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GRAMMAR, EXERCISES, AND KEY.

A

57.

BSOLUTE. Case absolute-Its nature explaindl, 78,141

It belongs to no verb, expressed or implied, 140
How to be parsed,

221
How to be pointed,

261
ACCENT. Its nature and distinctions,

224 229
Accent dignifies syllables ; emphasis, words, 233
Manner of pronouncing the unaccented vowels, denotes
the speaker's education,

31,32
By what marks signified,

270
ACČUSATIVE case. The same as the objetive, 53
ADDRESS to the young students, on the use and abuse of
their literary attainments,

S27,328
ADJECTIVE. The definition of it,

56
It is varied only by degrees of Comparison,

57
Whether the positive is a degree of comparison,
Various modes of forming the degrees of comparison, 57,58
How adjectives become nouns, & nouns adjectives, 58,166
Though the degrees of comparison are indefinite in num-
ber, yet language requires but few of them,

59
The superlative of Eminence, and the superlative of Com-
parison, distinguished,

60
Every adjective has its substantive,

156
Adjective improperly used as adverbs,

161,162
Rules for avoiding this impropriety, Exercises, 113
Adjective pronoun such is often misapplied,

162
ADJECTIVĚ. Double comparatives and superlatives im-
proper,

162
Adjectives having a superlative signification, do not ad-
mit of comparison,

163
Degrees of it often inaccurately applied, 163, 164
In particular cases, the adjective and noun should not be
separated,

164
When placed before, when after its noun, 164,165
A plural adjective pronoun will sometimes associate with
a singular noun,

165
In what cases to be omitted, in what repeated, 208
How to be pointed,

259

ADJECTIVE pronoun. See Pronoun.
ADJUNCTS. 'Their nature and punctuation, 258,263
ADVERB. Its nature, origin, and varieties, 119,121
The same word occasionally used as an adverb, an adjec-
tive, or a substantive,

120. See Words.
Adverbs of time not superceded by the tenses of verbs-
and why,

122
Adverbs improperly used as adjectives,

162
This point elucidated, Exercises, 63. Key, 46
Rules to determine when the adverb, and when the adjec-
tive, should be used,

Exercises, 113
Its appropriate situation in general, 186,187,288
The adverb never commonly precedes the verb, 188
The adverb where improperly used for in which, 188
Adverbs improperly used for substantives, 188,189
When to be omitted,

210
How to be pointed,

260, 264
See Negatives.
AFFIRMATION is not the essence of the verb, 72,73,76
ALLEGORY. Its nature. Rules for using it properly,319,320
ALPHABET. Nature of a perfect one,

15
The English alphabet imperfect,

15,17
ANTITHESIS. Its nature, 323.It should be discreetly
used,

324
APOLOGY for the author's frequent additions to his gram-
matical works.

Key, p. 3
APOSTROPHE. . The nature and use of this figure, 323

See Characters.
APPOSITION. Rule respecting the cases of 'nouns

in

ap-
position,

169,177. Exercises, 71
Nouns in this state how to be pointed,

261
See Nouns,
ARRANGEMENT. A skillful arrangement of words and

members promotes perspicuity, 152,164,186,187,288,292
It also promotes the strength of a sentence, 303,308

It conduces to the harmony of language, 311,313
ARTICLE. Its nature, use, and importance, 44,46,167
The article a agrees with nouns in the singular number

only: the article the with nouns in both numbers, 166
Omitting or using the article a forms a nice distinction in

168
When to be omitted, when repeated, 168,169,207,208,276
Article the used as an epithet of distinction,

168
Article the is sometimes used instead of the possessive
pronoun,

169
It sometimes governs the participley.

184

the sense,

ARTICULATION. The nature of it explained, 33–34
AUXILIARY verbs. Their nature, use, and importance,

71,78,79,85,95—99
The same verb is sometimes an auxiliary, sometimes ą
principal,

97
Their form in the Subjunctive Mood, 90,99,196—201
This form exemplified, Exercises,85-88 Key, 54-58
Auxiliary and principal constitute but one verb,

84,85,100,108,109
Auxiliary and principal form a compound tense,

100
The auxiliaries should, would, &c. refer occasionally to
present, past, and future time,

83,91,180
AUXILIARY. The auxiliary let governs the objective case,

178
When to be omitted, or repeated, 209,210. Key, 66
Auxiliary words abound in English, and in other modern
tongues,

119
See Verb.
(B.)-The BIBLE. The present translation of it is the
best standard of the English language,

161
DR. BLAIR'S recommendation of the study of grammar
and composition,

6,7
(C.)-CADENCE. Its nature, and how to be managed,

238,239
The close of a sentence should not be abrupt or unpleas,

ant,
CÆSURA and demi-cæsurą. The nature of these poetical
pauses, explained.

249,251
CAPITAL letters. Rules respecting the use of them, 272,273

Modes of exercising the student in them, Exercises,125
CASE. Only three in English,

53
Mode of forming cases in Latin, not applicable to our
language,

54
Reasons in support of an objective case attached to Eng.

54,56,110
The verb to be has the same case before and after it, 177

This rule applies also, if the verb is not expressed, Ex. 71
Passive verbs of naming have the same case before and
after them,

178. Exercises, 71
Rules which determine the possessive case, 169–175
CASE. Rules which determine the objective case, 175-178
The same cases of nouns and pronouns are connected by

conjunctions,

See Nominative Case. Possessive Case.
CASE absolute. See Absolute.
CHARACTERş. Particular ones used in composition, 270,--272

314

lish nouns,

194

CLAUSE of a sentence explained,

137
CLEARNESS of a sentence. Rules to promote it, viz.
The proper position of adverbs,

288
The due position of circumstances,

288
The proper disposition of relatives, &c, 291292
CLIMAX. The nature of this figure,

325
COLON. Directions for using it,

265,266
COMMA. Rules for applying it in all its varieties, 258--264
COMPARISON. Its rules as a figure of speech, 321
Comparative members how to be pointed,

261
See Adjectives.
CONCORD and government explained,

138
CONJUGATION. See verb.
CONJUNCTIONS. Their nature and distinctions, 126,127
Their peculiar use and importance,

128,129
The copulative and disjunctive conjunctions opperate dif-
ferently on the verb,

143_146
Their power in determining the mood of verbs, 104,194
In what cases they influence the form of verbs, and in
what cases they do not,

195-203
Some of them require correspondent conjunctions, 203,204
Often used improperly, both singly and in pairs,

204
Different effects of omitting or repeating them,

205,210,301,302
The nature and constructiou of than and but, explained
at large,

206. Key, p. 61-63
CONJUNCTIVE termination. The instances stated, in

which it is to be applied to the verb, 103,198-203
CONSONANT. Its precise nature and divisions, 18,20
CONSONANT. Distinction between its name and nature,
is of great importance,

16
How to apply consonants most advantageously, 309,312

See Vowels and Consonants.
(D.)-DASH. In what cases to be applied,

267
DECLENSION. The noun and pronoun declined, 53,62

But one declension in English,
More than one would be useless and improper,

55
DERIVATION. Ways in which words are derived from
one another,

130–133
Remarks on the system of Horne Tooke,

133
Various sources whence the English language is derived,

134-136
DISPOSITION of words and members. See Arrangement.
(E.)-ELIPSIS. Its nature and importance,

207
It is frequently unnecessary,

207

55

Key, 66

It is sometimes improper,

207
The propriety or impropriety of the Ellipsis, with respect
to all the parts of speech,

207-210
Special cases of improper Ellipsis,

211
In what cases Auxiliaries are to be omitted, or repeated,

before the principal verb,
EMPHASIS. Nature and necessity of it explained, 231,234
The great regulator of Quantity and sometimes of ac-
cent,

234-235
The great rule for managing it,

236
ENGLISH language. Its own idiom and principles, must
be observed,

84,85,104,108,111
EQUIVALENCE in sense does not imply similarity in
grammatical construction,

72
ETYMOLOGY,

41-136
See Article, Noun, and the other parts of Speech.
Etymological and Syntactical parsing,

215-223
EXCEPTIONS to the Second Rule of Syntax, Key, p. 32
EXCLAMATION. Rules for applying the point, 268,269
A figure of Speech,

325
EXERCISES. Of great importance to the student, Ex, 3,4
Promiscuous Exercises in Orthography, Ex. 36. Key, 5

in Syntax, Ex. 98. Key, 69
-in Punctuation, Ex. 128. Key, 100

-in Perspicuity, Ex. 173, Key, 141
See Grammatical Exercises,
(F.)-FEET. See Poetical Feet.
FIGURES of speech. Their nature and use, and the rules
for applying them properly,

315,325
FINITE verbs. Their nature as distinguished from verbs in
the infinitive mood,

137
FRENCH idioms. Some of them imitated in English, 152,169
Some of them to be avoided,

168,176,188,275
(G.)-GENDER.

Three methods, in English, of dis-
tinguishing the sex,

48,49
GENITIVE case. Its meaning,

53
GENITIVE case. The double genitive in what cases al-
lowable,

173,174
See Possessive Case.
GRAMMAR. Its utility and importance,

6
The philosophy of grammar recommended,

4
The grammar of other languages, and the sentiments of

various English grammarians, occasionally noticed, 4
The grammatical discussions, dispersed through the book,
peculiarly useful to students,

8
Objections to the system. See Objections.

P

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