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us in our refusal to be so unworthily bribed.
"Scarcely a month had elapsed after the massacre, when, to our astonishment, we were commanded by H.B.M. Chargé d'Affaires to prepare and at once send in our estimates of claims on the Chinese Government, in order to secure immediate settlement. This was at a time when it was impossible to visit the city, except in a clandestine and most humiliating way. In addition to this, the Chinese Government, to that moment, had refrained from any becoming expression of sorrow at the loss of valuable life which had occurred, and—what was still more deplorable-had discussed its bearings on foreign relations with a levity of spirit and an insolence of tone, which rendered it highly improbable that any satisfactory adjustment of difficulties could be speedily obtained. The spirit of the rulers was only too readily imbibed by the people, and, for many weeks, the foreign residents at the various open ports in China were kept in a state of painful suspense and fear by manifold signs of native hatred and defiance. Under these circum. stances, we found ourselves compelled to inform H.B.M. Minister that, in our opinion, the time had not come for dealing with the question of estimates; but that other and weightier matters had first to be disposed of, ere it could be proper for us to accept at the hands of the Chinese authorities monetary compensation for injury of property and other losses we had sustained. We had to remind him that precious blood had been shed; that foreigners generally had been threatened, that the guilty criminals who had committed these flagrant offences were still at large; that the utmost law. lessness prevailed in the city; that the native officials displayed the greatest apathy in the matter of searching for the culprits; and that, without first insuring the capture and punishment of the guilty leaders in this dreadful business, and obtaining the requisite guarantees for protection of life and property according to treaty-engagements, it would be useless to think of addressing the Chinese officials with respect to our comparatively unimportant claims. His Excellency had not then realized how vitally foreign interests
were attacked and endangered by the Tien-tsin Massacre, nor did he rightly comprehend the extreme demoralization of the Tien-tsin popu. lace. Hence, it is not surprising that our remonstrance should, at first view, be regarded by him with marked displeasure. When he afterwards visited our city, and saw for himself how serious things looked, he willingly acquiesced in the postponement of our task until such times as circumstances might favour its accomplishment. It appeared to me that this statement was necessary, in order to show our Committee that there has been no culpable delay in this important affair. I hope the whole proceeding will be viewed with approbation.
“The foreign communities in China still refuse to consider the Tien-tsin difficulty as finally settled. The Chinese Government, as you are aware, have done certain things, os. tensibly in reparation of the outrage committed on foreign nationalities, and they declare that nothing more can be conceded by them. The diplomatic body in Pekin unitedly protested against the action of the native Government being regarded as a final settlement, and absolutely refused to accept it in this light, pronouncing it as altogether insuf. ficient and not likely to be accepted by the governments they represent. They do not consider, however, that this protest should prevent those who have suffered from these outbreaks of popular violence from receiving such monetary compens&tion as may be their just due. The ground they take is, that, while the Chinese Government have, as yet, failed to deal with the Tien-tsin business in such a way as is likely to satisfy foreign governments, and although it may be impossible to avert war, means have, nevertheless, been adopted for maintaining comparative order in our locality; and our immunity from further danger, till the decision of Home Governments is published, has been solemnly pledged; and that, therefore, it is de sirable to reduce the gravity of the crisis, by meeting in a pacific spirit any reasonable advances on the part of the Chinese authorities, leaving cardinal points to be dealt with by the governments concerned. On this principle, the French Minister has
already received immense sums in compensation for Roman Catholic losses and as awards to the relatives of the various French victims in the late massacre. And we have again been summoned by our ambassador to furnish our estimates without loss of time. If I had acted on my personal convictions of the rights of the case, I should have protested a second time against receiving money at this stage of uncertainty and while so many of the
most competent judges on Chinese matters declare war to be almost inevitable. Acting, however, as I do for others, I could not feel it right to take upon myself so great a responsibility, and I have therefore obeyed the dictum of the British Minister, and 'carefully prepared' and presented the claims of the Methodist New Connexion Missionary Society on the Chinese Government, for injuries and losses sustained in connection with the late disturbances in Tien-tsin.”
We have received a letter from Mr. Chang of Tien-tsin, accompanied with a translation by Mr. Hall. We publish it in the belief that many friends of the Chinese Mission will experience a delight 'in reading it equal to our own. Mr. Chang is upwards of thirty years of age. His father, now very old, was a salt merchant, but has retired, having acquired a comfortable independence. His son, an only child, possesses superior natural abilities, and has received a good education. He was brought under the influence of Divine truth in the beginning of 1863. His piety is sincere and fervent, and, being a diligent student, he has made respectable acquirements in Biblical and theological knowledge. When the boarding school was transformed into an institution for training native preachers, Mr. Chang was appointed tutor, an office for which his piety and literary and theological attainments well qualified him. Further information concerning him will be found in the Missionary Chronicle, March, 1863, and subsequent numbers. Mr. Chang's letter is beautifully written in Chinese characters. All will unite in prayer that the hopes entertained of our young friend and brother in Christ may be fulfilled in a long life of useful and honourable service to the Saviour's cause in China.
TRANSLATION OF MR. CHANG'S LETTER.
I respectfully address the superior pastor, Mr. Hulme, and bring my self under his notice.
Your excellencies and reputation are well known to me, notwithstanding my lack of personal observation. These things have long occupied my interested attention, and I have had a sustained desire to send a trivial letter, and set forth my veneration and affection. To this time, however, the recollection of your eminent qualities and office has deprived me of power for the task. But Mr. Hall DOW assures me that I may presume to record my expressions of regard, and he even says that he is per. suaded you will experience pleasure in hearing from me. Moreover, I am informed by him that you have declared your will that I henceforth
engage myself in the work of instructing our young theological students; therefore, from the hearing of all this, I am the more bold to indite an epistle, and to furnish you with my communications. Truly is it the case that all this felicity (lit., the light and happiness of your acquired friendship)comes to me from the establishment of the Saviour's cause in China.
I would observe that the literature of China is very extensive (lit., books innumerable and of all kinds), but that among all our works, there is nothing to compare with the Lord's Holy Scriptures, for these of a truth and certainty tend to the purification of the heart and the salvation of the soul. They are, indeed, the spiritual food of men which nourisheth unto
eternal life. Apart from them we are absolutely without any true ground of reliance.
In the year of our Lord, 1863, it was my happiness to be made a recipient of God's saving grace. I was then reclaimed from the paths of error and sin, and counted worthy to be admitted to the fellowship of the Lord's people, and to receive the rite of baptism. I cannot express how great is the sense I have of God's superabounding goodness. Through the valuable ministrations of my Christian teachers, and my prolonged investigation of the Holy writings, I have attained, as I trust, some degree of correct knowledge; but having spent so many years in darkness and wickedness, I fear the transformation to perfect holiness will be but slowly effected. All that can be necessary for heart and soul is to be had through Christ Jesus, and if I trust in him I shall not be put to shame. In the Holy Scrip. tures we are taught that “every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.” We may well remember that the sacred books contain all requisite doctrine (lit., doctrine all have, nothing important omitted). Much that we find therein is difficult of comprehension, and its require ments we cannot of ourselves fulfill Having started to travel on the heavenly road, it will not do when a little progress bas been made to relax one's efforts, and say that salvation is certain. The path before us may be long and obstacles many, and only by entire consecration, un. ceasing prayer, and unremitting diligence in the Lord's service may we dare to hope (for a final triumph).
During these few years of my con. nection with the Church, I have endeavoured to do a little (for Christ). This has been by the several methods of teaching youth, circulating religious books, and publicly expound. ing the Word of God. In all this my one desire has been that the Holy Spirit would bless my labours to the turning of men into the way of truth. I cannot positively say how much good (has followed, &c.), but I never cease to desire such success. In the depths of my heart I long for the uni. versal diffusion of the light and glory
of God, that all places may thus be illuminated, and none have to complain of the concealment (of the light, &c.).
The missionaries dwelling here have insisted on my serving Christ by instructing the students. I could wish to discharge this duty, but knowing that my gifts and acquisitions are inferior, I have grievously feared that I have no competency for the appointment. The sense of my imperfections and shortcomings has moved me, when considering this question, again and again to ask myself, How is it possible to attempt the business without falling into shame? I now learn that I am confirmed in this position by a letter of instructions from England. How greatly do I thank you for the way in which you favour and honour me! My heart overflows with gratitude; and, depending on Christ helping me, I humbly resolve to do this great work. I would, by faithful conduct, permanently enjoy your confidence; and, above all, secure our Lord's eventual commendation. I have a strong wish to obtain familiarity with the English language, and for some time received lessons from Mr.Hodge, so that I already know a little of that tongue. It is my hope that I way make further progress, so as to be able some day to translate useful religious books. It must be that there are many noble works in your language which have not yet been rendered into Chinese. I should, therefore, rejoice to attain the ability to read these books, and to impart to my fellow - students the know. ledge derived from them; and in this way I think I should be serving God.
The churches in Tien-tsin have this year been injured and scattered by wicked men. I am apprehensive that Mr. Hulme will be much distressed by these sad occur. rences. It is with us truly a season of distress, and urgent is our need of faith and strength. But we have a Father in heaven who is almighty, and if we ceaselessly cry to him, and trust him with the whole heart, we are assured he will grant us great deliverance; and if he make storms and tempests the ministers of his grace and the exponents of his glory, why should we grieve? We hope you, our great pastor, will re.
member us in your prayers, and that a wish to see us. We are consoled you will intercede with our blessed by the reflection that though we may Lord to bestow upon us according to never meet face to face on earth, we our needs. And we also beg you shall come at the close of life's work will seek for his grace to be largely to the mutual enjoyment of the fel bestowed upon our missionaries, who lowship of the skies. Leaving this are workmen in the Lord's Divine world, we shall ascend to heaven, and vineyard. We ardently desire that spend eternity amid the glories of the Gospel of Christ may be widely the New Jerusalem, unitedly asproclaimed in China, and that this cribing “Blessing, and honour, and country may be filled with the know. glory, and power, unto him that ledge of the Lord, as the waters cover sitteth upon the throne, and unto the sea. Like Moses, we pray, “And the Lamb for ever and ever." All let the beauty of the Lord our God this is my heart's sincere desire and be upon us : and establish thou the
prayer, work of our hands upon us; yea, This letter I now lay before the the work of our hands establish thou face of the Rev. Mr. Hulme, offering
him my most respectful regards. It is sometimes my desire to visit While writing, my spirit has all England, that I may see the Rev. along gone out in affection to all Mr. Hulme, and all the friends and the ministers and members of the brethren of the Church; and also churches. Please speak to them for that I may perfect my study of the me, and express my love. English language. This is not a The venerable elder, Wang, and the sudden aspiration, but along cherished preacher, Mr. Hu, unite with me in hope. Whether this hope can ever all these expressions.-Your humble be realized I do not know. I venture disciple, CHANG Chu San. to think Mr. Hulme also has at times Tien-tsin, Dec. 2, 1870.
The Committee have entered upon arrangements with a view to the immediate return of Mr. Innocent to China. The country is now comparatively quiet, our chapels are probably rebuilt, and public services will very soon be resumed. Our brother has been on furlough nearly two years, and returns to China in renovated health at a season when he will be most helpful to his brethren in re-organizing the Mission. Our members, though scattered by the Tien-tsin outbreak, have been faithful without a single exception, so far as we are informed, and when public worship is re-established, and church ordinances resumed, we may expect them gradually to return to their homes; nor can we doubt that God will bestow a blessing to cheer his servants, and to turn recent trials into glorious triumphs.
Mr. Maughan's return to Australia, Mr. Hodge's return to England on account of ill-health, and Mr. Innocent's return to China, will occasion a large special expenditure; and we therefore earnestly hope that all circuits will not only keep their income up to last year's amount, but increase it, so that the balance due to the treasurer may be paid off, and something left in hand for the next year.
CHESLYN HAY, WOLVERHAMPTON CIRCUIT. SOME months ago our Cheslyn Hay friends resolved to add to the interest of the congregational singing by the purchase of an organ. Some time, howover, was allowed to elapse before any decisive steps were taken to effect this object. At length the young ladies took
the matter up. Imagination presented them with a picture which promised pleasure for eye and ear. By imagination's aid they saw an organ grace the singing gallery, they heard its music mingling with the voices of the congregation. Inspired by the sight and sound, they set earnestly to work, established a Sewing Meeting, began giving, working, and begging, in. tending to have a Christinas-tree,
and hoping profitably to dispose of their accumulated treasures.
On Tuesday, the 27th of December, the results of their efforts were exhibited in the school-room, which was tastefully decorated for the occasion. At No. 1 stall the Misses Hawkins presided; at No. 2, and at the Christmas-tree, the Misses Crutchley, Miss Wood, Miss Wotton, and Mrs. Moon: at the refreshment-stall Mrs. Lawson and Mrs. Horton. A zoetrope and some other curiosities were exhibited by Mr. H. Hawkins. A tree of smaller dimensions was superintended by Mr. T. Woodings, by whom it was given to the bazaar. Additional interest was given to the proceedings by the efficient rendering of some excellent music by the choir. The proceeds exceeded the anticipations of the most sanguine, £46 6s. 4d. being secured. I may add that the young ladies are still at work, resolving to continue their activities until their object is secured. B. C.
and issued to every member and trustee, calling for utmost and extreme efforts in aid of a general collection to be made throughout our Connexion on a given day
morning and evening), say a month from Conference Sunday. Let our ministers go to their various stations with a special charge in reference to this fund, and let them in their first address to their new congregations (and those who go back to former appointments) make special reference to the day fixed for such collection. And I also would suggest that special hymns be printed suitable; they could be printed with very little more expense than in simply printing : circular; this would add some interest to the day, and suggest to all the desirability of strengthening and building up the Connexional " House of our God.” If some such plan as this could be carried out, we could, in one day, sweep away the entire debt. Let Conference fix the day for this collection, so that the “rope" will reach all round our cause at the same time. Let our rich men catch hold of the “rope" and give of their abundance ; let our middleclass friends respond to the call, and grip the “rope," and give as they have prospered ; let our poor members lay hold of the “ rope" and give their mites; and then, by a “pull altogether,” our Chapel Fund Debt may be “pulled off” and rolled away into oblivion, and our cause, untrammelled, will be able to go on and be the means of greater good. God grant that it may be so ! EDWD. JONES.
Birmingham, March 18, 1871.
OUR CHAPEL FUND. DEAR SIR,—The article in our February Magazine by the Rev. W. Baggaly calls for the earnest attention of every member of our wide-spread Connexion. I certainly must express much surprise in only finding one article bearing on same in your number for March.
Our friend Mr. Pollard has followed the track of our worthy secretary in showing that our “ Connexional honour is at stake.” It is right and proper we should be fully alive to this; it is well to notice that in some denominations money is lent without interest; it is a good thing that in some of our circuits trustees give systematically and regularly to our funds; it is high time to talk of a “long pull and a pull altogether," to rid our Chapel Fund Debt-but our friend omitted to supply the “rope." Will you allow me to offer one, and to suggest that this fund has the special consideration of next Conference? Let circulars be printed by the Chapel Fund Committee,
TEA-MEETING. On Monday evening a public teameeting was held in the school. rooms in connection with the above place of worship. The tea, which was an excellent one and well attended, was given by Mr. Thomas William Hatton. After the cloths had been removed, a public meet