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NOTES

THE RIVALS
Withdrawing of the piece. See Introduction.

Mr. Harris, proprietor and manager of the Covent Garden
Theatre.

Covent Garden Theatre, built in 1731 by John Rich,
has been the scene of many first night plays. Garrick,
Kemble, and other famous actors have played there.

2:3. Sons of Phoebus. Phoebus, another name for
Apollo, god of poetry, hence poets.

2:4. The Fleet. A prison nearly eight hundred years old
when it was destroyed in 1846. As early as 1290 it became
a debtors' prison, for which purpose it was entirely reserved
after 1641.

2:6. Sprig of bays. Bay, berry, especially of the laurel,
hence a garland or crown bestowed as a prize for excellence,
usually literary excellence.

2:23. Drury Lane Theatre was one of the principal theatres
of London. It was opened in 1663, rebuilt in 1674 by Sir
Christopher Wren, and reopened in 1794 and 1812. Many
of the great actors of the eighteenth and nineteenth cen-
turies have played in this theatre.
6:3. Odd's life. A large variety of oaths in this play.

20 : 15. Controvertible, incontrovertible. 21 :15. Intricate, obstinate (?). 21 : 20. Black art, necromancy. See Century Dictionary. 21 : 23. Misanthropy, misanthropist. 22 : 11. Laconically, ironically, 22 : 16. Progeny, prodigy. 22 : 25. Ingenuity, ingenuousness. 22 : 26. Supercilious, superficial. 23 : 3. Contagious, contiguous. 23:4. Orthodoxy, orthography. 23: 7. Reprehend, comprehend. 23 :9. Superstitious, superfluous. 24 : 16. Illegible, ineligible. 25:1. Intuition, tuition, i.e. keeping or instruction. 25 : 21. Malevolence, benevolence. 25.: 23. Locality, loquacity.

26 : 16. Paduasoy. A silk stuff named from Padua and the French word soie, meaning silk.

28:18. Chairmen, bearers of the sedan chairs. Minority waiters, “ waiters out of employment, in humorous allusion to a political minority, as being out of office.”

Century Dictionary. 30 : 22. Reversion, a right or hope of future possession or enjoyment.”

34 : 6. Mall. The broad promenade, usually refers to the Mall in St. James Park, London.

34 : 24. German Spa. Originally a watering-place in Belgium, then any watering-place.

37 : 18. Catches. An unaccompanied round for three or more voices, written as a continuous melody." Glees. A composition for three or more solo voices, without accompaniment.” Century Dictionary.

39 : 25. Looby, obsolete for lubber.

40 : 20. Frogs, ornamented embroidered loops to secure the coat or cloak. Tambours, a circular frame on which silk or other stuff is stretched for the purpose of being embroidered, so-called from the resemblance to a drum.”

Century Dictionary. 46 :19. Cox's Museum. Popular exhibition of curiosities of the day. See Frances Burney's novel, Evelina, letter 23.

48 : 22. Turnspit. A kind of dog of small size, formerly used to work a kind of treadmill-wheel, by means of which a spit was turned.” Century Dictionary.

50-15 : South Parade. At Bath. The Parade Coffee-house mentioned a few lines farther on was the North Parade.

66 : 18-19. Accommodation, recommendation. Ingenuity, ingenuousness.

67 : 10. Ineffectual, intellectual.
67:23. Pine-apple of politeness, pink of perfection.

68 : 7–17. Exploded, exposed (?). Conjunctions, injunctions. Preposition, proposition. Particle, article. Hydrostatics, hysterics. Persisted, desisted. Interceded, intercepted.

70 : 4-6. Reprehend, apprehend (?). Oracular, nacular. Derangement, arrangement. Epitaphs, epi. thets.

76 : 10. Allegory, alligator.

ver

78:2. Monkerony, a mistake by David for macaroni, a common word of that time for dandy.

78 :3. Print-shops. Shops in which prints are sold.

78:20–1. Balancing, chasing, boring, terms used in dancing.

79 : 4. Coupee, a forward motion in dancing.

79.: 12. Allemandes, a lively dance, supposed to come from Germany.

79 : 18. Antegallican, opposed to what is Gallic or French. 80 :7. Jack-a-lantern, will-o'-the-wisp.

83 :2. I could do such deeds. Evidently a misquoting of Shakespeare's lines :

Now could I drink hot blood,
And do such bitter business.

Hamlet, III., 2, 1. 408.

84 : 6. King's-Mead-Fields, toward the southwest of the city of Bath, formerly a part of the ancient royal demesne.

86 : 11. Quarter-staff or short-staff. Quarter-staff, a long and stout staff formerly used as a weapon of defence and offence; so-called because in holding it, one hand was placed in the middle and the other between the middle and the end."

86 :13. Sharps and snaps. Sharpers.”

90 :5. St. George and the dragon. The patron saint of England. Many legends were connected with his name during the Middle Ages, the most notable of which is the legend of his conquest with the dragon (devil) and the delivery from it of the king's daughter, Sabra (Church).”

93 : 1. Caparisons, comparisons.
93 :8. Physiognomy, phraseology.
93 : 11. Hesperian curls.

Hyperion's curls, the front of Jove himself,
An eye, like Mars, to threaten or command,
A station like the herald Mercury
New-lighted on a heaven-kissing hill.”

Hamlet, III., 4, 1. 56 ff. 93 : 15. Similitude, simile. 95 : 9. Affluence, influence. 100 :3. Compilation, appelation. 104 : 10. Analyzed, paralyzed.

108 : 14. Spring Gardens, favorite pleasure resort on the east side of the river.

120 :9. Ladder of ropes, a ladder made of ropes, not an uncommon contrivance for the eloping lovers in romance.

“Know, noble lord, they have devis'd a mean
How he her chamber-window will ascend
And with a corded ladder fetch her down."

Two Gentlemen of Verona, III., 1, 1. 33 ff. 121 : 19–21. Simulation, dissimulation. Antistrophe, catastrophe.

122 : 18. Perpendiculars, particulars.

123 : 16. Favour. The early sense of the word, look, or appearance.

123 : 26. Participate, precipitate.
124 : 9. Putrifactions, petrifactions.
124 : 17. Exhort, escort. Envoy, convoy.

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