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Since it is necessary that there should be a perpetual intercourse of buying and selling, and dealing upon credit, the honest dealer, where fraud is permitted or connived at, or has no law to punish it, is often undone, and the knave gets the advantage.

Though energetic brevity is not adapted alike to every subject, we ought, on every occasion, to avoid its contrary, a languid redundancy of words. It is sometimes proper to be copious, but never to be verbose.

A monarchy, limited like ours, may, for ought I know, be placed, as it has often been represented, just in the middle point, from whence a deviation leads, on the one hand, to tyranny, and, on the other, to anarchy.

Having already shown how the fancy is affect-' ed by the works of nature, and afterwards considered, in general, how, in forming such scenes as are most apt to delight the mind of the beholder, the works both of nature and of art assist each other; I shall in this paper throw together some reflections, &c.

Let but one brave, great, active, disinterested man arise, and he will be received, followed and venerated.

Ambition creates hatred, shiness, discords, seditions, and wars.

The scribes made it their profession to study and to teach, the law of Moses.

Sloth saps the foundation of every virtue, and pours upon us a deluge of crimes and evils.

The ancient laws of Rome were so far from suffering a Roman citizen to be put to death, that they would not allow him to be whipped, or even to be bound.

His labours to acquire knowledge have been productive of great success and satisfaction.

He was a man of the greatest prudence, justice, modesty, and virtue.

His favour or disapprobation was governed by the success or the failure of an enterprise.

He had a grateful sense of the benefits received, and did every thing in his power to serve his benefactor.

Many persons give evident proof, that either they do not believe the principles of religion, or that they do not feel their power.

As the guilt of an officer, if he prove negligent, will be greater than that of a common servant; so the reward of his fidelity, will be proportionably greater.

The comfort annexed to goodness is the pious man's strength. It attaches his heart to religion. It inspires his zeal. It supports his constancy; and accelerates his progress.


Grammar, p. 291. Exercises, p. 154.

THESE are the rules of the master, who must be obeyed.

They attacked the house of Northumberland, whom they put to death.

He laboured to involve in ruin his minister, who had been the author of it. Or-to ruin his minister, &c.

What he says, is true, but it is not applicable to the point.

The French marched precipitately as to an assured victory; whereas the English advanced very slowly, and discharged such flights of arrows, as did great execution. When the former drew near the archers, the latter perceiving that they were out of breath, charged them with great vigour.

He was at a window in Litchfield, taking a view

of the Cathedral, where a party of the royalists had fortified themselves..

We no where meet with a more splendid or pleasing show in nature, than what is formed in the heavens at the rising and the setting of the sun, by the different stains of light, which show themselves in clouds of different situations.

There will be found, throughout this kingdom, a round million of creatures in human figure, whose whole subsistence, &c.

It is the custom of the Mahometans, if they see upon the ground, any printed or written paper, to take it up, and lay it aside carefully, as not knowing but it may contain some piece of their Alcoran.

The laws of nature are, truly, what lord Bacon styles his aphorisms, laws of laws. Civil laws are always imperfect, and are often false deductions from them, or applications of them; nay, civil laws stand, in many instances, in direct opposition to the laws of nature.

It has not a sentiment in it, says Pope, that the author does not religiously believe.

Many act so directly contrary to this method, that, from a habit, which they acquired at the University, of saving time and paper, they write in so diminutive a manner, that they can hardly read what they have written.

Thus I have fairly given you my own opinion, relating to this weighty affair, as well as that of a great majority of both houses here; upon which I am confident you may securely reckon.

If, from the earliest periods of life, we trace a youth who has been well educated, we shall perceive the wisdom of the maxims here recommended.

M 2


Corrections of the errors relating to the Unity of a sentence.


Grammar, p. 293. Exercises, p. 156.

A SHORT time after this injury, he came to himself; and the next day, was put on board his ship, and conveyed first to Corinth, and thence to the island of Ægina.

The Britons, daily harassed by cruel inroads from the Picts, were forced to call in the Saxons for their defence. These people reduced the greater part of the island to their own power; and drove the Britons into the most remote and mountainous parts. The rest of the country, in customs, religion, and language, became wholly Saxons.

By eagerness of temper, and precipitancy of indulgence, men forfit all the advantages which patience would have procured; and incur the opposite evils to their full extent.

This prostitution of praise affects not only the gross of mankind, who take their notion of characters from the learned; but also the better sort of people, who, by this means, lose some part at least of their desire of fame, when they find it promiscuously bestowed on the meritorious and on the undeserving. Or-Not only the gross part of mankind, who take their notion of characters from the learned, are affected by this prostitution of praise; the better sort must also, by this means,


All the precautions of prudence, moderation, and condescension, which Eumenes, employed, were incapable of mollifying the hearts of those

barbarians, and of extinguishing their jealousy. He must have renounced his merit and virtue which occasioned it, to have been capable of appeasing them.

He who performs every employment in its due place and season, suffers no part of time to escape without profit. He multiplies his days; for he lives much in little space.

Desires of pleasure usher in temptation, and forward the growth of disorderly passions.


Grammar, p. 294. Exercises, p. 157.

THE notions of lord Sunderland were always good. This nobleman, however, was a man of great expense.

In this uneasy state, both of his public and private life, Cicero was oppressed by a new and deep affliction, the death of his beloved daughter Tullia; which happened soon after her divorce from Dolabella. The manners and humours of this man were entirely disagreeable to Tullia.

The sun approaching melts the snow, and breaks the icy fetters of the main. Here, vast sea-monsters pierce through floating islands, with arms which can withstand the crystal rock; whilst others, that of themselves seem great as islands, are, by their bulk alone, armed against all but man. The superiority which he possesses over creatures of a size and force so stupendous, should make him mindful of his privilege of reason; and force him humbly to adore the great Composer of these wondrous frames, and the Author of his own superior wisdom.

I single Strada out among the moderns, because he had the foolish presumption to censure Tacitus, and to write history himself. My friend will

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