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GRAMMAR, EXERCISES, AND KEY.

A

BSOLUTE. Case absolute-Its nature explained, 78,141

It belongs to no verb, expressed or implied,

How to be parsed,

140

221

How to be pointed,

261

ACCENT. Its nature and distinctions,

224-229

Accent dignifies syllables; emphasis, words,

233

Manner of pronouncing the unaccented vowels, denotes

the speaker's education,

By what marks signified,

ACCUSATIVE case. The same as the obje tive,

ADDRESS to the young students, on the use and

their literary attainments,

ADJECTIVE. The definition of it,

31,32

270

53

abuse of

56

57

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57

It is varied only by degrees of Comparison,
Whether the positive is a degree of comparison,
Various modes of forming the degrees of comparison, 57,58
How adjectives become nouns, & nouns adjectives, 58,166
Though the degrees of comparison are indefinite in num-
ber, yet language requires but few of them,

59

The superlative of Eminence, and the superlative of Com-
parison, distinguished,

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Adjectives having a superlative signification, do not ad-
mit of comparison,

Degrees of it often inaccurately applied,

163

163,164

In particular cases, the adjective and noun should not be
separated,

When placed before, when after its noun,

164

164,165

A plural adjective pronoun will sometimes associate with

a singular noun,

In what cases to be omitted, in what repeated,

How to be pointed,

165

208

259

ADJECTIVE pronoun. See Pronoun.
ADJUNCTS. Their nature and punctuation,
ADVERB. Its nature, origin, and varieties,

258,263
119,121

The same word occasionally used as an adverb, an adjec-
tive, or a substantive,

120. See Words.

Adverbs of time not superceded by the tenses of verbs-
and why,

Adverbs improperly used as adjectives,

This point elucidated,

122
162

Exercises, 63. Key, 46

Exercises, 113
186,187,288

Rules to determine when the adverb, and when the adjec-

tive, should be used,

Its appropriate situation in general,

188

The adverb never commonly precedes the verb, 188
The adverb where improperly used for in which,
Adverbs improperly used for substantives,
When to be omitted,

How to be pointed,

See Negatives.

AFFIRMATION is not the essence of the verb,

188,189

210

260,264

72,73,76

15

15,17

ALLEGORY. Its nature. Rules for using it properly,319,320

ALPHABET. Nature of a perfect one,

The English alphabet imperfect,

ANTITHESIS. Its nature, 323-It should be discreetly

used,

324

APOLOGY for the author's frequent additions to his gram-
matical works.
Key, p. 3
APOSTROPHE. The nature and use of this figure, 323
See Characters.
APPOSITION. Rule respecting the cases of nouns in ap-
position,
169,177. Exercises, 71

Nouns in this state how to be pointed,

See Nouns.

261

ARRANGEMENT. A skillful arrangement of words and
members promotes perspicuity, 152,164,186,187,288,292
It also promotes the strength of a sentence,
It conduces to the harmony of language,
ARTICLE. Its nature, use, and importance,

303,308

311,313
44,46,167

The article a agrees with nouns in the singular number
only the article the with nouns in both numbers, 166
Omitting or using the article a forms a nice distinction in

the sense,

168

When to be omitted, when repeated, 168,169,207,208,276
Article the used as an epithet of distinction,
Article the is sometimes used instead of the possessive

168

pronoun,

169

It sometimes governs the participle,.

184

ARTICULATION. The nature of it explained, 32-34
AUXILIARY verbs. Their nature, use, and importance,
71,78,79,85,95-99

97

The same verb is sometimes an auxiliary, sometimes a
principal,
Their form in the Subjunctive Mood, 90,99,196-201
This form exemplified, Exercises,85-88 Key, 54-58
Auxiliary and principal constitute but one verb,

100

84,85,100,108,109
Auxiliary and principal form a compound tense,
The auxiliaries should, would, &c. refer occasionally to
present, past, and future time,
83,91,180
AUXILIARY. The auxiliary let governs the objective case,

When to be omitted, or repeated,

178

209,210. Key, 66
Auxiliary words abound in English, and in other modern

tongues,

119

161

See Verb.
(B.)--The BIBLE. The present translation of it is the
best standard of the English language,
DR. BLAIR'S 'recommendation of the study of grammar
and composition,
(C.)-CADENCE. Its nature, and how to be managed,

6,7

238,239

The close of a sentence should not be abrupt or unpleas
ant,

314

CÆSURA and demi-cæsura. The nature of these poetical
pauses. explained.
249,251
CAPITAL letters. Rules respecting the use of them, 272,273
Modes of exercising the student in them, Exercises,125
CASE. Only three in English,

53

Mode of forming cases in Latin, not applicable to our
language,

54

Reasons in support of an objective case attached to Eng-
lish nouns,
54,56,110
The verb to be has the same case before and after it, 177
This rule applies also, if the verb is not expressed, Ex. 71
Passive verbs of naming have the same case before and
after them,
178. Exercises, 71
Rules which determine the possessive case, 169-175
CASE. Rules which determine the objective case, 175-178
The same cases of nouns and pronouns are connected by
conjunctions,

See Nominative Case. Possessive Case.
CASE absolute. See Absolute.

194

CHARACTERS. Particular ones used in composition, 270,--272

CLAUSE of a sentence explained,

CLEARNESS of a sentence. Rules to promote it, viz.

The proper position of adverbs,

The due position of circumstances,

The proper disposition of relatives, &c,

CLIMAX. The nature of this figure,

COLON. Directions for using it,

137

288

288

291-292

325

265,266

COMMA. Rules for applying it in all its varieties, 258--264
COMPARISON. Its rules as a figure of speech,

Comparative members how to be pointed,

See Adjectives.

CONCORD and government explained,
CONJUGATION. See verb.

321

261

138

CONJUNCTIONS. Their nature and distinctions, 126,127
Their peculiar use and importance,

128,129
The copulative and disjunctive conjunctions opperate dif-
ferently on the verb,

195-203

143-146
Their power in determining the mood of verbs, 104,194
In what cases they influence the form of verbs, and in
what cases they do not,
Some of them require correspondent conjunctions, 203,204
Often used improperly, both singly and in pairs, 204
Different effects of omitting or repeating them,

205,210,301,302
The nature and constructiou of than and but, explained
at large,
206. Key, p. 61-63
CONJUNCTIVE termination. The instances stated, in
which it is to be applied to the verb, 103,198-203
CONSONANT. Its precise nature and divisions, 18,20
CONSONANT. Distinction between its name and nature,
is of great importance,

16

How to apply consonants most advantageously, 309,312
See Vowels and Consonants.

(D.)-DASH. In what cases to be applied,
DECLENSION. The noun and pronoun declined,

But one declension in English,

267

53,62

55

55

More than one would be useless and improper,
DERIVATION. Ways in which words are derived from
one another,

Remarks on the system of Horne Tooke,

130-133

133

Various sources whence the English language is derived,

134-136

DISPOSITION of words and members. See Arrangement.
(E.)-ELIPSIS. Its nature and importance,
It is frequently unnecessary,

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It is sometimes improper,

207

207-210

The propriety or impropriety of the Ellipsis, with respect
to all the parts of speech,
Special cases of improper Ellipsis,

211

In what cases Auxiliaries are to be omitted, or repeated,
before the principal verb,
Key, 66
EMPHASIS. Nature and necessity of it explained, 231,234
The great regulator of Quantity-and sometimes of ac-

cent,

234-235

236

The great rule for managing it,
ENGLISH language. Its own idiom and principles, must
be observed,
84,85,104,108,-111
EQUIVALENCE in sense does not imply similarity in
grammatical construction,

ETYMOLOGY,

See Article, Noun, and the other parts of Speech.
Etymological and Syntactical parsing,

EXCEPTIONS to the Second Rule of Syntax,

EXCLAMATION. Rules for applying the point,

A figure of Speech,

72

41-136

215-223

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EXERCISES. Of great importance to the student, Ex, 3,4
Promiscuous Exercises in Orthography, Ex. 36. Key, 5
-in Syntax,

Ex. 98. Key, 69

-in Punctuation, Ex. 128. Key, 100
-in Perspicuity, Ex. 173, Key, 141

See Grammatical Exercises,

(F.)-FEET. See Poetical Feet.

FIGURES of speech. Their nature and use, and the rules
for applying them properly,

315,325
FINITE verbs. Their nature as distinguished from verbs in
the infinitive mood,

137

FRENCH idioms. Some of them imitated in English, 152,169
Some of them to be avoided,

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GENITIVE case. The double genitive in what cases al-

lowable,

See Possessive Case.

GRAMMAR. Its utility and importance,

The philosophy of grammar recommended,

173,174

6

4

The grammar of other languages, and the sentiments of
various English grammarians, occasionally noticed, 4
The grammatical discussions, dispersed through the book,
peculiarly useful to students,

Objections to the system. See Objections.

P

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