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* PREFA C E.
The proprietors are afraid that, in their wish to relieve the anxiety of some, and to gratify the curiosity of other readers, by the early publication of the eleventh volume of the Asiatic Register, they send it forth to
the public in an imperfect form, and under other disad
vantages, which more time and leisure might have enabled them to avoid. But their first endeavour is to bring up a long arrear of historical matter, in as speedy a manner as may be, so as to permit their publication to keep pace with the public interest, which has been excited, in a very unusual degree, by late OCCurrences at the several Indian presidencies. In promoting one desirable object, they are aware that they may have failed in another. The volume for 1809, now published, presents the first detailed and connected view of the events of a year, as interesting as in any like period of Indian history. These events are substantially described in the Chronicle, and under the dates and places of occurrence, and are more particularly explained by official
documents and correspondence, in an ample series of
State Papers. To assist the reader further, in the comprehension of certain circumstances, not adequately
described or treated in the Indian accounts, some
chapters are prefixed to the Chronicle, partaking of the
character of an historical, or more methodized narrative, and indulging, perhaps, more than is strictly allowable in such a province, in animadversions on the transactions in detail. This latter is the only new feature in the present volume, as premised, and, indeed, promised, in the prefatory observations to the last.
The volume for 1810-11, for it will be more conve
nient and useful to enlarge, in future, the scope of the .
publication, by including a blended period of two years, will be published, it is hoped, at the commencement of 1812, continuing the account of current events to the latest possible date.
TABLE OF CONTENTs.
Profitory observations—general predilection for military achievements over civil arrangements and details—brief comparison of the present, with antecedent enterprises, leading to the establishment of the British influence in India—the recent expeditions from Bengal. and Bombay do not partake of the feature of regular war—from the first presidency a large military force is sent against Lutchmun Dowah, the chief of Adjyghur, under the command of lieutenant-colonel Martindell, who attacks and carries the fortified his of Regewiev– Ardeo Purshaud anong the number of the enemy's killed, with twenty inferior Sodans— three of the gates of Adjyghur laid in ruins–Lutchmun Dowah professes a readiness to capitulate on terms, which are granted—description and history of the fort of Adjvghur– insical event, which occurred a short time subsequent to the surrender of the Fort— Lutchmun Dowah whdraws himself privately from the fort—all the women and children of his family put to death, under an erroneous impression, by a relation of that chies— Expedition fitted out against Runjeit Singh, under the command of general St. Log-r— Peace concluded with that chieftain without any act of host...ity–Kiere ald Feride Koti, surrendered—free passage for merchandize and other advantages, grante i to the East 1ndia company—an unfortunate dispute arises between the escort of the British nego” tor, Mr. Metcalfe, and the Seiks, and occasions the loss of several lives—but does not affect the anicable arrangements just concluded—a rebel force dislodged from the fortress of Bhowannie— apprehensions entertained of the movements of Dowlut Rao Scindia—intelligence receivtd in Calcutta, of a revolt in the Madras army-notification of the governor-general of his intention to proceed to that presidency—return of the expedition from Macao to Cacutta– embassy sent to Cabul—its progress—and favourable reception by the king at Peshour— received and entertained on its return to the conpany's provinces by Runjri Singh—address of lord Minto, on the examination of the students at the college of Fort Willian– introduction of vaccination among the Seiks—the arrival and presentation of Aetocke, princess of New Zealand, to the governor-general at Calcutta—expedition from Bombay against the pirates in the Persian gulf, .*. utenant-colonel Wilker—barbarity of those marauders to the crew of the Minerva—assault of the town of Mallia—carried as or three quarters of an bour's resistance—guns brought forward to attack the fortress in the morning—the enemy evacuate the place during the night—second expedition into the gulf, commanded by colonel Smith, of the army, and captain Wainwright of the navy—in pediments encountered on the voyage—arrive at length at Rusul Kimor-destroy the town. arsenal of stores, and the shipping of the pirates—proceed and accomplish the destruction of all the minor piratical settledents on the shores of the gul:—xpedition sails from Bombay to the isle .*.*.*. itself there, and afterwards, aided by two of his majesty's ships, makes a successful descent on the isle of Bourbon—seizes the batteries, and defences, with an enemy's frigate the Caroline, and ultimately retakes two Indianen, with a part of their valuable cargoes—troops afterwards re-embarked, but re-landed on a demonstration of an attack by a new body of the enemy—the public works destroyed, and stores quietly removed under a capitulation to that effect–expedition returns to Rodri guez—capture of the Indiamen Streathan. Europe, Charlton, and United Kingdom—Asia founders in the Kooghley-loss of the Ardaseer by fire-numerous captures by the pirates, and by the enemy in the Persian gulf-some particulars attending the capture of the Indiamen—conclusion of the detail of occurrences in Bengal and Bombay. r
Account of the progress of Sir G. H. Barlow in the East India company's service-appointed chief secretary to the supreme government—nominated by the marquis of Wellesiey a member of council--created a baronet—succeeds, on the death of the marquis Cornwallis, as governor-general of India—struggle of the court of directors, with the administration of Mr. Fox and lord Grenville, to retain him in that office-the nomination
, of lord Lauderdale opposed—and lord Minto ultimately appointed, on a compromise on
behalf of Sir G. H. Barlow, who is named to the government of Fort St George—receives the order of knighthood of the Bath—proceeds to Madras, and supersedes Mr Petrie— Sir G. H. Barlow proposes the abolition of the tent ontract—short account of that contract—colonel Capper, the adjutant-general ordered to notify the abolition to the army— his representation thereon-hesitation of the governor to carry it into effect—co onel Capper suggests a meliorated plau, which is not received—contract ordered to be abolished —supposed mismanagement in the grain department detected— Mr. Sherson the gentleman in charge suspended from his office without any previous inquiry—the accounts of the grain department afterwar 's submitted to the civil auditor, who reports in favour of Mr. Sherson—the report of the auditor sent back for revision—returned to the government unaltered—regarded as a species of contumacy—" 'r. C. mith, the auditor removed in consequence from his office and appointed a juge in one of the northern provinces— resigns the office. and proceeds to F ngland—vi. Sherson suspended the service—Sir G. H Barlow becomes generally unpopu at-right of s spension incidentally considered— Governor interferes in criminal prosecutions growing out of the inquiry into the nabob of Arcot's debts—information preferred against Reddy Row to v, r. Maitland us ice of the peace, for forgery—he is in consequence apprehended--bill of indictment tound by the grand jury—he is tried and convicted—Batley a witness on the behalf of Reddy Row, tried and convicted of perjury—a subsequent bill found against both parties for conspiracy, on which they are a so found guilty the defend nts supported in both criminal proceedings, on the application of the commissioners for investigating the nabob's debts, by the company's advocate-general and solicitor—Mr. Roebuck, one of the prosecutors on these trials, removed from his office of mint-master and pay master-general—Mr Maitland's name struck out from the list of justices—Messrs. Grant and Strachey, of the grand jury. and Messrs. Oliver and Keene, of the petty jury, with Mr. Wood summarily removed from their offices—Mr. Justice Sulivan's opinion on these proceedings—the quartermaster general's report, in respect to the abolition of the tent contract, discovered and viewed in an adverse light by commanding officers of corps—charges preferred against the framer of it—the quarter-master-general is placed under arrest by general M*Dowall —released by the government—arguments referable to the charge—the commander-inchief's po test against the release of lieutenant colonel Munro–publishes a farewell address to the army—also a reprimand on the quarter master-general—the commanderin-chief, and major Boles, the deputy a jutant-gen. suspended in consequence of such
order—general M-Dowall's departure from Madras—a jutant-general also suspended
for the like cause—brief examination of Sir G. H. Barlow's general policy—hostilities
threatened from Tranvancore. ... ... --- --- -- •,• --- 19
Description of the alliance between the king of Travancore and the East India company, first, without any specific engagement—invasion of the lines of Travancore the cause of the first war with Tippoo Sultaun— treaties since executed between the East India company and the rajah, but not published—by first treaty, executed in the time of lord Wellesley, the rajah agreed to maintain a subsidiary force of two battalions, afterwards of three, with a corps of artillery—part of the subsidy to be paid in pepper—fall of the price of that article—Subsidy demanded in money—supposed to have produced a misunderstanding between the two governments—an undisguised ill-will created between the British resident and dewan; each striving to work the removal of the other—obstacles existing in the way of the removal of the dewan, not applicable to the resident—similar minister removed at the Mahratta court, exactly on the same ground—another resident said to have been nominated to succeed colonel M'Caulley—colonel M'Caulley instructed to insist on the removal of the dewan—an indelicate task—Lage body of troops detached from Trichinopoly, under colonel Macleod, in the month of December, towards Travancore—ordered to halt, after it had proceeded several days on its march—colonel Forbes ordered to proceed, in a like direction, with a king's regiment and two battalions of Sepoys—his march also countermanded, by an alleged stratagem of the dewan, who pretends an inclination to retire, and requests an escort of the British resident to favour his design, which is granted— on the night of receiving the escort, an armed force is sent by the dewan, to surround the house of the resident, which is without a guard—the troops, surrounding the house, fire at the casement where the resident stands, who miraculously escapes—colonel M“Caulley is bent on rushing out with his sword in hand, when prevented by a domestic, who suggest the means of escape, which is fortunately embraced—the resident and servant hide themselves within a secret recess, just as an armcd party en'er—they search the house without discovering the retreat—at break of day, a vessel, under English colours, with woops on board, is discovered cntering a u-ghbouring port, which induces the party to retreat;
when the resident effects his escape to a ship, and writes to his government an account
Trichinopoly and Seringapatam, again directed to proceed—the detachment from the latter