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* PREFA C E.

The proprietors are afraid that, in their wish to relieve the anxiety of some, and to gratify the curiosity of other readers, by the early publication of the eleventh volume of the Asiatic Register, they send it forth to

the public in an imperfect form, and under other disad

vantages, which more time and leisure might have enabled them to avoid. But their first endeavour is to bring up a long arrear of historical matter, in as speedy a manner as may be, so as to permit their publication to keep pace with the public interest, which has been excited, in a very unusual degree, by late OCCurrences at the several Indian presidencies. In promoting one desirable object, they are aware that they may have failed in another. The volume for 1809, now published, presents the first detailed and connected view of the events of a year, as interesting as in any like period of Indian history. These events are substantially described in the Chronicle, and under the dates and places of occurrence, and are more particularly explained by official

documents and correspondence, in an ample series of

State Papers. To assist the reader further, in the comprehension of certain circumstances, not adequately

described or treated in the Indian accounts, some

chapters are prefixed to the Chronicle, partaking of the

character of an historical, or more methodized narrative, and indulging, perhaps, more than is strictly allowable in such a province, in animadversions on the transactions in detail. This latter is the only new feature in the present volume, as premised, and, indeed, promised, in the prefatory observations to the last.

The volume for 1810-11, for it will be more conve

nient and useful to enlarge, in future, the scope of the .

publication, by including a blended period of two years, will be published, it is hoped, at the commencement of 1812, continuing the account of current events to the latest possible date.

TABLE OF CONTENTs.

HISTORY.
CHAPTER I.

Profitory observations—general predilection for military achievements over civil arrangements and details—brief comparison of the present, with antecedent enterprises, leading to the establishment of the British influence in India—the recent expeditions from Bengal. and Bombay do not partake of the feature of regular war—from the first presidency a large military force is sent against Lutchmun Dowah, the chief of Adjyghur, under the command of lieutenant-colonel Martindell, who attacks and carries the fortified his of Regewiev– Ardeo Purshaud anong the number of the enemy's killed, with twenty inferior Sodans— three of the gates of Adjyghur laid in ruins–Lutchmun Dowah professes a readiness to capitulate on terms, which are granted—description and history of the fort of Adjvghur– insical event, which occurred a short time subsequent to the surrender of the Fort— Lutchmun Dowah whdraws himself privately from the fort—all the women and children of his family put to death, under an erroneous impression, by a relation of that chies— Expedition fitted out against Runjeit Singh, under the command of general St. Log-r— Peace concluded with that chieftain without any act of host...ity–Kiere ald Feride Koti, surrendered—free passage for merchandize and other advantages, grante i to the East 1ndia company—an unfortunate dispute arises between the escort of the British nego” tor, Mr. Metcalfe, and the Seiks, and occasions the loss of several lives—but does not affect the anicable arrangements just concluded—a rebel force dislodged from the fortress of Bhowannie— apprehensions entertained of the movements of Dowlut Rao Scindia—intelligence receivtd in Calcutta, of a revolt in the Madras army-notification of the governor-general of his intention to proceed to that presidency—return of the expedition from Macao to Cacutta– embassy sent to Cabul—its progress—and favourable reception by the king at Peshour— received and entertained on its return to the conpany's provinces by Runjri Singh—address of lord Minto, on the examination of the students at the college of Fort Willian– introduction of vaccination among the Seiks—the arrival and presentation of Aetocke, princess of New Zealand, to the governor-general at Calcutta—expedition from Bombay against the pirates in the Persian gulf, .*. utenant-colonel Wilker—barbarity of those marauders to the crew of the Minerva—assault of the town of Mallia—carried as or three quarters of an bour's resistance—guns brought forward to attack the fortress in the morning—the enemy evacuate the place during the night—second expedition into the gulf, commanded by colonel Smith, of the army, and captain Wainwright of the navy—in pediments encountered on the voyage—arrive at length at Rusul Kimor-destroy the town. arsenal of stores, and the shipping of the pirates—proceed and accomplish the destruction of all the minor piratical settledents on the shores of the gul:—xpedition sails from Bombay to the isle .*.*.*. itself there, and afterwards, aided by two of his majesty's ships, makes a successful descent on the isle of Bourbon—seizes the batteries, and defences, with an enemy's frigate the Caroline, and ultimately retakes two Indianen, with a part of their valuable cargoes—troops afterwards re-embarked, but re-landed on a demonstration of an attack by a new body of the enemy—the public works destroyed, and stores quietly removed under a capitulation to that effect–expedition returns to Rodri guez—capture of the Indiamen Streathan. Europe, Charlton, and United Kingdom—Asia founders in the Kooghley-loss of the Ardaseer by fire-numerous captures by the pirates, and by the enemy in the Persian gulf-some particulars attending the capture of the Indiamen—conclusion of the detail of occurrences in Bengal and Bombay. r

CHAPTER II.

Account of the progress of Sir G. H. Barlow in the East India company's service-appointed chief secretary to the supreme government—nominated by the marquis of Wellesiey a member of council--created a baronet—succeeds, on the death of the marquis Cornwallis, as governor-general of India—struggle of the court of directors, with the administration of Mr. Fox and lord Grenville, to retain him in that office-the nomination

i

, of lord Lauderdale opposed—and lord Minto ultimately appointed, on a compromise on

behalf of Sir G. H. Barlow, who is named to the government of Fort St George—receives the order of knighthood of the Bath—proceeds to Madras, and supersedes Mr Petrie— Sir G. H. Barlow proposes the abolition of the tent ontract—short account of that contract—colonel Capper, the adjutant-general ordered to notify the abolition to the army— his representation thereon-hesitation of the governor to carry it into effect—co onel Capper suggests a meliorated plau, which is not received—contract ordered to be abolished —supposed mismanagement in the grain department detected— Mr. Sherson the gentleman in charge suspended from his office without any previous inquiry—the accounts of the grain department afterwar 's submitted to the civil auditor, who reports in favour of Mr. Sherson—the report of the auditor sent back for revision—returned to the government unaltered—regarded as a species of contumacy—" 'r. C. mith, the auditor removed in consequence from his office and appointed a juge in one of the northern provinces— resigns the office. and proceeds to F ngland—vi. Sherson suspended the service—Sir G. H Barlow becomes generally unpopu at-right of s spension incidentally considered— Governor interferes in criminal prosecutions growing out of the inquiry into the nabob of Arcot's debts—information preferred against Reddy Row to v, r. Maitland us ice of the peace, for forgery—he is in consequence apprehended--bill of indictment tound by the grand jury—he is tried and convicted—Batley a witness on the behalf of Reddy Row, tried and convicted of perjury—a subsequent bill found against both parties for conspiracy, on which they are a so found guilty the defend nts supported in both criminal proceedings, on the application of the commissioners for investigating the nabob's debts, by the company's advocate-general and solicitor—Mr. Roebuck, one of the prosecutors on these trials, removed from his office of mint-master and pay master-general—Mr Maitland's name struck out from the list of justices—Messrs. Grant and Strachey, of the grand jury. and Messrs. Oliver and Keene, of the petty jury, with Mr. Wood summarily removed from their offices—Mr. Justice Sulivan's opinion on these proceedings—the quartermaster general's report, in respect to the abolition of the tent contract, discovered and viewed in an adverse light by commanding officers of corps—charges preferred against the framer of it—the quarter-master-general is placed under arrest by general M*Dowall —released by the government—arguments referable to the charge—the commander-inchief's po test against the release of lieutenant colonel Munro–publishes a farewell address to the army—also a reprimand on the quarter master-general—the commanderin-chief, and major Boles, the deputy a jutant-gen. suspended in consequence of such

order—general M-Dowall's departure from Madras—a jutant-general also suspended

for the like cause—brief examination of Sir G. H. Barlow's general policy—hostilities

threatened from Tranvancore. ... ... --- --- -- •,• --- 19

CHAPTER III.

Description of the alliance between the king of Travancore and the East India company, first, without any specific engagement—invasion of the lines of Travancore the cause of the first war with Tippoo Sultaun— treaties since executed between the East India company and the rajah, but not published—by first treaty, executed in the time of lord Wellesley, the rajah agreed to maintain a subsidiary force of two battalions, afterwards of three, with a corps of artillery—part of the subsidy to be paid in pepper—fall of the price of that article—Subsidy demanded in money—supposed to have produced a misunderstanding between the two governments—an undisguised ill-will created between the British resident and dewan; each striving to work the removal of the other—obstacles existing in the way of the removal of the dewan, not applicable to the resident—similar minister removed at the Mahratta court, exactly on the same ground—another resident said to have been nominated to succeed colonel M'Caulley—colonel M'Caulley instructed to insist on the removal of the dewan—an indelicate task—Lage body of troops detached from Trichinopoly, under colonel Macleod, in the month of December, towards Travancore—ordered to halt, after it had proceeded several days on its march—colonel Forbes ordered to proceed, in a like direction, with a king's regiment and two battalions of Sepoys—his march also countermanded, by an alleged stratagem of the dewan, who pretends an inclination to retire, and requests an escort of the British resident to favour his design, which is granted— on the night of receiving the escort, an armed force is sent by the dewan, to surround the house of the resident, which is without a guard—the troops, surrounding the house, fire at the casement where the resident stands, who miraculously escapes—colonel M“Caulley is bent on rushing out with his sword in hand, when prevented by a domestic, who suggest the means of escape, which is fortunately embraced—the resident and servant hide themselves within a secret recess, just as an armcd party en'er—they search the house without discovering the retreat—at break of day, a vessel, under English colours, with woops on board, is discovered cntering a u-ghbouring port, which induces the party to retreat;

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to put into Alipee through distress of weather, and want of necessaries—thirty-three soldiers

and a medical officer treacherously betraved on shore, and barbarously murdered-orders

given by colonel Chalmers to captain Clapham, to proceed with five companies of the

4th Native regiment and a gun, to take post near the dewan's house—the height to which

captain Clapham was directed, was already partially possessed by an adverse party of men-

a body of armed Nairs appear in front of the British detachment—are challenged-

and refusing to halt when required, are fired on by the British party, which is returned by the
Travancore troops; one Sepoy killed, and a Native officer so more general attack

ensues, when the Nairs are repulsed with slaughter—on the 3:st of December, major

Hamilton sent to seize the ordnance at, the dewan's house, which he captures without loss-

the guns, though ordinarily used in firing salutes, are found to be double-shotted—major H.

afterwards ordered to oppose the passage of troops at the bar of Anjuvicha, which service

he effectually achieves; and the enemy driven back with great loss—the enemy attempts to

rally, and is again driven back—major Hamilton recalled, to prevent his being attacked from
the rear—from the report of the appearance of vast numbers ..}. enemy, col.Chalmers takes

post for a night at the fort of Quilon-moves out again to the cantonment in the morning-

receives a reinforcement some days afterwards, of his majesty's 12th regiment, commanded

by colonel Picton—on the 15th of January the enemy attacks colonel Chalmers, and is

every where defeated, with the loss of 700 men in the field of battle, and of ten pieces

of ordnance—the enemy takes up a position in front of colonel Chalmers's encampment;

and detaches a large body against Cochin, which is most gallantly resisted and defeated by

major Hewitt—thanks of the government given to colonel Chalmcrs and major Hewitt,

and the officers and troops serving under them—The troops, before ordered to march from

Trichinopoly and Seringapatam, again directed to proceed—the detachment from the latter
place reach colonel Cuppage, who penetrates the |. on the side of Malabar—account
of the first movement o. force under lieut. colonel M'Leod, and afterwards of colonel

St. Leger from Trichinopoly, on the 20th of January—reached Palamcottah the 31st—

colones St. Leger arrived off the Arambooly lines, the 6th of February—causes of the

war now proclaimed in a manifesto—ordered to be ciculated in Travancore, and the

adjoining districts—seems a direct declaration against the dewan—observations on the

manifesto-the lines reconnoitred on the sixth and subsequent days, and stormed and car-

fied on the 10th of February—description of the Arambooly lines—thanks of the government

returned to colonel St. Leger, and the officers and men of his detachment—the Aram-

booly gate fortified and garrisoned—numbers of the inhabitants flock to the British camp,

under the terms of the proclamation—the collector of Tinnevelly proposes to introduce

the company’s civil regulations into the conquered district; but is prevented by colonel

St. Leger, who takes the responsibility of the act on himself—this detachment being re-

inforced from Ceylon, proceeds towards Cotar and Nagrecoil—dispositions made by

colonel St. Leger for the attack on these villages—assault and defeat of the enemy—

halts_the detachment for one day—on the 19th of February, proceeds to Oodagherry

and Pāpanaveram, which are surrendered without a shot—160 pieces of cannon, with a

large quantity of ammunition, found at Oodagherry—colonel St. Leger receives a second

vote of thanks from the government—after the possession of the last-mentioned places,

colonel St. Leger receives various overtures for peace—these are referred to the resident—

in the mean time he consents to observe a neutral conduct—colonel St. Leger induced to

keep his position from the nature of intelligence received from colonel Chalmers—after-

wards encamps between Oodagherry and Calachee, a sea-port on the coast; whence he

tends succours to colonel Chalmers—strengthens the defence of Calachee—description of

the country lying between colonel St. Leger's camp and Quilon—colonel St. Leger receives

intelligence of the demolition of the Southern lines by captain Townshend—afterwards

receives orders to recommence hostilities, unless the king should give up his minister

within a given time—colonel St. Leger marches with his detachment towards Trevandrum,

on the 27th–information obtained, that the dewan had fled into the jungles on the north-

western part of Travancore—on the 28th, colonel St. Leger moves with the flank com-

panies and cavalry, within three miles of the palace of Trevandrum, and is joined by the

remainder of his force on the next morning—short review of the further operations of the

subsidiary force at Quilon-the enemy makes a second attack on these lines, on the 31st of

Janu try ; and is again repulsed with slaughter-colonel Chalmers, in his turn, attacks the

enemy’s lines, on the 21st of February—destroys their batteries, and takes seven pieces of

ordnai ice—enemy is dispersed in this quarter of Travancore—this force afterwards proceeds

to within twelve miles of the enemy's capital, there ordered to hair until the conclusion

of the treaty—proclamation, and reward offered for the apprehension of the dewan–

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