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MODERN GEOGRAPHY,

28

OR A

VIEW OF THE PRESENT STATE

THE WORLD.

WITH AN APPENDIX, CONTAINING STATISTICAL TABLES of:

THE POPULATION, COMMERCE, REVENUE, EXPENDITURE,
DEBT, AND VARIOUS INSTITUTIONS OF THE UNITED
STATES; AND GENERAL VIEWS OF EUROPE AND THE
WORLD.

BY SIDNEY E. MORSE, A. M.

Accompanied with an Atlas.

PUBLISHED
BY GEORGE CLARK, BOSTON; AND HOWE & SPALDING, UW HAVEN.

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DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS, TO WIT;

District Clerk's Office. BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the twenty-seventh day of August, in the forty-seventh year of the ludependence of the United States of Amer: ica, Sidney E. Morse, A. M. of the said District, has deposited in this Office the Title of a Book, the right whereof he claims as Author, in the words following, to wit:

A New System of Modern Geography, or a View of the Present State of the World. With an Appendix, containing Statistical Tables of the Population, Commerce, Revenue, Expenditure, Debt, and various Institutions of the United States; and General Views of Europe and the World. By Sidney E. Morse, A. M. Accompanied with an Atlas.

in conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, 66 An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by securing the Copies of Maps, Charts and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such Copies, during the times therein mentioned :” and also to an Act entitled, “ An Act supplementary to an Act, entitled, An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by securing the Copies of Maps, Charts and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such Copies during the times therein mevtioned ; and extending the Benefits thereof to the Arts of Designing, Engraving and Etching Historical and other Prints." JNO. W. DAVIS, S Clerk of the District

of Massachusetts.

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In the best treatises on Universal Geography in the English language we look in vain for that beautiful order and lucid arrangement which so much delight us in other sciences. In geometry we are presented with a series of propositions connected together in regular order, each growing easily and naturally out of those which preceded it; but in geography, though the subject admits to a considerable extent of the same arrangement, towns, rivers, mountains, colleges, and canals are thrown together without any reference to their natural connection. Such confusion may not seriously incommode the man who is already thoroughly acquainted with the subject, or who consults his geography merely as a book of reference; but the student, who reads the work in course, and whose aim is to get clear and connected views of a whole country, must peruse the description again and again, before he can accomplish his object, even if the materials which are furnished in this loose manner will allow him to do it at all.

The natural order of description seems to require that we should in the first place give the boundaries of a country, the divisions, capes and bays, because these can be perfectly understood without reference to any thing which is to come afterwards, while at the same time the mind, by becoming familiarized with terms which will frequently occur, is prepared in the happiest manner for the subsequent parts of the description. After this preparation, the next step should usually be to describe the face of the country, and especially to draw distinctly the great mountain lines. Rivers should come after mountains, because the course in which they run is commonly determined by

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