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ture of Jephthah meeting his daugh- my board there. "I could live out at ter, which hung opposite. Jephthah, in a some farmer's, and earn good wages by very plumy helmet, starting back on very my labor,” I told my mother,- I was just strong legs, I thought very expressive of twelve years old. a father's feelings. His tall daughter, She smiled, and told me they would arrayed in a lilac mantle, and pink dress only give me my
clothes. with a long train, immediately became my I can draw, and sell my drawings.” ideal of unattainable female beauty. The She smiled again. attendant damsel, with her willowy figure “Well, then, after I have improved a and white dress, I thought extremely little, I can take portraits, and be paid pretty also; I knew a slender little girl for them." who wore a white dress and blue sash to She smiled approvingly this time, and church, whom she looked very much I felt that my way lay open before me. like.
I wished to run directly to Fanny Ann's The next day I made a fine drawing of house-into which I had never yet enterthis picture on our barn door. Jephthah ed—and ask her to sit to me; but I felt was drawn in a black tunic, with red a little timid about it. I might not take chalk legs. The daughter's mantle was a good likeness, and she would laugh at stained lilac with iris-petals, her train pink me-girls did laugh so! I had better with rose ditto. The maiden was drawn take private sketches of her at church in in white chalk with bewitching grace. I the hymn-books, I thought, and practise could not make Jephthah stand very firm- upon my mother first, who immediately ly on his legs, and start back at the same proposed putting on her black silk dress, time; but Miss Jephthah's train gave great which she had worn for the last ten steadiness and composure to her figure. years on state occasions; but her everyThis spirited sketch was the admiration day short-gown would be more picturof all the neighboring boys, and they esque, I thought. She could not be quite came every day for me to draw them in reconciled to this. The villagers were warlike positions, to represent Jephthah's accustomed to the black silk, and she army standing around him. One day I thought it due to them and to me that made a hasty sketch of my dog, Skyblue, she should be taken in it. However, the in his favorite attitude, and, stepping back portrait was painted in the short-gown; to mark the effect, found he was biting but the villagers never saw much of it. the heels of Jephthah. How the boys It was not considered a very good likelaughed! I made a new drawing of the ness, for somehow I got a dark frown anguished father, and greatly improved about the eyes, and a very dejected exupon the hands, spreading them out like pression about the mouth. My mother Mr. Flamdown's, when he was giving the never frowned, and looked particularly parting blessing to his congregation, only smiling while I was painting her. opening the fingers wider to express con- I had a hard time of it that winter: so sternation.
many brave designs launched forth upon One day one of the boys brought an the tide of hope, and run aground upon artist, who was boarding at his house, to unknown bars. In the summer Mr. look at my frescoes. He laughed, and Ochre came again and taught me how to told me if I would come to his room, he steer my way better. He told me that would paint Jephthah for me.
faces should not appear to be pasted flat feeling approaching awe I watched him to the canvas, and that a dark outline all conjuring into life the well-known forms. round them was not perfectly true to naYet I was not wholly satisfied with the ture; that lips were not exactly vermilresult. I thought Jephthah's figure was ion, nor cheeks pure lake; and eyes were not thrown back enough to express his not made of stone; that shadows were emotion with sufficient force, and that not a distinct feature of the face; and the daughter had lost much of her queen- lights did not consist entirely of white liness with her train. The damsel who paint. I learned a wonderful deal from followed was no longer white, and did not him in a few weeks; and having painted look in the least like Fanny Ann.
many portraits of the worthy people about Mr. Ochre went away the next day, me, which sold for two dollars a piece, but left me a few paints and brushes, and and scraped together a little money, I told me if I would come to New-York in went to New-York in the winter with a the winter, he would teach me something. bounding heart-perfectly conscious that This now became the height of my ambi- I was the great American genius. tion ; and I tried to devise schemes by The first thing I did in New York, which I could earn a little money to pay after settling myself in the little attic
room Mr. Ochre had engaged for me, was What, -that waxy little thing,” he to find my way to a picture gallery. I said. “My dear child, do you not know neither shouted nor jumped when I enter- better than that, after all my instruced; but was certainly very much dazzled. tions?" and he took me back to the head It was partly the picture frames, I thought by Copley, and told me I might copy that —they were so very bright. I immedi- if I could. “But you had better not ately saw the importance of gilt frames, copy any thi s," he added—“ draw from and that without one no painting could nature, my boy. Go on as you have bebe of any value. I wondered how much gun, only do not make your faces pink they cost, and whether I could afford to and white, and get Fanny Ann out of buy one for my portrait of Fanny Ann, your mind as fast as you can.” I wonwhich I had brought to the city with me. dered how he knew that I thought about I knew at once there was no painting in Fanny Ann; I had never mentioned her the gallery equal to that; and walked name but twice in his presence, and then along with the proud consciousness that almost in a whisper. I was the creator of that gem, which only So I went to Mr. Ochre's studio every needed a fine frame to be instantly brought day: and Irish boys were hired from the down from my attic, into the public gaze, street to sit for me and the other pupils. for the delight of every one. However, I Very unfit subjects for my brush I did pause a moment before one little head thought them, until I chanced to see a -the head of a child with a smile in her picture of a beggar boy by Murillo, and eyes, and life upon her lips. I looked then they rose in my esteem. I had heard into the catalogue to be sure that it was that Murillo was a very great genius, good. It was by Copley. “An old- and if he painted beggar boys, why should fashioned painter," I thought. "I shall do not I ? better things soon.”
Well, I painted Irish boys and German Then I came to a young lady in a green boys, until I knew I had learned all I dress and black waist, turning her head could from Mr. Ochre, and that it was towards the spectator, and stepping into time for me to set up my own studio, and a brook. “Excellent !” I exclaimed. patronize American ladies-immortalize - That looks a little like Jephthah's daugh- them as only a genius can. “R. Gumbo, ter, only she is not quite so tall.” Then Portrait Painter," was the golden name came a very puzzling head: I could not upon the sign that decked one corner of a tell to what race it belonged—“Indian, I doorway, which led to a flight of stairs, suppose.” It was named, “ Portrait of which led to another flight of stairs, and Judge G.” He could not have been an so on to the fourth story, where I sat in Indian; it must be the shadows. What state, awaiting my unknown visitors. My infatuated young artist could have sent studio was furnished with a skylight, an that here?” Then came two little girls easel, an old shawl with a very effective holding a kitten between them. Sweet border, covering a table on which stood a little innocents! That looked like one torso, a small Venus, a chair for the sitof my own pictures, and I looked for the ter, and two for friends, a lay figure, six name: “Infancy, by P. Pinkall." "I new, suggestive canvases, and my paint shall certainly make Mr. Pinkall's ac- brushes. “Now, I am ready!" I exquaintance," I thought. Then came a claimed, wielding my maul-stick and makyoung lady looking over her shoulder in ing a thrust at the portrait of an Irish the loveliest manner. Such golden hair- boy eating an apple. “My dear little such blue veins-such a rose-tint on the fellow, you will soon see what beauty and cheek—such heavenly eyes! Such a grace will appear.” I had gone to my transparent creature altogether! I stood studio at nine o'clock-I stayed until enraptured: that was better than Fanny dark: I ate two crackers for dinner, and Ann. “ Fancy head, by T. Sully," I an apple, like the Irish boy, and nobody found it to be. “Oh, what a fancy!” I
I wondered at it very much. exclaimed, in boyish enthusiasm, " That Two of my best portraits were in the I can never surpass.”
Exhibition, and I thought the public were A young man was copying it, and I dying to be taken. “But they cannot immediately resolved that I would do the know I am here," I meditated. “One same. Mr. Ochre came into the gallery little sign in a city full of signs attracts at that moment, and I hastened to meet no attention. I ought to advertise my him. “I have found the most exquisite number; but advertising is so expensive. painting!” I exclaimed, leading him eager- I wish some one would buy my pictures İy towards it, “and I know you will ap- in the Exhibition; but there is no love for prove of my copying it.”
art in this country. Rosewood and buhl
They are devoted to the dollar, it is true, Britain standing first on the list, and
A controversy is now going forward, The total number of Colleges in the among the nations of Christendom, as to United States is 234. Number of teachers the respective merits of a liberal and des1,651 ; pupils, 27,159. Annual income potic system of government, and we throw $1,916,628. The total number of Acad- our experience, with all its grand reemies and Seminaries in the United States sults, into the liberal scale. We say to is 6,032. Number of teachers 12,207; the absolutist who distrusts the people, pupils 261,362. Annual income $4,663,842. who fancies that governments were made Besides these, there are 80,991 Public to rule one class of men with a rod of iron, Schools, which are attended by 3,354,173 and to support another in luxurious auscholars.
thority, "come and see!” Behold a people The whole number of periodicals in the who govern themselves, making Justice world are distributed in this proportion. and Freedom the ends of their institutions, Asia 34, Africa 14, Europe 1094, America allowing to all the choice of what they 3000, of which 2800 are printed in the shall do and think; and behold, too, the United States, and have an annual circu- beneficent effects! The facts are before lation of 422,600,000 copies, or, taking the you, and judge for yourselves; but do account of the leading states and empires not suppose that in making the exhibit only, the numbers stand: Austria 10, we are moved by an inordinate and foolSpain 24, Portugal 20, Belgium 65, France ish pride.” 269, Switzerland 39, Denmark 85, Russia The secret of the prosperity and growth and Poland 90, the German States 320, of the United States, it cannot be too often Great Britain and Ireland 519, the New repeated, is in its social and political conEngland States 424, Middle States 876, stitution. By ordaining justice as the Southern States 716, and the Western single object of its government, and seStates 784. It will thus be seen that the curing to the masses the most unlimited newspapers are a pretty good comparative freedom of action, they bave unsealed the index of civilization, for just in the degree fountains of human progress, they have in which we average from the more des- solved that problem of social destiny: potic and stationary conditions of society, which has puzzled philosophers so long, we find these means of intellectual inter- and revealed to mankind, the momentous course and entertainment increasing in but simple truth, that just in the degree number,--the United States and Great in which you reduce to practical applica
tion, the golden rule of Christian equity, ductive classes grows smaller, a greater " Do unto others as you would be done equality of conditions is produced, and all by,” you win from Heaven all its richest men are stimulated through hope, to the temporal and spiritual blessings.
improvement of their intellectual and soThe operation of the law is this; that, cial condition. The misery of the older in restricting the political power to its nations is that the earnings of industry legitimate function of maintaining justice are distributed, by means of the innumeramong men, you generate in each indivi- able interferences of laws and institutions, dual, a perfect sense of the security of with the most flagrant want of justice. his person and property ; he is made cer- The working class, which is the most effectain of the reward of his labor, and he ap- tive of all the agencies concerned in the plies himself in the most effective manner production of it gets the least part, while to multiply his necessaries and comforts; the capitalist, and the official functionaries he enriches the community by enriching take the rest. Thus, the stimulus to himself; his accumulations become the active industry is so far forth withdrawn, seed of future accumulations; while, being overgrown fortunes concentrate in partithrown upon his own resources, not only cular families, and an excessive expendifor his maintenance, but his position in ture, going to support large classes in life, he exerts his every faculty to the idleness or sinecureships, debauches the highest degree, to improve his state. He action of government. tasks his ingenuity to increase production; In the United States, on the contrary, -to invent machines, to facilitate processes
the share of the laborer in every joint proto economize time, in short, to make the duct, increases relatively; he is enabled to most, both of himself and his opportuni- rise in his condition, to take one step upties. An English gentleman, one of the ward, and, with every generation, to deCommissioners to the Crystal Palace, ob- vote a larger portion of his time and served to a friend of ours, that the fact means to the improvement of his mind, which had impressed him most strongly, and the refinement of his tastes. The in reference to the industry of the Ameri- consequence is, that society, as a whole, is cans, was not its activity so much as its levelled upwards; the few are not pulled indescribable knowingness, its ability to down, but the many are elevated; the meet all emergencies, its readiness under circle of intelligence and culture widens, difficulties, its quick facility in applying and the disposition as well as the means, means to ends. “You have a thousand lit- for patronizing art and promoting charity, tle convenient contrivances, in all depart- become the common privileges of larger ments of arts, and even in all the appliances and larger numbers, instead of being the of living, that we know nothing about prerogatives of a favored minority. Morand should never have devised.” In other alists, therefore, are short-sighted, who words, we may say that the quality of lament what they esteem to be the exour labor is better than that of the people
cessive devotion of our people to pracwith whom government or society per- tical life ; for, it is a precursor of their gen petually interferes, and consequently more eral enlightenment and elevation. It is effective. It realizes more than any other preparing the masses, in spite of all the labor from the same expenditure of apparent materialism and worldliness of means. The Greeks and Romans we are the process, for a higher civilization. It is told valued the labor of a slave at half that multiplying their wants and their methods of a freeman, and we know the reason of of satisfying them, which are both eleit; for as Homer himself sings,
ments of a larger and better life. Con“The day,
sider the demand for books, and generally That makes man slave, takes half his worth away." the best books,-for music, and the best
But there is another effect of that se- music, for lectures, and the best lectures, curity and freedom of labor, that springs -in short, for all kinds of intellectual from just government,--pointed out by and moral incitation,-how it is diffusing Mr. Carey,—which, in our opinion, is the itself through all classes of our people, in most important truth contributed to the midst of the tremendous bustle of work Political Economy since the days of Adam and trade! Where is there a nation in Smith. It is this, that where the industry which the masses of the community have of society is left to its own development, a more living and growing interest in while the gross product of it is increased, whatever gives dignity and grace to a larger proportion of it goes to the laborer, human relations? Have the towns of and a diminished proportion to the capi- New England a parallel, for intellectual talist; whereby the value of the laborer activity and moral integrity, in Europe ? constantly rises, the number of the unpro- Yet the towns in New England are she answered, “only much more pen- thought I would go to sea. I walked up sive.”
Broadway and went into the Exhibition; "Fanny, will you please to sit in the I saw my two portraits and wished I could chair and hold your head down,” said shoot them. I looked at every picture Ochre. “Now let me see. You have in the room, to see if there were any as made the nose too straight; Fanny's, al- bad as mine, and found there were many, though a very good one, is not Grecian." but was not encouraged by them. My There she fairly laughed. “You must eyes seemed opened by magic. I saw have been thinking of some ideal of yours. how poor most of them were even in proNeither do her lids droop so heavily; you mise, and appreciated the good ones as I should have opened the eyes with a more had never done before, remembering many sunny expression. The mouth is a little things Ochre had said about them, which like, as I told you before, and so is the I had scarcely noticed at the time. I saw outline of the face. The mantle hides the that difficulties had been conquered of fine turn of the head and the beautiful which I had never dreamed, and that all hair. The hands are well enough, only I had hitherto done was mere child's play. they have not the usual allowance of joints. I went toward Ochre's studio, and thought As for the coloring—it is like plaster I would go in and ask him to take me as of Paris, but that is because you wished a pupil again, but feared he would not to paint her pale, à la Magdalen, perhaps. think it worth while. While I paced to You must have chosen this style before and fro on the side-walk, Miss Beljay and you had seen her, I think.” (I felt a her mother came down the steps. I knew guilty consciousness that I had done so.) she had been sitting to Ochre, but they “Let me show you how I think she should did not tell me so. They shook hands be drawn."
with me, and Mrs. Beljay said I must send He sketched in a head, lightly set on the home the picture as soon as it was ready; throat, and turning with an arch expres- remarked that it was a pleasant day, &c.; sion as the figure moved away. The hoped I would be at her reception in the hair, softly waving on the forehead was evening; I must come every Thursday, knotted behind, and a flower fell grace- she said, when I was not otherwise enfully on one side. The whole figure was gaged. airy and elegant.
How the sun shone--how very pleasant There, that is my cousin Fanny as I the day had become! I ran up into know her. What do you say, Aunt Ochre's room and asked him to take me Julia ?”
back. “Gumbo,” he said, “ you know I "It is Fanny herself-nothing could be would not for the world 'extinguish the better!”
least spark of genius in you or in any I could not but admire the sketch, so one, but think for yourself. You have been free, so characteristic, so lovely, so like painting three or four years, and what the beautiful form which had been before does it amount to? You cannot paint a me day after day, and had been hidden picture that begins to be good. I know from me beneath the mantle of my own you have some talent, but many have as misconception. After they had gone away much who do not think of painting as a I looked at my poor head, so weak, so profession, because they know not to exspiritless, and turned it with its face to cel in it is to fail. I know I am not a the wall.“ All, all wrong!” I exclaimed, good painter myself,” and he looked sadly and hiding my face in my hands I should round his studio, “ but will you ever be have wept if I had been a boy-but I even so good a one? If not, to devote was eighteen years old, and could not in- yourself to Art will be to throw yourself dulge in that. I remembered all the into a sea in which you cannot swim. happy, hopeful days I had passed in paint- Would it not be wiser to choose an occuing it, all the apparent kindness that had pation in which you will be master of been bestowed upon me, and now they had your faculties, than one in which you will gone and would never think of me again, be the victim of endless hopes, delusions, or only laugh at my foolish endeavor. Í and disappointments.
Think of your almost vowed that I would never touch a mother, too, who can ill spare the money brush again, and going out wandered she sends you. For her sake, as well as about the streets all the evening, with the for your own, I advise you to accept an saddest heart.
offer which Mr. Beljay is about to make The next day I could not return to my you. He has occasion, he says, to employ studio. I walked down Broadway and an honest, intelligent young man in his round about the Battery.
The waves business, and thinks you are such a one were breaking against the stones, and I as he wants. You will still have somo