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Part X. (öd.), (Morgan and Chase); and the “ Bible Student," being the Magazine published under that title for 1870; now published in a collected form in one vol. (Hodder and Stoughton).

From books it is not unnatural to descend to things which make books, namely pens. Macniven

and Cameron, of Edinburgh, send us a box of the “ Phaeton Pen," and request that it may be “noticed.” The pen is a very good one, as we can certify from its use. It is a steel pen, but so constructed as to be very flexible- a quality which steel pens do not always possess.

Connexional Department.

GRAISELOUND. ment of Mr. Harris. He bought

his own materials, employed his THORNE CIRCUIT.

own labour, and found his own DURING the winter of 1869 we money, and so built a neat, comfortwere visited in many parts of this able, red-brick Methodist chapel; circuit with a gracious outpouring leaving the trustees only the of the Spirit of God, resulting in expense of palisading, painting, the conversion of many souls. putting up the spouting, with a Graiselound was one of the places few other incidental things. thus visited. Here we had a small The new chapel was opened for chapel with a society of over twenty Divine worship on Wednesday, the members. The number, however, 12th of October, when a sermon has been increased, so that now we was preached in the afternoon by have nearly forty meeting in class. the Rev. T. Smith, president of the Increased attendance at the public Conference, followed by a teaservices rendered additional chapel meeting held in the granary of R. accommodation necessary; so that Cunningham, Esq., kindly lent for the question of enlarging the old the occasion. After tea a public chapel, or taking it down and meeting was held in the chapel, building a new one, had to be con- presided over by Mr. J. O. Leadsidered. The latter plan was beater, one of our circuit stewards. adopted, and Mr. George Harris, The meeting was addressed by the who some years ago paid the debt president- whose sermon in the off the old chapel, again came afternoon, and speech in the evenforward to the help of the people ing, were of an eminently useful by promising, if the friends would character, and highly appreciated take the old chapel down, he would by the people—the Revs. M. enlarge and rebuild it at his owu Cotton, J. Walsh, Messrs. E. expense. To assist Mr. Harris in Snowdon, J. Brownlow, and R. this work, the friends, of course, Kelsey. At the close of the were only too willing; so that, meeting, the writer proposed a during a few fine days of last vote of thanks to Mr. Harris for June, the old place was removed his liberal gift, which was enfrom the site it bad occupied since thusiastically received by the the year 1835. Mr. Harris gave friends. Votes of thanks were also additional ground, so as to allow given to Thomas Taylor, Esq., the new chapel to be 36 feet by 24, who, though not belonging to us making accommodation for nearly as a denomination, gave £5 during two hundred people. No sooner the day; to R. Cunningham, Esq., was the old chapel taken down for the use of his granary; and to than the new one was begun, and the ladies who had gratuitously this entirely under the manage provided the tea. The services

were well attended, considering A WELCOME TO THE that the day was very wet and

REV. J. H. ROBINSON. stormy. On Sunday, the 16th of October,

CHELSEA, LONDON THIRD CIRCUIT. two sermons were preached by Mr. For several reasons our mission C. Thorpe, of Fishlake, and the services this year were invested concluding one on the following with special interest. First, we Tuesday evening by the Rev. W. had as our deputation one who has Thomas, of Hull, who was on a but recentiy returned from Canada visit amongst his old friends in the our largest field of missionary circuit. A collection was made at enterprise — where he has spent the close of each service, which for nineteen years in arduous and the attendance was considered good. successful toil. He is, moreover, Had we been favoured with fine the editor-elect of the English Conweather on the day of opening, ference, and is just entering upon and on the following Sunday, what, we hope, will be for him a there is little doubt but that as still wider and more fruitful sphere much money would have been of usefulness and honour. Such raised as would have enabled the a deputation would have been a trustees to have paid off every favour at any time; but on this penny of debt at once. The sum occasion it was peculiarly approraised was about £18, which, with priate, for Mr. Robinson not only a few pounds of seat rents, would brought with him the novelty of make some £23. This sum being the visitor, but the interest of one below what was needed, Mr. Harris who was coming to take up his proposed that we should give it to residence among the Chelsea him, and he would find as much friends, and share with them the more as might be required, and joys of Christian communion. see that the chapel is finished off After due consideration, both on as it ought to be, without the the part of the Book Room Comtrustees having a penny to find. mittee and Mr. Robinson himself, Thus the old debtless chapel of we are happy to say that the Graiselound, made 80 by the neighbourhood of Chelsea has been liberality of our friend Mr. Harris, fixed upon as a suitable place of has given place to the new one, abode. Whilst it is hoped that the which owes its equally honourable atmosphere will not be unfavourand debtless freedom to him. May able to the editor's health, it is God bless our good friend Mr. confidently believed that his preHarris, and fill his soul with that sence and help in connection with “lively hope" which alone can our society here will be of special give him an assurance of a place in service to the Connexion. that heavenly temple, from which, Few can adequately realize the when once in, he shall go no more prolonged and trying crisis through out for ever!

which our Radnor Street interest Before putting down my pen, I has had to pass during the last may just say that it has pleased three or four years, in the successive God to reward hard toil and much removals of some of its most able prayer with blessed results in this and influential friends, and in the circuit, as the following simple thorough draining of both its exostatement will show. Our October cutive and monetary resources. It returns of 1869 stood at 256 full is not needful to enter into the members, with three on trial; for details of this trial, nor would we October, 1870, there are 300 full imply that Mr. Robinson can be members, with 32 on trial.

expected to make up all that is “So then neither is he that wanting for the society to flourish planteth anything, neither he that as in the past; but there can be watereth; but God that giveth the no doubt that his counsel and increase." Moses COTTON. sympathy, together with the presEpworth, Yov. 18, 1870.

tige of his residence amongst the

inhabitants of Chelsea, will be a well-spring of encouragement to our much-tried and faithful friends, and help them better to tide over their present difficulties.

In this feeling it was thought desirable to hold a public teameeting in connection with the usual missionary services, and to make it the opportunity of giving to Mr. Robinson a public greeting and welcome. The effort was a thoroughly successful one-the tea was over-crowded, and the chapel was well filled in the meeting afterwards. Charles Cuthbertson, Esq. (Wesleyan), kindly took the chair, and seemed to be quite at home with us. In the report the secretary urged the necessity of our trying to increase the subscriptions, and said it was satisfactory to know that the school was determined to double the sum realized by it last year.

After a few words from the Rev. J. Gibson in explanation of the double character of the meeting, the Rev. T. J. Hamerton, in a short speech of great force, dwelt on the need of a thorough-going “enthu. siasm" in missions. Dr. Cooke, who was very warmly received, said he had yielded with pleasure to the request of the Chelsea friends, that in their name he would address a few words of welcome to the Rev. J. H. Robin son. He spoke of the work achieved in Canada under the superintendence of Mr. Robinson, of the pleasure he felt in knowing that a minister of such high gifts was succeeding him; and then, taking him by the hand, whilst the friends expressed their gratification by hearty applause, he fervently wished for Mr. Robinson both success and happiness in his new sphere of editorship, and in all his relationships with the circuit in which he was fixing his home.

Mr. Robinson, in a very lively and humorous strain, which was well appreciated and enjoyed by the meeting, replied to the kindly and cordial observations of Dr. Cooke, and thanked the friends for their very hearty greeting. He

hoped he should find happy Christian fellowship with them; he loved the class-meeting, and should always try to attend it when he had the opportunity; and he would be glad to use whatever influence he had in promoting the cause of God amongst them. In a long and interesting address he described the nature and success of missionary work in Canada, and by facts, statistics, and incidents which were very instructive and pleasing, brought the minds of his audience into thorough sympathy with the spirit of missionary enterprise.

It is satisfactory to add that the collections are in advance of last year, and to the sum thus raised there will be, in addition, the profit of the tea-meeting. Altogether the result of the effort is very encouraging: the missionary spirit has been fostered and developed ; and the members and friends went away with the strong determination

in accordance with the urgent appeal of Mr. Robinson, in his sermon on the Sunday eveningto “build up the walls of Zion," and seek a larger “supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ." That Spirit will give the people a mind to work,” will infuse into them the loving earnestness which will make their work a joy, and will pour out upon them such a rich summer of dew and sunshine, that their work will prosper and be made a blessing to all that come to worship with them. May they pray for that Spirit!

J. Gibson.
Nov. 28th, 1870.

ECCLES, MANCHESTER SOUTH CIRCUIT. THE second anniversary of the above trust estate has just been held. Two admirable sermons were preached on Sunday, October 16th, by the Rev. George Packer, of Southport. A social tea-meeting was held on the Saturday following; R. Hankinson, Esq., solicitor, Manchester, presided. Addresses were delivered by the Roys. J.

Bate, J. Orme, Councillor Jenkin son, Messrs. Holmes, Jones, Peace, and Buckley. The collections and tea-meeting have yielded the sum of £21, which is a much larger sum than has been got before. At the meeting Mr. Jenkinson observed that the chapel was without a clock, and

he generously offered to supply one, which he has since done. The choir enlivened the meeting with appropriate singing and music, and all felt in the meeting such a power of blessing as to be greatly encouraged for the future of this interesting and promising

J. 0.


Miscellaneous Articles, Inecdotes, &c.

MONTHLY RETROSPECT. FOREIGN.-All Europe is shocked at the continuance of the war between France and Germany. There have been gleams of light athwart the lowering, darkening sky, which led many to hope for an armistice which would be the first step to the speedy restoration of peace; but those gleams have speedily disappeared. Hope dies in despair. The war goes .on with all its horrors, and we have reason to fear that it is becoming more desperate, relentless, and cruel on both sides. War is always savage, even though waged in the name of civilization, and baptized with the holier name of Christianity. Atrocities that make humanity shudder are now frequently reported, and both sides seem to be equally culpable. The French peasantry, whose houses are rifled and farms plundered, whose all of worldly property and means of subsistence is taken from them, very naturally, in their exasperation, turn freeshooters, and kill every straggling German that they meet with. The Germans, on their part, shoot down every armed peasant without mercy, and burn the village, and hang the mayor in every town which is proved, or even suspected, to be the residence or harbouring-place of francstireurs, or free-shooters. Thus cruelty begets cruelty. But worse still, the wounded in many instances have been savagely butchered as they lay in mortal pain on the battle-field, and the ambulances have been fired on by combatants on both sides, and kind-hearted men who have been engaged in removing the wounded have been shot down. Thus, in the year of grace 1870, war exhibits the inhumanity and ferocity of pagan times. Surely all good men will cry mightily to God, exclaiming, in bitterness of spirit, “O Lord, how long!” This protracted conflict has produced in this country a good deal of indignation and remonstrance, some ingenious casuistry, and many contributions, more or less valuable, to what has been designated, for the sake of convenience, the ethics of war. Because France was originally wrong, is she necessarily wrong throughout? Because Germany was right in the beginning, is she nece3sarily right until the end of the war--a war in which she seems to threaten the annihilation of her riyal's power and independence? In the course of any undertaking the spirit in which it is pursued may undergo a radical change, entirely changing its moral character. For instance, the defensive may become the aggressive. Does not the attitude of Prussia in reference to Alsace, Lorraine, Paris, and Luxemburg indicate such a change of attitude? We fear so. The exceptional character of this war is seen, amongst other things, in the fact that the inhabitants of fashionable Paris are driven to eat the flesh of animals hitherto accounted unclean. The inter-dependence of the nations and the remoter evil consequences of war have both received fresh illustration in the singular fact that, through the disasters of France, there has been a cessation in the

demand for Cashmere shawls, and consequently the thousand looms of Umsitur, in far-away India, are silent, and the weavers there are starving:

It cannot be expected that the work of God will progress in Franco while that unhappy country is suffering under so direful a scourge. Yet French Protestantism is asserting its vigour in various ways. Evangelica! committees have been formed to aid in the noble mission of the relief of the sick and the wounded soldiers. Swiss and English Christians have sent their generous contributions. The Consistory of Orthez-a town av the foot of the Pyrenees-decided last month that, in view of the national anguish and suffering, a day of prayer and humiliation should be observed in the Reformed Churches. Some Protestant ladies have distributed tracts among the soldiers of the garrison in a town in the south of France, and “it is a remarkable circumstance," writes one of these ladies, “ that all the soldiers whom we address love to hear of salvation, and turn their eyes to the Divine Redeemer. Some wept, and said, 'Ah! we have need of a Saviour!'” Some new chapels have been opened in the neighbourhood of Bordeaux, in the presence of a large number of pastors, and amidst much enthusiasm. Moreover, the question of Church and State alliance is beginning to be discussed amongst French Protestants, and the probability is, that if a Constituent Assembly be convened and a Republic maintained, there will be a free Church in a free State. For sixty years or more—that is to say, since the reign of Napoleon I.--both Protestantism and Catholicism have been endowed. The Reformed Church has been united to the State, and its pastors had the same official status as Catholic priests. Yet Popery was largely in the ascendant, and the yoke of State control has long been irksome to the Protestants, and now there is a loud cry for “liberty.” In Algeria the separation between Church and State has already been accomplished. All pastors in Francə not belonging to the National Churches are included in the call for military enrolment. This is a sore trial to the Free Churches. Let us hopa that the God of Love will compassionate this poor, afflicted nation, and that peace may speedily be restored.

In Italy the work of evangelization progresses, and most deeply interesting accounts are received from the neighbourhood of Lake Como, testifying to the abundant fruitfulness of Miss Burton's labours there years ago. In Val Intelvi her name is cherished with affectionate respect by the numerous converts from Popery. Since the Italian occupation of Rome the Bible has been freely sold upon the public streets, a thing which could not be done, strange to say, under the government of a professedly Christian bishop. God's Word was a prohibited book in the realm of the so-called Vicegerent of God. The Pope is exceedingly restive under his altered circumstances. He protests energetically against the Italian occupation and co-sovereignty, but, with worldly shrewdness, has remained at the Vatican Palace, and the Italian Government has dealt most liberally with his Holiness by guaranteeing him sovereign rights, independent postal and telegraphic service, and an income of £130,000 per year. This is pretty good for the descendant of the fisherman, and it implies considerably more than spiritual sovereignty. Ho falls easily. The people of the Roman States are glad of their freedom, as the plébiscitem which, by-the-bye, was taken on the Sabbath-amply testified. The Jesuits are in great disfavour amongst the citizens of Rome, and their schools have been closed. The Italian Government have passed a reactionary law to the effect that “whoever does anything in Rome to offend the religion of the State, or to excite the people to despise it, may be fined £80, and imprisoned for one year.” It also prohibits the introduction of any books or journals which may offend the Roman Catholic religion, or its head the Pope. Though the city has been formally merged in the kingdom of Italy, get there is one code of laws. for Rome, and another for the rest of Italy. This is anomalous in itself,

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