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He comes, and settled in his face I see
Sad resolution and secure. Let each

His adamantine coat gird well, and each
Fit well his helm, gripe fast his orbed shield,

Borne even or high; for this day will pour down,
If I conjecture aught, no drizzling shower,

But rattling storm of arrows barbed with fire.'

"So warned he them, aware themselves, and soon In order, quit of all impediment.

Instant, without disturb, they took alarm,
And onward move embattled: when, behold,
Not distant far, with heavy pace the foe
Approaching gross and huge, in hollow cube
Training his devilish enginry, impaled
On every side with shadowing squadrons deep,
To hide the fraud. At interview both stood
A while; but suddenly at head appeared
Satan, and thus was heard commanding loud :-



Vanguard, to right and left the front unfold,
That all may see who hate us how we seek
Peace and composure, and with open breast
Stand ready to receive them, if they like
Our overture, and turn not back perverse :
But that I doubt. However, witness Heaven!
Heaven, witness thou anon! while we discharge
Freely our part. Ye, who appointed stand,
Do as you have in charge, and briefly touch
What we propound, and loud that all may hear.'
"So scoffing in ambiguous words, he scarce
Had ended, when to right and left the front
Divided, and to either flank retired;




Which to our eyes discovered, new and strange,
A triple mounted row of pillars laid

On wheels (for like to pillars most they seemed,
Or hollowed bodies make of oak or fir,

With branches lopt, in wood or mountain felled),
Brass, iron, stony mould, had not their mouths
With hideous orifice gaped on us wide,
Portending hollow truce. At each, behind,
A Seraph stood, and in his hand a reed

Stood waving tipt with fire; while we, suspense,
Collected stood within our thoughts amused.
Not long for sudden all at once their reeds
Put forth, and to a narrow vent applied

With nicest touch. Immediate in a flame,

But soon obscured with smoke, all Heaven appeared,

From those deep-throated engines belched, whose roar


Embowelled with outrageous noise the air,

And all her entrails tore, disgorging foul

Their devilįsh glut, chained thunderbolts and hail
Of iron globes; which, on the victor host
Levelled, with such impetuous fury smote,


That whom they hit none on their feet might stand,

Though standing else as rocks, but down they fell
By thousands, Angel on Archangel rolled,

The sooner for their arms. Unarmed, they might
Have easily, as Spirits, evaded swift

By quick contraction or remove; but now
Foul dissipation followed, and forced rout;
Nor served it to relax their serried files.

What should they do? If on they rushed, repulse
Repeated, and indecent overthrow


Doubled, would render them yet more despised,
And to their foes a laughter-for in view
Stood ranked of Seraphim another row,
In posture to displode their second tire
Of thunder; back defeated to return

They worse abhorred. Satan beheld their plight,
And to his mates thus in derision called :-

"O friends, why come not on these victors proud? Erewhile they fierce were coming; and, when we, To entertain them fair with open front


And breast (what could we more?), propounded terms
Of composition, straight they changed their minds,
Flew off, and into strange vagaries fell,

As they would dance. Yet for a dance they seemed
Somewhat extravagant and wild; perhaps
For joy of offered peace. But I suppose,
If our proposals once again were heard,
We should compel them to a quick result.'

"To whom thus Belial, in like gamesome mood:-
'Leader, the terms we sent were terms of weight,
Of hard contents, and full of force urged home,
Such as we might perceive amused them all,
And stumbled many. Who receives them right
Had need from head to foot well understand;
Not understood, this gift they have besides--
They show us when our foes walk not upright.'
"So they among themselves in pleasant vein
Stood scoffing, highthened in their thoughts beyond
All doubt of victory; Eternal Might

To match with their inventions they presumed
So easy, and of his thunder made a scorn,
And all his host derided, while they stood



A while in trouble. But they stood not long ;

Rage prompted them at length, and found them arms
Against such hellish mischief fit to oppose.
Forthwith (behold the excellence, the power,

Which God hath in his mighty Angels placed!)
Their arms away they threw, and to the hills
(For Earth hath this variety from Heaven
Of pleasure situate in hill and dale)

Light as the lightning-glimpse they ran, they flew ;
From their foundations, loosening to and fro,
They plucked the seated hills, with all their load,
Rocks, waters, woods, and, by the shaggy tops
Uplifting, bore them in their hands. Amaze,
Be sure, and térror, seized the rebel host,
When coming towards them so dread they saw
The bottom of the mountains upward turned,
Till on those cursed engines' triple row
They saw them whelmed, and all their confidence
Under the weight of mountains buried deep;
Themselves invaded next, and on their heads
Main promontories flung, which in the air

Their armour helped their harm, crushed in and bruised,



Came shadowing, and oppressed whole legions armed.

Into their substance pent-which wrought them pain
Implacable, and many a dolorous_groan,

Long struggling underneath, ere they could wind

Out of such prison, though Spirits of purest light,


Purest at first, now gross by sinning grown.
The rest, in imitation, to like arms

Betook them, and the neighbouring hills uptore;
So hills amid the air encountered hills,
Hurled to and fro with jaculation dire,

That underground they fought-in dismal shade:
Infernal noise! war seemed a civil game
To this uproar; horrid confusion heaped
Upon confusion rose. And now all Heaven
Had gone to wrack, with ruin overspread,
Had not the Almighty Father, where he sits
Shrined in his sanctuary of Heaven secure,
Consulting on the sum of things, foreseen
This tumult, and permitted all, advised,
That his great purpose he might so fulfil,
To honour his Anointed Son, avenged

Upon his enemies, and to declare

All power on him transferred. Whence to his Son,
The assessor of his throne, he thus began :—

"Effulgence of my glory, Son beloved,



Son in whose face invisible is beheld

Visibly, what by Deity I am,

And in whose hand what by decree I do,
Second Omnipotence! two days are passed,
Two days, as we compute the days of Heaven,
Since Michael and his Powers went forth to tame
These disobedient. Sore hath been their fight,
As likeliest was when two such foes met armed:
For to themselves I left them; and thou know'st
Equal in their creation they were formed,

Save what sin hath impaired-which yet hath wrought
Insensibly, for I suspend their doom:

Endless, and no solution will be found.

Whence in perpetual fight they needs must last

War wearied hath performed what war can do,

And to disordered rage let loose the reins,

Wild work in Heaven, and dangerous to the main.

With mountains, às with weapons, armed; which makes

Two days are, therefore, passed; the third is thine:
For thee I have ordained it, and thus far
Have suffered, that the glory may be thine
Of ending this great war, since none but thou
Can end it. Into thee such virtue and grace
Immense I have transfused, that all may know
In Heaven and Hell thy power above compare,
And this perverse commotion governed thus,
To manifest thee worthiest to be Heir
Of all things-to be Heir, and to be King
By sacred unction, thy deserved right.



Go, then, thou Mightiest, in thy Father's might;


Ascend my chariot; guide the rapid wheels

That shake Heaven's basis; bring forth all my war;

My bow and thunder, my almighty arms,
Gird on, and sword upon thy puissant thigh;
Pursue these Sons of Darkness, drive them out
From all Heaven's bounds into the utter Deep;
There let them learn, as likes them, to despise
God, and Messiah his anointed King.'


He said, and on his Son with rays direct Shone full. He all his Father full expressed Ineffably into his face received;

66 6

And thus the Filial Godhead answering spake :—
"O Father, O Supreme of Heavenly Thrones,
First, Highest, Holiest, Best, thou always seek'st
To glorify thy Son; I always thee,

As is most just. This I my glory account,
My exaltation, and my whole delight,


That thou in me, well pleased, declar'st thy will
Fulfilled, which to fulfil is all my bliss.
Sceptre and power, thy giving, I assume,
And gladlier shall resign when in the end
Thou shalt be all in all, and I in thee
For ever, and in me all whom thou lov'st.


But whom thou hat'st I hate, and can put on
Thy terrors, as I put thy mildness on,

Image of thee in all things: and shall soon,

Armed with thy might, rid Heaven of these rebelled,
To their prepared ill mansion driven down,

To chains of darkness and the undying worm,

That from thy just obedience could revolt,
Whom to obey is happiness entire.


Then shall thy Saints, unmixed, and from the impure
Far separate, circling thy holy Mount,

Unfeigned halleluiahs to thee sing,

"So said, he, o'er his sceptre bowing, rose

Hymns of high praise, and I among them chief.'

From the right hand of Glory where he sat ;

And the third sacred morn began to shine,

Dawning through Heaven. Forth rushed with whirlwind


The chariot of Paternal Deity,

Flashing thick flames, wheel within wheel; undrawn,

Itself instinct with spirit, but convoyed

By four cherubic Shapes. Four faces each

Had wondrous; as with stars, their bodies all

And wings were set with eyes; with eyes the wheels
Of beryl, and careering fires between ;

Over their heads a crystal firmament,

Whereon a sapphire throne, inlaid with pure
Amber and colours of the showery arch.
He, in celestial panoply all armed

Of radiant Urim, work divinely wrought,
Ascended; at his right hand Victory



Sat eagle-winged; beside him hung his bow,
And quiver, with three-bolted thunder stored;
And from about him fierce effusion rolled

Of smoke and bickering flame and sparkles dire.
Attended with ten thousand thousand Saints,
He onward came; far off his coming shone;
And twenty thousand (I their number heard)
Chariots of God, half on each hand, were seen.
He on the wings of Cherub rode sublime
On the crystalline sky, in sapphire throned-
Illustrious far and wide, but by his own


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