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some of it to the coarse. Our parties, our theatres, our public meetings, our rejoicings, are all defiled by crowds met on the way of filthy and wretched, who would gladly have rejoiced with us, but are now worse than unhappy, actually 'damned' by the negligence of the State, in almost every sense that every sect of Christians or of non-Christians choose to use that word. We allow them to grow, and then send to re-mould them with the most delicate and refined of the tools of civilisation. Sanitary reform can never be complete when it stands alone, and these people must be taught when they are children, or they will never be clean or helpful; to some men the condition of others is of little consequence, and to such we must add that even they are not safe so long as others are in danger.

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About and his Writings, 411-458.

gary, 64-68; the nobles and the SYSTEM,
Arabia (Central), W. G. Palgrave's Journey 68; the Galician massacres, 69; seizure

through, 1; previous authentic accounts of of Cracow by Austria, 69, 70; the revolu-
Nejd, 3; account of the Wahabys and tionary period of 1848-49, 70-73; the
their founder, Ibn-Abd-ul-Wahab, 4; er reaction-Schwartzenberg, 73-76; influ-
rors in Palgrave regarding them, 5, et ence of the Russian war on the internal
seq.; the valley and town of Djowf, 10; politics of Austria, 76; fall of M. Bach,
description of the inhabitants, 11; ad 77; session of the strengthened Council
ministration of justice amongst them, 12; of the Empire,' 78; Bach's successor,
journey across the sand-desert to Ha’yel, Schmerling, 79; the Hungarian Protes-
13; the palace of Telal, 14; inconsist tants and their leader, 79, 80; the Hun-
ency between accounts of Palgrave and garian Diet in 1861, 81; the 'Old
former travellers, 14, 15, 17; walk with Conservatives' and the Federalist section
a mechanic of Kaseem, 16; Sir Harford of the Reichsrath, 83; subjects discussed
Brydges' account of his audience with in three letters setting forth the pro-
Abd-ul-Azeez, the Wahaby sovereign, gramme of the moderate Hungarian Libe-
about the end of last century, 18; Oney. rals, 84; Francis Deak, 85; Count
zah and Bereydah, 19; encounter with a Esterhazy: the overthrow of the Schmer-
Persian caravan, 20; encampment of ling policy, 86; the change of system at
Solibah, a remnant of the ancient Sa Vienna, 87, 88; the Commercial Treaty
bæans, at Zulphah, 21; Toweym, 21; with England, 89; the nationality cry,
insect plagues in Arabia, 22; previous 90; the question of Venetia, 91 ; future
knowledge of places named by Palgrave, position of Austria with regard to North-
23, and his mistake in supposing he has ern and Central Germany, 92; the Polish
filled up a blank in the map of Asia,' question, 93; the future of Austria, 93.
24; his account of Feysul, the Wahaby
chief, contrasted with that of Col. Pelly, BAKER's Explorations in Central Africa ;
24-27; his description of the Wahaby sec Central Africa.
government unintelligible, 28; the Zela-
tors, 28; a practical attempt to exercise CENTRAL AFRICA: explorations of Samuel
their powers, 29, 30; immorality of the White Baker, 363; his qualifications for
Wahaby capital, 31; Hofhoof, 31 ; the the work undertaken, 363; determines to
people on the shores of the Persian Gulf, master the Arabic language; bis diffi-
32; absurd notions about Arabs, 33; culties at Khartoum- physical explana-
gale and shipwreck, 34; 'truth of fact' tions,'- 364; arrival at Gondokoro, where
versus 'truth of imagination,' 35.

he meets Speke and Grant, 365; slave
Austria, modern history of, 51; recent wri ivory-parties; Ibrahim, commander of the

ters upon, 52; Joseph 11., 53; his plans Turkish traders, 366, 367 ; Mr. Baker's
of reform, and the forces opposed to them, difficulty with Ibrahim at Ellyria ; squab-
54; regard for traditional rights in Hun bling and fighting among the traders,
gary, 54, 55; policy of Leopold, 55; 368; Bellaāl, 368; pursuit of a fugitive,
Austria as transmitted to the hands of and its results; desertion of men, 369;
Francis in 1792, 55; the inactionary arrival at Tarrangollé, 369; native fune-
SYSTEM, 56; the two dominating men ral rites; polygamy, 370; the Latooka
during this state of things: the Emperor war-signal, 371; parley: too wide-awake,'
Francis and Prince Metternich, 56-59; 372; our travellers move on to Obbo, 372;
the Greek insurrection in 1821 and the reconnaiseance to the south, 373; Kat-
policy of Metternich, 59; excitement in chiba, a comical old sorcerer, 373, 375;
Hungary, 60; the Polish struggle of return to Latooka : illness of Mrs. Baker:
1831, 61 ; state of Austria at the death of small-pox among Turks, 373, 374 ; de-
Francis, 62; the triumvirate under Ferdi- | termined to push for Magungo, but
nand, 62, 63; course of events in Hun detained at Tarrangollé, 374; dull fever


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months at Obbo, 375; hears a further | where, 480; explanation of fumigants,
account of Magungo from a woman, 376: | 481 ; volatile organic bodies the truest
plan of his expedition, 376; after further antiseptics, 481; results obtained by appli.
detention at Obbo, they start for the cation of volatile disinfectants to different
south, 377; Kairasi's country, 378; bodies, 482, 483; charcoal, etc., 483;
island of Rionga, 378; the Victoria Nile, cattle-plague, cholera, 484, 485; cases in
378, 379; welcome by Kamrasi's people, which disinfection is needful, 485; dis-
379; Kamrasi, 380; situation of Mr, and infection of solids and liquids, 485; sul-
Mrs. Baker, 381; Mrs. Baker receives a phur in coals, 486; the evil of middens,
sun-stroke, 381, followed by fever, 382 ; 486, 487 ; modes of fermentation, 487;
first view of Lake N'zigé, the reservoir of water and water-closets, 487, 488 ; how
the Nile, 382 ; its extent, 383-385 ; a the vitiated air over all accumulations of
fortnight's voyage on the lake, 385, 386 ; manure gender and feed disease, 488, 489;
geographical interest attaching to this table showing the gas evolved during
expedition, 386, 387.

putrefaction, with various disinfectants,
Coloured Races, Colonial policy in the 490; M‘Dougall's powder, 491; rapid
government of, 388, et seq.

disinfection, 491; which disinfectants are
Colonial policy, our, 388 ; importance at we to use, and how ? 492 ; chlorine, 493;

tached to this department of the public sanitary reform, 494 ; limits of disinfec-
service, 39; colonial self-government, tion, 495, 496.
389 ; Jamaica, 390 ; Report of Commis-
sioners, 391 ; means used to suppress EASTERN (Ancient) monarchies : features of
the insurrection, 392; coloured popu. early times dissimilar from the present
lations, 393; practical problems arising state of things, 331, 332 ; isolation of the
out of our colonial administration, 394; ancient nations, 333; their attainments
Mr. J. S. Mill on dealing with barbarians, in science and art, 333; the two great
395; Ceylon, 395 ; British settlements in agencies to wbich the modern expansion
Western Africa, 396; Report of Colonel of the means of knowledge is due, 334 ;
Ord on our political experiments there, modern appreciation of the Past, 335
397 ; conflicting rights of our colonists Greece, Rome, and Egypt, 335, 336; the
and native tribes, 398; aboriginal popu Mesopotamian Valley, 336; original popu-
lations, and the march of colonization ; lation of Chaldea, 337; Hamitic and
native races, 400, 401; incapacity of Semitic populations, 336, 337 ; Nineveh
coloured races as to international bar founded by the Semite Asshur, 338; the
gains, 403; wearing out of colonial Assyrians, 339; irruptions of the Medes
representative institutions, 402; embar into the Valley, 339, 340 ; the Median
rassments besetting colonial governors, dynasty in Chaldea, 340, 341 ; Cyaxares
403 ; New Zealand, 404; its native popu. and the destruction of Nineveh, 341, 342;
lation, 405; appeal of the Auckland the Babylonian Empire, 342 ; the Median
colonists for separation from the Imperial monarchy supplanted by the Persian, 343;
government, 406; dangers of a divided Cyrus, and Nebuchadnezzar, 344, 345;
authority, 407, 408; superiority of Colo the siege of Babylon, 346; its fall, 347;
nial levies to imperial troops for bush the greatness of Nineveh and Babylon,
warfare, 408; our future colonial policy, 348, 349; extent and appearance of the
409, 410.

ruined cities of the Mesopotamian Valley,

350, 351; the question as to the position
DISINFECTION : ancient use of perfumes, 458 ; of Ancient Nineveh, 351-353; the pro

preservation of meat, 459; preservation bable solution of the difficulty, 353;
of human body from decay, 459; effects defences of the royal cities, 354; Nine-
of moisture in atmosphere, 460 ; burning veh, 355-6; Babylon, 357 ; its public
the dead, 461 ; crowding of houses in buildings and palaces, 358, 359, the Babil
towns, 462 ; antiseptic action, 463 ; earth mound and the Birs-i-Nimrud, 359, 360;
as a disinfectant, 463; gases and vapours : the Temples of Babylon, 361; Professor
oxygen, 464; salt petre, 465; other bodies Rawlinson's great work favourably char.
which condense oxygen, 466; importance acterized, 361, 362.
of pure rain, 467 ; sulphur, 468 ; action 'Ecce Homo' and Modern Scepticism : the
of sulphurous acid, 469, 472 ; chlorine, conflict of Christian faith with Atheism,
470; muriatic and nitric acids, 471; heat 124 ; these argue that the shortcomings
and cold, 472, 473; carbolic acid, 474 ; among Christians are rather spiritual
kreosote, tar-water, 475, 476; tar acids, than intellectual, 126; object of the
477 ; reasons for fumigation, 478; miasms, author of Ecce Homo, 126, regal char-
478; the question of spontaneous genera acter of Christ's spiritual legislation, 126;
tion, 479; organic matter found every. inductive science and its claims, 129;

history versus science, 130; society not Mephistopheles and his witches, 101 ;
held together by science, 131 ; the true the popular devil's skill in logic, 101, 102;
relation of theology to science, 132 ; the witches in the old Germanic mythology,
illegitimate extensions of theology, 133, 103 ; Goethe's admirers in England, 103 ;
134; miracle, 135.137; Christ's claims comparative merits of Goethe's translators,
to legislate for the spirit of man, 138; 104; specimens from Anster and Blackie,
secularism and its scepticism, 139; the 105-107 ; scenes of the poem: Faust and
'enthusiasm of humanity,' 139, 140; the his study, 107-111; scene before the
working classes and Christianity, 141 ; Gate, 111-113 ; second scene in Faust's
the aims of Christ involve a theology, Study (academical learning), 113-116 ;
142-144 ; cares of this world,' 144-146; third Study-scene (academical life), 116-
scepticism of modern ästhetic refinement, 120; Faust's meeting with Margaret,
147; schools of philosophy, 148; the 'rela 120, 121 ; the Walpurgis night, 122 ; the
tive spirit and Christ, 149; the ‘tender Ravenstone, 122; the concluding scene,
justness' of His moral judgments, 149, 123; personages of the Intermezzo, 123.
150; the source of gentle judgments, 151; | Fisheries; see Sea-Fisheries.
characteristics of our Lord's teaching, Francis I., description of, 313.

152; value of the author's book, 153.
Ecclesiastical Commission, the ;-its object, Greek insurrection of 1821, 59.

180; pluralism, 181 ; obstacles to carry-
ing into practice the old truth that the

HENRYSON, Robert, Poems and Fables of,
labourer is worthy of his hire,' 182-184;

154; James iv.'s reign the culminating
the Church in 1836, 184; the Pluralities

point in the history of Scottishi poetry,
Act of 1837, 135; the Cathedral Act,

155 ; Dunbar, 156; Henryson's personal
185; criticism provoked by it, 186; fruits

history, 156; contemporaneous events, 157;
of the measure, 187; the Commission and |

inferences from these as to his circum-
leasehold properties, 187-190 ; resolution

stances, 158, 159; his Testament of
to get rid of the system of leases, 190;

Cresseid, 159, 169; the Orpheus and
191; unpopularity of the Commission, 192,

Eurydice,' 161; shorter poems, 162; bis
the palace at Stapleton, 193; other trasi

“Moral Fables of Æsop,' 163 ; the
actions connected with bishops' houses,

middle-age bibliography of the Æsopean
194, 195; the year 1850 a new era in the

Fables, 163-166 ; fable-books printed in
bistory of the Commission, 196; the Estates

fifteenth century, 167; from what source
Comniittee, 196, 197; the 'Episcopal and

did Henryson derive his fables? 167-169 ;
Capitular Estates Management Act,' 197; bis Description of Maister Esope,' 169,
lessors'and lessees'advantages, as proposed 170; tale of the Dog, the Sheep, and
to be treated by the Lords' Committee,

the Wolf, 171 ; Episcopal Courts satirized,
198, 199; great annual revenue of the

172-175 ; comparison of Henryson with
common fund, 201 ; principles on which

Dunbar, 178; the language in which he
the Commissioners distribute it, 201-204;

wrote, 179,
remarkable success of the Commission,

Hungary under Joseph 11., 54, 55; under
205; the Commission and the Legislature,
206-207; Mr. Edmund Smith's Apology

Francis, 59, 60; and under Ferdinand,

64-68 ; Hungary in 1848, 70-73 ; in
for the Commission, 207-209; constitution
of the Commission, 210; dangers of cen.

1861, 81; the Old Conservatives,' 83.
tralizing the control of a large amount of
property, 211; great benefits conferred

JACOBITE Family, a : glimpse of its inner
by the Commission on the worst-endowed

al life, 36-50.

Jesus Christ, his Life and Work surveyed;
of the parochial clergy, 212.

see 'Ecce Homo.'
Faust, Goethe's, translated by Theodore
Martin : in what the myth had its origin:

PALGRAVE, W. G.; see Arabia.
Johann Faust, the man around whom this Pelly, Colonel; see Arabia.
mythology groups itself, 95; Faust and
Melanchthon, 96; Faust the representative RAWLINSON's Great Monarchies of the East-
of the modern sceptic, 96: the past broken ern World; see Eastern.
with--authority thrown off-free inquiry Reform and Political Parties, 213; Palmer-
entered on, 97; the contest of spiritualism ston's diplomacy, 214; contrast between
and sensualism represented in the charac ' a Liberal and a Tory Government, 215;
ter of Faust, 98; development of the bearing of England's policy on other na-
Faust legend, 99; circumstances in which tions, 216; the true meaning and proper
the Faust poem burst forth in full blossom, limits of the doctrine of non-intervention as
100; Goethe's Faust THE Faust, 100; given by Lord Russell, 217; falsity of the

popular theory, 'Silence, until you are SEA-FISHERIES Commission : questions sub-
prepared to strike,'218; present condition mitted for investigation, 272 ; sup-
of the Continent, 219, Home Policy of ply of fish increasing on our coasts,
the Tories, 220; Church questions, 221; 273; quantity forwarded by railway, 274;
Reform, 221; educational questions, 223; the herring fisheries, 275, prices of fish
land questions, 224-226; Ireland, 227; as influenced by railway communication
what may be expected from a Reformed in interior and sea-coast towns, 276;
Parliament, 228; have we reached per prime' and 'offal'-price of fish, 277 ;
fection?229; desirability of Reform, both as prosperous condition of our fishermen,
a means and as an end, 230, 231; attitude 277, 278; two exceptions to this general
of the working classes in regard to Reform, prosperity: oyster-fisheries; Irish sea-
232; Lord Russell's early career, 233, fisheries, 278, 279; consumption of
234; principles of Reform, 235 ; Earl Rus. trawled fish in London, 279; importance
sell's views on some leading points in this of the development of the sea-fisheries as
question, 235, 236; Mr. Lorimer's scheme, a means of enterprise, 280; conflicting
237; what are the dangers of Reform? 238, evidence on second question, 281; com-
democracy in England, 240; does the plaints against modes of fishing classified,
aristocracy govern us well? 241; impor 282; beam-trawling, 283; examination
tance of disposing of the question in one of objections to trawling, 284, 285 ; the
complete measure, 242; re-distribution of trawl-net described, 286; action of the
seats, 242, 243; duty of the Liberal party trawl-net, 287; the haul,' 288; advan.
towards Ministers, 244; necessity of deci tages of trawling, 289; the question of
sion on the part of Ministers, 245; acces waste by trawl-fishing, 290 ; destruction
sion of the Tories to office deprecated as a of herring by codfish, 291; waste of

great evil, 246 ; future of England, 247. young fry by the retiring of the tide in
Roman history, of universal interest; Nie summer, 291, 292 ; disappearance of fish,

buhr as a historical critic, 249; importance 293; food of the haddock and the floun-
of a just conception of it, 250; disadvan der, 293, 294 ; trawling for herrings, 295,
tages under which native historians 296 ; free use of the sea, 297; third
laboured, 250; prejudices of the Roman question: legislative restrictions, 297 ;
historians, 251 ; the Empire and Em Fishing Convention Act, 298; its ano-
perors, 252 ; the Roman policy of assimi. malous character, 299; other legislative
lation, 253; Roman colonization, and the enactments, 300 ; effects of the Close-time
gift of citizenship, 254 ; the unity of Act of 1860, 301; the Close-time Act
Roman history, 255; the Latin allies, modified in 1865, 302; the Board of
256; the social war, 257; widening British White-Herring Fishery,' 302 ;
boundary of the State, and what it neces the branding system, 303; special Sea-
sitated, 258; was a representative system Fisheries Police Act recommended, 304.
possible? 259; the army of Rome, 260 ;
necessity of the Empire, 261; the Em | VENETIAN Relazioni ; two classes of diplo-
perors and the aristocracy, 262; Cæsar's matic correspondence, 306; the Venetian
plans and policy, 263; Roman system of envoys, 308, collections of relazioni, 310;
jurisprudence, 264; Rome the great France under Charles VIII., 311; rela-
leveller, 265; but destitute of the energy zioni of 1535, of 1537, and of 1542, 312,
and spirit and life to animate ber organi 313; last years of Francis 1., 313; the
zation, 266; prepared the way for Chris French clergy -- the Parisians, 314 ;
tianity, though often animated by an Henry II., 315-318; Catherine de Medici,
opposite spirit, 267; general longing felt 316; state of the Church, 317; relazioni
and expressed for a purer past, 268; the of 1561, 318; early life of Catherine,
Alexandrian philosophy, 268; Stoicism, 319; internal dissensions of France, 320 ;
269; Stoicism and Christianity, 270; the massacre of St. Bartholomew, 321-327;
Empire and the Church, 271.

Queen Elizabeth and Mary Stuart, 329.


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