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WESTERN JOURNAL,

AND

€ t o 111 a tt,

DEVOTED TO

Agriculture, Manufactures, Mechanic Arts, Internal Im-
provement, Commerce,

PUBLIC POLICY,

AND

Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts are the basis of CirilizstIo».

M> TARVER & H- COBB,

EDITORS & PROPRIETORS.

Vol. XII., O. S.—Vol. XII., N. S.
PUBLISHED MONTHLY.

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PRINTED BY M. NIEDAER& CO., COR. OF PINE & THIRD STREETS,

1854.

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TO THE TWELFTH VOLUME OF THE WESTERN JOURNAL
AND CIVILIAN.

ARTICLES BY THE SENIOR EDITOR.

PAGE.

Duty on Railroad Iron 77

Free Banking 153

Interest Laws of Missouri 229

Limited Partnerships 238

Treaty between the United States and Mexico. Mesilla Valley. Pacific

Railroad. • 251

The New Territories: Nebraska and Kansas 305

Navy Yard at Memphis 348

The Public Lands 381

ARTICLES BY THE JUNIOR EDITOR.

Geological Survey of Missouri 1

Pacific Railroad—Equity Shares. 62

Railroads in Arkansas. 64

Literary Notices 67

German Philosophy 68, 135

Credit, Gold and Silver. 118

St. Louis, Memphis and New Orleans Railroad 212

St. Louis, Padticah and Nashville Railroad Connection • 220

Germany—Taste. Translated from (he French of Mad. De Stael.. 225

The Cross. A Poem 22T

The Way to Heaven. A Poem 227

Let me think in my heart. A Poem 228

Sketch of a Beauty. A Poem.. 228

CONTRIBUTIONS.

Valley of the Ohio. Its conquest and settlement by Americans. By Mann

Bctler, Esq, of Missouri.. 8, 111, 159, 239, 319, 400

The Critical and Miscellaneous Essays of Christopher North, [Professor

Wilson]. By Algeron. 71

Dependence of Mind upon Matter. By Pearcf. C. Grace, Esq., of Mo... 137

Universal Prime Mover. By Alex. J. Graham, of St. Louis, Mo. 273

Angel Child. A poem, by Lettie, of Lexington, Ky 303

Memory of Friends. A poem, by Harry. 304

Africa and African Slavery. By Hugh A. Garland, Esq., of St. Louis-■ 333
England and the Slave Trade. By Hugh A. Garland, Esq., of St. Louis 415

GENERAL INDEX TO THE TWELFTH VOLUME.

Africa ami African Slavery, 338.
Agricultural Capacity o£ California,
264.

Agriculture: Its essentials and non-es-
sentials, 450.

Amazon Valley: Its climate and pro-
ductions, 96.

Angel Child, a poern by Lettie of Ky.,
304.

Arkansas Railroads and Land Grants,
64.

Arkansas trade with St. Louis, 134.
Australia, produce of gold, in, 379.
B.

Banking: Free Banks, Banking Corpo

rations, 154.
Banks: How Savings Banks get rich,

428.

Banks and Banking in Indiana, 431.
Banks of Illinois. Commissioner's re

port, 436.
Banana, Culture of, in Florida, 446.
Bartlett's Personal Narrative of the

country between San Antonio, Texas,

and the Pacific, 251.
Beauty, a sketch, 228.
Boone, Daniel, taken prisoner by the

Indians, 14.
Bricks, new style of manufacture, 351.
C.

Cahokia, Great Indian Council at, 246.

California, its Agricultural Capacities,
264. Its commercial aspects. Prices
of flour and other commodities. Vac-
ant houses in San Francisco. Ship-
ment of gold, &c, 362.

Cbambers,~A. B.; Obituary notice, 149.

Chicago, Statistics of trade, manufac-
tures, &c. History of its improve-
ments, public and private, 43, 124.
Completion of the railroad from Chi-
cago to Alton, 376.

Cleveland and.St. Louis air line Rail-
road, 374.

Coffee, Trade, Imports, Prices, &c,
360.

Commerce of Chicago, 43,124. Com-
merce of the United States, 282 to
292, and 352 to 357. Commerce be-
tween St. Loui9 and Arkansas, 134,
and between St.Lotiis and the South,
294.

Clark, Gen. George R., Negotiations
with Virginia for the Illinois cam-
paign; his march to Kaskaskia, in
1778; capture of Kaskaskit, 159. His
notions of Indian negotiations, 238.
Hi3 plan for recovering Vincennes
from the British, 319. His second
invasion of the Indian country, 400.

Commercial Regulations: Treaty be-
tween the United States and Japan,
368.

Commercial aspects of Californiaj 362.

Cotton: its culture and commerce m In-
dia, 420.

Credit, Gold and Silver, 118.

Cross: a poem, 227.

Cultivation of Taste by Farmers,
■148.

I).

Decomposition of rocks and production

of metals, 276.
Denendence of mind upon matter, 137.
E.

Education Statistics:—Census of 1850,
438.

England and the Slave Trade, 415.
European War: Probable effects on
Anjtfflcan securities, 25.
F.

rest Mining Co., 59.
reuiont's Expedition to the Pacific in
the winter of 1853-4, 184.
Fruits of Oregon, wild and cultivated,
93.

G.

Galvanized Iron, 430.

Gas: Cost and consumption of, in 34
cities in the U. S., 380.

Geological survey of Missouri, 1,

German Philosophy, 68, 135.

Germany: Taste. "From the French of
Mad. Do Stael, 225-

Gold: Amount deposited in the U. S.
mint in th<> year 1853, 173. Forma»
tion of gold, 276. Shipment of gold
from California during the fust six
months of 1853 and 1854, 367. Pro-
duce of gold in Australia, 379.

Graham, A. J., Inventor of Prime
Mover, 273.

Great Britain: Its lion trade, 60- Itt
Railroad*. 313.

Gutta Pfrcha: Its history, manufacture,
uses, &c., 85.

H.

Harry and Julc; a poem, 152.

Heart. Let me think &c, a poem, 228.

Heaven, the way to. A poem, 227.

Helena, Ark.: Its railroad and com-
mercial prospectsj 370.

Herndon, Lieut, his expedition in the
valley of the Amazon, 96.

Hickman, Ky.: Its trade with St.Louis,
294.

I.

Illinois: Bank Commissioner's Report,
436.

Indiana: Bank Commissioner's Report,
431.

Interest laws of Missouri, 229.

Iron interests of the U. S. Railroad
projects, &c, 20.

Iron Company at Cleveland, Ohio, 59.
Prices of Iron, 59. Iron Trade of
Great Britain, 60. Duties on Rail-
road iron discussed, 77. New method
of rolling railroad iron, 301. Gal-
vauized iron, 430.

J.

Japan: Treaty with the U. S., 368.
. K.

Kansas Territory, the Act of organiza-
tion, boundary, &c., 305.

Kaskaskia: Its capture by Col. Clark.
166. ',

Keokuk and Muscatine Railroad, 374.
L.

Lake Erie, Wabash and St. Louis rail- I
road, 387.

Lander, Col., His opinion respecting a
railroad route to the Pacific, 299.

Lands, public, Statistics of the General
Land Office, 44.

Lands, public, Speech of Mr. Perkins,
of La., on a proposition to transfer
them to the States, 381. Law gradu-
ating the price ol the public lands,
399.

Let me think in my heart, a poem, 228.!

/'Libraries, public, 22.
Life among the Mormons, 279.
Limited Partnerships, 238.
Literary Notices, 67.

M.

Memory of Friends, a poem, 304.

Memphis Navy Yard and Western Riv-
ers, 348.

Mesilla Valley; 251.

Mexico, Treaty with the United States,
1854, 260.

Mind, dependence of on matter, 137.

Mining and Metallurgy of the Ancient,
411.

Mint of the United States; Annual Re-
port, 173.

Mississippi, Ouachita and Red River
Railroad; 301.

Mississippi and Tennessee Railroad;
Engineer's Report, 377.

Mobile and Ohio Railroad; Engineer's
Report, 191.

Mohave Indians, 336.^i
\ Mormons, life amoag,^79.

N.

Navy Yard at Memphis, 348.

Nebraska Territory, 305. Law organ-
izing, 311.

Newspapers and public libraries, 22.

North, Christopher, [Professor Wil-
son;] his critical and miscellaneous
Essays—Notice of his death, 70.
O.

Ohio Valley: Its conquest and settle-
ment by Americans, 8, 111, 159, 239,
319, 400.

Ohio and Mississippi Railroad open to
OCarlyle, 376.

on, its fruits, wild and cultivated,

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Public Lands, Pre-emption laws, edut
cation endowments, Railroad grans,
&c., 37.

Pacific Railroad, Mo., Equity Shares
&c, 63.

Pacific Railroad Convention in Cali-
fornia, 296.

Partnerships, limited, 238.

Prime Mover, Universal, Graham's in-
vention, 273.

R.

Railroads. Pacific Railroad, Mo.,
Equity shares, &c, 62. Fremont's
exploration of the central route. 184.
Southern route, 256. Central route
convention in California, 296. Rail-
roads in Arkansas, 64. Midland R.
R., 224. Breaking ground at Hele-
na, 300. Mississippi, Ouachita and
Red River Railroad breaking ground^
301. Railroads concentrating at Hei
lena, Ark., 370. Mobile and Obt-
Railroad, Engineer's Report, 17S. So.
Louis, Memphis and New Orleans
Railroad, 212. St. Louis, Paducah
and Nashville Railroad Connection,
220. Railroads in Great Britain, Re-
port for 1853, 343. Keokuk and
Muscatine Railroad, 374. Clevelap;
and St. Louis air line railroad ; it
progress, length of straight lines
curves, grades, &,c, 374. Ohio and
Mississippi railroad open to Carlyle,
376. Chicago and Mississippi Rail-
road completed, 376. Mississippi &
Tennessee Railroad, Engineer's Re-
port, 377. Lake Erie, Wabash and
St Louis Railroad, Progress of the
work, 378. Railroad iron, shall the
duties on be repealed? 77.

Railroad iron, improved method of rol-
ring bars, 301.

Rocks, decomposition of, and recom-
position of their metalic composition,
276.

8.

St. Louis and Arkansas Trade, 134.
Trade with Hickman, Ky.,Tennessee
and Arkansas Rivers, 294. 8t [Louis
civil statistics— Mayor's message,
197. St. Louis, Memphis and New
Orleans Railroad, 212. St. Louis,
Paducah and Nashville railroad cuo-
nection, 220.

Savings Banks, how they get rich, 428.

Slavery in Africa and in the United
States, 338.

Slave trade, history of, as carrisd on by
England, 415.

Steel, manufacture of, 61.

Stone,' manufacture of, by L. S. Ro0"
bins, N. Y., 121.

Sugar trade and sugar crop of Louisi-
ana, 358.

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