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GRAMMATICAL exercises, Their use and importance,
Exercises, 3,4

Vulgar and glaring errors totally improper, for such a
work,
Exercises, 7
They should be introduced into the earliest stages of
grammatical studies-Reasons for this opinion, Ex. 8
Particular directions for using them, Exercises, 10,13
GREEK and Latin. When to be imitated, when to be deviat-
ed from in the English construction, 54,85,88,104,109–111
(H.)—H, Particular attention due to the sound of this letter,

16,25,44
HARMONY of words and members promotes the strength
of a sentence,
309-344
Rules to promote harmony in words themselves, 310
Rules to promote the harmony of words, with respect to
one another,

312

Rules to promote harmony, with regard to the members.

of sentences,

Sense should not be sacrificed to sound,

Poetical harmony-its principles,

313

314
252-254

HYPHEN, When to be used, and when to be omitted, be-

tween two nouns,

Its general nature and use,

166

270

(I.)-IDIOMS of other languages may be adopted; but

with proper limitations,

IMPERATIVE mood.

See Mood.

IMPERSONAL verbs. See Verbs.

INFINITIVE mood. See Moods.

85,104,110,111

INNOVATIONS in some parts of English grammar are easi-

ly made,

8,86,88
8,86,88

They should be admitted with caution,
INSTRUCTION, moral and religious, should be occasion-
ally blended with the elements of learning, 7. Ex. 5,6
INTERJECTION. Its nature and extent, 43,44,129,130
When to be omitted, or repeated,

Rules of Syntax respecting it,

210.

INTERROGATION. What case follows it,

The Key,67

152,214

154

Sentences contaning it parsed,

219

267,268

Sometimes used as a figure of speech,

324

Rules for applying the point,

INTERROGATIVE. See pronoun and subsequent.
IRREGULAR. See Verb.

(K)-KEY, The use of this Key to private learners, Ex. 5
Advantages of the mode of forming it,

Exercises, 5

(L.)-LEARNING. Its elements should be occasionally
blended with moral and religious instruction, 7. Ex. 5,6
Its happiest application,

LETTERS. See Vowels and Consonants.

327,328

17

Several letters in the English alphabet superfluous,
(M.)-MEANS. The phrases this means and that means vin-
'dicated,
MELODY, harmony, and expression, with regard to versi-
fication,

As they regard Prose. See Harmony.

156, 160

251,256

MEMBER of a sentence distinguished from a Clause, 137
Members how to be pointed,

258,261,262

See Arrangement and Sentences.
METAPHOR. The nature of it-Rules to be observed in

using it,

METONYMY. The nature of this figure of speech,

MOODS. Their nature and variety explained,

317,319

322

74,75

The extent and limitation of English Moods, 79,104,105

The Potential mood in English supported,

78,79

The Potential mood furnished with four tenses,

91

The Potential converted into the subjunctive,

92

The Subjunctive mood when, and how, varied in its form
the Indicative,

89,90,99,103,202

The existence of a subjunctive mood, in English proved,
103,104,202

Various opinions of grammarians, respecting the existence,
nature, and extent, of the English Subjunctive mood,

202,203
In what cases conjunctions require the Subjunctive mood,
195,200

When contingency and futurity concur, the termination
of the verb is varied,

Indicative mood different from the Potential,

Indicative different from the Subjunctive, 79,90,103,203
Infinitive mood. Its great simplicity,

198,200

78,79

75,76

MOOD. How it is governed and applied,

179

The sign to is often misapplied,

179

When the present, and when the perfect, of the infinitive

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Imperative mood, variously applied,

Extent of the Imperative, strictly considered,
A verb in this mood is not affirmative,
The same moods connected by conjunctions,

74,78,138

88,223

72

194,195

249

147.

MOVEMENT and measure, how distinguished,
MULTITUDE. Nouns of this kind operate variously on
the verb,
(N.)—NATIONS. Different nations have used various
contrivances to mark the moods, tenses, and cases,

54,104,109,110,119

189

NEGATIVES. Two in English form an affirmative, 189
'Two of them are often used, instead of one,
This point elucidated,

Exercises, 80,81. Key, 50

NEUTER pronoun it, very variously applied,
NEUTER verb. See verb.

NOMINATIVE case. Its nature explained,

152,153

53

It follows the verb, in interrogative and imperative sen-
tences,

138

139.

It agrees with the verb, in number and person,
The infinitive mood, or part of a sentence, is often the
nominative case to a verb,

139

140

Every verb has a nominative case, except, &c.
Every nominative belongs to some verb, except, &c. 140
NOMINATIVE case. In certain circumstances, a verb be-
tween two nouns, may have either for its nominative, 141
A nominative before a participle, &c. forms the case abso-
lute,

141

The nominative is commonly placed before the verb-in
what cases after it,

141,142

In the phrases as follows, as appears, what are the nom-
inatives to the verbs,

142

The nominative to the verb is sometimes not easily as-
certained,

144,145

In what instance is the relative the nominative to the
verb,

153

When there are two nominatives of different persons, to
which should the verb apply,

155

Rules for pointing the nominative,

258,263

See Case.

NOUNS. Their nature and divisions,

46,47

Three modes of distinguishing their gender,

48,49

But few in English, with variable terminations,
The number of nouns how formed,

50

50,52

English nouns have but three cases,

53,56

Two successive nouns in the possessive case to be avoid-

ed,

Nouns are often formed by participles,

They are often derived from verbs and adjectives,

Singular nouns joined by a copulative, require their verbs,
&c. to be in the plural number,

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144,145

146

This required even when the nouns are nearly related, 144
Cases of difficulty stated, and resolved,
When the nouns are of different persons, which is to be
preferred,
Singular nouns connected by a disjunctive, require the
verb, &c. to be in the singular number,
When the disjunctive noun and pronoun are of different
persons, the verb agrees with the nearer,
NOUNS. A disjunctive between a singular and plural noun,
requires the verb to be plural,

146

146

147

Nouns of multitude sometimes require a singular verb,
sometimes a plural one,

This point exemplified,

147

Exercises, 55,56. Key, 24

One noun governs another in the possessive case, 169
If the nouns signify the same thing, there is no variation

of case,

The nouns are then in apposition,

This construction changed by a relative and verb,

169

169

169

Rules for applying, or omitting, the sign of the possessive

case,

170,173,174
The preposition of is frequently preferred to the sign of
the possessive case,

173,174

A noun may be formed by the article and participle, and
by the pronoun and participle,

183,185

In what cases the noun is omitted, in what repeated, 208
How to be pointed,

See Case. Declension.

NUMBER. The nature of it shown,

How the plural number of nouns is formed,

Applicable to nouns, pronouns, and verbs,

259,261,262

50

50,51

50,61,73

(0.)——OBJECTIONS. Most of those made to this system

of grammar answered,

OBJECTIVE case. See Case.

OBSCURITY. It arises from a wrong choice of words,

277-281

And from a wrong arrangement of them,
Three chief causes of writing obscurely,

287-292

280

OPPOSITION. Words opposed how to be pointed, 261
Sentiments opposed how to be expressed,

308

ORDER of words and members. See Arrangement.

ORTHOGRAPHY,

Far from being uniform, in English,

Rules for forming primitive and derivative words, 37-40
The orthography of Dr. Johnson not to be altered on
slight grounds,

See Alphabet, Syllables, Vowels and Consonants, &c.

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(P.)-PARAGRAPHS. Rules for dividing a work into
paragraphs,

272

PARENTHESIS. In what cases it is proper, in what im-

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269,296

270

215

Etymological parsing,

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Syntactical parsing,

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Etymological parsing table,

Exercises, 1

Syntactical parsing table,

Exercises, 2

76

PARTICIPLE. Its nature and properties explained, 75-77
Perfect and passive participle distinguished,

It is not a distinct part of speech,

Its use in conjugating both the active and passive verbs,

102

102,105,108
The participle and its adjuncts form a substantive phrase,

185,223

183

The participle has the same goverment as its verb,
It becomes a substantive by means of the article, 184
And also by means of the pronoun,

185

The perfect participle and imperfect tense not to be con-
founded,

186

The participle with its dependencies, how to be pointed, 260
Reasons for assigning it a distinct place in Syntax, Ex. 55
PARTICIPLE as, is not always equivalent to the pronoun
it, or that, or which,
143. Key, 60
PARTS of speech. Variously enumerated by grammarians,43
The same word forms different parts of speech. See Words.
PAUSES. Their nature, kinds, and uses,
236,237
Rules for applying them properly,

238

The closing and suspending pauses distinguished, 238,239
Poetical pauses of two sorts,

PERIOD. Directions for using it,

PERSONIFICATION. Its nature and use,

249,251

266

322,823

PERSONS. Applicable to nouns, pronouns, & verbs, 47,61,73
Three necessary in each number,

61-73

The second takes place of the third, & the first of both, 146
The second person is the object of the imperative,
The nominative and verb agree in person,

How to avoid the confusion of

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The person is variable when the relative is preceded by
two nominatives of different persons,

155

Persons of the verb when to be varied, when not, 103,195,203
PERSPICUITY and
accuracy,

274-326

See purity, propriety, precision, clearness, unity, & strength.
PHRASE. Its nature,

- 138,257

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