered in the charmed vicinity of the lashed cliffs of Rodondo that for a time all enchanted group; and finally valiantly hands gave her up. A smart breeze, how- gave up the ghost fighting two English ever, at last helped her off, though the frigates in the harbor of Valparaiso. escape was so critical as to seem almost Mention is made of her here for the same miraculous.

reason that the buccaneers will likewise Thus saved from destruction herself, receive record ; because, like them. by she now made use of that salvation to long cruising among the isles, tortoisedestroy the other vessel, if possible. Re- : hunting upon their shores, and generally newing the chase in the direction in which exploring them ; for these and other reathe stranger had disappeared, sight was sons, the Essex is peculiarly associated caught of him the following morning. with the Encantadas. Upon being descried he hoisted American Here be it said that you have but colors and stood away from the Essex. three eye-witness authorities worth men

VOL. III. 23

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