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GRAMMATICAL exercises, Their use and importance,

Exercises, 3,4
Vulgar and glaring errors totally improper, for such a
work,

Éxercises, 7
They should be introduced into the earliest stages of

grammatical studies--Reasons for this opinion, Ex. 8
Particular directions for using them, Exercises, 10,13
GREEK and Latin. When to be imitated, when to be deviat-
ed from in the English construction, 54,85,88,104,109-111
(7.)-H, Particular attention due to the sound of this letter,

16,25,44
HARMONY of words and meinbers promotes the strength
of a sentence,

309–344
Rules to promote harmony in words themselves, 310
Rules to promote the harmony of words, with respect to
one another,

312
Rules to promote harmony, with regard to the members
of sentences,

313
Sense should not be sacrificed to sound,

314
Poetical harmony-its principleś,

252-254
HYPHEN. When to be used, and when to be omitted, be-
tween two nouns,

166
Its general nature and use,

270
(1.) IDIOMS of ather languages may be adopted ; but
with proper limitations,

85,104,110,11]
IMPERATIVE mood. See Mood.
IMPERSONAL verbs. See Verbs.
ÎNFINITIVE mood. See Moods.
INNOVATIONS in some parts of English grammar are easi.
ly made,

8,86,88
They should be admitted with caution,

8,86,88
INSTRUCTION, moral and religious, should be occasion-

ally blended with the elements of learning, 7. Ex. 5,6
INTERJECTION. Its nature and extent, 43,44,129,130

When to be omitted, or repeated, 210. The Key,67
Rules of Syntax respecting it,

152,214
INTERROGATION. What case follows it,

154
Sentences contaning it parsed,

219
Rules for applying the point,

267,268
Sometimes used as a figure of speech,

324
INTERROGATIVE. See pronoun and subsequent.
IRREGULAR. See Verb.
(K.)-KEY, The use of this key to private learners, Ex. 5

Advantages of the mode of forming it, Exercises, 5

(L.)-LEARNING, Its elements should be occasionally

blended with moral and religious instruction, 7. Ex. 5,6
Its happiest application,

327,328
LETTERS. See Vowels and Consonants.

Several letters in the English alphabet superfluous, 17
(M.)-MEANS. The phrases this means and that means vin-
dicated,

156, 160
MELODY, harmony, and expression, with regard to versi-
fication,

251,256
As they regard Prose. See Harmony.
MEMBER of a sentence distinguished from a Clause, 137
Members how to be pointed,

258,261,262
See Arrangement and Sentences.
METAPHOR. The nature of it-Rules to be observed in
using it,

317,319
METONYMY. The nature of this figure of speech,

322
MOODS. Their nature and variety explained, 74,75

The extent and limitation of English Moods, 79,104,105
The Potential mood in English supported, 78,79
The Potential mood furnished with four tenses, 91
The Potential converted into the subjunctive,

92
The Subjunctive mood when, and how, varied in its form
the Indicative,

89,90,99,103,202
The existence of a subjunctive mood, in English proved,

103, 104,202
Various opinions of grammarians, respecting the existence,
nature, and extent, of the English Subjunctive mood,

202,203
In what cases conjunctions require the Subjunctive mood,

195,200
When contingency and futurity concur, the termination
of the verb is varied,

198,200
Indicative mood different from the Potential, 78,79
Indicative different from the Subjunctive, 79,90,103,203
Infinitive mood. Its great simplicity,

75,76
MOOD. How it is governed and applied,

179
The sign to is often misapplied,

179
When the present, and when the perfect, of the infinitive
is to be used,

180,183. Key, 44,45
This point exemplified, Exercises, 73,74. Key, 42,44
The infinitive mood often made absolute,

179
How it is to be pointed,

261
Imperative mood, variously applied,

74,78,138
Extent of the Imperative, strictly considered, 88,223
A verb in this mood is not affirmative,

72
The same moods connected by conjunctions, 194,195

MOVEMENT and measure, how distinguished,

249
MULTITUDE. Nouns of this kind operate variously on
the verb,

147
(N.)-NATIONS. Different nations have used various
contrivances to mark the moods, tenses, and cases,

54,104,109,110,119
NEGATIVES. Two in English form an affirmative, 189.
Two of them are often used, instead of one,

189
This point elucidated, Exercises, 80,81. Key, 50
NEUTER pronoun it, very, variously applied, 152,153
NEUTER verb. See verb.
NOMINATIVE case. Its nature explained,

53
It follows the verb, in interrogative and imperative sen.
tences,

138
It agrees with the verb, in number and person, 139
The infinitive mood, or part of a sentence, is often the
nominative case to a verb,

139
Every verb has a nominative case, except, &c.

140
Every nominative belongs to some verb, except, &c. 140
NOMINATIVE case. In certain circumstances, a verb be-

tween two nouns, may have either for its nominative, 141
A nominative before a participle, &c. forms the case abso-
lute,

141
The nominative is commonly placed before the verb-in
what cases after it,

141,142
In the phrases as follows, as appears, what are the nom-
inatives to the verbs,

142
The nominative to the verb is sometimes not easily as-
certained,

144.145
In what instance is the relative the nominative to the
verb,

153
When there are two nominatives of different persons, to
which should the verb apply,

155
Rules for pointing the nominative,

258,263
See Case.
NOUNS. Their nature and divisions,

46,47
Three modes of distinguishing their gender,
But few in English, with variable terminations, 50
The number of nouns how formed,

50,52
English nouns have but three cases,

53,56
Two successive nouns in the possessive case to be avoid-
ed,

56
Nouns are often formed by participles,

77
They are often derived from verbs and adjectives, 130
Singular nouns joined by a copulative, require their verbs,
&c. to be in the plural number,

143

48,49

of case,

This required even when the nouns are nearly related, 144
Cases of difficulty stated, and resolved, 144,145
When the nouns are of different persons, which is to be
preferred,

146
Singular nouns connected by a disjunctive, require the
verb, &c. to be in the singular number,

146
When the disjunctive noun and pronoun are of different
persons, the verb agrees with the nearer,

146
NOUNS. A disjunctive between a singular and plural noun,
requires the verb to be plural,

147
Nouns of multitude sometimes require a singular verb,
sometimes a plural one,

147
This point exemplified,

Exercises, 55,56. Key, 24
One noun governs another in the possessive case, 169
If the nouns signify the same thing, there is no variation

169
The nouns are then in apposition,

169
This construction changed by a relative and verb, 169
Rules for applying, or omitting, the sign of the possessive
case,

170,173, 174
The preposition of is frequently preferred to the sign of
the possessive case,

173,174
A noun may be formed by the article and participle, and
by the pronoun and participle,

183,185
In what cases the noun is omitted, in what repeated, 208
How to be pointed,

259,261,262
See Case. Declension.
NUMBER. The nature of it shown,

50
How the plural number of nouns is formed,

50,51
Applicable to nouns, pronouns, and verbs, 50,61,73
(0.—OBJECTIONS. Most of those made to this system

of

grammar answered,
OBJECTIVE case. See Case.
OBSCURITY. It arises from a wrong choice of words,

277-281
And from a wrong arrangement of them, 287-292
Three chief causes of writing obscurely,

280
OPPOSITION. Words opposed how to be pointed, , 261
Sentiments opposed how to be expressed,

308
ORDER of words and members. See Arrangement.
ORTHOGRAPHY,

13-40
Far from being uniform, in English,

40
Rules for forming primitive and derivative words, 37-40
The orthography of Dr. Johnson not to be altered on
slight grounds,

40
See alphabet, Syllables, Vowels and Consonants, fc.

186

(P.)-PARAGRAPHS. Rules for dividing a work into
paragraphs,

272
PARENTHESIS. In what cases it is proper, in what im-
proper,

269,296
The point to be placed within it,

270
PARSING. Its nature and use,

215
Etymological parsing,

215-217. Exercises, 2
Syntactical parsing,

217-223. Exercises, 3
Etymological parsing table,

Exercises, 1
Syntactical parsing table,

Exercises, 2
PARTICIPLE. Its nature and properties explained, 75-77
Perfect and passive participle distinguished,

76
It is not a distinct part of speech,

102
Its'ụse in conjugating both the active and passive verbs,

102,105,108
The participle and its adjuncts form a substantive phrase,

185,223
The participle has the same goverment as its verb, 183
It becomes a substantive by means of the article, 184
And also by means of the pronoun,

185
The perfect participle and imperfect tense not to be con-

founded,
The participle with its dependeneies, how to be pointed, 260

Reasons for assigning it a distinct place in Syntax, Ex. 55
PARTICIPLE as, is not always equivalent to the pronoun
it, or that, or which,

143. Key, 60
PARTS of speech. Variously enumerated by grammarians,43

The same word forms different parts of speech. See Words.
PAUSES. Their nature, kinds, and uses,

236,237
Rules for applying them properly,

238
The closing and suspending pauses distinguished, 238,239
Poetical
pauses
of two sorts,

249,251
PERIOD. Directions for using it,

266
PERSONIFICATION. Its nature and use, 322,823
PERSONS. Applicable to nouns, pronouns, & verbs, 47,61,73
Three necessary in each number,

61-73
The second takes place of the third, & the first of both, 146
The second person is the object of the inperative, 88
The nominative and verb agree

in
person,

139
How to avoid the confusion of

persons,

146
Relative and antecedent are of the same person, 148
The person is variable when the relative is preceded by
two nominatives of different

persons,

155
Persons of the verb when to be varied, when not, 103,195,203
PERSPICUITY and accuracy,

274_326
See purity, propriety, precision, clearness, unity, & strength.

- 138,257

PHRASE. Its nature,

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